This pie chart shows the relative likelihood of observing particular other species commonly observed near Pelecanus crispus
These species are those which most commonly occur in our observation database near Pelecanus crispus. Observations favor some phyla over others. Typically Bacteria, Fungi, Protozoa, and Arthropods are more common in the field than in our records.
Pelecanus crispus breeds in eastern Europe and east-central Asia, in Georgia, F.Y.R. Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Mongolia. European breeders winter in the eastern Mediterranean countries, Russian and central Asian breeders in Iran, Iraq and the Indian subcontinent, and Mongolian birds along the east coast of China7, including Hong Kong. Following massive declines during the 19th and 20th centuries, numbers have stabilised between 10,000-20,000 individuals (including c.4,000-5,000 breeding pairs5) and several colonies are increasing2,4. The majority of birds breed in the countries of the former Soviet Union (2,700-3,500 pairs)8, although the largest colony is at Lake Mikri Prespa, Greece, with nearly 1,000 breeding pairs4. The Mongolian population continues to decline and is "almost extinct"10.
Afghanistan; Albania; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bulgaria; China; Croatia; Egypt; Georgia; Greece; Hong Kong; India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Kazakhstan; Lebanon; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Moldova, Republic of; Mongolia; Montenegro; Pakistan; Romania; Russian Federation; Spain; Syrian Arab Republic; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan
It occurs mainly at inland, freshwater wetlands but also at coastal lagoons and river deltas2,7, where it breeds in colonies on islands in large reedbeds1,8,9 or in the open5,6.
In sections below, we make some habitat inferences based on the known habitat preferences of those species most commonly associated with Pelecanus crispus.
alpine, montane, subtropics, temperate, tropics.
boreal forest, coniferous forests, cultivated areas, deciduous woods and forests, desert, disturbed sites, fields, forests, gardens, grasslands, hardwood forests, mature forests, meadows, moist woods, montane forests, open forests, pasture, pine forests, temperate forest, thickets, tundra grassland.
arable land, dry slopes, hillsides, mountain slopes, roadsides, rock outcrops, streamsides, urban areas, valleys.
sandy areas, sandy soil, stony areas, thin soil.
bays, bogs, brackish water, ditches, dry areas, estuaries, lagoon, lakes, marshes, ponds, river banks, rivers, saltwater, shores, stream banks, streams, swamps, wet woods.