Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Albanian:
Shapka E Ujit
Common Names in Armenian:
Common Names in Asturian:
Common Names in Azerbaijani:
Common Names in Basque:
Common Names in Breton:
Ar Gioc'h Lann
Common Names in Catalan:
Becadell Com, Cegall
Common Names in Chinese:
Common Names in Cornish:
Common Names in Czech:
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in Emiliano-romagnolo:
Common Names in English:
American snipe, Common Snipe, European snipe, Snipe, Wilson's snipe
Common Names in Esperanto:
Common Names in Estonian:
Common Names in Finnish:
Common Names in French:
B?cassine des marais, bÃ©cassine des marais, bécassine des marais
Common Names in Frisian:
Common Names in Gaelic, Irish:
Common Names in Galician:
Common Names in German:
Common Names in Hebrew:
Common Names in Icelandic:
Common Names in Irish:
Common Names in Italian:
Beccaccino, Beccaccino Comune
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Latin:
Capella gallinago, Gallinago gallinago
Common Names in Latvian:
Common Names in Lithuanian:
Common Names in Malay:
Berkek Ekor Kapas
Common Names in Maltese:
Common Names in Manx:
Coa R Heddagh
Common Names in Northern Sami:
Common Names in Norwegian:
Common Names in Polish:
(Bekas) Kszyk, Bekas, Kszyk
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Portuguese (Brazil):
Common Names in Romansh:
Becassina Da Pal
Common Names in Russian:
Bekas, Бекас, Бекас обыкновенный
Common Names in Scots:
Common Names in Serbian:
Common Names in Slovak:
Common Names in Slovenian:
Common Names in Spanish:
Agachadiza Com, Agachadiza común, Agachona Com, Agachona comÃºn, Agachona común
Common Names in Spanish (Argentine):
Common Names in Spanish (Costa Rica):
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Common Names in Valencian:
Common Names in Welsh:
Dafad Y Gors
Adult : Head : longitudinal dark striped on buff Bill: dusky brown, tinged with olive at base Length : long Shape : heavy Neck: buffy,mottled and streaked with dark brown Length: short Body: Back: buff edged stripes Chest: buffy, mottled and streaked with dark brown Flanks: barred with black Shape: plump Sides: barred with black Underparts: white Upperparts: mottled and barred with black, brown, and buff Legs : Foot Color: greenish Leg Color: greenish Leg Length: short Tail: orangish with black subterminal bar.
About 10 to 11 inches long, with a wingspan of 17 to 20 inches. Adults weigh about 4.5 ounces .
Typically found in a lake at a mean distance from sea level of 154 meters (504 feet).
Behaviour This species is fully migratory although some populations
only migrate short distances2. It breeds
to August3 in solitary territorial
pairs and after
breeding it moves to moulting areas before migrating
south to the
grounds2. It is not a truly gregarious
species6 although it usually forages
in small groups2,
occasionally also gathering in larger flocks of several hundred
migration or in the winter3. The species is also
generally crepuscular in its activities2. Habitat
Breeding The species breeds on fresh or brackish
with rich or tussocky vegetation2, 3 including
grassy or marshy
and rivers2, marshy
and moors4, marshy tundra, wet meadows2,
peat bogs, fens
(North America)4 and swampy
forest5. Non-breeding In its wintering range
the species frequents similar habitats
to those it breeds in2,
3 including permanent and temporary swamps, the marshy
edges of lakes and dams, flooded sedge and grassland7,
also utilising more artificial habitats such as damp farmland3
cattle pastures, sugar-cane fields4, rice-fields2),
farms2 and drainage
The species may also move to more coastal areas such as the upper
of estuaries and coastal meadows2 during
periods of frost6. Diet Its diet
and larval insects, earthworms, small crustaceans2
)4, small gastropods
spiders2, small amphibians
and occasionally plant fibres, seeds and grit4.
