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Calanthe


Calanthe
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Calanthe sylvatica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Collabieae
Alliance: Calanthe
Genus: Calanthe
R.Br.
Synonyms[1]
  • Alismorkis Thouars
  • Amblyglottis Blume
  • Aulostylis Schltr.
  • Calanthidum Pfitzer
  • Centrosia A.Rich.
  • Centrosis Thouars
  • Ghiesbreghtia A.Rich. & Galeotti
  • Limatodes Blume
  • Paracalanthe Kudô
  • Preptanthe Rchb.f.
  • Styloglossum Breda
  • Zeduba Ham. ex Meisn
  • Zoduba Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don

Calanthe – commonly abbreviated Cal. in horticulture – is a widespread genus of terrestrial orchids (family Orchidaceae) with some 200 species.[2]

The genus is divided into 2 groups – deciduous species and evergreen ones. Calanthe species are found in all tropical areas, but mostly concentrated in Southeast Asia; some species also range into subtropical and tropical lands such as China, India, Madagascar, Australia, Mexico, Central America, the West Indies and various islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans.[1] C. discolor is a well-known species found in Japan, the southern part of Korea and China; its vernacular name ebine (海老根) means "shrimp-root" in reference to the shape of the plant's pseudobulbs and root system.

Selected species

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Vernacular Names

  • Chinese: 蝦脊蘭屬
  • Japanese: エビネ属
  • Komi: Каланте
  • Lithuanian: Kalantė

Botanical Name

  • Calanthe R.Br., Bot. Reg. 7: t. 573 (1821), nom. cons.
  • ) Ames, Philipp. J. Sci., C 2: 326 (1907)}}

Synonyms

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    • Alismorkis Thouars, Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 19: 318 (1809)
    • Alismorchis Thouars}}, , Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822), orth. var.
    • Centrosis Sw. ex Thouars}}, , Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822), nom. superfl.
    • Amblyglottis Blume, Bijdr.: 369 (1825).
    • Zoduba Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 30 (1825)
    • Centrosia A.Rich., Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 39 (1828)
    • Styloglossum Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep. 2: t. 7 (1829)
    • Zeduba Ham. ex Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen.: 280 (1842)
    • Ghiesbreghtia A.Rich.}} & & Galeotti, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., III, 3: 28 (1845)
    • Preptanthe Rchb.f., Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 8: 245 (1853)
    • Calanthidium Pfitzer in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl (eds.), Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(6): 153 (1888)
    • Aulostylis Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 392 (1912)
    • Paracalanthe Kudô, J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 2: 235 (1930)

Taxonomy

Higher Taxa

Species

Distribution


Map showing distribution of observations of Calanthe.

End Notes

References

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Page Notes

  • URL: http://ZipcodeZoo.com/index.php/Calanthe
  • Primary Sources: Global Biodiversity Information Facility · The Catalogue of Life, 3rd January 2011 · Wikipedia · Wikispecies · ZipcodeZoo.com.
  • Last revised: 2015-2-2. Last revision: ZZBot. 98038 bytes.

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. "Calanthe". World Checklist of Orchidaceae (Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew). Retrieved 02.04.2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)