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Escobaria


Escobaria Britt. & Rose
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta Cronquist, Takhtajan & W. Zimmermann, 1966
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Caryophyllales Takht., 1967
Family: Cactaceae Juss.
Genus: Escobaria Britt. & Rose
Escobaria
File:Escobaria vivipara var radiosa.jpg
Escobaria vivipara var. radiosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Genus: Escobaria
Britton & Rose
Species

Escobaria, pincushion cactus or foxtail cactus[1] is a genus of low-growing cacti that range from the southernmost parts of central and western Canada through northern Mexico, with one species in Cuba. The genus comprises about 23 species. The term "pincushion cactus" may also refer to the related Mammillaria. The stems of Escobaria range from globose to cylindrical, and lack nectar-secreting glands; while ribs are absent, tubercles are present, tending to become corky and deciduous as they age. The flowers usually appear in spring and may have a variety of colors, while the fruits are almost always red. The seeds in this genus are notable for being deeply pitted. Common species include the Missouri foxtail cactus E. missouriensis,[2] widespread in grassland and forest west of the Mississippi, and the spinystar E. vivipara,[3] distributed across the US and into Canada, first described by Nuttall in 1813.

Escobaria was defined by Nathaniel Britton and Joseph Rose in their major work The Cactaceae (1923); they named the genus after Rómulo and Numa Escobar. The cacti of this genus bear many similarities to Coryphantha and Mammillaria. Two species were recently moved to Acharagma.

Taxonomy

The following genera have been brought into synonymy with Escobaria:

Notes

Botanical Name

Escobaria Britton & Rose

Taxonomy

Higher Taxa

Species

Distribution


Map showing distribution of observations of Escobaria.

Gallery

Page Notes

  • URL: http://ZipcodeZoo.com/index.php/Escobaria
  • Primary Sources: Global Biodiversity Information Facility · The Catalogue of Life, 3rd January 2011 · Wikimedia Commons · Wikipedia · Wikispecies · ZipcodeZoo.com.
  • Last revised: 2015-2-3. Last revision: ZZBot. 24372 bytes.

Footnotes

  1. "Escobaria Britton & Rose foxtail cactus" PLANTS database, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture
  2. "Escobaria missouriensis (Sweet) D.R. Hunt - Missouri foxtail cactus" PLANTS database, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture
  3. "Escobaria vivipara (Nutt.) Buxbaum - spinystar" PLANTS database, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture