This plant is clothed with soft, silvery-blue foliage
on a plant
with the same general habit as 'Pfitzeriana'. It turns
This is a compact dwarf with graceful, dense growing branches. It reaches about 3' tall and 4' to 6' wide. The foliage is gray-green with a greater percentage of awl-shaped leaves.
A spreading-broad plant similar to 'Pfitzeriana', this selection does not grow quite as large. In addition, the plant is notable for its golden-yellow new foliage in the summer that turns lighter yellow-green in winter.
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Common Names in English:
Blue Pfitzer Juniper, Chinese Juniper, Gold Tip Pfitzeriana Juniper, Pfitzeriana Blue Juniper, Tapestry Garden
Common Names in Japanese:
Ibuki, Ibuki-Byakushin, Kamakura-Byakushin
Common Names in Korean:
Kong Nam Tson, Kong Nam Tsong
, monoecious or dioecious. Leaves decussate or in whorls of 3, scalelike and then often dimorphic
with flattened facial leaves and keeled
leaves, or needlelike particularly in juvenile plants
, often with an abaxial
. Pollen cones terminal
, solitary, maturing and shed annually; microsporophylls
6-16, decussate or whorled
, each bearing (2 or) 3-6(-9) pollen sacs
; pollen wingless. Seed cones usually terminal, solitary, globose
, or oblong
or indehiscent when mature
in 1st or 2nd(or 3rd) year; cone scales developing after ovules originate in bract axils; bracts almost completely enveloped by cone scales, free
only at apex; ovules 1-numerous per bract axil, erect
; cone scales of mature cones 3-16, flat or peltate, woody, leathery, or succulent, 1-20-seeded. Seeds winged
or not; wings
derived from seed coat
. Cotyledons usually 2, rarely 3-6. Germination epigeal.
Nineteen genera and ca. 125 species: worldwide; eight genera (one introduced ) and 46 species (16 endemic, 13 introduced) in China.
, 3--6 angled
, variously oriented, but not in flattened sprays
. Leaves opposite in 4 ranks
or in whorls of 3. Adult
leaves closely appressed
to divergent, scalelike to subulate
portion to ca.
10 mm (to ca. 15 mm in Juniperus communis ) ; abaxial
visible or not, elongate
( J. ashei ), sometimes exuding white crystalline deposit. Pollen cones with 3--7 pairs or trios of sporophylls, each sporophyll with 2--8 pollen sacs
. Seed cones maturing in 1 or 2 years, globose
and berrylike, 3--20 mm, remaining closed
, usually glaucous; scales
, 1--3 pairs, peltate, tightly coalesced
, thick and fleshy
to obscurely woody. Seeds 1--3 per scale, round
, wingless; cotyledons 2--6. x
Species ca. 60: primarily Northern Hemisphere, 1 in e Africa.
Juniperus is the only dioecious (sometimes monoecious) genus of Cupressaceae in the flora . Cones, generally terminal , are axillary in J. communis.
Numerous cultivars of Juniperus species are widely used for landscaping. Mutants , or "sports," affecting plant habit and foliage are present in all species and are likely related to single-gene mutations . Many have been given formal names or incorrectly ascribed to hybridization. Gymnocarpy (bare seeds protruding from the cone), caused by insect larvae (T. A. Zanoni 1978), is occasionally found in most junipers, particularly in the southwestern United States. Specimens with such aberrations may be almost impossible to identify without chemical data.
Species Juniperus chinensis
Shrubs or trees to 25 m , dioecious, rarely monoecious; bark grayish brown; crown of trees pyramidal to open, broad and irregular; branches spreading ; branchlets straight or slightly curved , terete or 4-angled, 1-1.2 mm in diam. Leaves both scalelike and needlelike; needlelike leaves present on both young and adult plants , decussate or in whorls of 3, loosely arranged, ascending , nearly lanceolate, (3-) 6-12 mm, with 2 white stomatal bands adaxially; scalelike leaves present on adult plants, decussate, closely appressed , 1.5-3 mm, abaxial gland near center, elliptic , slightly concave . Pollen cones yellow, ellipsoid , 4-6 × 2-3 mm; microsporophylls 14-18, each with 3 or 4 pollen sacs . Seed cones brown when ripe , usually glaucous, subglobose, 4-9 mm in diam., (1or) 2- or 3(or 4) -seeded. Seeds ovoid , 3-6 × 2-5 mm, slightly flattened, ridged , with resin pits, apex blunt . [source]
ID Features: Juvenile awl-shaped needles. Green midrib on upper concave side. Most ID features vary with cultivars.
