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Common Names in English:
Queen Alexandra's Birdwing
Common Names in French:
Ornithopt?re De La Reine Alexandra
'The Papilionidae belong to the Superfamily
Papilionoidea, the true butterflies. Swallowtails are worldwide in distribution and comprise approximately 560 species. They are richest in the tropics, and their brilliant colors make them favorites of butterfly enthusiasts. Many swallowtail species, especially in the tropics, mimic
other butterflies that are distasteful, while others are distasteful and cause birds and other vertebrate
to regurgitate. Swallowtail adults
are medium to large and may or may not have tails, while parnassian adults are medium, tailless, and have translucent
. All adult parnassians and swallowtails have three pairs of walking legs
, and adults of all species visit flowers for nectar.
Swallowtails are members of the Family Papilionidae. They comprise about 560 species, have a worldwide distribution, and are richest in the tropics. Many are brilliantly colored and are favorites of butterfly enthusiasts. Many species, especially those in the tropics, mimic other butterflies that are distasteful, while others are distasteful and cause birds and other vertebrate predators to regurgitate. Adults are medium to large, may or may not have tails, and have three pairs of walking legs . Adults of all species visit flowers for nectar. Males of most species patrol for mates, while males of one group (Black, Old World, Anise, and Indra Swallowtails) perch on hilltops or ridges instead of patrolling . Swallowtails lay globular eggs and overwinter as pupae. Some species spend more than one year in the pupal stage, likely to survive drought years when little caterpillar food is available. In arid areas, the Black, Anise, and Indra Swallowtails often display this strategy.
Biome: Terrestrial .
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Butterflies and Moths
- Family: Papilionidae () - P.A. Latreille,  - Swallowtails
- Infraorder: Heteroneura ()
- Order: Lepidoptera () - Linnaeus, 1758 - Butterflies and Moths
- Cohort: Myoglossata ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
First described: Rothschild, Lord Walter Troides alexandrae. Rothschild, Lord Walter (1907) Troides alexandrae. Novit. zool. 14: 96, 1907.
Last scrutiny: 14-Aug-2006
Note , for the birdwing butterflies, genera Ornithoptera, Trogonoptera and Troides, specific and subspecific status follows D'Abrera. Subsequent revisions have been referenced but only totally new taxa have been added. Subspecies are listed where possible as they may occasionally be listed as full species..
Members of the genus Ornithoptera
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 8 species and subspecies in this genus:
O. alexandrae (Queen Alexandra's Birdwing) · O. chimaera (Chimaera Birdwing) · O. chimaera chimaera (Chimaera Birdwing) · O. croesus (Wallaces's Golden Birdwing) · O. goliath (Goliath Birdwing) · O. meridionalis (Ornithopt) · O. paradisea (Butterfly Of Paradise) · O. rothschildi (Rothschild's Birdwing)
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- 1994 IUCN red list of threatened animals Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, 1993 url p. 178.
- A naturalist in cannibal land, by A.S. Meek. Ed. by Frank Fox, with an introduction by the Hon. Walter Rothschild, and thirty-six illustrations London, Leipsic, T.F. Unwin url p. 161, p. 236, p. viii.
- Bibliography (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) / Charles A. Bridges. Urbana, Ill.: C.A. Bridges, c1993. url p. 410.
- Catalogue of Papilionidae & Pieridae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) / Charles A. Bridges. Urbana, Ill: C.A. Bridges, 1988. url p. 89.
- Checklist of CITES Species CITES, WCMC url p. 62.
- Checklist of CITES Species: a reference to the appendices to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CITES url p. 180, p. 206, p. 61.
- Checklist of fish and invertebrates listed in the CITES appendices and in EC Regulation 338/97 JNCC url p. 14, p. 195, p. 9.
- Entomological news, and proceedings of the Entomological Section of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Philadelphia[Entomological Rooms of the Academy of Natural Sciences] url , , , , .
- Global Biodiversity: status of the Earth's living resources WCMC url p. 376.
- The Entomologist's monthly magazine. Oxford [etc.]Entomologist's Monthly Magazine Ltd. [etc.] url p. 46.
- The Entomologist's record and journal of variation. s.l., s.n. url p. 263.
- The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book IUCN url , p. 423, p. 424, p. 425, p. 44, p. 627.
- The Last Rain Forests Reed International Books Ltd. url p. 198, p. 53.
- Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: the IUCN Red Data Book IUCN url , p. 128, p. 156, p. 160, p. 21, p. 288, p. 289, p. 290, p. 291, p. 6, p. 7, p. 82.
- World Checklist of Fish and Invertebrates Listed in the CITES Appendices Joint Nature Conservation Committee url p. 9.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- Gimenez Dixon, M. 1996. Ornithoptera alexandrae. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 03February2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 03, 2008:
- OZCAM (Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums) Provider: Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 1584124
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Gar-403
- IUCN ID: 228754
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 7659