Family : Sturgeons ; Spends most of its time in the sea , usually close to shore . Enters estuaries of large rivers and moves far inland to spawn . Individuals larger than 48.3 cm feed mainly on fishes ; smaller ones feed mainly on chironomids , but also takes small crustaceans, other insects and mollusks. Feeding ceases just before spawning. Excellent food fish that is sold fresh, smoked or frozen. Eggs marketed as caviar. In the past, the airbladder was made into isinglass .
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Catalan:
Common Names in Czech:
Jeseter B, Jeseter bílý
Common Names in Danish:
Hvid St, Hvid stør
Common Names in Dutch:
Pacific steur, Pacifische steur
Common Names in English:
Columbia sturgeon, Oregon sturgeon, Pacific sturgeon, Sacramento sturgeon, white sturgeon
Common Names in Finnish:
Valkosampi, Valkosilm, Valkosilmäkuha
Common Names in French:
Common Names in German:
Amerikanischer St, Amerikanischer Stint, Amerikanischer Stör, Sacramentost, Sacramentostör, St, Stör, Wei, weißer Stör
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Mandarin Chinese:
Common Names in Polish:
Common Names in Portuguese:
Common Names in Salish:
Common Names in Spanish:
Esturi, esturiÃ³n blanco, Esturión blanco
Common Names in Swedish:
Vit St, Vit stör
Species Acipenser transmontanus
Males are commonly 21 cm (Total Length) in length when caught/marketed, but may be as large as 610 cm (Total Length).
May be found at depths of 1 to 122 meters.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,911 meters (0 to 9,551 feet).
- 5 Wetlands (inland)
- 5.1 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls )
- 5.5 Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) [more info]
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- C. Linnaeus, 1758
- (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Grobben, 1908
- (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Bateson, 1885
- Cuvier, 1812
- Jawed Vertebrates
- Huxley, 1880
- Order: Acipenseriformes ()
- Infraclass: Actinopteri ()
- Subclass: Actinopterygii ()
- Class: Osteichthyes () - Huxley, 1880
- Infraphylum: Gnathostomata () - auct. - Jawed Vertebrates
- Subphylum: Vertebrata () - Cuvier, 1812 - Vertebrates
- Phylum: Chordata () - Bateson, 1885 - Chordates
- Infrakingdom: Chordonia () - (Haeckel, 1874) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Branch: Deuterostomia () - Grobben, 1908
- Subkingdom: Bilateria () - (Hatschek, 1888) Cavalier-Smith, 1983
- Kingdom: Animalia () - C. Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
Acipenser aleutensis Fitzinger
Status: Accepted Name
First described: Richardson, J. The fish. Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of of the northern parts of British America. (3): 327 p., 1836.
Last scrutiny: Data last modified by FishBase 23-Mar-1994
Members of the genus Acipenser
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 36 species and subspecies in this genus:
A. baerii (Long-Nosed Siberian Sturgeon) · A. baerii baerii (Lena River Sturgeon) · A. baerii baicalensis (Baikal Sturgeon) · A. baerii baikalensis (Baikal Sturgeon) · A. baerii stenorrhynchus (Lena River Sturgeon) · A. baeri stenorrhynchus (Lena River Sturgeon) · A. brevirostris (Short-Nosed Little Sturgeon) · A. brevirostrum (Short-Nosed Little Sturgeon) · A. dabryanus (Dabry´s Sturgeon) · A. dauricus (Great Siberian Sturgeon) · A. fulvescens (Lake Sturgeon) · A. gueldenstaedti (Caspian Sturgeon) · A. gueldenstaedtii (Caspian Sturgeon) · A. gueldenstaedti brandt (Azov-Black Sea Sturgeon) · A. huso (European Sturgeon) · A. medirostris (Barbel Sturgeon) · A. mikadoi (Sakhalin Sturgeon) · A. multiscutatus (Japanese Sturgeon) · A. naccari (Adriatic Sturgeon) · A. naccarii (Adriatic Sturgeon) · A. nudiventris (American Atlantic Sturgeon) · A. oxyrhynchus (Atlantic Sturgeon) · A. oxyrhynchus oxyrhynchus (Atlantic Sturgeon) · A. oxyrinchus (American Atlantic Sturgeon) · A. oxyrinchus desotoi (Gulf Sturgeon) · A. oxyrinchus oxyrinchus (American Atlantic Sturgeon) · A. persicus (Persian Sturgeon) · A. plecostomus (Suckermouth Catfish) · A. ruthenus (Sterlet Sturgeon) · A. schrencki (Japanese Sturgeon) · A. schrenckii (Japanese Striped Loach) · A. sinensis (Chinese Sturgeon) · A. stellatus (Stellate Sturgeon) · A. stenorrhynchus (Long-Nosed Siberian Sturgeon) · A. sturio (Atlantic Sturegon) · A. transmontanus (Sacramento Sturgeon)
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- American food and game fishes. A popular account of all the species found in America north of the equator, with keys for ready identification, life histories and methods of capture, . by David Starr Jordan...and Barton Warren Evermann...illustrated with colored plates and text drawings, and with photographs from life, by A. Radclyffe Dugmore. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page & Co., 1908. url p. 5.
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- Duke, S. 2004. Acipenser transmontanus (Kootenai River subpopulation). In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 29January2012.
- Duke, S., Down, T., Ptolemy, J., Hammond, J. & Spence, C. 2004. Acipenser transmontanus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloadedon 29January2012.
- FishBase. Release date: January 5, 2010
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed March 01, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from 6 providers.
- IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. . Downloaded on January 28, 2012.
- Ruggiero M., Gordon D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Nicolson D. (2011). The Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification, Edition 2, Part A. In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 01, 2008:
- Canadian Museum of Nature: Canadian Museum of Nature Fish Collection
- FishBase: FishBase DiGIR Provider - Philippine Server
- Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University: Canadian Museum of Nature - Fish Collection (OBIS Canada)
- Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History: Vertebrate specimens
- Museum national d'histoire naturelle: Ichtyologie
- Royal Ontario Museum: Fish specimens
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 119277
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Fis-29594
- Fishbase Species ID: 2594
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13531619
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 161068
- IUCN ID: 188498
- Natural Heritage Network Species Identifier: AFCAA01051
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Species Identifier: E087
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 1349
- Morrow, J.E. (1980). The freshwater fishes of Alaska. University of. B.C. Animal Resources Ecology Library. 248p. [back]
- Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr (1991). A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. [back]
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- Frimodt, C. (1995). Multilingual illustrated guide to the world's commercial coldwater fish. Fishing News Books, Osney Mead, Oxford, England. 215 p. [back]
- Mean = 28.720 meters (94.226 feet), Standard Deviation = 43.790 based on 115,418 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
- Down, T. & Ptolemy, J. 2004. Acipenser transmontanus (Upper Fraser River subpopulation). In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 January 2012. [back]