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Rosa rugosa


Hybrid Rugosa Rose
Rosa rugosa
Rosa rugosa Tokyo.JPG
Rosa rugosa flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Magnoliophyta
Subphylum: Euphyllophytina
Infraphylum: Radiatopses
(unranked): Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Superorder: Rosanae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Tribe: Roseae
Genus: Rosa
Species: R. rugosa
Binomial name
Rosa rugosa
Thunb.
Synonyms

Rosa pubescens Baker (ambiguous synonym)
Rosa andreae Lange
Rosa coruscans Waitz ex Link
Rosa fastuosa hort. ex K.Koch
Rosa ferox Lawrance (ambiguous synonym)
Rosa maikwai Hara
Rosa regeliana Linden & Andre
Rosa rugosa C.P. Thunb. ex A. Murray (ambiguous synonym)

Script error: No such module "redirect hatnote". Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose, beach rose, Japanese rose, or Ramanas rose) is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in northeastern China, Japan, Korea and southeastern Siberia, where it grows on the coast, often on sand dunes.[1] It should not be confused with Rosa multiflora, which is also known as "Japanese rose". The Latin word "rugosa" means "wrinkled."

Notable for its production of double yellow blooms over an extended period, this newer cultivar has enjoyed heavy publicity in catalogs. It appears to resist leaf diseases and grows to 5' tall and wider. It seldom fruits.

This newer selections offers semi-double blooms that are pink with a yellow center. The flowers are less fragrant and result in sparse fruit formation. It grows to 4' tall and wide and is popular among rose fanciers. It does not score as highly, however, in scientific trials.

One of the finest overall cultivars, this form offers profuse amounts of single pink blooms and large hips that appear early and persist. It grows into a dense, compact plant to 4' tall and offers unsurpassed disease resistance.

Similar to 'Alboplena', this old cultivar offers semi-double blooms, healthy disease-resistant foliage and yellow fall color. It forms little or no fruit and may need rejuvenative pruning to correct legginess.

An older selection that is not as highly recommended today due to disease problems, this plant offers repeat production of double, pink-red blooms.

Not as highly recommended due to disease problems, this selection offers clustered small, double pink blooms on a 3' plant. It offers repeat flowering and less fruit production than other forms.

Popular culinary uses for rose hips and flowers include jam, jelly, syrup, vinaigrette, and candies. The seeds in the hips have hairs that can be irritating and the white bases of the petals are bitter and should be avoided.

Did you know?

  • According to Fu (China Plant Red Data Book 1: 558-559. 1992), Rosa rugosa is endangered as a wild plant by picking and uprooting. [1]

Vernacular Names

  • Azerbaijani: Qırışıqmeyvəli itburnu
  • Chinese: Mei Gui · 玫瑰
  • Danish: Rynket Rose
  • Dutch: rimpelroos
  • English: Hybrid Rugosa Rose · Japanese Rose · Pink Grootendorst Japanese Rose · Ramanas Rose · rough rose · Rugosa Rose · Rugose Rose · Saltspray Rose · shrub rose · Turkestan Rose · Wrinkle-Leaved Rose · wrinkled rose
  • Finnish: Kurtturuusu
  • French: Rosier Du Japon · rosier rugueux
  • German: Kartoffel Rose · Kartoffel-Rose · Kartoffelrose
  • Hungarian: Japán rózsa
  • Icelandic: Garđarós
  • Japanese: ハマナス
  • Korean: 해당화
  • Other: Kartoffel-Rose · Rugosa rose
  • Polish: Róża pomarszczona
  • Swedish: Vresros

Identification

Rosa rugosa is a suckering shrub which develops new plants from the roots and forms dense thickets 1–1.50 m tall with stems densely covered in numerous short, straight prickles 3–10 mm long. The leaves are 8–15 cm long, pinnate with 5–9 leaflets, most often 7, each leaflet 3–4 cm long, with a distinctly corrugated (rugose, hence the species' name) surface. The flowers are pleasantly scented, dark pink to white (on R. rugosa f. alba (Ware) Rehder), 6–9 cm across, with somewhat wrinkled petals; flowering occurs in spring.[1] The hips are large, 2–3 cm diameter, and often shorter than their diameter, not elongated; in late summer and early autumn the plants often bear fruit and flowers at the same time. The leaves typically turn bright yellow before falling in autumn.[citation needed] Template:Gallery

