Common Names in English:
Pygmy Horned Lizard, Pigmy Short-Horned Lizard, Pygmy Short-horned Lizard, Short-Horned Lizard
Biome: Terrestrial .
This lizard ranges
from semi-arid plains
to high mountains: sagebrush,
bunchgrass, pinyon-juniper woodland, openly spaced pines (Stebbins
2003). Usually it occurs in open, shrubby, or openly wooded areas
with sparse vegetation at ground
level. Soil may vary from rocky
to sandy. When not active
on the surface, the lizards burrow into
the soil or occupy rodent burrows..
List of Habitats :
- 1 Forest
- 1.4 Forest - Temperate
- 3 Shrubland
- 3.4 Shrubland - Temperate
- 4 Grassland
- 4.4 Grassland - Temperate
- 8 Desert
- 8.2 Desert - Temperate [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- Class: Reptilia () - Reptiles
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
Comment: Binomial generated by Sp2000
Last scrutiny: Jan-2009
Zamudio et al. (1997) examined mtDNA variation in short-horned lizards throughout western North America and concluded that the Pacific Northwest segment of the population should be recognized as a species (P. douglasii) distinct from the species (P. hernandesi) represented in the remainder of the range . In addition, there was no support for the recognition of any of the nominal subspecies ; thus each species is best regarded as monotypic. See Hammerson and Smith (1991) for information on the correct spelling of the specific name (formerly douglassi). The specific name is here spelled with a double-i ending, since that is how it was rendered in the original description ..
Members of the genus Phrynosoma
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 27 species and subspecies in this genus:
P. asio (Giant Horned Lizard) · P. blainvillii (San Diego Horned Lizard) · P. braconnieri (Short-Tail Horned Lizard) · P. cerroense (Cedros Island Horned Lizard) · P. cornutum (Texas Horned Lizard) · P. coronatum (Blainville Horned Lizard) · P. coronatum blainvilli (Coast Horned Lizard) · P. coronatum blainvillii (Coast Horned Lizard) · P. coronatum frontale (California Horned Lizard) · P. ditmarsi (Rock Horned Lizard) · P. douglasii (Pygmy Horned Lizard) · P. douglasii douglasii (Pigmy Short-Horned Lizard) · P. douglassii (Eastern Short-Horned Lizard) · P. douglassii douglassii (Pigmy Short-Horned Lizard) · P. douglassii hernandesi (Mountain Short-Horned Lizard) · P. douglassii ornatissimum (Desert Short-Horned Lizard) · P. douglassii ornatum (Salt Lake Short-Horned Lizard) · P. hernandesi (Greater Short-Horned Lizards) · P. mcallii (Flat-Tailed Horned Lizard) · P. modestum (Round-Tailed Horned Lizard) · P. orbiculare (Mexican Horned Toad) · P. platyrhinos (Desert Horned Lizard) · P. platyrhinos calidiarum (Desert Horned Lizard) · P. platyrhinos platyrhinos (Desert Horned Lizard) · P. solare (Regal Horned Lizard) · P. taurus (Mexican Horned Lizard) · P. wigginsi (Gulf Coast Horned Lizard)
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- A check list of North American amphibians and reptiles / by Leonhard Stejneger and Thomas Barbour. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; [etc., etc.]1923. url p. 61.
- Annual report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, -1965. url p. 409.
- Bulletin / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Entomology. Washington: G.P.O., 1904-1916. url p. 127.
- Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. [Washington, D.C.?]: Supt. of Docs., G.P.O., 1913-1923. url p. 28.
- Exploration and survey of the Valley of the Great Salt Lake of Utah: including a reconnoissance of a new route through the Rocky Mountains / Philadelphia: Lippincott, Gramabo & Co., 1852. url p. 308.
- Natural history of New York. .. Albany, D. Appleton & co. and Wiley & Putnam;1842-94. url p. 31, p. 94.
- Natural history of New York. Albany: D. Appleton: 1842-1894. url p. 31, p. 31, p. 94.
- North American fauna. Washington: Fish and Wildlife Service; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U. S. Govt. Print. Off. url p. 109, p. 8.
- Potential wildlife-highway interactions at select mile-markers along Montana Department of Transportation routes an ArcView GIS analysis / Bozeman, Mont.: Fish and Wildlife Management Program, Montana State University, 2001 url , .
- Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences. Davenport, Ia., Academy of Natural Sciences [etc.] url p. 22, p. 22.
- Report upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian / Washington [D.C.]: G.P.O., 1875-1889. url p. 577, p. 580, p. 581.
- Reports of explorations and surveys, to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. Made under the direction of the secretary of war, in 1853-. .. Washington, A.O.P. Nicholson, Printer [etc.]1855-60. url .
- The Biological bulletin. Woods Hole, Mass.: Marine Biological Laboratory, url p. 100, p. 116, p. 99.
- The Canadian field-naturalist. Ottawa, Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club. url p. 746.
- Zoology of Colorado, by Theodore D.A. Cockerell. .. Boulder, Col., University of Colorado, 1927. url p. 106.
- Zoology of New York, or the New-York fauna: comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the state of New York, with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders, and accompanied by appropriate illu by James De Kay. Albany: Printed by Carroll and Cook, printers to the Assembly [etc.], 1842-44. url p. 31, p. 94.
- Zoology of New York; or, The New York Fauna; comprising detailed descriptions of all the animals hitherto observed within the state of New York, with brief notices of those occasionally found near its borders, and accompa by James E. De Kay. Albany: W. & A. White & J. Visscher: 1842-44. url p. 31, p. 94.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed February 5, 2012.
- Hammerson, G.A. 2007. Phrynosoma douglasii. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 03February2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2547008
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Rep-sp2-1402
- IUCN ID: 232266
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 3963422