Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Bucaneve, Common Snowdrop, Flower of Hope, Snowdrop
Common Names in French:
Galantine d'Hiver, Niveole, Perceneige
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Romanian:
Common Names in Spanish:
Flor de Nieve
, rarely shrubby or treelike, often with bulbs, corms, rhizomes, or tubers. Leaves basal or cauline, often narrow, margin
entire or spiny
. Inflorescence a terminal
spike, umbel, raceme
, panicle, or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual
or zygomorphic, usually subtended by 1 to several spathaceous
involucres. Perianth segments 6, in 2 whorls, free
to form a short tube
, with or without a corona
. Stamens 6, inserted
at perianth throat or at base
of segments; filaments
sometimes basally connate; anther
, mostly introrse
. Ovary inferior, 3-loculed; ovules few to many per locule; placentation axile
. Style slender; stigma capitate or 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, usually loculicidal, sometimes dehiscing irregularly, rarely a berry. Seeds with endosperm.
More than 100 genera and 1200 species: tropical , subtropical , and temperate regions worldwide; ten genera and 34 species (14 endemic, four introduced ) in China.
, from brown, tunicate
bulbs often present. Leaves 2(-3), basal, opposite, with sheathing
flat and parallel, or convolute; nonsheathing blade erect to recurving at maturity, grayish green, linear-oblanceolate, glaucous; sheathing blade white, tubular
, membranous, enclosing leaf bases
and scape. Scape erect in flower, prostrate
in fruit, green, solid. Inflorescences pendulous, 1-flowered, spathaceous
, membranous; bracts 2, connate
, split on 1 side. Flowers nodding
, fragrant; perianath 2.5 cm or shorter; tepals 6, distinct
, unequal; outer tepals spreading
, white, narrowly obovate
to almost orbicular
, larger than inner; inner tepals overlapping, appearing tubular, green-spotted at apex only or apex and base, straight to semiorbicular, apex notched
; stamens 6, inserted
at bases of tepals, distinct; anthers
, bases lobed
, apices tapered, dehiscense introrse
, via terminal
slits; ovary inferior, green, 3-locular, globose, septal nectaries present; style, white, unbranched, filiform
; stigma indistinct to minutely capitate; pedicel wiry, short, slender. Fruits capsular
, green, globose, fleshy
, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 18-36, light brown, 3.5 mm, oblong
, elaiosomes fleshy. x
Species 14-17: introduced ; Europe, sw Asia (Asia Minor , Iranian Caucasus, and Caspian Sea regions) ; introduced and naturalized elsewhere.
A number of Galanthus species, especially G. nivalis, are commonly cultivated for their late- winter and early-spring flowers, which emerge through the snow. Species of Galanthus are sometimes confused with Leucojum, snowflakes, a spring-flowering relative. The plants of Leucojum are usually taller, bear 2-3 flowers per stem, and their tepals are all equal.
Species Galanthus nivalis
Plants to 7-20(-40) cm; bulbs 1.5-2.5 × 1-1.5(-2) cm. Leaves: vernation flat and parallel, remaining so within basal sheath ; blade linear to ligulate , 5-15 × 0.3-0.7 cm. Spathe 2-3.5 cm. Flowers: outer tepals white, oblong to broadly obovate , 1.5-2(-2.5) × 0.6-1.1 cm; inner tepals white with green blotch at apex only, narrowly obovate or oblong, 7-12 × 4-6 mm; anthers 3-5 mm; ovary 5-6 × 3-4 mm; style 6-8 mm; pedicel 1.2-3(-4) cm
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February. • Flower Color: near white, white
Size: 6-12" tall.
Roadsides, open forests , abandoned gardens; 0--500 m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,632 meters (0 to 8,635 feet).
Most frequently occurring in moist conditions in deciduous woodland
(Fagus silvatica, Quercus spp.
, Carpinus spp. etc.
), and occasionally
woodland (Abies spp.). Also occurring in meadows, pasture,
, near rivers
and on stony slopes
, particularly on calcareous
soils. Galanthus nivalis is a cross
pollinating plant, but sometimes
takes place. It is pollinated by bees. Seeds have
elaiosomes which are eaten by ants
and they carry seeds through underground
tunnels, helping to distribute them..
List of Habitats :
- 1 Forest
- 1.4 Forest - Temperate
- 3 Shrubland
- 3.4 Shrubland - Temperate
- 4 Grassland
- 4.4 Grassland - Temperate
- 14 Artificial/Terrestrial
- 14.2 Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
Culture: Space 3-6" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Bromhead, 1838
- Jaume Saint-Hilaire, 1805, nom. cons.
- Amaryllis Family
- Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 288. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 140. 1754.
- Snowdrop [Greek gala, milk, and anthos, flower, alluding to the color of the flowers]
- Specific epithet:
, by Mrs. Francis King. Boston,
- Botanical name: - Galanthus nivalis L.
- Variety: , by Mrs. Francis King. Boston, Atlantic
- Specific epithet: nivalis - L.
- Subgenus: nom ()
- Genus: Galanthus () - Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 288. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 140. 1754. - Snowdrop [Greek gala, milk, and anthos, flower, alluding to the color of the flowers]
- Tribe: Malveae ()
- Subfamily: Malvoideae ()
- Family: Amaryllidaceae () - Jaume Saint-Hilaire, 1805, nom. cons. - Amaryllis Family
- Order: Liliales () - Bromhead, 1838
- Superorder: Lilianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Liliidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Liliopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Chianthemum nivale • Galanthus alexandri • Galanthus imperati • Galanthus melvillei • Galanthus montanus • Galanthus nivalis • Galanthus Nivalis Sens • Galanthus scharlokii • Galanthus umbricus
Publishing author : Falk Publication : Beitr. ii. 156 There are over 50 synonyms for Galanthus nivalis and this is due to several reasons: it is a variable species and throughout its distribution a number of taxa have been named in an attempt to record this variation ; because of its long history in cultivation, a large number of taxa and cultivars have been recognised, leading to an even greater proliferation of names ; and before many other species had been described, most Galanthus were referred to or associated with G. nivalis, probably because it was the best known and most ubiquitous species (Davis 1999). (Ref. 273695).