Shrubs erect, to 2 m tall. Stems fasciculate, robust; branchlets tomentose; prickles dense, yellowish, terete, straight, greatly variable in size and intermixed, to 5 mm, fine, evenly tapering to base, lower parts tomentose, intermixed with glandular bristles. Leaves including petiole 5-13 cm, thick; stipules mostly adnate to petiole, free parts ovate, abaxially tomentose, margin glandular-pubescent, apex acute; rachis and petiole tomentose, sometimes with a few, short prickles; leaflets 5-7(-9), elliptic or elliptic-obovate, 1.5-4.5 × 1-2.5 cm, abaxially tomentose, reticulate, adaxially glabrous, shiny, rugose due to concave veins, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin acutely serrate, apex acute or rounded-obtuse. Flower solitary, or several and fasciculate, axillary, 4-5.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 5-25 mm, tomentose and glandular-pubescent; bracts ovate, abaxially tomentose, margin glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate. Hypanthium subglobose, glabrous. Sepals 5, ovate-lanceolate, often leaflike, abaxially pubescent and stipitate glandular, adaxially sparsely pubescent, pinnately lobed, apex caudate-acuminate. Petals 5, double or semi-double, purple-red, dark pink, or white, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, slightly exserted, much shorter than stamens. Hip dark red, depressed-globose, 2-2.5 cm in diam., smooth, with persistent, erect sepals. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 14*. <a href="http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200011310" target="_blank">[source]</a> This species has many horticultural forms widely cultivated in China. <a href="http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200011310" target="_blank">[source]</a>

Characteristics

  • Color Fall Conspicuous: yes; Fall foliage: yellowish not ornamentally important; Flower Color: mauve and mauve blend; Foliage Color: green; Fruit/Seed Color: red; Fall Conspicuous: yes; Normal foliage color: green;.
  • Ecology Allelopath: no;.
  • Flowers Bloom Period: april; Flowers: notable for its production of double yellow blooms over an extended period fragrant blooms in june through august borne in clusters or found singly showy; Flower Conspicuous: double;.
  • Foliage Foliage: foliage shape; Duration: perennial; Fall foliage: yellowish not ornamentally important; Foliage Porosity Summer: dense; Foliage Porosity Winter: moderate; Foliage Shape: elliptic; Foliage Texture: coarse; Juvenile foliage: green; Mature foliage: green; Leaf Retention: no; New foliage: green; Normal foliage color: green; Spring foliage: green; Summer foliage: alternate leaf arrangement odd; Underside foliage: green; Winter foliage: no value;.
  • FruitSeed Fruit: seldom fruits; Fruit/Seed Abundance: high; Fruit/Seed Color: red; Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: yes; Fruit/Seed Period Begin: spring; Fruit/Seed Period End: fall; Fruit/Seed Persistence: yes;.
  • Growth Active Growth Period: spring and summer; Growth Rate: fast growing; Lifespan: lifespan;.
  • Habit Growth Form: rhizomatous Habit: a deciduous shrub with stout Low Growing Grass: no Shape and Orientation: semi-erect.
  • HumanUses Berry/Nut/Seed Product: no Christmas Tree Product: no Commercial Availability: routinely available Fodder Product: no Fuelwood Product: none Landscape Uses: hedge for flowering effect salt tolerance banks sandy soils specimen for seaside planting Lumber Product: no Naval Store Product: no Nursery Stock Product: yes Palatable Browse Animal: low Palatable Graze Animal: low Palatable Human: no Post Product: no Protein Potential: medium Pulpwood Product: no Veneer Product: no.
  • Moisture Drought Tolerance: high; Maximum Precipitation: 60; Minimum Precipitation: 34; Moisture Use: medium; Water Requirements: once established needs only occasional water;.
  • Propagation Coppice Potential: no; Culture: full sun easy to transplant and grow prefers well-drained; Progagated by Bulbs: no; Propagated by Container: yes; Propagated by Corms: no; Propagated by Cuttings: no; Propagated by Seed: yes; Propagated by Sod: no; Propagated by Sprigs: no; Propagated by Tubers: no; Resprout Ability: yes; Seed per Pound: 66000; Seed Spread Rate: slow; Seedling Vigor: medium; Vegetative Spread Rate: moderate;.
  • Size Size: 4-6' tall Mature Height (feet): 50 Maximum Height at 20 Years (feet): 5.
  • Soil Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: yes; Adapted to Fine Textured Soils: no; Adapted to Medium Textured: adapted to medium textured soils; Anaerobic Tolerance: low; C:N Ratio: high; Fertility Requirement: medium; Minimum pH: 55; Maximum pH: 75; Nitrogen Fixation: none; Salinity Tolerance: medium; Soil: prefers well-drained soil;.
  • Sun Shade Tolerance: intolerant Sun Exposure: full sun.
  • Temperature Cold Hardiness: 3a Cold Stratification Required: yes Minimum Frost Free Days: 140 Minimum Temperature (F): -33°f Heat Zones: high: 9 (>120 to 150 days) low:1 (< 1 days).
  • Miscellaneous Bark: stout green stems stems covered in prickles Care: follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep Fire Resistant: no Fire Tolerance: medium Hedge Tolerance: low ID Features: covered in prickles alternate leaf arrangement red hip Liabilities: resists leaf diseases Minimum Root Depth (inches): 14 Small Grain: no Toxicity: none Size: 4-6' tall.

Similar Species

Subspecies:

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat

Coastal hillsides, sandy soils on sea shores, offshore islands; below 100 m [2] Hardy to zone 2.

