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Rosa multiflora


{{Taxobox | name = Buschel Rose
Rosa multiflora | status= | status_system= | status_ref= | image = Rosa-multiflora2.jpg | image_width = | image_caption = | regnum = Plantae | ordo = Rosales | subfamiia = Rosoideae | tribus = Roseae | genus = Rosa | species = R. multiflora | binomial=Rosa multiflora | binomial_authority = Thunb. | synonyms = [1]

Rosa multiflora, commonly known by its synonym Rosa polyantha[2] and as multiflora rose,[3] baby rose,[3] Japanese rose,[3] many-flowered rose,[3] seven-sisters rose,[3] Eijitsu rose, is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in China, Japan and Korea. It should not be confused with Rosa rugosa, which is also known as "Japanese r ose", or with polyantha roses which are garden cultivars derived from hybrids of R. multiflora. It is a scrambling shrub climbing over other plants to a height of 3–5 m, with stout stems with recurved thorns (sometimes absent). The leaves are 5–10 cm long, compound, with 5-9 leaflets and feathered stipules. The flowers are produced in large corymbs, each flower small, 1.5–4 cm diameter, white or pink, borne in early summer. The hips are reddish to purple, 6–8 mm diameter.

Two varieties are accepted by the Flora of China:

  • Rosa multiflora var. multiflora. Flowers white, 1.5–2 cm diameter.
  • Rosa multiflora var. cathayensis Rehder & E.H.Wilson. Flowers pink, to 4 cm diameter.

Vernacular Names

  • -: Multiflora rose
  • Chinese: Ye Qiang Wei · 蔷薇
  • Danish: Mangeblomstret Rose
  • English: Baby Rose · bramble rose · Buschel Rose · Japanese Rose · Multiflora Rose · rambler rose · seven sisters rose · Seven-Sisters Rose · Wreath Rose Rosa Multiflora
  • French: Rosier Multiflore
  • German: Vielblütige Rose · Vielblütige Rose
  • Japanese: ノイバラ · ノイバラ(野薔薇)
  • Korean: 찔레꽃 · 찔레나무
  • Polish: Róża wielokwiatowa
  • Russian: Шиповник многоцветковый
  • Swedish: Japansk klätterros

Identification

Multiflora rose is a thorny, perennial shrub with arching stems (canes), and leaves divided into five to eleven sharply toothed leaflets. The base of each leaf stalk bears a pair of fringed bracts. Beginning in May or June, clusters of showy, fragrant, white to pink flowers appear, each about an inch across. Small bright red fruits, or rose hips, develop during the summer, becoming leathery, and remain on the plant through the winter. [4]



Characteristics

  • Color Fall foliage: yellow not ornamentally important; Flower Color: whitew;.
  • Flowers Bloom Period: april; Flowers: white;.
  • Foliage Duration: perennial; Fall foliage: yellow not ornamentally important; Summer foliage: alternate leaf arrangement odd;.
  • FruitSeed Fruit: red hip 025" across egg-shaped matures in august;.
  • Growth Growth Rate: fast;.
  • Habit Habit: a deciduous shrub with a fountain-like form.
  • HumanUses Landscape Uses: hedge for flowering effect specimen for seaside planting.
  • Moisture Water Requirements: provide ample water;.
  • Propagation Culture: full sun easy to transplant prefers well-drained soil ph adaptable salt tolerant;.
  • Size Size: 3' to 8' tall.
  • Soil Minimum pH: 56; Maximum pH: 85; soil: prefers well-drained soil;.
  • Sun Sun Exposure: full sun.
  • Temperature Cold Hardiness: 3b.
  • Miscellaneous Bark: pricles along canes branches are predomitely basal care: apply rose-tone monthly from leaf-out until august ID Features: recurved prickles alternate leaf arrangement red hip Liabilities: foliar diseases are common invasive: the plant seeds readily into wild/waste places nonserious pest problems Size: 3' to 8' tall.

Similar Species

Subspecies:

Behavior

Reproduction

Multiflora rose reproduces by seed and by forming new plants that root from the tips of arching canes that contact the ground. Fruits are readily sought after by birds which are the primary dispersers of its seed. It has been estimated that an average multiflora rose plant may produce a million seeds per year, which may remain viable in the soil for up to twenty years. Germination of multiflora rose seeds is enhanced by passing through the digestive tract of birds. [5]

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat

Multiflora rose has a wide tolerance for various soil, moisture, and light conditions. It occurs in dense woods, prairies, along stream banks and roadsides and in open fields and pastures. [6]

Taxonomy

Name Status

Name status: accepted name.
Latest taxonomic scrutiny: Hassler M., 2015
Source: World Plants, Jan 2015