Breeding site The nest
is a shallow scrape6
positioned on dry ground
in marshes, fens, swamps and bogs4
(e.g. on a mound or sedge tuft)5 in the cover
, rushes, sedge or sphagnum moss2. The species
nests in solitary territorial pairs at densities of between 10 and
38 or up to 110 pairs per kilometre2. Management
information Studies in Danish coastal wetlands found that the
spatial restriction of shore-based shooting was more successful at
maintaining waterfowl population sizes than was the temporal
of shooting, and therefore that wildfowl reserves should incorporate
shooting-free refuges that include adjacent
marshland in order
ensure high waterbird species diversity13. The
species is known to show increased hatching
successes when ground
have been excluded
by erecting protective fences around
nesting areas15. At a reserve in the UK management
strategies such as reseeding grasslands to be dominated by rushes
and purple moor-grass Molinia caerulea,
mechanical cutting and grazing, digging small scrapes and maintaining
high water-levels succeeded in attracting an increased number of
breeding pairs to the area16. The annual
is estimated every year by wing
surveys in Denmark
since the 1970s and in France since the mid-1990s18.
are estimated every year in Denmark18.
List of Habitats:
- 1 Forest
- 1.1 Forest - Boreal
- 4 Grassland
- 4.6 Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded
- 5 Wetlands (inland)
- 5.1 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls )
- 5.4 Wetlands (inland) - Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
- 5.5 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
- 5.7 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
- 5.8 Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
- 5.10 Wetlands (inland) - Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt)
- 9 Marine Neritic
- 9.10 Marine Neritic - Estuaries
- 15 Artificial/Aquatic & Marine
- 15.1 Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha)
- 15.2 Artificial/Aquatic - Ponds (below 8ha)
- 15.8 Artificial/Aquatic - Seasonally Flooded Agricultural Land [more info]
- Breeding Habitat : Wetland-open water
- Clutch Size: 4
- Length of Incubation : 18-20 days
- Days to Fledge : 19-20
- Number of Broods: 1
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Goodrich, 1930
- Linnaeus, 1758
- Gauthier, 1986
- (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Pycraft, 1900
- Huxley, 1867
- Huxley, 1867
- Beddard, 1898
- Infraorder: Scolopacides () - Strauch, 1978
- Suborder: Limicolae () - Beddard, 1898
- Order: Charadriiformes () - Huxley, 1867
- Superorder: Charadriimorphae () - Huxley, 1867
- Cohort: Neognathae () - Pycraft, 1900
- Infraclass: Aves () - (C. Linnaeus, 1758)
- Subclass: Avialae () - Gauthier, 1986
- Class: Aves () - Linnaeus, 1758
- Superclass: Tetrapoda () - Goodrich, 1930
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Gallinago gallinago (Linnaeus, 1758)
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 17-Jul-2007
American Woodcock, Long-Billed Dowitcher, Short-Billed Dowitcher
Members of the genus Gallinago
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 21 species and subspecies in this genus:
G. andina (Puna Snipe) · G. delicata (Wilson's Snipe) · G. gallinago (Wilson's Snipe) · G. gallinago faroeensis (Common Snipe) · G. hardwickii (Australian Snipe) · G. imperialis (Imperial Snipe) · G. jamesoni (Jameson's Snipe) · G. macrodactyla (Madagascar Snipe) · G. media (Solitary Snipe) · G. megala (SwinhoeÌs Snipe) · G. nemoricola (Himalayan Snipe) · G. nigripennis (Ethiopian Snipe) · G. nigripennis nigripennis (Ethiopian Snipe) · G. nobilis (Noble Snipe) · G. paraguaiae (South American Snipe) · G. solitaria (Solitary Snipe) · G. solitaria solitaria (Eastern Solitary Snipe) · G. stenura (Pin-Tailed Snipe) · G. stricklandii (Strickland's Snipe) · G. undulata (Giant Snipe) · G. undulata undulata (Giant Snipe)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 12, 2007:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen, Biologiezentrum Linz
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, North West Territories and Nunavut Bird Checklist, Canada
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Ontario Nest Records
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Birds
- Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, Royal British Columbia Museum
- Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, Terrestrial vertebrate specimens
- Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara Musem of Natural History
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Western Palearctic migrants in continental Africa
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Environment and Heritage Service - EHS Species Datasets
- UK National Biodiversity Network, Herts Bird Club - Hertfordshire Breeding Bird Atlas : 1988-1992
- UK National Biodiversity Network, RSPB - Wader breeding survey in the Broads ESA in 1995
- UNIBIO, IBUNAM, CNAV/Coleccion Nacional de Aves
- University of Michigan Museum of Zoology
- , Bird specimens
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 8097
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-176700
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 3085810
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 176700
- IUCN ID: 210441
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 6813
- Standard Deviation = 247.290 based on 20,000 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- BirdLife International 2009. Gallinago gallinago. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 February 2012. [back]