| Hybrid Rugosa Rose|
|Rosa rugosa flower|
| Rosa rugosa|
Rosa pubescens Baker (ambiguous synonym)
Script error: No such module "redirect hatnote". Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose, beach rose, Japanese rose, or Ramanas rose) is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in northeastern China, Japan, Korea and southeastern Siberia, where it grows on the coast, often on sand dunes. It should not be confused with Rosa multiflora, which is also known as "Japanese rose". The Latin word "rugosa" means "wrinkled."
Notable for its production of double yellow blooms over an extended period, this newer cultivar has enjoyed heavy publicity in catalogs. It appears to resist leaf diseases and grows to 5' tall and wider. It seldom fruits.
This newer selections offers semi-double blooms that are pink with a yellow center. The flowers are less fragrant and result in sparse fruit formation. It grows to 4' tall and wide and is popular among rose fanciers. It does not score as highly, however, in scientific trials.
One of the finest overall cultivars, this form offers profuse amounts of single pink blooms and large hips that appear early and persist. It grows into a dense, compact plant to 4' tall and offers unsurpassed disease resistance.
Similar to 'Alboplena', this old cultivar offers semi-double blooms, healthy disease-resistant foliage and yellow fall color. It forms little or no fruit and may need rejuvenative pruning to correct legginess.
An older selection that is not as highly recommended today due to disease problems, this plant offers repeat production of double, pink-red blooms.
Not as highly recommended due to disease problems, this selection offers clustered small, double pink blooms on a 3' plant. It offers repeat flowering and less fruit production than other forms.
Popular culinary uses for rose hips and flowers include jam, jelly, syrup, vinaigrette, and candies. The seeds in the hips have hairs that can be irritating and the white bases of the petals are bitter and should be avoided.
Did you know?
- According to Fu (China Plant Red Data Book 1: 558-559. 1992), Rosa rugosa is endangered as a wild plant by picking and uprooting. 
- Azerbaijani: Qırışıqmeyvəli itburnu
- Chinese: Mei Gui · 玫瑰
- Danish: Rynket Rose
- Dutch: rimpelroos
- English: Hybrid Rugosa Rose · Japanese Rose · Pink Grootendorst Japanese Rose · Ramanas Rose · rough rose · Rugosa Rose · Rugose Rose · Saltspray Rose · shrub rose · Turkestan Rose · Wrinkle-Leaved Rose · wrinkled rose
- Finnish: Kurtturuusu
- French: Rosier Du Japon · rosier rugueux
- German: Kartoffel Rose · Kartoffel-Rose · Kartoffelrose
- Hungarian: Japán rózsa
- Icelandic: Garđarós
- Japanese: ハマナス
- Korean: 해당화
- Other: Kartoffel-Rose · Rugosa rose
- Polish: Róża pomarszczona
- Swedish: Vresros
Rosa rugosa is a suckering shrub which develops new plants from the roots and forms dense thickets 1–1.50 m tall with stems densely covered in numerous short, straight prickles 3–10 mm long. The leaves are 8–15 cm long, pinnate with 5–9 leaflets, most often 7, each leaflet 3–4 cm long, with a distinctly corrugated (rugose, hence the species' name) surface. The flowers are pleasantly scented, dark pink to white (on R. rugosa f. alba (Ware) Rehder), 6–9 cm across, with somewhat wrinkled petals; flowering occurs in spring. The hips are large, 2–3 cm diameter, and often shorter than their diameter, not elongated; in late summer and early autumn the plants often bear fruit and flowers at the same time. The leaves typically turn bright yellow before falling in autumn. Template:Gallery
Shrubs erect, to 2 m tall. Stems fasciculate, robust; branchlets tomentose; prickles dense, yellowish, terete, straight, greatly variable in size and intermixed, to 5 mm, fine, evenly tapering to base, lower parts tomentose, intermixed with glandular bristles. Leaves including petiole 5-13 cm, thick; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts ovate, abaxially tomentose, margin glandular-pubescent, apex acute; rachis and petiole tomentose, sometimes with a few, short prickles; leaflets 5-7(-9), elliptic or elliptic-obovate, 1.5-4.5 × 1-2.5 cm, abaxially tomentose, reticulate, adaxially glabrous, shiny, rugose due to concave veins, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin acutely serrate, apex acute or rounded-obtuse. Flower solitary, or several and fasciculate, axillary, 4-5.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 5-25 mm, tomentose and glandular-pubescent; bracts ovate, abaxially tomentose, margin glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate. Hypanthium subglobose, glabrous. Sepals 5, ovate-lanceolate, often leaflike, abaxially pubescent and stipitate glandular, adaxially sparsely pubescent, pinnately lobed, apex caudate-acuminate. Petals 5, double or semi-double, purple-red, dark pink, or white, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, slightly exserted, much shorter than stamens. Hip dark red, depressed-globose, 2-2.5 cm in diam., smooth, with persistent, erect sepals. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 14*. <a href="http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200011310" target="_blank">[source]</a> This species has many horticultural forms widely cultivated in China. <a href="http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200011310" target="_blank">[source]</a>
- Color Fall Conspicuous: yes; Fall foliage: yellowish not ornamentally important; Flower Color: mauve and mauve blend; Foliage Color: green; Fruit/Seed Color: red; Fall Conspicuous: yes; Normal foliage color: green;.
- Ecology Allelopath: no;.
- Flowers Bloom Period: april; Flowers: notable for its production of double yellow blooms over an extended period fragrant blooms in june through august borne in clusters or found singly showy; Flower Conspicuous: double;.
- Foliage Foliage: foliage shape; Duration: perennial; Fall foliage: yellowish not ornamentally important; Foliage Porosity Summer: dense; Foliage Porosity Winter: moderate; Foliage Shape: elliptic; Foliage Texture: coarse; Juvenile foliage: green; Mature foliage: green; Leaf Retention: no; New foliage: green; Normal foliage color: green; Spring foliage: green; Summer foliage: alternate leaf arrangement odd; Underside foliage: green; Winter foliage: no value;.
- FruitSeed Fruit: seldom fruits; Fruit/Seed Abundance: high; Fruit/Seed Color: red; Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: yes; Fruit/Seed Period Begin: spring; Fruit/Seed Period End: fall; Fruit/Seed Persistence: yes;.
- Growth Active Growth Period: spring and summer; Growth Rate: fast growing; Lifespan: lifespan;.
- Habit Growth Form: rhizomatous Habit: a deciduous shrub with stout Low Growing Grass: no Shape and Orientation: semi-erect.
- HumanUses Berry/Nut/Seed Product: no Christmas Tree Product: no Commercial Availability: routinely available Fodder Product: no Fuelwood Product: none Landscape Uses: hedge for flowering effect salt tolerance banks sandy soils specimen for seaside planting Lumber Product: no Naval Store Product: no Nursery Stock Product: yes Palatable Browse Animal: low Palatable Graze Animal: low Palatable Human: no Post Product: no Protein Potential: medium Pulpwood Product: no Veneer Product: no.
- Moisture Drought Tolerance: high; Maximum Precipitation: 60; Minimum Precipitation: 34; Moisture Use: medium; Water Requirements: once established needs only occasional water;.
- Propagation Coppice Potential: no; Culture: full sun easy to transplant and grow prefers well-drained; Progagated by Bulbs: no; Propagated by Container: yes; Propagated by Corms: no; Propagated by Cuttings: no; Propagated by Seed: yes; Propagated by Sod: no; Propagated by Sprigs: no; Propagated by Tubers: no; Resprout Ability: yes; Seed per Pound: 66000; Seed Spread Rate: slow; Seedling Vigor: medium; Vegetative Spread Rate: moderate;.
- Size Size: 4-6' tall Mature Height (feet): 50 Maximum Height at 20 Years (feet): 5.
- Soil Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: yes; Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: no; Adapted to Medium Textured: adapted to medium textured soils; Anaerobic Tolerance: low; C:N Ratio: high; Fertility Requirement: medium; Minimum pH: 55; Maximum pH: 75; Nitrogen Fixation: none; Salinity Tolerance: medium; Soil: prefers well-drained soil;.
- Sun Shade Tolerance: intolerant Sun Exposure: full sun.