Distribution

  • Native: Japan, Korea, and eastern China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Honshu, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong.) Multiflora rose occurs throughout the U.S., with the exception of the Rocky Mountains, the southeastern Coastal Plain and the deserts of California and Nevada. [7]
  • Reported here: Antarctica, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Canada:Alberta, Canada:British Columbia, Canada:Manitoba, Canada:New Brunswick, Canada:Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada:Nova Scotia, Canada:Ontario, Canada:Prince Edward Island, Canada:Quebec, Canada:Saskatchewan, Canada:Yukon, China, China:Fujian, China:Guangdong, China:Guizhou, China:Hunan, China:Yunnan, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Honduras, Ireland, Japan, Mexico, Mexico:Puebla, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.
  • Reported here: China (Henan, Jiangsu, Shandong), Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), Korea, Costa Rica (introduced), Nicaragua (introduced), Baja California (introduced), Mexico (introduced), Argentina (introduced), Java (introduced), Vietnam (introduced), Nepal (introduced), Myanmar [Burma] (introduced), Pakistan (introduced), Madeira (introduced) (Madeira Isl. (introduced)), Morocco (introduced), USA (introduced) (Alabama (introduced), Arkansas (introduced), California (introduced), Connecticut (introduced), District of Columbia (introduced), Delaware (introduced), Florida (introduced), Georgia (introduced), Iowa (introduced), Illinois (introduced), Indiana (introduced), Kansas (introduced), Kentucky (introduced), Louisiana (introduced), Massachusetts (introduced), Maryland (introduced), Maine (introduced), Michigan (introduced), Minnesota (introduced), Missouri (introduced), Mississippi (introduced), North Carolina (introduced), Nebraska (introduced), New Hampshire (introduced), New Jersey

(introduced), New Mexico (introduced), New York (introduced), Ohio (introduced), Oklahoma (introduced), Oregon (introduced), Pennsylvania (introduced), Rhode Island (introduced), South Carolina (introduced), Tennessee (introduced), Texas (introduced), Virginia (introduced), Vermont (introduced), Washington State (introduced), Wisconsin (introduced), West Virginia (introduced)), Canada (introduced) (British Columbia (introduced), New Brunswick (introduced), Nova Scotia (introduced), Ontario (introduced), Quebec (introduced)), Denmark (introduced), Germany (introduced), Switzerland (introduced), Baleares (introduced), Norway (introduced), Poland (introduced), Ukraine (introduced)

  • US Nativity:

 Introduced 


Map showing distribution of observations of Rosa multiflora.

Media

Images

To explore 161 photos of Rosa multiflora, click here.

Cultivation and uses

File:Rosa-multiflora-Flower.jpg
Rosa multiflora Flower

Rosa multiflora is grown as an ornamental plant, and also used as a rootstock for grafted ornamental rose cultivars. In eastern North America, Rosa multiflora is now generally considered an invasive species, though it was originally introduced from Asia as a soil conservation measure, as a natural hedge to border grazing land, and to attract wildlife. It is readily distinguished from American native roses by its large inflorescences, which bear multiple flowers and hips, often more than a dozen, while the American species bear only one or a few on a branch.

Some places classify Rosa multiflora as a "noxious weed".[8] In grazing areas, this rose is generally considered to be a serious pest, though it is considered excellent fodder for goats.

Management

The targeted removal of multiflora rose often requires an aggressive technique, such as the full removal of the plant in addition to the root structure. Pruning and cutting back of the plant often leads to re-sprouting. Two natural biological controls include the rose rosette disease and the rose seed chalid (Megastigmus aculeastus var. nigroflavus).[9]

More Information

Identifiers

  • Catalog of Life Identifier: b14ad5dd63e7ffc81ad4593398d30d30
  • GBIF: TaxonID: 3003244 TaxonKey: 13850890
  • ITIS: 24833
  • Namebank ID: 2650006
  • SP2000 Accepted Name Code: Ros-9115
  • SP2000 Name Code: Ros-36514
  • USDA Symbol: ROCA9
  • ZipcodeZoo CritterID: 12801

References

  1. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  2. Roger Phillips; Martyn Rix (2004). "The Ultimate Guide to Roses". Pan Macmillan Ltd. p. 262. ISBN 1 4050 4920 0. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 "USDA GRIN taxonomy". 
  4. Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group. Least Wanted http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/romu1.htm
  5. Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group op. cit.
  6. Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group op. cit.
  7. Plant Conservation Alliance's Alien Plant Working Group op. cit.
  8. "Multiflora rose: Rosa multiflora Thunb. Rose family (Rosaceae)". Plant Conservation Alliance, Alien Plant Working Group. 
  9. "Multiflora Rose Control". Missouri department of conservation. Retrieved 14 Sep 2014. 

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External Links

Contributors

  • Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed March 27, 2012.

Page Notes

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Rosa multiflora on Wikimedia Commons.
  • Flora of China: Rosa multiflora
  • Carole Bergmann, Montgomery County Department of Parks, Silver Spring, MD. and Jil M. Swearingen, U.S. National Park Service, Washington, DC. "Multiflora rose". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved March 27, 2006.