Devis's anchovy

STOLEPHORUS COMMERSONNII

The Stolephorus Commersonnii (Commerson’s anchovy), also called as the Devis’s anchovy, Teri anchovy, Long-jawed anchovy belongs to the Engraulidae family.

Stolephorus Commersonnii is a species of anadromous fish. In Sri Lanka, this fish is known as Haalmassa and it is widely used as a nutrient-rich fish meat. It is also widely used as a dead or live bait in the tuna fishery.

Anadromous fish borns in the freshwater and it spends most of its life in the sea and returns to the fresh water only to spawn, smelt, Salmon, Shad, Striped bass, and common examples are the sturgeon.

Stolephorus Commersonnii
Source://www.fishwisepro.com

On the other hand, a catadromous fish does its opposite. It lives in the freshwater and only enters in the salt water to spawn.

Nomenclature

TypeDetail
Common NameDevis's anchovy, long-jawed anchovy
Scientific NameStolephorus commersonnii
SynonymsAnchovia commersoniana (Lacepède, 1803)

Anchoviella commersonii (Lacepède, 1803)

Stolephorus commerrianus Lacepède, 1803

Stolephorus commerson Lacepède, 1803

Vernacular Names

  • English: Stolephorus commersonnii
  • Spanish: Stolephorus commersonnii
  • Albanian: Stolephorus commersonnii
  • Arabic: Stolephorus commersonnii
  • Greek: Stolephorus commersonnii
  •  Pashto: ستوریفورس کمسننی

History

In 1869 the opening of the Suez canal connected the Mediterranean with the Red Sea, Resulting in the unidirectional migration of Red Sea organism into the Mediterranean.

The complete list of these species to 2010 is provided by the Golani (2010). After 2010 more species were recorded that include: Ostracion Cubicus Linnaeus.

Description

Devis’s anchovy is a small fish that is found in the depth of around 0-50m in the tropical areas of Indo Pacific oceans including Mauritius eastward, Madagascar and towards hong kong and further east to Papua New Guinea.

The maximum length of these species does not exceed 10 cm. Devis Anchovy does not have dorsal soft rays and they only possess 18 to 19 anal soft rays. On the belly region, they have around 0 to 5 small needle-like scutes. The belly of Anchovy is slightly rounded.

Predation of Stolephorus commersonnii
Source://www.researchgate.net

The body color is also same as other engraulids, where the body is light transparent fleshy brown having a pair of dark patches behind the occiput, followed by the pair of lines to the dorsal fin origin.

On the flanks silver stripes are present. The Indian Anchovy mostly feeds on the surface planktons. The female S. commersonnii lay oval eggs on the grassy seabeds.

S. commersonnii with much larger anchovy of India is part of the cuisine of Southeast Asian marine regions.

Taxonomy of Stolephorus Commersonnii

Fun facts of Stolephorus Commersonnii

 Fun facts of Stolephorus commersonnii

 

Reference

 

Awais Ahmed

Awais Ahmed

An IT(Information Technology) graduate from Bahria University Islamabad, I started my carrier as a Freelance in the year 2016 and have worked as a Blogger and Content Creator at various organizations. Currently working as a Content Creator at Tapedaily. Staying updated and writing research-based content related to Plants, Animals, and various kingdoms are my key interest.

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