Members of the genus Galanthus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 35 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
G. byzantinus (Snowdrop) · G. corcyrensis (Snowdrop) · G. elewesii (Giant Snowdrop) · G. elwesii (Greater Snowdrop) · G. gracilis (Snowdrop) · G. ikariae (Snowdrop) · G. ikariae 'Lady Beatrix Stanley' (Snowdrop) · G. nivalis (Bucaneve) · G. nivalis f. pleniflorus (Common Snowdrop) · G. nivalis nivalis (Common Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'Blewbury Tart' (Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'Flore Pleno' (Double Common Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'Lady Elphinstone' (Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'Pewsey Vale' (Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'Scharlockii Group' (Donkeys Ears Snowdrops) · G. nivalis 'Virescens' (Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'Warei' (Snowdrop) · G. nivalis 'White Dream' (Snowdrop) · G. plicatus (Pleated Snowdrop) · G. plicatus 'Bill Clarke' (Pleated Snowdrop) · G. plicatus 'Colossus' (Pleated Snowdrop) · G. plicatus 'Sophie North' (Pleated Snowdrop) · G. plicatus 'Trym' (Pleated Snowdrop) · G. plicatus 'Wendy's Gold' (Wendy's Gold Pleated Snowdrop) · G. reginae-olgae (Snowdrop) · G. woronowii (Snowdrop) · G. 'Atkinsii' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Augustus' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Ketton' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Magnet' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Maidwell L' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Ophelia' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Sam Arnott' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Straffan' (Snowdrop) · G. 'Viridapice' (Snowdrop)
- Search for Pictures: images.google.com
- Search for Scholarly Articles: Google Scholar
- Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names: All the Web | AltaVista Canada | AltaVista | Excite | Google | HotBot | Lycos
- Search using Specialized Databases: GenBank | Medline | Scirus | CISTI/CAL | Agricola Periodicals | Agricola Books
- 1997 IUCN red list of threatened plants Cambridge: IUCN, World Conservation Union, 1998 url p. 617.
- A catalogue of plants cultivated in the garden of John Gerard, in the years 1596-1599 /edited with notes, references to Gerard's Herball, the addition of modern names, and a life of the author, by Benjamin Daydon Jackson. 1876 London: Privately printed, 1876 url p. 39, p. 59.
- A contribution to the flora of Derbyshire being an account of the flowering plants, ferns, and Characeae found in the county / by W.H. Painter. London: George Bell, 1889. url p. 114.
- A dictionary of English names of plants applied in England and among English-speaking people to cultivated and wild plants, trees, and shrubs, by William Miller; in two parts, English-Latin and Latin-English. London, J. Murray, 1884. url p. 126, p. 198, p. 21.
- A dictionary of the flowering plants and ferns, by J. C. Willis. CambridgeThe University Press, 1919 url p. 282.
- A first report on the relations between climates and crops. By Cleveland Abbe. Washington [D.C.]: Govt. Print. Off., 1905. url p. 194.
- A flora of the English Lake District. London, G. Bell, 1885. url , p. 200.
- A general system of botany, descriptive and analytical in two parts; tr. from the original by Mrs. Hooker. .. with additions, an appendix on the natural method, and a synopsis of the orders by J.D. Hooker. London, Longmans, 1876. url p. 788.
- A handbook of systematic botany / by Dr. E. Warming with a revision of the fungi by Dr. E. Knoblauch, tr. and ed. by M. C. Potter. New York: Macmillan & Co., 1895. url p. 318.
- A handbook of systematic botany; with a revision of the fungi, by E. Knoblauch; tr. and ed. by M.C. Potter. London, Swan url p. 318.
- A handbook to the flora of Natal / by J. Medley Wood. Durban, Natal: Bennett & Davis, Printers, 1907. url p. 131.
- A manual of gardening for Bengal and Upper India. By Thomas A. C. Firminger. .. Calcutta, Thacker, Spink and co.; [etc., etc.]1874. url p. 342.
- A manual of poisonous plants, chiefly of eastern North America, with brief notes on economic and medicinal plants, and numerous illustrations, Cedar Rapids, Ia., The Torch Press, 1911. url .
- A manual of poisonous plants: chiefly of eastern North America, with brief notes on economic and medicinal plants, and numerous illustrations / by L. H. Pammel. 1911 Cedar Rapids, Ia.: The Torch Press, 1910-11. url p. 386.
- A new British flora: British wild flowers in their natural haunts / described by A. R. Horwood; with sixty-four plates in colour representing 350 different plants, from drawings by J. N. Fitch and many illustrations from photographs. London: Gresham, 1919. url , , , p. 112, p. 113, p. 114, p. 219.
- A new British flora; British wild flowers in their natural haunts, described by A. R. Horwood, with 64 plates in col. representing 350 different plants, from drawings by J. N. Fitch and many illus. from photo. London, Gresham Pub. Co., 1919. url , p. 112, p. 114, p. 219.
- A new London flora; or, Handbook to the botanical localities of the metropolitan districts. Compiled from the latest authorities, and from personal observations. London, Hardwick and Bogue, 1877. url p. 128, p. 131, p. 150, p. 153, p. 170, p. 175, p. 26.
- A partial list of plants available for various uses in general landscape planting, comp. by Albert D. Taylor. Cleveland, A.D. Taylor, c1916 url p. 48.
- A practical guide to garden plants, containing descriptions of the hardiest and most beautiful annuals and biennials, hardy herbaceous and bulbous perennials, hardy water and bog plants, flowering and ornamental trees and shrubs, conife London;Longmans, Green, 1901. url , , , p. 89, p. 907, p. 95.
- A practical handbook of trees, shrubs, vines and herbaceous perennials, by John Kirkegaard. Boston, Williams Bookstores Co., 1916. url p. 389.
- A student's text-book of botany, by Sydney H. Vines. With 483 illustrations. London, Macmillan & co., 1896. url .
- A student's text-book of botany. London, Sonnenschein, 1894. url p. 164.
- A supplement to F. Hamilton Davey's Flora of Cornwall / by Edgar Thurston and Chambr C. Vigurs. Truro: Oscar Blackford, Royal Printeries, 1922. url p. 132, p. 164.
- Acta Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica. Helsinki: Societas, 1875-1980. url p. 129.
- Addisonia: colored illustrations and popular descriptions of plants. New York: New York Botanical Garden, 1916-. url , p. 73, p. 86.
- Alien flora of Britain. London, West, Newman, 1905. url p. 180.
- Among school gardens, by M. Louise Greene. New York, Charities publication committee, 1910. url p. 289.
- An Introduction to the chemistry of plant products / by Paul Haas, . .. and TG. Hill, . .. Vol. 2: Metabolic processes. London; Longman's, Green and co, 1929. url , p. 51.
- An account of the flowering plants, ferns and allies of Harleston. With a sketch of the geology, climate, and natural characteristics of the neighbourhood. Compiled and edited by Francis William Galpin. To which are added Observations on the birds of the district, by Charles Candler. London, Bartlett, 1888. url p. 107.
- An elementary course of botany: structural, physiological, and systematic / by Arthur Henfrey. London: John Van Voorst, 1878. url p. 379.
- An environmental profile of the Black Sea Coast WCMC url p. 23.
- An illustrated encyclopaedia of gardening, by Walter P. Wright London, J. M. Dent & sons, ltd.; url p. 51.
- An introduction to the chemistry of plant products by Paul Haas and T. G. Hill. London, Longmans, Green, 1928-1929. url p. 101, p. 521.
- An introduction to the embryology of angiosperms. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1950. url p. 165, p. 204.
- Anales de la Sociedad Espaola de Historia Natural. Madrid: La Sociedad, url p. 184, p. 92.
- Anatomischer Anzeiger. Jena: G. Fischer, 1886- url p. 181.
- Annales du Jardin botanique de Buitenzorg. Leiden [etc.]: E. J. Brill [etc.] url p. 297.
- Annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of New York state, by Homer D. House. Albany, The University of the state of New York, 1924. url p. 231.
- Annual report Missouri Botanical Garden. 16 1905 St. Louis: Board of Trustees, 1890-1912. url p. 219.
- Bartonia;proceedings of the Philadelphia botanical club. .. 29 - 41 1957 - 19 Philadelphia, Philadelphia Botanical Club, Academy of Natural Sciences. url p. 7.
- Beautiful gardens: how to make and maintain them / by Walter P. Wright. -- London; Cassell and company, 1909. url p. 80.
- Beeton's Dictionary of everyday gardening. .. to which is added a monthly calendar of garden work throughout the year. London, Ward, Lock, 1909. url p. 74.
- Book of garden plans, Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, Page & company, 1916. url , , .
- Book of the country and the garden. New York, Dutton, 1903. url p. 292, p. 318.
- Botanical abstracts. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co. url p. 76.
- Botany for beginners. London, Macmillan, 1899. url p. 281.
- Botany for high schools and colleges / by Charles E. Bessey. New York: H. Holt, 1883, c1880. url p. 468.
- Botany for secondary schools; a guide to the knowledge of the vegetation of the neighborhood, by L. H. Bailey. New York, Macmillan, 1920. url p. 336.
- Botany of the living plant, London, Macmillan and co., limited, 1919. url .
- Botany of the living plant, by F. O. Bower. London, Macmillan and Co., limited, 1919. url p. 495, p. 495.
- Botany of the living plant, by F.O. Bower. In the third edition he was assisted by J.M.F. Drummond, and George Bond, in this fourth edition by C.W. Wardlaw. London, Macmillan and Co., ltd., 1947. url p. 608.
- Botany of the living plant. London, Macmillan, 1919. url p. 495.
- Botany, an elementary text for schools. New YorkMacmillan1900 url p. 296, p. 346.
- Botany: an elementary text for schools / by L. H. Bailey. New York: Macmillan, 1901, c1900. url p. 296, p. 346.
- Botany; an elementary text for schools, by L. H. Beiley. New York, Macmillan Co., 1909 [c1907] url p. 304, p. 421.
- British bee journal & bee-keepers adviser. London. url p. 102, p. 56, p. 70.
- British bee-farming; its profits and pleasures. London, Chapman and Hall, limited, 1880. url .
- British flowering plants. By W. F. Kirby. With 120 coloured plates, showing the most important characters of each plant figured; and 119 illustrations in the text. London, Sidney Appleton, 1906. url p. 143, p. 196.
- British fungus-flora. A classified text-book of mycology. London, G. Bell & Sons, 1892-95. url .
- British plants: their biology and ecology / by J. F. Bevis and H. J. Jeffery. London: A. Rivers, 1911. url p. 324, p. 324, p. 332.
- British plants; their biology and ecology, London, Methuen url .
- Bulb propagation and trade study WWF url p. 22, p. 23, p. 40, p. 41, p. 43, p. 5, p. 50, p. 53, p. 6, p. 79, p. 8, p. 92.
- Bulletin / Chicago Natural History Museum. [Chicago, Ill.]: The Museum, [1944-1966] url p. 6.
- C. E. Hobbs Botanical hand-book of common local, English, botanical and pharmacopial names arranged in alphabetical order, of most of the crude vegetable drugs, etc., in common use. Especially designed as a reference book for druggists and apothecaries. Comp. and pub. by Charles E. Hobbs. Boston, Printed by C.C. Roberts, 1876. url p. 129.
- C.E. Hobbs' Botanical hand-book: of common local, English, botanical and pharmacopial names arranged in alphabetical order, of most of the crude vegetable drugs, etc., in common use: their properties, productions and uses in an abb Boston: Printed by C.C. Roberts, 1876. url .
- Carbon assimilation; a review of recent work on the pigments of the green leaf and the processes connected with them. London, William Wesley & Son url , .
- Carnegie Institution of Washington publication. Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1902- url , p. 188, p. 335, p. 655, p. 656, p. 658.
- Catalogue of scientific papers (1800-1900) Comp. by the Royal society of London. Cambridge, C. J. Clay and sons, 1867-1902; url p. 275, p. 350, p. 469, p. 547, p. 60, p. 657, p. 72, p. 992.
- Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. Compiled by the Royal Society of London. London, C.J. Clay and Sons, 1867-1902 [etc.] Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1914-25. url p. 469, p. 547, p. 60, p. 657, p. 72, p. 992.
- Catalogue of the books, manuscripts, maps and drawings in the British Museum (Natural History) London: BM(NH), 1903-1940. url p. 2014, p. 2014.
- Catalogue of the library of the Linnean Society of London. London: The Society, 1896. url p. 54.
- Catalogue of the mycological library of Howard A. Kelly. comp. by Louis C.C. Krieger. Baltimore, Privately printed, 1924. url p. 164.
- Catalogue of the science collections for teaching and research in the South Kensington Museum. .. London, Printed for H.M. Stationery Off. by Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1891- url p. 102, p. 96.
- Checklist of CITES Species CITES, WCMC url p. 263, p. 289, p. 290, p. 291.
- Checklist of CITES Species: a reference to the appendices to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CITES url p. 260, p. 292, p. 293, p. 294, p. 303.
- Comparative anatomy of the vegetative organs of the phanerogams and ferns / by A. de Bary; translated and annotated by F.O. Bower and D.H. Scott; with 241 woodcuts and an index. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1884. url p. 76, p. 84.
- Contributions from the Botanical Laboratory. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1892- url .
- Contributions to the flora and fauna of Repton and neighbourhood. London, Bemrose, 1881. url p. 51.
- Contributions towards a Cybele hibernica, being outlines of the geographical distribution of plants in Ireland. Dublin.E. Ponsonby, 1898. url .
- Cryptogamic plants of the USSR. (Flora sporovykh rastenii SSSR) Translated from Russian. Jerusalem[Published for the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 19 - url p. 448, p. 449.
- Cyclopedia of American horticulture, comprising suggestions for cultivation of horticultural plants, descriptions of the species of fruits, vegetables, flowers and ornamental plants sold in the United by L. H. Bailey. .. assisted by William Miller. .. and many expert cultivators and botanists. London: The Macmillan company, 1909. url p. 1466, p. 622, p. 623.
- Danish fungi as represented in the herbarium of E. Rostrup / revised by J. Lind. Copenhagen: Gyldendalske boghandel, 1913. url p. 501.
- Dictionary of the common names of plants with list of foreign plants cultivated in the open / by Rudolf Marloth. Cape Town: Specialty Press of South Africa, 1917. url p. 75.
- Diseases of greenhouse crops and their control / New York: E. P. Dutton, [c1920] url .
- Diseases of plants induced by cryptogamic parasites: introduction to the study of pathogenic Fungi, slime-Fungi, bacteria, & Algae / London; Longmans, Green & co., 1897. url .
- Dutch bulbs. "How to use them to beautify your home and garden". Assen, Holland, Floralia, 192-? url p. 4.
