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Turdus migratorius achrusterus

American Robin
Turdus migratorius achrusterus
Turdus migratorius achrusterus 0.jpg
Turdus migratorius achrusterus ('American Robin')
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Genus: Turdus
Species: T. migratorius
Subspecies: achrusterus
Binomial name
Turdus migratorius achrusterus
Batchelder, 1900)

Turdus migratorius achrusterus is a subspecies within the kingdom Animalia. English vernacular for Turdus migratorius achrusterus is American Robin.

Vernacular Names

  • English: American Robin


Similar Species


  • Turdus migratorius achrusterus

Habitat and Ecology


Biome: Coastal.


Name Status

Name status: accepted name.
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: 04-Nov-2013
Source: ITIS Global, Dec 2014
Some taxonomic info derived from IOC.[1]


S-central US, winters to se Mexico Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: Breeding range: NA, MA Alaska and Canada to Guatemala e Canada Alaska (except se), Canada (except e and w) and c and ne USA se USA Nonbreeding range: to se Mexico

  • Reported here: Angola, Antarctica, Australia:Victoria, Austria, Canada, Canada:Alberta, Canada:British Columbia, Canada:Manitoba, Canada:New Brunswick, Canada:Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada:Northwest Territories, Canada:Nunavut, Canada:Ontario, Canada:Quebec, Canada:Saskatchewan, Canada:Yukon, Denmark, Germany, Greece, India, India:Goa, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Mexico, Mexico:Baja, Mexico:Chihuahua, Mexico:Coahuila, Mexico:Colima, Mexico:Durango, Mexico:Hidalgo, Mexico:Jalisco, Mexico:Michoacan, Mexico:Morelos, Mexico:Nuevo Leon, Mexico:Oaxaca, Mexico:Puebla, Mexico:Sinaloa, Mexico:Sonora, Mexico:Veracruz, Portugal, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.

Map showing distribution of observations of Turdus migratorius achrusterus.




Song. Background sounds: * Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)· * Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)· * Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)· * Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)· Date recorded: May 29, 2011. Latitude: 35.307 Longitude: -83.9928 Elevation: 5410 feet. Location: Cherohala Skyway, Hooper Bald, Nantahala National Forest, North Carolina USA. Citation: Mike Nelson, XC78977. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/78977. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}
Song. Background sounds: none Date recorded: May 07, 2011. Latitude: 35.8589 Longitude: -84.0948 Elevation: 492 feet. Location: Knoxville, Tennessee USA. Citation: Mike Nelson, XC78015. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/78015. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5}
Alarm Call. Most of the birds were alarmed by a Red-shouldered Hawk Background sounds: * Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)· * White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)· * American Robin (Turdus migratorius)· * Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)· * Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)· Date recorded: July 04, 2010. Latitude: 35.8589 Longitude: -84.0948 Elevation: 328 feet. Location: Knoxville, Tennessee USA. Citation: Mike Nelson, XC57382. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/57382. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0}
Song. Background sounds: * American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)· * Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)· Date recorded: May 26, 2010. Latitude: 35.8589 Longitude: -84.0948 Elevation: 328 feet. Location: Knoxville, Tennessee USA. Citation: Mike Nelson, XC53692. Accessible at www.xeno-canto.org/53692. ©Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0}

More Information


  • Catalog of Life Identifier: 811289d35cffae390b44178b48cb1088
  • GBIF: TaxonID: 6171840 TaxonKey: 13903114
  • ITIS: 179762
  • Namebank ID: 592439
  • SP2000 Accepted Name Code: ITS-179762
  • ZipcodeZoo CritterID: 407324


  1. International Ornithologists’ Committee. IOC World Bird List 5.2 doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.5.2 link


  • Bulletin - United States National Museum./i Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.];1877-1971. url [1].
  • Bulletin / Peabody Museum of Natural History./i 1955 New Haven: Peabody Museum of Natural History, url p. 300.
  • Catalogue of birds of the Americas and the adjacent islands in Field Museum of Natural History. by Charles E. Hellmayr./i 13 1934 Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1934. url p. 352.
  • Check-list of North American birds./i [Ithaca, N.Y.]1957. url p. 432.
  • Check-list of birds of the world./i Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931-1987. url p. 226.
  • Fishery circular / U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries./i [Washington]: The Bureau, 1931-1939. url p. 90.
  • Proceedings of the United States National Museum./i Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.] url [2], p. 579, p. 614, p. 624.


  • Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed February 2, 2012.
  • Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 18, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 3 providers.

Page Notes