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Turdus migratorius migratorius

American Robin
Turdus migratorius migratorius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclass: Gnathostomata
Class: Aves
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Aves
Superorder: Passerimorphae
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeres
Superfamily: Muscicapoidea
Family: Turdidae
Genus: Turdus
Series: Amniota
Species: T. migratorius
Subspecies: migratorius
Binomial name
Turdus migratorius migratorius
Linnaeus, 1766

Turdus migratorius migratorius is a subspecies within the kingdom Animalia, family Turdidae. English vernacular for Turdus migratorius migratorius is American Robin.

Vernacular Names

  • Dutch: Roodborstlijster
  • English: · American Robin · American Robin (Eastern) · Black-Backed Robin · Canada Robin · Cape Robin · Carolinian Robin · Common Robin · Migratory Thrush · Northern Robin · Northwestern Robin · Red-Breasted Thrush · Redbreast · Robin · Robin Redbreast · Rocky Mountain Robin · San Lucas Robin · Southern Robin · Western Robin
  • French: Merle Américain / Merle Migrateur · Merle D'amèrique
  • German: Wanderdrossel
  • Italian: Merlo Americano
  • Japanese: コマツグミ
  • Spanish: Mirlo Americano · Mirlo Primavera · RobÌn Americano


Similar Species


  • Turdus migratorius migratorius


Name Status

Name status: accepted name.
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: 04-Nov-2013
Source: ITIS Global, Dec 2014
Some taxonomic info derived from IOC.[1]


N Alaska and n Canada to central US, winters e Mexico and Cuba Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: NA, MA Alaska and Canada to Guatemala e Canada Alaska (except se), Canada (except e and w) and c and ne USA Nonbreeding range: to e Mexico

  • Reported here: Antarctica, Canada, Canada:Alberta, Canada:British Columbia, Canada:Manitoba, Canada:New Brunswick, Canada:Nunavut, Canada:Ontario, Canada:Quebec, Canada:Yukon, Jamaica, Mexico, Mexico:Nuevo Leon, Mexico:Sonora, Turkey, United States.

Map showing distribution of observations of Turdus migratorius migratorius.



Hisselly Song. Song only composed of hisselly phrases, unknown reason / context. Background sounds: none Date recorded: April 12, 2013. Location: Briarcliff Manor, New York USA. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC130899. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/130899. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0}
Begging Call, Juvenile. Trying to decide between juveniles of catbird and robin for this one. Background sounds: none Date recorded: June 16, 2015. Location: Yard, Croton, New York United States. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC252953. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/252953. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0}
Call, Juvenile. Recording starts with begging juveniles, then there's a commotion that sounds as if it could be a feeding event or similar. Background sounds: * House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)· * Grey Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)· Date recorded: June 20, 2015. Location: Yard, Croton, New York United States. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC253216. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/253216. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0}
Begging Call, Juvenile. Background sounds: none Date recorded: June 25, 2015. Location: Yard, Croton, New York United States. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC253863. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/253863. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0}
Alarm Call, Call. Several different types of calls given by several birds in backyard. Background sounds: none Date recorded: May 25, 2011. Latitude: 41.1955 Longitude: -73.8678 Location: Riverview Farm Road, Ossining, New York United States. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC158036. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/158036. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0}
Call, Song. A male singing close by. It is a resident bird at this house that I've heard many times. Background sounds: none Date recorded: April 11, 2011. Latitude: 41.1362 Longitude: -73.8527 Location: Quinn Road, Briarcliff Manor, New York United States. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC158035. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/158035. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0}
Call, Song. Background sounds: * Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)· Date recorded: July 10, 2010. Latitude: 41.2042 Longitude: -73.8861 Location: Van Wyck Street, Croton, New York United States. Citation: Daniel Parker, XC157883. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/157883. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0}
Song. playback-used:no Background sounds: none Date recorded: June 30, 2013. Latitude: 40.8643 Longitude: -73.6537 Location: Glen Cove, Nassau, New York United States. Citation: Albert & Max Lastukhin, XC202135. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/202135. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0}

More Information


  • Catalog of Life Identifier: 468ef2429f3897fbaae786b65dd268a8
  • GBIF: TaxonID: 7191678 TaxonKey: 13888175
  • ITIS: 179760
  • Namebank ID: 2475177
  • SP2000 Accepted Name Code: ITS-179760
  • ZipcodeZoo CritterID: 407322


  1. International Ornithologists’ Committee. IOC World Bird List 5.2 doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.5.2 link


  • A hand-list of British birds, with an account of the distribution of each species in the British Isles and abroad. By Ernst Hartert, F. C. R. Jourdain, N. F. Ticehurst and H. F. Withersby./i London, Witherby, 1912. url p. 77.
  • Abstract of the proceedings of the Linnaean Society of New York City, for the official year./i [New York]: The Society, [1889-1932] url p. 86.
  • Birds of Algonquin Provincial Park, Ontario //i [Toronto: s.n.], 1938. url p. 27.
  • Birds of Oregon, by Ira N. Gabrielson.. and Stanley G. Jewett. ./i Corvallis, Or., Pub. by Oregon State College through the O.S.C. Cooperative Association[c1940] url p. 465.
  • Bulletin - United States National Museum./i Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.];1877-1971. url [1], p. 216, p. 269, p. 348, p. 378, p. 408, p. 99.
  • Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. by Charles E. Hellmayr./i 13 1934 Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1934. url p. 352.
  • Check-list and bibliography on the occurrence of insects in birds' nests./i Ames, Iowa State College Press[1959] url p. 100, p. 126, p. 155, p. 160, p. 162, p. 184, p. 186, p. 251, p. 327, p. 328, p. 37, p. 554, p. 71, p. 75.
  • Check-list of North American birds / prepared by a committee of the American ornithologists' union./i Lancaster, Pa.: The Union, 1931. url p. 255.
  • Check-list of North American birds./i [Ithaca, N.Y.]1957. url p. 431.
  • Check-list of birds of the world./i Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931-1987. url p. 226.
  • Fishery circular / U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries./i [Washington]: The Bureau, 1931-1939. url p. 35, p. 89.
  • Memoirs of the Nuttall Ornithological Club./i Cambridge, Mass.: The Club, 1886- url p. 105.
  • Miscellaneous publication - University of Kansas, Museum of Natural History./i 1958 Lawrence: University of Kansas, 1946-1996. url p. 105.
  • North American fauna./i Washington: Fish and Wildlife Service; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U. S. Govt. Print. Off. url p. 225.
  • Ornithological notes from Point Barrow, Alaska, by Louis B. Bishop./i 29 1944 Chicago, 1944 url p. 188.
  • Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th series./i San Francisco, California Academy of Sciences. url p. 50, p. 664.
  • Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington./i Washington, etc.: Entomological Society of Washington url p. 147.
  • Protozoology, by Richard Roksabro Kudo... with two hundred and ninety-one illustrations./i Springfield, Ill., Thomas[c1939] url p. 688.
  • The Canadian field-naturalist./i 48 1934 Ottawa, Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club. url parnell [2], p. 102, p. 111, p. 136, p. 18, p. 186, p. 20, p. 242, p. 29, p. 32, p. 52, p. 56, p. 58.
  • University of Kansas publications, Museum of Natural History./i 10 1958 Lawrence, University of Kansas. url p. 200, p. 634.
  • [Collected reprints, 1902-1928./i s.l., s.n.19--] url [3].


  • Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed February 2, 2012.
  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 14, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 5 providers.

Page Notes