The Stolephorus Commersonnii (Commerson’s anchovy), also called as the Devis’s anchovy, Teri anchovy, Long-jawed anchovy belongs to the Engraulidae family.
Stolephorus Commersonnii is a species of anadromous fish. In Sri Lanka, this fish is known as Haalmassa and it is widely used as a nutrient-rich fish meat. It is also widely used as a dead or live bait in the tuna fishery.
Anadromous fish borns in the freshwater and it spends most of its life in the sea and returns to the fresh water only to spawn, smelt, Salmon, Shad, Striped bass, and common examples are the sturgeon.
On the other hand, a catadromous fish does its opposite. It lives in the freshwater and only enters in the salt water to spawn.
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|Common Name||Devis's anchovy, long-jawed anchovy|
|Scientific Name||Stolephorus commersonnii|
|Synonyms||Anchovia commersoniana (Lacepède, 1803)|
Anchoviella commersonii (Lacepède, 1803)
Stolephorus commerrianus Lacepède, 1803
Stolephorus commerson Lacepède, 1803
- English: Stolephorus commersonnii
- Spanish: Stolephorus commersonnii
- Albanian: Stolephorus commersonnii
- Arabic: Stolephorus commersonnii
- Greek: Stolephorus commersonnii
- Pashto: ستوریفورس کمسننی
In 1869 the opening of the Suez canal connected the Mediterranean with the Red Sea, Resulting in the unidirectional migration of Red Sea organism into the Mediterranean.
The complete list of these species to 2010 is provided by the Golani (2010). After 2010 more species were recorded that include: Ostracion Cubicus Linnaeus.
Devis’s anchovy is a small fish that is found in the depth of around 0-50m in the tropical areas of Indo Pacific oceans including Mauritius eastward, Madagascar and towards hong kong and further east to Papua New Guinea.
The maximum length of these species does not exceed 10 cm. Devis Anchovy does not have dorsal soft rays and they only possess 18 to 19 anal soft rays. On the belly region, they have around 0 to 5 small needle-like scutes. The belly of Anchovy is slightly rounded.
The body color is also same as other engraulids, where the body is light transparent fleshy brown having a pair of dark patches behind the occiput, followed by the pair of lines to the dorsal fin origin.
On the flanks silver stripes are present. The Indian Anchovy mostly feeds on the surface planktons. The female S. commersonnii lay oval eggs on the grassy seabeds.
S. commersonnii with much larger anchovy of India is part of the cuisine of Southeast Asian marine regions.
Taxonomy of Stolephorus Commersonnii
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Actinopterygii
- Order: Clupeiformes
- Family: Engraulidae
- Genus: Stolephorus
- Species: S_Commersonnii
Fun facts of Stolephorus Commersonnii