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Common Names in Afrikaans:
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Common Names in English:
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
Chevalier cul-blanc, Chevalier culblanc
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Hebrew:
Common Names in Italian:
Piro piro culbianco, Piro-piro culbianco
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Russian:
Common Names in Spanish:
Common Names in Swedish:
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,911 meters (0 to 9,551 feet).
Behaviour This species is fully migratory and moves overland
on a broad front2 with European populations making
well-documented stop-overs in Saharan oases1. Southward
movements to the wintering
occur between June and early November,
with the species being present in the north and equatorial tropics
from late-August to early-April, and in southern Africa
to March1, 2. The return passage
to northern breeding
grounds occurs between late-February and mid-May1, 2,
where the species breeds between late April and June1.
In mild winters some birds may also remain in the breeding grounds
of southern Scandinavia1. The species generally
occurs in low concentrations during passage and at stop-over sites,
although it may occur in small scattered
groups of up to 30 individuals1
in the winter, with aggregations of over 50 being unusual4.
Habitat Breeding During the breeding season
inhabits damp areas in swampy, old pine, spruce or alder woodland
with many fallen and rotten tree
forest floors and heavy carpets of lichens and mosses, generally
in the vicinity of rivers
and bogs4. Non-breeding Outside of the breeding
this species shows a preference for a wider variety of inland
such as marshes, lake
dams and ponds, ditches, riverbanks and forest streams, often near
villages and cultivation1, 2 (although less often
in the vicinity of woodland)1. It is also very
rarely found in intertidal areas such as creeks
and the channels
of saltmarches1, 3. Diet The species is
, although its diet
is predominantly made up of aquatic
, waterbugs, moth larvae, and the adults
and larvae of beetles,
Diptera and Trichoptera), annelids
, small crustaceans, spiders and
fish, as well as plant fragments1. Breeding
site This species frequently nests
high in trees in the abandoned
nests of passerine
species such as Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus,
thrushes Turdus spp.1, 5, crows, jays and
shrikes3, but may also nest in squirrel dreys3,
4, on natural platforms up to 20 m
and occasionally on tree stumps or mounds of accumulated pine needles
among branches and tree roots, or amongst fallen trees on the ground3,
information Unfertilised grasslands
with low cattle densities (0.5 cows
) were found to attract
a higher abundance
of this species in Hungary7.
List of Habitats:
- 1 Forest
- 1.1 Forest - Boreal
- 1.9 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
- 4 Grassland
- 4.6 Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded
- 5 Wetlands (inland)
- 5.1 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls )
- 5.4 Wetlands (inland) - Bogs , Marshes, Swamps, Fens , Peatlands
- 5.5 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
- 5.7 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
- 5.8 Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
- 14 Artificial/Terrestrial
- 14.1 Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
- 14.2 Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
- 14.4 Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
- 15 Artificial/Aquatic & Marine
- 15.2 Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha)
- 15.6 Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas
- 15.8 Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land
- 15.9 Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Gauthier, 1986
- (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Pycraft, 1900
- Huxley, 1867
- Huxley, 1867
- Beddard, 1898
- Infraorder: Scolopacides () - Strauch, 1978
- Suborder: Limicolae () - Beddard, 1898
- Order: Charadriiformes () - Huxley, 1867
- Superorder: Charadriimorphae () - Huxley, 1867
- Cohort: Neognathae () - Pycraft, 1900
- Infraclass: Aves () - (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Subclass: Avialae () - Gauthier, 1986
- Class: Aves () - Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 17-Oct-2001
Members of the genus Tringa
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 19 species and subspecies in this genus:
T. brevipes (Gray-Tailed Tattler) · T. cinerea (Terek Sandpiper) · T. erythropus (Spotted Redshank) · T. flavipes (Lesser Long-Legged Tattler) · T. glareola (Wood Sandpiper) · T. guttifer (NordmannÌs Greenshank) · T. hypoleucos (Common Sandpiper) · T. hypoleucos hypoleucos (Common Sandpiper) · T. incana (Wandering Tattler) · T. macularia (Spotted Sandpiper) · T. melanoleuca (Big Yellow-Legged Plover) · T. nebularia (Common Greenshank) · T. ochropus (Green Sandpiper) · T. solitaria (American Green Sandpiper) · T. solitaria cinnamomea (Solitary Sandpiper) · T. solitaria solitaria (Solitary Sandpiper) · T. stagnatilis (Marsh Sandpiper) · T. totanus (Common Sandpiper) · T. totanus totanus (Common Sandpiper)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
- Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Terrestrial vertebrate specimens
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Western Palearctic migrants in continental Africa
- University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
- , Bird specimens
- Upper Silesian Museum, Bytom, Upper Silesian Museum, Bird Observations
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 8131
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-176632
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 3085810
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 176632
- IUCN ID: 247160
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 4536
- Mean = 28.760 meters (94.357 feet), Standard Deviation = 45.730 based on 126,134 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- BirdLife International 2009. Tringa ochropus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 05 February 2012. [back]