- Elementary botany / London: G. Bell, 1898. url .
- English botany, or, coloured figures of British plants / edited by John T. Boswell Syme; the popular portion by Mrs. Lankester; the figures by J. Sowerby, J. de C. Sowerby, J.W. Salter, and John Edward Sowerby. London: G. Bell, 1873. url p. 485.
- Enquiry into plants and minor works on odoùrs and weather signs, London, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1916. url p. 462, p. 489.
- Eton nature-study and observational lessons, by Matthew Davenport Hill, . .. and Wilfred Mark Webb, . .. With a foreword by the Rev. Edmond Warre, . .. Part I-[II]. London, Duckworth & Co., 1903-1904. url p. 173.
- Experiment station record. Washington: G.P.O., 1889-1946. url , p. 327, p. 858.
- Familiar flowers of field and garden. Described and illustrated by F. Schuyler Mathews. With over two hundred drawings. New York, D. Appleton, 1895. url p. 3.
- Familiar garden flowers / London: Cassell, [1879-1887] url .
- Familiar wild flowers figured and described by F. Edward Hulme. .. 1st- ser.. .. London, Cassell and company, limited, [1878- url , .
- Fauna, flora & geology of the Clyde area, ed. by G.F. Scott Elliot, Malcolm Laurie and J. Barclay Murdoch. Glasgow, Pub. by the local committee for the meeting of the British Association, 1901. url p. 126.
- Field Museum news. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, [1930-1943] url p. 2.
- Field Museum of Natural History bulletin. Chicago, Field Museum of Natural History, -c1990. url .
- Field, forest and garden botany: a simple introduction to the common plants of the United States east of the 100th meridian, both wild and cultivated / by Asa Gray. New York: American Book, c1895. url p. 427.
- Field, forest, and garden botany; a simple introduction to the common plants of the United States east of the 100th meridian, both wild and cultivated, by Asa Gray. .. Cincinnati [etc.]American Book Company url p. 427.
- Flora of Guernsey and the lesser Channel Islands: namely, Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, and the adjacent islets. London, Dulau, 1901. url p. 484.
- Flora of Plymouth: an account of the flowering plants and ferns found within twelve miles of the town; history of local botanical investigation. London, J. Van Voorst, 1880. url p. 10, p. 226, p. 332.
- Flora of Sussex; or a list of the flowering plants & ferns found in the county of Sussex, with localities of the less common species. London, Simpkin [et al.]1907. url p. 113.
- Flora of the U.S.S.R. [Springfield, Va.: Israel Program for Scientific Translations; 1968- url p. 364.
- Flower gardening, New York, bMcBride, Nast & company, 1913. url , .
- Flower gardening, by H. S. Adams. New York, McBride, Nast & Company, 1913. url p. 137, p. 210.
- Flowers and their unbidden guests. London, C. K. Paul & Co., 1878. url p. 152.
- Flowers of the field, by the late Rev. C. A. Johns. London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1911. url p. 481.
- Flowers; their origin, shapes, perfumes, and colours / Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1878. url , p. 183.
- Forestry. London: W. Rider, [1883-1886]. url p. 13.
- Gaelic names of plants (Scottish and Irish) Collected and arranged in scientific order, with notes on their etymology, their uses, plant superstitions, etc., among the Celts, with copious Gaelic, Eng EdinburghBlackwood1883 url p. 77.
- Garden and farm topics / by Peter Henderson. New York: Peter Henderson, 1884. url p. 47.
- Garden and farm topics. By Peter Henderson. .. New York: P. Henderson & co., 1884. url p. 47.
- Garden and forest; a journal of horticulture, landscape art and forestry. New York: The Garden and forest publishing co., 1888-97. url p. 104, p. 105, p. 117, p. 124, p. 137, p. 139, p. 145, p. 173, p. 177, p. 184, p. 185, p. 19, p. 282, p. 42, p. 442, p. 467, p. 477, p. 501, p. 573, p. 90, p. 91, p. 94.
- Garden-making: suggestions for the utilizing of home grounds, by L. H. Bailey. .. London: Macmillan, 1898. url p. 271.
- Gardeners' chronicle of America. New York: Chronicle Press, 1905-1950. url p. 195, p. 463.
- Gardening for amateurs; a simple, complete, and practical guide for garden lovers, edited by H. H. Thomas. Illustrated by twenty-four coloured plates and many hundreds of photographs and sketches. New York: Funk and Wagnalls company,  url p. 640.
- Gardening for beginners; a handbook to the garden, by E.T. Cook. [London]"Country Life" [etc., 1914] url , .
- Gardening. Chicago, the Gardening Co., 1892-1925. url p. 180, p. 244.
- Gardens near the sea; the making and care of gardens on or near the coast with reference also to lawns and grounds and to trees and shrubbery, New York, Frederick A. Stokes company[c1910] url .
- General embryological information service. Utrecht, Hubrecht Laboratory. url p. 34, p. 35, p. 38.
- Gray's Botanical text-book New York, Ivison, 1879-1885. url p. 71.
- Gray's Botanical text-book. New York: American Book Company, c1879. url p. 174, p. 67.
- Gray's Lessons in botany and vegetable physiology: illustrated by over 360 wood engravings from original drawings by Isaac Sprague: to which is added a copious glossary, or dictionary of botanical terms / by Asa Gray. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., 1877, c1868. url p. 512.
- Gray's School and field book of botany: consisting of "Lessons in botany" and "Field, forest, and garden botany" bound in one volume. New York: American Book Company, [between 1895 and 1900]. url p. 427.
- Gray's school and field book of botany. Consisting of "Lessons in botany, " and "Field, forest, and garden botany, " bound in one volume. New York, American book company, 1901?, c1887 url p. 427.
- Great Basin naturalist memoirs. 1987 [Provo, Utah]Brigham Young University, 1976-1992. url p. 652.
- Hand-list of herbaceous plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens. London, Printed for H. M. Stationery Off. by Darling, 1902. url p. 491.
- Handbook of flower pollination based upon Hermann Mller's work 'The fertilisation of flowers by insects'; tr. by J.R. Ainsworth Davis. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1906. url p. 19, p. 243, p. 287, p. 352, p. 435.
- Handbook of flower pollination: based upon Hermann Mu?ller's work 'The fertilisation of flowers by insects' / Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1906-09. url , , , , .
- Handbook of hardy herbaceous and alpine flowers. Edinburgh, Blackwood, 1871. url p. 277.
- Handbook of hardy trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants. .. Based on the French work of Messrs. Decaisne and Naudin. ..entitled 'Manuel de l'amateur des jardins, ' and including the original woodcuts by Riocreux and Leblanc. Boston, Estes & Lauriat, 1873. url , .
- Handbook of plants. New York: P. Henderson, 1881. url p. 211, p. 87.
- Handbook of the Amaryllideae, including the Alstroemerieae and Agaveae. London, Bell, 1888. url p. 17.
