Biome: Terrestrial ; Freshwater .
Macromia moorei prefers forested, swift-flowing montane
, whereas M.
berlandi prefers slow-flowing sections
or small impoundments
in small, moderately fast-flowing, forested,
List of Habitats :
- 1 Forest
- 1.6 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
- 1.9 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
- 5 Wetlands (inland)
- 5.1 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls ) [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Latreille, 1829
- Snodgrass, 1938
- Heymons, 1901
- Order: Odonata () - Fabricius, 1793 - Dragonflies and Damselflies
- Superorder: Odonatoptera ()
- Infraclass: Pterygota ()
- Subclass: Dicondylia ()
- Epiclass: Hexapoda ()
- Superclass: Panhexapoda ()
- Infraphylum: Atelocerata () - Heymons, 1901
- Subphylum: Mandibulata () - Snodgrass, 1938
- Phylum: Arthropoda () - Latreille, 1829 - Arthropods
- Superphylum: Panarthropoda () - Cuvier
- Infrakingdom: Ecdysozoa () - A.M.A. Aguinaldo et al., 1997 ex T. Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Protostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 04-Aug-2008
Macromia pyramidalis Martin, 1907 was described from male and female specimens collected in Tonkin. Wilson and Reels (2001) raised a number of issues concerning the Macromia pyramidalis type specimens. The male specimen Martin described as M. pyramidalis, has the characteristics of Macromia moorei malayana Laidlaw 1928 and is almost certainly synonymous with it, but the female specimen is identical to Macromia berlandi Lieftinck, 1941. Martin's (1907) describes the type male with tenth abdominal segment as having a bump , which forms a not very pointed pyramid (M. berlandi has a very sharply pointed or spine-like pyramidal process ). An examination of the M. pyramidalis types, if they could be found (Martin commented that the male and female types were not in the Selys collection , but the actual location was not given), would likely reveal the female to be synonymous with M . berlandi and the male synonymous with M. moorei fumata Krüger, 1899. Note Lieftinck (1929) considered Macromia moorei malayana was synonymous with Macromia moorei fumata.
Lieftinck (1941) described M. berlandi from a Tonkinese male specimen identified by Martin (1907) as Macromia borneensis Krüger, 1899; the latter taxon is now recognised as a synonym of Macromia cincta Rambur, 1842. Wilson & Reels (2001) described the first female specimen of M. berlandi from a Hong Kong specimen. In summary Martin (1907) examined two males and one female Macromia speciemens collected from Tonkin in the Selys collection. These three specimens represent: (i) a male he misidentified as Macromia borneensis (= holotype M. berlandi male), (ii) a second male (type M. pyramidalis male = M. moorei malayana = M. moorei fumata) and (iii) a female (type M. pyramidalis = M. berlandi female).
There are two courses of corrective action possible: (1) Designate the male specimen, described by Martin (1907) as M. pyramidalis, as the holotype pyramidalis specimen. M. pyramidalis would then become a junior synonym of Macromia moorei Selys, 1874 and the new combination Macromia moorei pyramidalis Martin, 1907 would become a junior synonym of Macromia moorei fumata (= M. moorei malayana). (2) Designate the female specimen as the holotype. M. pyramidalis Martin, 1907 would remain a valid taxon and Macromia berlandi Lieftinck, 1941 would be a junior synonym . The assessor strongly favours the first course of action which would have the least impact on current nomenclature and render Macromia berlandi a valid species. .
Members of the genus Macromia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 12 species and subspecies in this genus:
M. alleghaniensis (Allegheny River Cruiser) · M. annulata (Bronzed River Cruiser) · M. illinoiensis (Illinois River Cruiser) · M. illinoiensis georgina (Georgia River Cruiser) · M. illinoiensis illinoiensis (Illinois River Cruiser) · M. magnifica (Western River Cruiser) · M. margarita (Mountain River Cruiser) · M. pacifica (Gilded River Cruiser) · M. splendens (Splendid Cruiser) · M. taeniolata (Royal River Cruiser) · M. urania (Club-Tailed Cruiser) · M. viridescens (Rainforest Cruiser)
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- IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
- Lieftinck, M.A. 1929. A revision of the known Malaysian Dragonflies of the genus Macromia Rambur, with comparative notes on species from neighbouring countries and descriptions of new species. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 72: 59-108.
- Lieftinck, M.A. 1941. Une espece nouvelle de Macromia du Tonkin. . Revue Fr. Ent. 8: 94-98.
- Martin, R. 1907. Collections Zoologiques du Baron Edmond de Selys-Longchamps. Catalogue Systématique et descriptif. Cordulines. Bruxelles.
- Wilson, K.D.P. and Reels, G.T. 2001. Odonata of Hainan, China. Odonatologica 30(2): 145-208.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
- Wilson, K.D.P. 2011. Macromia pyramidalis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 01February2012.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 5044806
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Odo-5188
- IUCN ID: 220987
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 1759527