Habit: Spreading evergreen that is relatively dense and broad with gray-green foliage . • Growth Form: Multiple Stem • Shape and Orientation: Semi-Erect
Flowers: Dioecious. Flowers in March. Flowers yellow to orange-brown. No ornamental value. Occasionally a specimen will have both female and male flowers. • Bloom Period: n/a • Flower Color: inconspicuous, none
Seeds: Seed Spread Rate: None • Seedling Vigor: Low • Fruit: Globose , berry-like cones. 0.33" to 0.5" in diameter. Pale blue when immature turning to a dark brown. • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium • Fruit/Seed Color: Blue • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: No • Cold Stratification Required: Yes
Foliage: Two kinds: adult or juvenile (scale and awl ). Adult: mature branches covered with 4 ranks of leaves in opposite pairs. closely pressed, very short and blunt , needle is convex , margin marked with glandular depression . Juvenile needles are awl shaped, 0.33" long, arranged in whorls of 3 or. opposite pairs, pointed , with two glaucous bands on upper-side of needle,. convex. Needle color is green to either blue-green or gray-green. The foliage is gray-green with a greater percentage of awl-shaped leaves. • Foliage Color: Green • Summer foliage: Soft, silvery-blue foliage . Two kinds: adult or juvenile (scale and awl ). Adult: mature branches covered with 4 ranks of leaves in opposite pairs. closely pressed, very short and blunt , needle is convex , margin marked with. glandular depression . Juvenile needles are awl shaped, 0.33" long, arranged in whorls of 3 or. opposite pairs, pointed , with two glaucous bands on upper-side of needle,. convex. Needle color is green to either blue-green or gray-green. • Fall foliage: Evergreen , no fall color. Turns light purplish-blue in winter. • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense • Foliage Texture: Medium • Fall Conspicuous: No • Leaf Retention: Yes
Active Growth Period: Spring and Summer • Growth Rate: Moderate to fast. • Mature Height (feet): 4.0 • Maximum Height at 20 Years (feet): 4 • Size: 5' tall, 6' wide. • Vegetative Spread Rate: None • Lifespan: Lifespan
Landscape Uses: Wide range of landscape use dependent on cultivar selection. Groundcover. Hedges . Screens . Specimen. Mass plantings . • Liabilities: Susceptible to Kabatina and Phomopsis blights which cause. stem die-back. Susceptibility is cultivar dependent .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,212 meters (0 to 13,819 feet).
Coppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes • Propagated by Container: Yes • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes • Propagated by Seed: No • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: No • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Spring • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer • Fruit/Seed Persistence: Yes
Culture: Easily transplanted. Prefers moist, well-drained soil, but very adaptable. Full sun . PH adaptable. Once established , little maintence required.
