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Turdus migratorius propinquus


American Robin
Turdus migratorius propinquus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Genus: Turdus
Species: T. migratorius
Subspecies: propinquus
Binomial name
Turdus migratorius propinquus
Ridgway, 1877

Turdus migratorius propinquus is a subspecies within the kingdom Animalia. English vernacular for Turdus migratorius propinquus is American Robin.

Vernacular Names

  • English: American Robin · American Robin (Western)

Identification

Similar Species

Subspecies:

  • Turdus migratorius propinquus

Taxonomy

Name Status

Name Status: Accepted Name. Latest taxonomic scrutiny: June 24, 1996.
Some taxonomic info derived from IOC.[1]

Distribution

E British Columbia to sw US and sw Mexico, winters to Guatemala Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: NA, MA Alaska and Canada to Guatemala e Canada Alaska (except se), Canada (except e and w) and c and ne USA se USA se Alaska and coastal w Canada interior sw Canada and interior w USA to c Mexico Nonbreeding range: to Guatemala

  • Reported here: Angola, Antarctica, Australia:Victoria, Austria, Canada, Canada:Alberta, Canada:British Columbia, Canada:Manitoba, Canada:New Brunswick, Canada:Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada:Northwest Territories, Canada:Nunavut, Canada:Ontario, Canada:Quebec, Canada:Saskatchewan, Canada:Yukon, Denmark, Germany, Greece, India, India:Goa, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Mexico, Mexico:Baja, Mexico:Chihuahua, Mexico:Coahuila, Mexico:Colima, Mexico:Durango, Mexico:Hidalgo, Mexico:Jalisco, Mexico:Michoacan, Mexico:Morelos, Mexico:Nuevo Leon, Mexico:Oaxaca, Mexico:Puebla, Mexico:Sinaloa, Mexico:Sonora, Mexico:Veracruz, Mexico:Zacatecas, Norway, Portugal, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.


Map showing distribution of observations of Turdus migratorius propinquus.

Media

Sounds

33150.png
Song. this is a continuation of file XC103059 - same individual, same session. Background sounds: * White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)· * Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)· * Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)· * Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)· Date recorded: June 16, 2010. Latitude: 39.6149 Longitude: -120.4913 Elevation: 6726 feet. Location: Yuba Pass, California USA. Citation: Eric DeFonso, XC103060. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/103060. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}
33151.png
Song. singing from atop a 100+ ft tall fir tree at Yuba Pass Sno-bol Ski area. Douglas Squirrel also heard. Background sounds: * White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)· * Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)· * Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)· * Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)· Date recorded: June 16, 2010. Latitude: 39.6149 Longitude: -120.4913 Elevation: 6726 feet. Location: Yuba Pass, California USA. Citation: Eric DeFonso, XC103059. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/103059. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}
38098.png
Song. Background sounds: * Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)· * American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)· * Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus)· * House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)· * Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)· Date recorded: March 31, 2012. Latitude: 41.751 Longitude: -111.822 Elevation: 4593 feet. Location: Logan, Cache County, Utah USA. Citation: Ryan P. O'Donnell, XC97957. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/97957. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}
53160.png
Call. Background sounds: * American Grey Flycatcher (Empidonax wrightii)· * American Robin (Turdus migratorius)· Date recorded: June 10, 2010. Latitude: 43.328 Longitude: -112.035 Elevation: 5676 feet. Location: Goshen, Bingham County, Idaho USA. Citation: Ryan P. O'Donnell, XC81923. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/81923. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}
64685.png
Call. Background sounds: * House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)· * Pine Siskin (Spinus pinus)· Date recorded: April 30, 2010. Latitude: 41.751 Longitude: -111.822 Elevation: 4593 feet. Location: Logan, Cache County, Utah USA. Citation: Ryan P. O'Donnell, XC72964. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/72964. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}

Conservation

Heritage Status: G5TU

More Information

Identifiers

  • GBIF: TaxonID: 6171841 TaxonKey: 13903312
  • Heritage Identifier: ABPBJ20176
  • ITIS: 179764
  • Namebank ID: 592441
  • SP2000 Accepted Name Code: ITS-179764
  • ZipcodeZoo CritterID: 178246

References

  1. International Ornithologists’ Committee. IOC World Bird List 5.2 doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.5.2 link

Bibliography

  • A check list of North American birds./i Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1882. url p. 23, p. 6.
  • Birds of Oregon, by Ira N. Gabrielson.. and Stanley G. Jewett. ./i Corvallis, Or., Pub. by Oregon State College through the O.S.C. Cooperative Association[c1940] url [1], p. 467.
  • Brigham Young University science bulletin./i 9 1967 Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University, [1955-1976] url p. 47.
  • Bulletin - United States National Museum./i Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.];1877-1971. url [2], p. 103, p. 1882, p. 295, p. 410, p. 437, p. 60.
  • Bulletin of the Nuttall Ornithological Club./i Cambridge, Mass.: The Club, [1876-1883] url p. 163, p. 259.
  • Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences./i Los Angeles, Calif.: The Academy, 1902-1971. url p. 11, p. 9.
  • Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories / Department of the Interior./i Washington: Government Printing Office, 1874- url p. 208.
  • Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. by Charles E. Hellmayr./i 13 1934 Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1934. url p. 353.
  • Check-list and bibliography on the occurrence of insects in birds' nests./i Ames, Iowa State College Press[1959] url p. 171, p. 177, p. 553, p. 554.
  • Check-list of North American birds / prepared by a committee of the American ornithologists' union./i Lancaster, Pa.: The Union, 1931. url p. 256.
  • Check-list of North American birds./i [Ithaca, N.Y.]1957. url p. 433.
  • Check-list of birds of the world./i Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931-1987. url p. 227.
  • Great Basin naturalist memoirs./i 1976 [Provo, Utah]Brigham Young University, 1976-1992. url fig. 55, page 146, p. 156, p. 228.
  • Naturalist's guide to the Americas, prepared by the Committee on the Preservation of Natural Conditions of the Ecological Society of America, with assistance from numerous organizations and individuals, assembled and edited by chairman, /i Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1926. url p. 586, p. 586.
  • Nomenclature of North American birds chiefly contained in the United States National Museum./i Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1881. url [3].
  • Occasional papers - San Diego Society of Natural History./i 1959 San Diego, The Society. url p. 28.
  • Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington./i Washington, Biological Society of Washington url p. 442.
  • Smithsonian miscellaneous collections./i 115 1951 Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1862-1968. url p. 396.
  • The Auk./i Washington, D.C.: American Ornithologists' Union, etc., 1884- url p. 273.
  • The Coues check list of North American birds [Elliott Coues]./i Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1882. url [4], [5].
  • The Gardeners' chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects./i London: [Gardeners Chronicle], 1874-1955. url p. 112.
  • The Great Basin naturalist./i 40 1980 Provo, Utah: M.L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, 1939-1999. url p. 327.
  • The University of Kansas science bulletin./i 22 1935 [Lawrence]: University of Kansas, 1902-1996. url p. 243.
  • Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History./i 8 1936 [San Diego]: The Society, 1905-1989. url map 3, page 141, p. 163, p. 277, p. 369, p. 410, p. 461, p. 487.
  • University of Kansas publications, Museum of Natural History./i 11 1959 Lawrence, University of Kansas. url p. 487.

Contributors

  • Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed February 2, 2012.
  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 18, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 5 providers.

Page Notes