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Common Names in English:
Common Names in French:
Perruche de Latham
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Spanish:
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,911 meters (0 to 9,551 feet).
In Tasmania, it is almost always associated with blue gum Eucalyptus
globulus or swamp
gum E. ovata when breeding. Flowering
may be sufficient to support
breeding in only three years out of
every 10. Most breeding birds are found in remnant forest
of less than 0.01 km2. They nest
in hollows of both live
and dead eucalypt trees5. The most common tree
species they use for nesting are stringybark Eucalyptus obliqua,
white peppermint Eucalyptus pulchella and Tasmanian blue gum
Eucalyptus globulus, white gum Eucalyptus viminalis, gum-topped
stringybark Eucalyptus delegatensis and dead stags5.
On the mainland, it lives in eucalypt forest and woodlands, mainly
on the inland slopes
of the Great Dividing
. Critical food resources
occur within this habitat, principally
nectar from prolific flowering species such as red ironbark E.
tricarpa, grey box
E. microcarpa, yellow gum E. leucoxylon
and mugga ironbark E. sideroxylon, and lerp (sugary secretions
sucking insects on leaves5). During the
winter the birds are semi-nomadic and visit a network
sites in reaction to flowering events and lerp availability4.
Its habitat use varies between years, depending on climatic conditions
and the resulting food availability5. However it
will also repeatedly use the same sites between years and often remain
in winter foraging
habitats for extended periods within a season5.
In some years, urban landscapes containing indigenous
flowering eucalypts are also readily used2. The
importance of larger trees as a food source has been shown in this
species's breeding range3 and wintering
trees tend to offer
a more reliable and abundant source of
List of Habitats:
- 1 Forest
- 1.4 Forest - Temperate
- 1.5 Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
- 14 Artificial/Terrestrial
- 14.2 Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
- 14.5 Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Gauthier, 1986
- (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Pycraft, 1900
- Superorder: Psittacimorphae () - Huxley, 1867
- Cohort: Neognathae () - Pycraft, 1900
- Infraclass: Aves () - (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Subclass: Avialae () - Gauthier, 1986
- Class: Aves () - Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Lathamus discolor (Shaw, 1790)
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 23-Jan-2007
Members of the genus Lathamus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 1 species and subspecies in this genus:
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- A key to the birds of Australia and Tasmania with their geographical distribution in Australia, by Robert Hall. Melbourne, Melville, Mullen and Slade, [pref 1899] url p. 68.
- A key to the birds of Australia: with their geographical distribution / by Robert Hall. London [England]: R. H. Porter, [1906?] url , p. 68.
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- Check-list of birds of the world. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931-1987. url p. 167.
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- List of the vertebrated animals now or lately living in the gardens of the Zoological Society of London. London, Printed for the Society, 1896. url p. 366, p. 703, p. 703.
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- Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History. Boston [etc.]Boston Society of Natural History. url p. 271, p. 398.
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- South Australian ornithologist. Adelaide, South Australian Ornithological Association. url , .
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- The dates of publication of some of the zoological works of the late John Gould, F.R.S. / Compiled by Frederick Herschel Waterhouse. London: R. H. Porter, 1885. url p. 36.
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- The treasury of natural history; or, A popular dictionary of animated nature: in which the zoological characteristics that distinguish the different classes, genera, and species, are combined with a variety of interesting information illustrative of the habits, instincts, and g By Samuel Maunder. .. London, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1852. url p. 369.
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- World Checklist of Threatened Birds Joint Nature Conservation Committee url p. 106, p. 106.
- BirdLife International 2006. In IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCNRedList.org. Downloaded July 18, 2008.
- BirdLife International 2006. Lathamus discolor. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org . Downloaded on 20 October 2006.
- BirdLife International 2008. Lathamus discolor. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 01February2012.
- Bisby, F.A., Y.R. Roskov, M.A. Ruggiero, T.M. Orrell, L.E. Paglinawan, P.W. Brewer, N. Bailly, J. van Hertum, eds (2007). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007 Annual Checklist. Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 09, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 2 providers.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
- Peterson, Alan P. Zoological Nomenclature Resource. Accessed June 19, 2009.
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 09, 2008:
- Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University: MCZ Ornithology Collection
- OZCAM (Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums) Provider: Online Zoological Collections of Australian Museums
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 10536
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-177595
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13535947
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 177595
- IUCN ID: 218313
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 5184
- Mean = 28.660 meters (94.029 feet), Standard Deviation = 45.720 based on 129,197 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- BirdLife International 2008. Lathamus discolor. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 February 2012. [back]