Soil: Needs good drainage . • Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes • Anaerobic Tolerance: None • Salinity Tolerance: Medium • CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium • Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8 • Fertility Requirement: Low
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. • Shade Tolerance: Intolerant
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: Medium • Minimum Precipitation: 24 • Maximum Precipitation: 60 • Moisture Use: Medium
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Family: Cupressaceae () - Richard ex Bartling, 1830, nom. cons. - Cypress Family
- Order: Cupressales ()
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Burnett
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Sabina chinensis (L.) Antoine
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 5-Jun-2008
Members of the genus Juniperus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 184 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
J. ashei (Ashe Juniper) · J. bermudiana (Bermuda Cedar) · J. californica (California Juniper) · J. cedrus (Canary Island Juniper) · J. chinensis (Blue Pfitzer Juniper) · J. chinensis holbert (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis L. var. procumbens Siebold ex Endl. 'Sargentii' (Sargent Juniper) · J. chinensis L. var. sargentii A.Henry (Sargent Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis L. var. sargentii A.Henry 'Viridis' (Green Sargent`s Juniper) · J. chinensis L. 'Ames' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis L. 'Maney' (Maney Juniper) · J. chinensis L. 'Mint Julep' (Mint Julep Juniper) · J. chinensis L. 'Old Gold' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis L. 'Robusta Green' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis nicks (Nicks Compact Juniper) · J. chinensis sargentii 'Glauca' (Blue Sargent`s Juniper) · J. chinensis sea (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis var. armstrongii (Armstrong Juniper) · J. chinensis var. hetzii (Hetz Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis var. keteleeri (Keteleer Juniper) · J. chinensis var. Pfitzerana Aurea (Pfitz Gold Tip Juniper) · J. chinensis var. pfitzeriana (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis var. Pfitz Glauca (Pfitz Blue Juniper) · J. chinensis var. Shimpaku (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis var. torulosa (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Aurea' (Gold Coast Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Bakaurea' (Gold Star® Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Blue Alps' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Blue Point' (Blue Point Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Compressa' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Daub' (Daub's Frosted Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Femina' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Golden Blaauw' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Gold Coast' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Hetzii Columnaris' (Green Columnar Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Hetzii Glauca' (Hetz Blue Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Hook's #6' (Hook's #6 Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Kaizuka' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Kaizuka Variegata' (Variegated Hollywood Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Mac's Golden' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Mission' (Mission Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Monlep' (Mint Julep® Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Mountbatten' (Mountbatten Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Parsonsii' (Chinese Juniper) · J. Chinensis 'Pyrmidalis' (Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Saybrook Gold' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Sea Green' (Sea Green Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Spartan' (Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Spearmint' (Spearmint Chinese Juniper) · J. chinensis 'Variegated Parsonii' (Chinese Juniper) · J. coahuilensis (Coahuila Juniper) · J. communis (Carpet Juniper Juniperus Communis) · J. communis compressa var. Compressa (Common Juniper) · J. communis depressa var. depressa (Canadian Juniper) · J. communis L. var. communis L. (Common Juniper) · J. communis L. var. megistocarpa Fern. & St. John (Common Juniper) · J. communis L. var. montana Aiton (Common Juniper) · J. communis oblonga (Common Juniper) · J. communis var. depressa (Common Juniper) · J. communis var. montana (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Aureopicta' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Banff' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Berkshire' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Compacta Aurea' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Depressa Aurea' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Golden Schnapps' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Gold Cone' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Gold Totem Pole' (Common Juniper) · J. communis 'Green Carpet' (Carpet Juniper) · J. communis 'Hibernica' (Irish Juniper) · J. communis 'Mondap' (Alpine Carpet® Juniper) · J. communis 'Oblonga Pendula' (Carpet Juniper) · J. communis 'Suecia Nana' (Common Juniper) · J. conferta 'Blue Pacific' (Blue Pacific Shore Juniper) · J. conferta 'Blue Tosho' (Shore Juniper) · J. conferta 'Emerald Sea' (Emerald Sea Shore Juniper) · J. conferta 'Irozam' (Iron Age Juniper) · J. conferta 'Silver Mist' (Silver Mist Juniper) · J. davurica 'Expansa Variegata' (Variegated Dahurian Juniper) · J. deppeana (Alligator Juniper) · J. deppeana var. sperryi (Alligator Juniper) · J. drupacea (Syrian Juniper) · J. excelsa (Indian Juniper) · J. flaccida (Drooping Juniper) · J. horizontalis (Creeping Cedar) · J. horizontalis 'Andorra Compacta' (Creeping Cedar) · J. horizontalis 'Bar Harbor' (Bar Harbor Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Blue Chip' (Blue Chip Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Grey Forest' (Creeping Cedar) · J. horizontalis 'Hughes' (Hughes Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Icee Blue' (Creeping Cedar) · J. horizontalis 'Jade River' (Jade River Creeping Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Lime Glow' (Creeping Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Monber' (Icee Blue® Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Mother Lode' (Mother Lode Golden Creeping Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Plumosa' (Andorra Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Plumosa Compacta' (Compact Andorra Creeping Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Prince of Wales' (Creeping Cedar) · J. horizontalis 'Wiltonii' (Blue Rug Juniper) · J. horizontalis 'Wiltoni' (Blue Rug Juniper)
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- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:262178-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 300290
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 505930
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 262176-1
- IUCN ID: 217108
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- Mean = 436.770 meters (1,432.972 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,033.510 based on 43 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]