- Hardy flowers. Descriptions of upwards of thirteen hundred of the most ornamental species, with directions for their arrangement, culture, etc.. .. By W. Robinson. London, Macmillan, 1878. url p. 129, p. 130.
- Hardy perennials and old-fashioned garden flowers. Describing the most desirable plants for borders, rockcries, and shrubberies, and including both foliage and flowering plants. By John Wood. London, L.U. Gill, 1884. url p. 105, p. 106, p. 311.
- Hardy plants for cottage gardens, New York, H. Holt and company, 1910. url , , .
- Hardy plants for cottage gardens, by Helen R. Albee; illustrated from photographs. New York, H. Holt and company, 1910. url , , p. 165.
- Henderson's Handbook of plants and general horticulture / By Peter Henderson. New York, P. Henderson & Co., 1910. url , p. 416.
- Henderson's Handbook of plants. By Peter Henderson. New York: P. Henderson & Co., 1881. url p. 87.
- Horticulture. Boston, Mass.: Horticulture Pub. Co., c1904- url , p. 125, p. 471, p. 778.
- How to make a flower garden; a manual of practical information and suggestions. New York, Doubleday, Page & company, 1903. url p. 128, p. 128, p. 344.
- Humboldt; Monatsschrift fr die gesamten Naturwissenschaften. Stuttgart, F. Enke, 1882-90. url p. 300, p. 77.
- Illustrations of the British flora: a series of wood engravings, with dissections, of British plants. London, L. Reeve, 1919. url .
- Index of British plants according to the London catalogue... London: G. Bell, 1889. url p. 96.
- International catalogue of scientific literature. London: Published for the International Council by the Royal Society of London, 1902-1919. url p. 376, p. 60.
- Introduction to botany / by William Chase Stevens. Boston: D.C. Heath & Co., 1902. url , p. 25.
- Introduction to botany, Boston, D. C. Heath & Co., 1902. url .
- Introduction to cytology, by Lester W. Sharp. .. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, inc., 1934. url p. 209.
- Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O., 1914-1924. url p. 20.
- Irish gardening. Dublin: Pub. Office, 1906-1922 url p. 117, p. 18.
- Jenaische Zeitschrift fr Naturwissenschaft. Jena, Gustav Fischer [etc.]. url p. 359, p. 362, p. 374, p. 375, p. 470.
- Journal of genetics. Cambridge: University Press, 1910-1977. url p. 149, p. 149.
- Journal of the New York Botanical Garden. 37 1936 Lancaster, Pa.: Published for the Garden by the New Era Printing Co., 1900- url p. 239, p. 299, p. 3, p. 43, p. 76, p. 81, p. 86.
- Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society. Oxford [etc.]Royal Microscopical Society. url , p. 1089, p. 1095, p. 4, p. 781.
- Kalm's account of his visit to England: on his way to America in 1748 / London; Macmillan, 1892. url .
- Landscape gardening. New York [etc.]G. P. Putnam's sons, 1891. url p. 169.
- Landscape gardening. Notes and suggestions on lawns and lawn planting--laying out and arrangement of country places, large and small parks, cemetery plots, and railway-station lawns--deciduous and evergreen trees and shru New York, G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1891. url .
- Lawns and gardens. How to plant and beautify the home lot, the pleasure ground and garden, by N. Jnsson-Rose. With numerous plans and illustrations by the author. New York, G. P. Putnam, 1897. url p. x.
- Lectures on the physiology of plants / by Sydney Howard Vines. . Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: The University Press, 1886 url p. 691.
- List of rare, threatened and endemic plants in Europe (1982 edition) Council of Europe url p. 44.
- Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1923. url , , , , , , , , , , p. 108, p. 130, p. 140, p. 143, p. 145, p. 157, p. 89, p. 99.
- Marcellia. New York [etc.]Pergamon Press [etc.] url p. 15.
- Meehan's monthly: a magazine of horticulture, botany, and kindred subjects. Phila., PA: T. Meehan & Sons, 1891-1902. url .
- Meehans' monthly: a magazine of horticulture, botany and kindred subjects / conducted by Thomas Meehan. Philadelphia: Thomas Meehan & Sons, 1891-1902. url p. 83.
- Memoirs / Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Brooklyn, N.Y.: The Garden, 1918-1936. url p. 379.
- Memories of the months, being pages from the notebook of a field-naturalist and antiquary, to wit, Sir Herbert Maxwell, bart., M. P. London, E. Arnold, 1897- url p. 93.
- Memories of the months. London: E. Arnold & Co., 1922. url p. 3.
- Memories of the months: First series / by. .. Sir Herbert Maxwell. London: E. Arnold, 1901. url p. 76.
- Midland naturalist. London: Hardwicke and Bogue, 1878- url p. 115, p. 20, p. 68, p. 77, p. 91, p. 91, p. 93.
- Molecular & general genetics: MGG. Berlin; Springer-Verlag, 1908-2001 url p. 14.
- Morphology of angiosperms (Morphology of spermatophytes, Part II) by John Merle Coulter and Charles James [!] Chamberlain. New York, Appleton & Co., 1903. url p. 338, p. 42.
- Morphology of angiosperms: (Morphology of spermatophytes, Part II) / by John Merle Coulter and Charles Joseph Chamberlain. New York: D. Appleton, 1909, c1903. url p. 338, p. 42.
- My garden in spring, by E. A. Bowles. New York: Dodge Pub. Co.,  url p. 45.
- My garden, by Louise Beebe Wilder. .. illustrated by Will Simmons. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page & company, [c1916] url p. 21, p. 49, p. 49.
- My garden, its plan and culture together with a general description of its geology, botany, and natural history, London, Bell and Daldy, 1872. url .
- Natural history of Selborne & observations on nature / by Gilbert White; with the text and new letters of the Buckland edition; introduction by John Burroughs; illustrations by Clifton Johnson. New York, Appleton, 1895. url p. 218.
- Natural history of Selborne, and observations on nature / by Gilbert White; with the text and new letters of the Buckland edition; introduction by John Burroughs; illustrations by Clifton Johnson. Toronto: Musson Book Co., 1904. url p. 218.
- Nicholson, G. The illustrated dictionary of gardening: a practical and scientific encyclopdia of horticulture for gardeners and botanists /edited by George Nicholson; assisted by J.W.H. Trail. .. and J. Garrett. .. 9 1884 London: L.U. Gill, -88. url p. 387, p. 402, p. 403, p. 41, p. 440, p. 547.
- Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. 2 1902 Edinburgh: H. M. Stationery Off. url p. 218, p. 355, p. 470.
- Oecology of plants: an introduction to the study of plant-communities / by Eug. Warming; assisted by Martin Vahl; prepared for publication in English by Percy Groom and Isaac Bayley Balfour. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909. url p. 94.
- Oecology of plants; an introduction to the study of plant-communities, by Eug. Warming, assisted by Martin Vahl. Prepared for publication in English by Percy Groom and Isaac Bayley Balfour. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1909. url p. 94.
- Old-fashioned gardening; a history and a reconstruction, New York, McBride, Nast & company, 1913. url , , .