Taxonomy

Name Status

Name status: accepted name.
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Hassler M., 2015
Source: World Plants, Jan 2015

Distribution

  • Native: Liaoning, Primorye.
  • Reported here: Antarctica, Australia:Victoria, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Canada:Alberta, Canada:British Columbia, Canada:Manitoba, Canada:New Brunswick, Canada:Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada:Northwest Territories, Canada:Nova Scotia, Canada:Nunavut, Canada:Ontario, Canada:Prince Edward Island, Canada:Quebec, Canada:Saskatchewan, Canada:Yukon, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.
  • Reported here: China (E-Jilin, Liaoning, NE-Shandong), Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu), Korea, Russian Far East, Austria (introduced), England (introduced), Denmark (introduced), Finland (introduced), France (introduced), Germany (introduced), Ireland (introduced), Netherlands (introduced), Hungary (introduced), Norway (introduced), Poland (introduced), Romania (introduced), Sweden (introduced), Russia (introduced), Alaska (introduced), USA (introduced) (Connecticut (introduced), Delaware (introduced), Illinois (introduced), Massachusetts (introduced), Maryland (introduced), Maine (introduced), Michigan (introduced), Minnesota (introduced), Missouri (introduced), New Hampshire (introduced), New Jersey (introduced), New York (introduced), Ohio (introduced), Pennsylvania (introduced), Rhode Island (introduced), Virginia (introduced), Vermont (introduced), Washington State (introduced), Wisconsin (introduced), West Virginia (introduced)), Canada (introduced) (New Brunswick (introduced), Newfoundland (introduced), Nova Scotia (introduced), Ontario (introduced), Prince Edward Isl. (introduced), Quebec (introduced)), St. Pierre et Miquelon (introduced)
  • US Nativity:

 Introduced


Map showing distribution of observations of Rosa rugosa.

Media

Images

To explore 53 photos of Rosa rugosa, click here.

More Information

Identifiers

  • Catalog of Life Identifier: 8d03cbddcb11e81289a03ddbefda8a51
  • GBIF: TaxonID: 3003979 TaxonKey: 13850890
  • ITIS: 24811
  • Namebank ID: 2649990
  • SP2000 Accepted Name Code: Ros-8096
  • USDA Symbol: RORU
  • ZipcodeZoo CritterID: 60491

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  • The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated with colored plates, four thousand engravings in the text, and ninety-six full-page cuts./i New York, Macmillan, 1919 [c1914] url p. 1440, p. 1801, p. 2204, p. 2290, p. 2548, p. 2682, p. 2683, p. 2692, p. 2694, p. 2696, p. 2698, p. 2699, p. 2703, p. 2982, p. 2983, p. 2985, p. 2986, p. 2992, p. 2997, p. 3000, p. 3004, p. 3010, p. 3011.
  • The trees of Great Britain & Ireland / by Henry John Elwes and Augustine Henry./i Edinburgh: Priv. print., 1906-13. url p. 86.
  • Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science./i [Lexington, Ky.]Kentucky Academy of Science, 1923-1997. url p. 7.
  • Transactions of the Sapporo Natural History Society./i Sapporo, Japan, Sapporo Natural History Society, Hokkaido Imperial University. url [257], p. 152, p. 173.
  • Trees & shrubs for English gardens./i [London]"Country life", 1908. url p. 107, p. 136, p. 223, p. 365.
  • Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles / by W. J. Bean./i London: J. Murray, 1916. url p. 426.
  • Trees and shrubs of Nantucket; Descriptions, identification keys, list of trees and shrubs [by] Mabel Agnes Rice./i [Ann Arbor, Michigan., Lithoprinted by Edwards brothers, inc.]1946. url p. 77.
  • Trees and shrubs of Prospect park, /i New York, The Greenwich printing company[c1906] url p. 185.
  • Trees and shrubs of the British Isles; native and acclimatised, /i LondonDent1909 url [258], p. 18, p. 258, p. 8.
  • Trees and shrubs, hardy in the British isles./i LondonJ. Murray1914 url p. 426.
  • Trees for Long Island./i [S.l.:s.n.], 1908. url p. 103, p. 104, p. 25, p. 26, p. 73, p. 77, p. 78, p. 79.
  • Trees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification, /i New YorkMacmillan1913 url p. 91, p. 94.
  • Webster's Practical forestry: a popular handbook on the rearing and growth of trees for profit or ornament / by A.D. Webster./i London: W. Rider & son, limited, [1917] url p. 188.
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  • Westbury nurseries and the Hicks patent treemovers.../i [S.l.:s.n.], 1904. url p. 62, p. 76.
  • Winter botany, by William Trelease../i Urbana, The author, 1918. url p. 124.
  • Wood and garden; notes and thoughts, practical and critical, of a working amateur, /i London, Longmans, Green, 1910. url p. 100, p. 104, p. 184.
  • Yard and garden; a book of practical information for the amateur gardener in city, town or suburb, /i Indianapolis, The Bobbs-Merrill company[c1908] url [259], p. 364.

External Links

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Contributors

  • Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed March 27, 2012.

Page Notes

  • Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan.
  1. 1.0 1.1 "Flora of China". eFlora. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  2. "Rosa". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 358. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at <a href="http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200011310" target="_blank">EFloras.org</a>.