- Temperature Cold Hardiness: 3a Cold Stratification Required: yes Minimum Frost Free Days: 140 Minimum Temperature (F): -33°f Heat Zones: high: 9 (>120 to 150 days) low:1 (< 1 days).
- Miscellaneous Bark: stout green stems stems covered in prickles Care: follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep Fire Resistant: no Fire Tolerance: medium Hedge Tolerance: low ID Features: covered in prickles alternate leaf arrangement red hip Liabilities: resists leaf diseases Minimum Root Depth (inches): 14 Small Grain: no Toxicity: none Size: 4-6' tall.
Habitat and Ecology
Coastal hillsides, sandy soils on sea shores, offshore islands; below 100 m  Hardy to zone 2.
Name status: accepted name.
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Hassler M., 2015
Source: World Plants, Jan 2015
- Native: Liaoning, Primorye.
- Reported here: Antarctica, Australia:Victoria, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Canada:Alberta, Canada:British Columbia, Canada:Manitoba, Canada:New Brunswick, Canada:Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada:Northwest Territories, Canada:Nova Scotia, Canada:Nunavut, Canada:Ontario, Canada:Prince Edward Island, Canada:Quebec, Canada:Saskatchewan, Canada:Yukon, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.
- Reported here: China (E-Jilin, Liaoning, NE-Shandong), Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu), Korea, Russian Far East, Austria (introduced), England (introduced), Denmark (introduced), Finland (introduced), France (introduced), Germany (introduced), Ireland (introduced), Netherlands (introduced), Hungary (introduced), Norway (introduced), Poland (introduced), Romania (introduced), Sweden (introduced), Russia (introduced), Alaska (introduced), USA (introduced) (Connecticut (introduced), Delaware (introduced), Illinois (introduced), Massachusetts (introduced), Maryland (introduced), Maine (introduced), Michigan (introduced), Minnesota (introduced), Missouri (introduced), New Hampshire (introduced), New Jersey (introduced), New York (introduced), Ohio (introduced), Pennsylvania (introduced), Rhode Island (introduced), Virginia (introduced), Vermont (introduced), Washington State (introduced), Wisconsin (introduced), West Virginia (introduced)), Canada (introduced) (New Brunswick (introduced), Newfoundland (introduced), Nova Scotia (introduced), Ontario (introduced), Prince Edward Isl. (introduced), Quebec (introduced)), St. Pierre et Miquelon (introduced)
- US Nativity:
Map showing distribution of observations of Rosa rugosa.
To explore 53 photos of Rosa rugosa, click here.
- Catalog of Life Identifier: 8d03cbddcb11e81289a03ddbefda8a51
- GBIF: TaxonID: 3003979 TaxonKey: 13850890
- ITIS: 24811
- Namebank ID: 2649990
- SP2000 Accepted Name Code: Ros-8096
- USDA Symbol: RORU
- ZipcodeZoo CritterID: 60491
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- URL: http://ZipcodeZoo.com/index.php/Rosa_rugosa
- Primary Sources: Global Biodiversity Information Facility · the Taxonomicon · The Catalogue of Life, 3rd January 2011 · Wikimedia Commons · Wikipedia · Wikispecies · World Plants, Jan 2015 · ZipcodeZoo.com.
- Map Data Sources: Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 29, 2008:Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz · Bundesamt fà¼r Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fà¼r Phytodiversità¤t Deutschland, Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland · Canadian Museum of Nature, Canadian Museum of Nature Herbarium · Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, Observations du Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien. · Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Virtual Herbarium Darwin Core format · Institute of Dendrology PAS, Institute of Dendrology PAS, Flora of Sudety Mountains · Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden · Mokpo Museum of Natural History, Mokpo Museum of Natural History Plant · Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Flora of the StoÅ‚owe Mts. · National Institute of Genetics, ROIS, Herbarium Specimens of Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Pref., Japan · National Science Museum of Korea, National Science Museum of Korea Plant · Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum · UK National Biodiversity Network, Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database · US National Plant Germplasm System, United States National Plant Germplasm System Collection · USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database · University of Washington Burke Museum, Vascular Plant Collection - University of Washington Herbarium ·  ·
- Last revised: 2016-8-13. Last revision: ZZBot. 123212 bytes.