The skipjack fish (Katsuwonus pelamis) is a medium-sized perciform angle in the fish family, Scombridae. It is also called the Aku, ice bonito, mushmouth, maritime bonito, striped fish, or victor angle.
It grows up to 1 m (3 ft) long. It is a cosmopolitan pelagic fish found in tropical and warm-mild waters. It is an imperative animal group for fisheries.
It is a streamlined, quick swimming pelagic fish, regular in tropical waters all through the world, where it occupies surface waters in extensive reefs (up to 50,000 fish), benefiting from fish, scavengers, cephalopods, and mollusks.
It is a vital prey species for sharks and huge pelagic fishes and is frequently utilized as live goad when looking for Marlin. It has no scales, with the exception of on the horizontal line and the corselet (a band of vast, thick scales framing a hover around the body behind the head).
It generally achieves fork lengths up to 80 cm (31 in) and a weight of 8– 10 kg (18– 22 lb). Its greatest fork length is 108 cm (43 in) and most extreme weight is 34.5 kg (76 lb).
Maturing skipjack fish is troublesome, and the evaluations of its potential life expectancy go somewhere in the range of 8 and 12 years.
Skipjack fish is a group spawner. Bringing forth happens all year in tropical waters, yet it gets more occasional further far from the equator. Fork length at first bringing forth is around 45 cm (18 in). It is also known for its intense smell.
Table of Contents
- 1 Nomenclature
- 2 Distinctive Features of Katsuwonus Pelamis
- 3 Ecology
- 4 Communication And Reception
- 5 Health Benefits
- 6 Fun Facts About Katsuwonus Pelamis
- 7 Similar Species
- 8 Human Consumption
- 9 Taxonomy
- 10 References
|Common Name||Skipjack Tuna|
|Scientific Name||Katsuwonus pelamis|
|Synonyms||Euthynnus pelamis (Linnaeus, 1758)|
Katsuwonus vagans (Lesson, 1829)
Scomber pelamys Linnaeus, 1758
Scomber pelamis Linnaeus, 1758
Thynnus vagans Lesson, 1829
Catalan: Bonítol radlat
Comorian: Mbasi iboyi
Danish: Bugstribet bonit
French: Bonite à ventre rayé
German: Bauchstreifiger Bonito
Mandarin Chinese: 柴鱼
Norwegian: Stripet pelamide
Distinctive Features of Katsuwonus Pelamis
The distinctive features of Katsuwonus Pelamis are:
Skipjack fish, Katsuwonus pelamis, are marine fishes found in many oceans everywhere throughout the, however, are seldom found in the North Sea and have never been gotten operating at a profit Sea.
Skipjacks are bound to waters with temperatures over 15 degrees C.
Katsuwonus pelamis have a run of the mill fish shape, having a fusiform, prolong body. They have two dorsal balances, the first comprises of 14-16 spines. The second dorsal blade is set specifically behind the first with a little space isolating the two.
Following the second dorsal blade are 7-9 finlets. The butt-centric blade is likewise trailed by around 7-8 finlets. The pectoral balances are short and comprise of 26 or 27 beams.
Skipjacks are scaleless, with the exception of along the horizontal line and the corselet. Dim purplish-blue dorsally, skipjacks cover themselves from predators underneath by keeping up a brilliant tone both along the side and ventrally.
There are also 4-6 dim groups at the edge of the fish reaching out to the tail which, in live fish, may show up as an irregular line of dull blotches. The greatest length is around 108 cm fork-length with a most extreme weight of 32.5 to 34.5 kg.
But, the more typical most extreme size is 80 cm fork-length and 8-10 kg in weight. Teeth are little and conelike fit as a fiddle. Skipjacks likewise come up short on a dip bladder.
The ecology of Katsuwonus Pelamis is given below:
An epipelagic angle, skipjacks are dispersed in water with temperatures extending from 14.7 and 30 C. Hatchlings are generally confined to territories with temperatures of no less than 25 C.
Skipjacks will, in general, be related with locales of upwelling, or regions where chilly, supplement rich waters are raised from the base of the sea to the surface, and in addition, areas where cool and warm water blend.
These are territories with high profitability. Once in a while are they found at profundities more prominent than 260 m.
Katsuwonus pelamis feed transcendently on fishes, scavengers and mollusks. The wide assortment of sustenance things devoured recommends that the skipjack is an exceedingly crafty feeder.
Encouraging exercises crest in the early morning and again in the late evening. Blackburn and Serventy (1981) discovered that the significant sustenance things in stomachs of skipjacks in Australian waters were euphausids, with different fishes and squid making up a little level of the stomach substance.
Ankenbrandt (1985) additionally considered the nourishment propensities for skipjack fish. She discovered that Euphausia similis had the most elevated % IRI while the gonostomid Maurolicus muelleri made up the most elevated MVRM amid record-breaking periods.
Other fish like mackerel and Thyristors lepidoides were likewise normal. Shellfish other than E. similis happened oftentimes yet were not a noteworthy piece of the aggregate volume of the stomach.