- On the fauna and flora of the west of Scotland. Meeting at Glasgow, September, 1876. Glasgow, Blackie, 1876 url p. 73.
- Our garden flowers; a popular study of their native lands, their life histories, and their structural affiliations, New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1910. url , .
- Oxford gardens, based upon Daubeny's Popular guide to the physick garden of Oxford: with notes on the gardens of the colleges and on the University park, by R. T. Gnther. Oxford: Parker & son; [etc., etc.], 1912. url p. 83.
- Photosynthesis / by H. A. Spoehr. New York: The Chemical catalog company, inc., 1926. url p. 206, p. 216.
- Physiological botany; I. Outlines of the histology of phaenogamous plants; II. Vegetable physiology. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, [c1885] url p. 174, p. 67.
- Physiological plant anatomy, tr. by Montagu Drummond. London, MacMillan, 1914. url p. 263, p. 282, p. 435.
- Plant lore, legends, and lyrics. Embracing the myths, traditions, superstitions, and folk-lore of the plant kingdom. By Richard Folkard, jun. London, S. Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1884. url p. 546, p. 56.
- Plant physiology; a textbook for colleges and universities, by Bernard S. Meyer. .. and Donald B. Anderson. .. New York, D. Van Nostrand Company, inc., 1939. url p. 336.
- Plants poisonous to live stock / Cambridge: University Press, 1917. url , .
- Plants poisonous to live stock, by Harold C. Long. .. Cambridge: University press, 1917. url p. 105, p. 116.
- Plants poisonous to live stock. Cambridge, Univ. Press, 1917. url .
- Plants, their natural growth and ornamental treatment, Belfast, Marcus Ward & Co., 1874. url .
- Poisonous plants of Canada / [Ottawa]: Agriculture Canada, 1990. url p. 11, p. 52, p. 88, p. 90, p. 94.
- Poisonous plants of all countries, by A. Bernhard-Smith. London, Baillire, Tindall & Cox, 1923. url p. 104, p. 61.
- Poisonous plants of all countries. With the active, chemical principles which they contain; and the toxic symptoms produced by each group. Bristol [Eng.]J. Wright, 1905. url .
- Pollen / by M. Pakenham Edgeworth. London: Hardwicke & Bogue, 1877. url p. 16, p. 16.
- Popular botany; the living plant from seed to fruit, by A.E. Knight and Edward Step. .. New York: H. Holt and company,  url p. 359, p. 359, p. 360, p. 360.
- Popular names of flowers, fruits, &c., as used in the county of Somerset and the adjacent parts of Devon, Dorset and Wilts. Yeovil, Western Gazette, 1922. url p. 196, p. 201, p. 216, p. 283, p. 284, p. 84, p. 85, p. 91, p. 98.
- Practical plant biochemistry, by Muriel Wheldale Onslow. .. Cambridge, University press, 1920. url p. 78, p. 95.
- Practical plant biochemistry. CambridgeUniversity Press1923 url p. 111, p. 72, p. 80.
- Price list of chemical and bacteriological apparatus, chemicals and reagents manufactured and sold by Baird [and] Tatlock (London) Ltd. London, Baird [and] Tatlock, 1914. url p. 850.
- Principles of biochemistry for students of medicine, agriculture and related sciences, by T. Brailsford Robertson. .. illustrated with 49 engravings. New York, Lea & Febiger, 1920. url p. 437, p. 619.
- Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Washington, Biological Society of Washington url p. 1014.
- Rambles of a naturalist round Folkestone: with occasional papers on the fauna and flora of the district, to which are added lists of plants, lepidoptera, birds, and land and freshwater shells / by Henry Ullyett. Folkestone: J. English, 1880. url p. 137.
- Reports of the Director. .. / Experimental Farms. Ottawa: Experimental Farms, 1888-1916. url p. 329.
- Residential sites and environments; their conveniences, gardens, parks, planting, etc. New York, A.T. Delamare Print. and Pub. Co., 1898. url p. 44.
- Science-gossip. Berlin: R. Friedlnder & Sohn, -1902. url p. 221.
- Senior botany. London, Univ. Tutor. Press, 1918. url p. 292.
- Some recent researches in plant physiology. By W. R. G. Atkins. London, Whittaker & co., 1916. url p. 22, p. 306.
- Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. Salem, Mass., 1923. url p. 471.
- Studies in plant respiration and photosynthesis, by H. A. Spoehr and J. M. McGee. Washington, The Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1923. url p. 59.
- Sub-alpine plants: or, Flowers of the Swiss woods and meadows / by H. Stuart Thompson; with 33 coloured plates (168 figures) by George Flemwell. London: Dutton, 1912. url p. 275, p. 316.
- Sub-alpine plants: or, flowers of the Swiss woods and meadows / [London]: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1912. url , .
- Taxonomic literature: a selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates, commentaries and types (TL2) Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, 1976-1988. url p. 189, p. 887.
- Textbook of theoretical botany, by R. C. McLean and W. R. Ivimey-Cook. London, Longmans, Green[1951- url p. 2021, p. 2024, p. 2025, p. 2181.
- The American florist: a weekly journal for the trade. Chicago: American Florist Company, [1885-1931] url p. 349, p. 393, p. 471, p. 487.
- The American flower garden / by Neltje Blanchan; planting lists by Leonard Barron; illustrated with one hundred full-page photographs. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1909. url , , p. 281, p. 359, p. 366.
- The American flower garden, New York, Doubleday, Page & company, 1909. url p. 281, p. 359, p. 366.
- The American midland naturalist. 1 1909-1910 Notre Dame, Ind., University of Notre Dame. url p. 278.
- The Annals of Scottish natural history. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1892-1911. url p. 126, p. 168, p. 230, p. 48, p. 56.
- The Biochemical journal. London [etc.]Cambridge University Press. url p. 1.
- The Book of gardening; a handbook of horticulture. London, C. Scribner's Sons, 1900. url .
- The Bradley bibliography; a guide to the literature of the woody plants of the world published before the beginning of the twentieth century; Cambridge, Riverside Press, 1911-18. url p. 137.
- The British nature book; a complete handbook and guide to British nature study, embracing the mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, insects, plants, etc., in the United Kingdom, by S.N. Sedgwick. .. Edinburgh, T.C. & E.C. Jack, Ltd., 1922. url p. 443.
- The British rust fungi (Uredinales) their biology and classification, Cambridge, University Press, 1913. url .
- The Canadian horticulturist [monthly] St. Catharines, E.S. Leavenworth. url p. 248, p. 426.
- The English flower garden and home grounds: design and arrangement followed by a description of the plants, shrubs and trees for the open-air garden and their culture / by W. Robinson. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921. url p. 478.
- The Entomologist's record and journal of variation. s.l., s.n. url p. 60.
- The Florists' exchange: a weekly medium of interchange for florists, nurserymen, seedsmen and the trade in general. New York, N.Y.: [A.T. De la Mare Ptg. and Pub. Co., url p. 1085, p. 233, p. 277, p. 385, p. 473, p. 572.
