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Common Names in English:
beetle-head, Black Bellied Plover, black-bellied plover, black-breast, Bottle-head, bullhead, chuckly-head, gray plover, Grey Plover, gump, hollow-head, May cock, mud plover, owl-head, Ox-Eye, Pilot, Swiss plover, whistling plover
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Pluvier argent?, Pluvier , Pluvier Argent, pluvier argentÃ©, pluvier argenté
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Plivye Vant Nwa
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Tuless, Tулес, Тулес
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Chorlito De Vientre Negro, Chorlito gris, Chorlo gris
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Playero Panza Negra
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[kannadi Al Katti]
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Gri Yagmur Kusu
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Choi Choi X
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Adult : Head : Crown: gray-white Face : Chin: black Color: black Eyebrow Line : white Forehead: gray-white Bill: black Length : short Shape : stout Neck: white stripe on back sides, black in front Body: Belly: black Breast: black Rump : white Shape: chunky Size: fairly large Upperparts: black with gray spots Tail: Uppertail Coverts: white.Adult Breeding Season : Head: broad white stripe from forehead to side of breast Crown: gray-white Face: Chin: black Color: black Eyebrow Line: white Forehead: gray-white Bill: black Length: short Shape: stout Neck: white stripe on back sides, black in front Body: Belly: white Breast: black Rump: white Shape: chunky Size: fairly large Underparts: black Upperparts: marbled with black, pale gray, and white Tail: Uppertail Coverts: white.Adult Winter: Head: pale gray-brown, mottled with white Crown: gray-white Ear Coverts: dusky Face: Chin: black Color: pale gray-brown, mottled with white Eyebrow Line: white, mottled with dusky Forehead: white, mottled with dusky Bill: black Length: short Shape: stout Neck: white stripe on back sides, black in front Throat : white, mottled with dusky Body: Belly: white Breast: pale gray- brown, mottled with white Rump: white Shape: chunky Size: fairly large Upperparts: dusky-brown mixed with pale brown and white Legs : Leg Color: gray Tail: white, barred with black Crissum: white Uppertail Coverts: white.Young: Head: pale gray-brown, mottled with white Crown: gray-white Ear Coverts: dusky Face: Chin: black Color: pale gray-brown, mottled with white Eyebrow Line: white, mottled with dusky Forehead: white, mottled with dusky Bill: black Length: short Shape: stout Neck: white stripe on back sides, black in front Throat: white, mottled with dusky Body: Belly: white Breast: more heavily marked than adult Rump: white Shape: chunky Size: fairly large Upperparts: boldly spotted with yellowish to buffy Legs: Leg Color: gray Tail: white, barred with black Crissum: white Uppertail Coverts: white.
alternate: Black face
, and breast · White border
to black face and throat · Pale
gray crown and nape ·
Black and white spotted back and wings
· White belly and undertail
Adult basic: Medium gray upperparts with paler edging · Pale gray breast · White supercilium · White underparts · Black axillars visible in flight
Juvenile : Similar to adult basic but upperparts have more contrast · Black and white spotted tertials · Finely streaked breast · White supercilium · Black axillars visible in flight.
About 11.5 to 13 inches long, with a wingspan of 22 to 25 inches. Adults weigh about 7.8 ounces .
Found on mud flats and sandy beaches.
Vegetation: coastal sand beaches and mudflats, coastal rocky beaches • Sensitivity to Disturbance: Low
Typically found in the intertidal zone at the water's edge at a mean distance from sea level of 29 meters (94 feet).
Behaviour This species is fully migratory1. It
departs its breeding grounds
from late-July to September (southward
movements continuing into November)1, 2 and returns
from late-May to June1. It breeds
from May to August2
in solitary well-dispersed pairs1 and forages
or in small loose
flocks3 of up to 30 individuals1.
It is gregarious
during the winter however, often roosting in large
flocks containing up to several thousand individuals1.