Cephalopods happened rarely. Skipjacks were likewise found to expend pteropods, siphonophores, and creepy crawlies. There is still some discussion with respect to regardless of whether this species is barbarian.
Ankenbrandt (1985) did not discover proof for human flesh consumption, but rather Collette and Nauen (1983) list skipjacks as primitive. This disparity could be because of the way that, as artful feeders, skipjacks will devour their young just when they are pervasive.
Skipjack fish are schooling transient fishes (Collette and Nauen 1983). They will in general school with one another, other fish, whales or sharks. They will in general reef under items gliding on the surface of the water.
Skipjacks are thought to have a north to the south transitory occasional example, however, there is still some inquiry concerning regardless of whether these fish relocate with a reason or utilize advective developments.
It was discovered that Pacific populaces are more transitory than populaces in the Atlantic, despite the fact that they do recommend this might be because of the way that Pacific populaces have been contemplated more.
Little fish (under 45cm fork-length) will make daily adventures of 25 to 106 km far from banks, however, will come back to security by sunshine. Bigger fish move all the more autonomously and are not limited to the banks.
In spite of the fact that they do invest the greater part of their energy inside the mainland rack. Katsuwonus pelamis show an assortment of trademark practices, including hopping, bolstering and frothing while in schools. Rearing conduct isn’t known.
Skipjack fish bring forth consistently, in spite of the fact that they limit producing from late-summer to spring in locales close to the equator. Fruitfulness is identified with size.
In one examination it was discovered that a 44 cm female carried 80000 eggs while a bigger female (75cm since a long time ago) had 1.25 million eggs. In view of these two appraisals, it was resolved that the relative cluster fruitfulness shifts from 40 to 130 eggs/g body weight.
These creators gauge four progressive producing periods for each year for the skipjack. It took a gander at different parts of multiplication in the skipjack fish. They discovered that females develop at 41-42 cm fork-length while males develop at a marginally bigger size, 42-43 cm fork-length.
Both of these are comparable to roughly 1.5 years old. In their examination, 70% of the females amid some random month had ovaries in the terminal phases of development, giving more proof that multiplication isn’t distributed to a specific season.
Precisely how skipjacks replicate isn’t known, yet the rearing zone of this species is believed to be constrained to tropical areas of the world’s seas.
Lifespan Of Katsuwonus Pelamis
The maximum age of skipjack tunas is not known but is estimated to be around 8-12 years.
Communication And Reception
Tactical is used for communication between each other.
As food, skipjack is a very good source of low-fat protein and is low in sodium, but has a moderate level of cholesterol. Skipjack fish is utilized widely in Japanese food, where it is known as katsuo (鰹/かつお).
Other than being eaten burned (katsuo tataki (鰹のタタキ)) and crude in sushi and sashimi, it is additionally smoked and dried to make katsuobushi, the focal fixing in dashi (a typical Japanese fish stock).
It is additionally a key fixing in shuto. In Indonesian cooking, skipjack fish is known as cakalang. The most mainstream Indonesian dish produced using skipjack fish is cakalang fufu from Minahasa.
It is a relieved and smoked skipjack fish dish, made by cooking the fish in the wake of the section it to a bamboo outline. Skipjack is additionally indispensable to Maldivian cooking
Fun Facts About Katsuwonus Pelamis
Some of the fun facts of the Katsuwonus pelamis are:
Apart from being funny, they are hazardous as well.
Following are the similar species of skipjack tuna:
Katsuwonus pelamis has turned out to be more imperative in the fish angling industry as of late. In 1950, under 300,000 metric tons were taken. In 1991, 1,674,970 metric tons were gotten.
This dimension has not been come to since. At present, Katsuwonus pelamis involve 40 percent by weight of the world fish get regardless of being the littlest of the fishes subject to the extensive scale business angling tasks.
Americans alone devour in excess of 400000 metric huge amounts of fish (all species) every year, and it is dicey that this number will diminish at any point in the near future.
The propensity of skipjacks to assemble underneath articles skimming on the surface of the water is exploited by fisheries, which utilize Fish Aggregating Devices to draw in them. But they are normally caught at the surface utilizing tote seines or shaft and-line equip.
- Domain: Biota
- Kingdom: Animalia (Linnaeus, 1758)
- Under-Reign: Eumetazoa (Bütschli, 1910)
- Cladus: Bilateria (Haeckel, 1874)
- Infra-Reign: Deuterostomia (Karl Grobben, 1908)
- Phylum: Chordata (Haeckel, 1874)
- Sub-Phylum: Craniata (January 1981)
- Infra-Phylum: Vertebrata
- Super-class: Gnathostomata
- Cladus: Euteleostomi
- Class: Actinopterygii
- Sub-Class: Neopterygii (Regan, 1923)
- Infra-class: Teleostei
- Order: Perciformes
- Suborder: Scombroidei
- Family: Scombridae (Rafinesque, 1815)
- Subfamily: Scombrinae (Rafinesque, 1815)
- Genre: Katsuwonus (Kishinouye, 1915)