- The Gaelic names of plants (Scottish, Irish, and Manx), collected and arranged in scientific order, with notes on their etymology, uses, plant superstitions, etc., among the Celts, with copious Gaeli Glasgow, J. Mackay, 1900. url .
- The Gardener's monthly and horticulturist. Philadelphia, Pa.: Charles H. Marot, 1876-1888. url p. 26.
- The Gardeners' chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London: [Gardeners Chronicle], 1874-1955. url , , , , , , p. 105, p. 105, p. 107, p. 111, p. 111, p. 112, p. 120, p. 121, p. 123, p. 126, p. 129, p. 129, p. 130, p. 131, p. 140, p. 142, p. 145, p. 157, p. 163, p. 165, p. 172, p. 189, p. 194, p. 197, p. 203, p. 205, p. 207, p. 208, p. 212, p. 230, p. 236, p. 237, p. 238, p. 246, p. 247, p. 257, p. 264, p. 268, p. 268, p. 269, p. 271, p. 271, p. 274, p. 276, p. 278, p. 28, p. 28, p. 306, p. 308, p. 308, p. 314, p. 320, p. 324, p. 329, p. 336, p. 337, p. 34, p. 342, p. 343, p. 347, p. 367, p. 371, p. 374, p. 392, p. 404, p. 404, p. 410, p. 411, p. 414, p. 422, p. 425, p. 428, p. 430, p. 438, p. 439, p. 44, p. 478, p. 505, p. 51, p. 516, p. 520, p. 522, p. 524, p. 538, p. 548, p. 576, p. 60, p. 625, p. 628, p. 663, p. 670, p. 704, p. 71, p. 728, p. 78, p. 8, p. 80, p. 81, p. 86, p. 9, p. 90, p. 91, p. 96, p. 99.
- The Great Basin naturalist. 41 1981 Provo, Utah: M.L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, 1939-1999. url p. 34.
- The Illustrated dictionary of gardening: a practical and scientific encyclopaedia of horticulture for gardeners and botanists / edited by George Nicholson. ..; assisted by J.W.H. Trail. .. and J. Garrett. ... London: L. Upcott Gill; 1887-1889. url p. 372, p. 376, p. 387, p. 403, p. 405, p. 432, p. 440.
- The Journal of agricultural science. Cambridge [Eng.]The University Press. url p. 259, p. 294.
- The Naturalist. 1893 [Doncaster: Yorkshire Naturalists' Union], 1874- url p. 100, p. 101, p. 248, p. 38, p. 60, p. 86, p. 98.
- The New Forest: its history and its scenery / by John R. Wise; with 63 illustrations by Walter Crane; engraved by W.J. Linton. London: Gibbings, 1895. url p. 304.
- The New Forest; its history and its scenery. By John R. Wise. With 63 illustrations, drawn by Walter Crane, engraved by W.J. Linton, and two maps. London: Gibbings & co., 1895. url p. 304.
- The Romance of wild flowers: a companion to the British flora / by Edward Step. London; Warne, 1899. url p. 319.
- The Scientific proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society. Dublin: The Society, 1877- url , , , p. 432, p. 545, p. 83, p. 89, p. 91, p. 95.
- The Victoria history of Berkshire. edited by P.H. Ditchfield and William Page. [LondonConstable]1906-1923 url p. 58.
- The Victoria history of the county of Warwick. London: Published for the University of London Institute of Historical Research by Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1965- url p. 49.
- The aims and methods of nature study: a guide for teachers / by John Rennie; with an introduction by J. Arthur Thomson. Baltimore, Md.: Warwick & York,  url p. 200.
- The biology of flowering plants, by Macgregor Skene. .. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1924. url p. 506.
- The bulb book; or, Bulbous and tuberous plants for the open air, stove, and greenhouse, containing particulars as to descriptions, culture, propagation, etc.. .. by John Weathers. London, J. Murray, 1911. url p. 235, p. 236, p. 237.
- The chemistry of plant life, by Roscoe W. Thatcher. New York [etc.]McGraw-Hill book company, inc., 1921. url p. 29.
- The chemistry of plant life. New York, McGraw, 1921. url p. 29.
- The classification of flowering plants. Cambridge, Univ. Press, 1904-25. url p. 299.
- The commonly occuring wild plants of Canada a flora for the use of beginners / by H.B. Spotton. Toronto: W.J. Gage, [1887?] url .
- The complete garden, by Albert D. Taylor, assisted by Gordon D. Cooper. Illustrated with fifty full page cuts, four line charts, and nine coloured plates. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page, 1921. url p. 331, p. 331.
- The complete illustrated book of garden magic. Chicago, J.G. Ferguson Pub. Co. url p. 147, p. 195.
- The country month by month, by J.A. Owen. .. and Professor G.S. Boulger. .. Cover design by J. Lockwood Kipling. London: Bliss, Sands and Foster, 1894. url p. 63.
- The differential analysis of starches, by James B. McNair. 9 1930 Chicago, 1930. url p. 13, p. 20, p. 22, p. 25, p. 30, p. 33, p. 37, p. 41, p. 43.
- The differentiation and specificity of starches in relation to genera, species, etc.; stereochemistry applied to protoplasmic processes and products, and as a strictly scientific basis for the classification of plants and animals Washington, D.C.Carnegie institution of Washington1913 url p. 13, p. 188, p. 335, p. 655, p. 656, p. 658, p. xiii.
- The elements of botany embracing organography, histology, vegetable physiology, systematic botany and economic botany. .. together with a complete glossary of botanical terms Philadelphia, J. E. Potter and Company[c1883] url .
- The encyclopedia of gardening. A dictionary of cultivated plants, etc., giving in alphabetical sequence the culture and propagation of hardy and half-hardy plants, trees and shrubs, orchids, ferns, fruit, vegetables, hothouse and g London, W. H. & L. Collingridge url , .
- The fertilisation of flowers. Translated and edited by D'Arcy W. Thompson, with a preface by Charles Darwin. LondonMacmillan1883 url p. 559, p. 660.
- The flora of Berkshire; being a topographical and historical account of the flowering plants and ferns found in the county, with short biographical notices of the botanists who have contributed to Berkshire botany during the Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1897. url p. 485, p. 89.
- The flora of Dumfriesshire, including part of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright, by G.F. Scott-Elliot. Assisted by J. M'Andrew [and others] DumfriesJ. Maxwell, 1896. url p. 170.
- The flora of Dumfriesshire: including part of the stewartry of Kirkcudbright / by G.F. Scott-Elliot; assisted by J. M'Andrew. .. [et al.] Dumfries: J. Maxwell, 1896. url p. 170.
- The flora of Oxfordshire; being a topographical and historical account of the flowering plants and ferns found in the county, with sketches of the progress of Oxfordshire botany during the last three centuries, and London, Parker and Co., 1886. url , .
- The flora of the Alps; being a description of all the species of flowering plants indigenous to Switzerland; and of the Alpine species of the adjacent mountain districts of France, Italy, & Austria including the Pyrenees, London, J. C. Nimmo, 1896-1900. url .
- The flora of the parish of Halifax, by William B. Crump, & Charles Crossland. [Halifax]Halifax Scientific Society, 1904. url p. 107.
- The garden month by month; describing the appearance, color, dates of bloom, height and cultivation of all desirable hardy herbaceous perennials for the formal or wild garden, with additional lists of aquatics, vi Garden City, N.Y., Garden City publishing company, inc.[c1907]. url , .
- The garden... London, 1872- url , p. 171, p. 174, p. 175, p. 260, p. 266, p. 304.
- The gypsy moth. Porthetria dispar (Linn.). A report of the work of destroying the insect in the commonwealth of Massachusetts, together with an account of its history and habits both in Massachusetts and Europe. By Edward H. Forbush. .. and Charles H. Fernald. .. Published under the direction of the State Board of Agriculture by authority of the legislature. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 1896. url p. 322, p. 322.
- The history of Glanville's Wootton, in the County of dorset, including its zoology and botany / by C.W. Dale. London, Hatchards, 1878. url p. 364.
- The joyous art of gardening; a book of first aid to the amateur, New York, C. Scribner's sons, 1917. url .
- The landscape gardening book, wherein are set down the simple laws of beauty and utility which should guide the development of all grounds, New York, McBride, Winston & company, 1911. url p. 133.
- The natural history & antiquities of Selborne in the county of Southampton, by Gilbert White, with illustrations in colour by George Edward Collins... London: Macmillan and co., limited, 1911. url p. 388.
- The natural history and antiquities of Selborne, in the county of Southampton / by the Rev. Gilbert White London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1888 url .
- The natural history of animals: the animal life of the world in its various aspects and relations, London, The Gresham Publishing Company, 1903-04. url , .
- The natural history of plants, their forms, growth, reproduction, and distribution; Dublin, Blackie & son, limited, 1902. url , , , , .
- The natural history of plants; their forms, growth, reproduction, and distribution. From the German of Anton Kerner von Marilaun, by F.W. Oliver, with the assistance of Marian Busk and Mary F. Ewart. with about 2000 original woodcut illustrations and sixteen plates in colours. London, Blackie, 1896-1897. url , p. 866, p. 950.
- The naturalist's diary: a day-book of meteorology, phenology and rural biology. With a chart showing the blossoming of spring flowers in Europe, and an introduction of natural periodic phenomena, etc. 188-. London, Sonnenschein, Le Bas and Lowrey[pref. 1886] url .
- The nature-study of plants in theory and practice for the hobby-botanist, by Thomas Alfred Dymes, with an introduction by F.E. Weiss. London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge;1920. url .
- The origin of floral structures through insect and other agencies, by the George Henslow. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trbnerco, 1888. url p. 98.
- The planning & planting of little gardens, by George Dillstone, with notes and criticisms by Lawrence Weaver. London, "Country life, " ltd., 1920. url .
- The practical flower garden, London, Macmillan & co., ltd., 1911. url , p. 289.
- The practical flower garden, by Helena Rutherfurd Ely. .. with illustrations made from photographs taken in the author's garden, and in the "Connecticut garden." London, The Macmillan company, 1911. url p. 289.
- The principles of plant-teratology. London, The Ray Society, 1915-1916. url , , .
- The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated with colored plates, four thousand engravings in the text, and ninety-six full-page cuts. New York, Macmillan, 1919 [c1914] url p. 1308, p. 1309, p. 3591.
- The story of plant life in the British Isles; types of the common natural orders, by A.R. Horwood. London, J. & A. Churchill, 1914-15. url , p. 309, p. 312, p. 501.
- The study of plants; an introduction to botany and plant ecology. OxfordClarendon Press1915 url p. 267.
- The transactions of the Yorkshire Naturalists' Union. Leeds [etc.] url p. 170.
- Topographical botany: being local and personal records towards shewing the distribution of British plants traced through the 112 counties and vice-counties of England, Wales, and Scotland. London, B. Quaritch, 1883. url .
- Trade in bulbs. Phase 1: report IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre url p. 39, p. 41, p. 65, p. 69, p. 71.
- Transactions and proceedings of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh. [Edinburgh]: The Society, 1891-1970. url p. 302, p. 302, p. 337, p. 337, p. 346, p. 374, p. 4, p. 419, p. 604, p. 73, p. 87.
- Transactions of the Edinburgh Naturalists' Field Club. Edinburgh: The Club, 1886. url p. 257, p. 257.
- Transactions of the Hertfordshire Natural History Society and Field Club. London: Gurney & Jackson, 1879- url p. 184, p. 74, p. 76.
- Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Topeka, Kan.: W.Y. Morgan, 1903- url p. 121.
- Transactions of the Watford Natural History Society and Hertfordshire Field Club. London: Hardwicke and Bogue, 1875-1880. url p. 102, p. 43, p. 49.
- U.S. gardening guide: everything you need to know about how to make things grow / compiled by Jeffery Feinman. New York: Simon and Schuster, c1979. url p. 105.
- Variety in the little garden, by Mrs. Francis King. Boston, Atlantic Monthly Press[c1923] url p. 4.
- Vegetation of the Peak District / C. E. Moss. Cambridge: University Press, 1913. url p. 86.
- Wild Plants in Trade TRAFFIC url p. 18.
- Qian Xiao-hu, Chen Sing-chi, Hsu Yin, Hu Zhi-bi, Huang Xiu-lan & Fan Quan-jin. 1985. Amaryllidaceae. In: Pei Chien & Ting Chih-tsun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 16(1): 1--42.
- Davis, A. P. 1999. The Genus Galanthus. Portland.
- Stern, F. C. 1956. Snowdrops and Snowflakes -- A Study of the Genera Galanthus and Leucojum. London.
- Yeo, P. F. 1975. The hybrid origin of some cultivated snowdrops (Galanthus-Amaryllidaceae). Baileya 19: 157-162.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- Crook, V. and Davis, A. 2011. Galanthus nivalis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 01February2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem, Herbarium Willing
- Bundesamt für Naturschutz / Zentralstelle für Phytodiversität Deutschland, Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien
- Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Flora of the Stołowe Mts.
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Vascular Plants, Field notes, Oslo
- Steiermärkisches Landesmuseum Joanneum - Herbarium GJO, Herbarium GJO
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Botany
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Herbarium of Oskarshamn
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Lund Botanical Museum
- The Swedish Museum of Natural History
- , Plants
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2667195
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-307568
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 5165859
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:64497-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 70959
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 502704
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 64496-1
- IUCN ID: 210322
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: PMLIL0W010
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: GANI
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 40059
- Zhanhe Ji & Alan W. Meerow "Amaryllidaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 264. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Gerald B. Straley & Frederick H. Utech "Galanthus". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 55, 280, 293. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Galanthus nivalis". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 277, 280. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 112.760 meters (369.948 feet), Standard Deviation = 169.450 based on 7,150 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- Crook, V. & Davis, A. 2011. Galanthus nivalis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 February 2012. [back]