Habitat Breeding The species nests in the high Arctic in both upland and valley locations1 between the treeline and the coast4 , utilising dry stony tundra with sedge, moss, lichen1, grass3 or dwarf birch4, peat ridges in tundra marshes3, dry exposed ridges, riverbanks, raised sand or gravel beaches, and rocky slopes3. Non-breeding Outside of the breeding season the species frequents intertidal mudflats , saltmarshes1, sandflats1, 3 and beaches1 of oceanic coastlines, bays and estuaries3. During migration it may also be found inland on lakes , pools or grasslands1.
Diet Breeding During the breeding season the diet of this species consists largely of adult and larval insects such as beetles and Diptera1 as well as some plant matter (e.g. grass seeds and stems)1. Non-breeding When on the coast in its wintering range the species takes marine polychaete worms, molluscs and crustaceans1 (e.g. crabs, sand shrimps)3, occasionally also taking insects (e.g. grasshoppers and beetles) or earthworms when in inland habitats on passage1.
Breeding site The nest is a shallow scrape1 on dry ground in exposed, stony sites4, neighbouring nests not less than 400 m apart1.
Management information In the UK there is evidence that the removal of Spartina anglica from tidal mudflats using a herbicide is beneficial for the species5..
List of Habitats:
- 4 Grassland
- 4.1 Grassland - Tundra
- 12 Marine Intertidal
- 12.1 Marine Intertidal - Rocky Shoreline
- 12.2 Marine Intertidal - Sandy Shoreline and/or Beaches, Sand Bars, Spits , Etc
- 12.3 Marine Intertidal - Shingle and/or Pebble Shoreline and/or Beaches
- 12.4 Marine Intertidal - Mud Flats and Salt Flats
- 12.6 Marine Intertidal - Tidepools
- 13 Marine Coastal/Supratidal
- 13.4 Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes
- 13.5 Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Coastal Freshwater Lakes
Primarily aquatic invertebrates .
Clutch Size: 4 Length of Incubation : 26-27 days Days to Fledge : 35-45 Number of Broods: 1
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Gauthier, 1986
- (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Pycraft, 1900
- Huxley, 1867
- Huxley, 1867
- Beddard, 1898
- Infraorder: Charadriides () - Huxley, 1867
- Suborder: Limicolae () - Beddard, 1898
- Order: Charadriiformes () - Huxley, 1867
- Superorder: Charadriimorphae () - Huxley, 1867
- Cohort: Neognathae () - Pycraft, 1900
- Infraclass: Aves () - (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Subclass: Avialae () - Gauthier, 1986
- Class: Aves () - Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Pluvialis squatarola (Linnaeus, 1758)
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 17-Oct-2001
American Golden Plover, Pacific Golden Plover
Members of the genus Pluvialis
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 11 species and subspecies in this genus:
P. apricaria (Eurasian Golden Plover) · P. apricaria altifrons (European Golden-Plover) · P. apricaria apricaria (European Golden-Plover) · P. dominica (American Golden-Plover) · P. dominica dominica (American Golden Plover) · P. dominica fulva (American Golden Plover) · P. fulva (American Golden-Plover) · P. obscura (New Zealand Dotterel) · P. squatarola (Black Bellied Plover) · P. squatarola cynosurae (American Black-Bellied Plover) · P. squatarola squatarola (Black-Bellied Plover)
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- BirdLife International 2011. Pluvialis squatarola. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 04February2012.
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 11, 2007:
- Avian Knowledge Network, eBird
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, North West Territories and Nunavut Bird Checklist, Canada
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Birds
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Royal British Columbia Museum
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
- Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Terrestrial vertebrate specimens
- New Brunswick Museum, NBM birds
- Provider, Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums
- Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara Musem of Natural History
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Western Palearctic migrants in continental Africa
- UNIBIO, IBUNAM, CNAV/Coleccion Nacional de Aves
- Upper Silesian Museum, Bytom, Upper Silesian Museum, Bird Observations
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 8221
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-176567
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481685
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 176567
- IUCN ID: 234184
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: ABNNB02010
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 853
- Standard Deviation = 44.380 based on 109,202 observations. Terrestrial altitude and ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- BirdLife International 2011. Pluvialis squatarola. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 04 February 2012. ... [back]