1. Pertaining to ponds.
3. In morphology, an anterior position. In oceanography, a region where a sharp gradient in temperature or salinity occurs, often indicating the demarcation between two current systems or water masses; usually associated with high biological activity.
6. Abbreviation for et alii meaning and others; used in author citations where the initial author´s name is followed by et al. to indicate there are more authors.
10. The cartilages and bones associated with the brain, sense organs (smell, sight, hearing), mouth, jaws and gills, collectively the syncranium. The parts associated with protection and support for the brain and sense organs are called the neurocranium and dermocranium and the parts supporting the anterior digestive system and the respiratory apparatus are called the splanchnocranium or viscerocranium. Cartilage elements in the skull are called the chondrocranium and bony elements the osteocranium.
12. A bibliographic source usually comprising author, date, year, title of article or book, name of journal, place of publication, volume, issue and pagination, or name of publisher, place of publication and pagination.
14. See 'ammocoete'.
15. The stimulus that starts an innate behaviour pattern, e.g. courting behaviour in a male stickleback is instigated by the releaser of a silver colored female (or model) with a swollen abdomen. Also called sign stimulus.
17. Sloped sediment shoreline consisting of exposed formations of cemented beach materials, usually sand; formerly covered by unconsolidated materials in the intertidal zone; forms laterally extensive lines of rock dipping seaward at the slope of the beach; may occur on reef top away from current shoreline where it forms a reef top supratidal feature.
19. Light level of deep epipelagic ocean ecosystems; areas never reached by natural light.
21. In the Philippines, boilde, smoked, seasoned fish product.
23. A form of preparation where the head, viscera, and belly flaps are removed by a cut made from the back of the head to the rear of the belly cavity.
24. Refers to the number of occurrences of a genotype, species, or ecosystem. Used to assign a higher conservation value to the least common genotype, species, or ecosystem.
25. Prefix meaning indicating restricted or narrow. Opposite of eury-.
27. The elongated snout in sawfish and sawsharks, with side and (in sawsharks) ventral teeth formed from enlarged denticles, used to kill, ensnare or dig for prey. Also termed rostral saw.
31. A gill with a single series of filaments; half of a normal gill.
34. (Electronic Length-Frequency Analysis) a non parametric method for estimation of growth parameters wherein a growth curve (seasonally oscillating or not) is fitted to length-frequency data, restructured such that peaks are given positive, and troughs negative points. The growth curve (and growth parameters) which accumulate the high point score are then retained.
35. Fishes of the Family Rachycentridae, Order Perciformes (perch-likes). See FishBase for more information on this Family.
36. Meaning incomplete, part (prefix).
37. The densification of a soil (or other particulate material) by means of mechanical manipulation.
39. The process of an embryo leaving the egg envelopes; strictly speaking an egg cannot hatch, it is the embryo that hatches.
40. Prefix meaning current, flowing.
41. Cavity of the blastula, segmentation cavity.
44. Adapted for seizing or grasping, as the tail of a seahorse. Grasping as though with a hand; describes a tail, for example, that can be used to grasp objects.
47. A spear with 3-5 prongs on the end in various arrangements used to capture fish.
49. In Egypt, fermented fish product.
51. In Japan, fish jelly product made by putting kneaded shark meat mixed with ground yam potato into boiling water. As it has a sponge- like texture, it floats when put into soup.
52. The element present in the blood before inoculation, which unites with the amboceptor. Non-specific immunological proteins normally present in the blood.
55. Sprats or small herring gutted or ungutted, also as fillets, spice cured in brine also with other flavoring agents, packed in barrels, sometimes repacked in cans or glass jars with brine or salt or edible oil.
56. Section of river bed fully isolated from the main stream except at flood times when it refills.
57. pertaining to trees; an animal that lives in the tree tops.
58. The type of kidney found in the anterior part of the body cavity with only one pair of tubules per somite; found in adult Myxini, a few adult Teleostomi, and embryos of other fishes and tetrapods; the fore-kidney or head kidney.
59. The mesentery suspending the testes.
1. According to, on the evidence of. Abbreviated as t.
2. Lead colored; dull bluish grey.
4. The tip of the vertebral column which protrudes beyond the caudal fin, e.g. in larval Elasmobranchii.
5. In zoology, area over which an animal establishes jurisdiction; the area is defended and no other individuals of the same species (and often of other species) are allowed inside. a particular area defended by an animal against intrusion by other animals, particularly those of the same species.
6. In fish, fleshy or bony extension on the rear edge of the opercle, as on sunfishes.
7. Mild cured sides, especially of king salmon, cold smoked for one to three days. Also called lox.
8. Relating to the pectoral girdle or shoulder region.
9. 1) to add eggs, young or adults of a species to a body of water to increase the population of that species or growth rate of that or another species, 2) Group of individuals of a species which can be regarded as an entity for management or assessment purposes; a separate breeding population of a species; term used to identify a management unit of fishery species. A distinct genetic population, a population defined by movement pattern, part of a population potentially harvestable, or a quantity of fish from a given area. May be a total or a spawning stock.
11. Spear- or lance-shaped, hence gradually tapering to a point; used to describe a caudal fin with very long middle rays, broad at the base and tapering to a point; most often seen among the gobies.
16. An x-ray plate, used to see internal characters such as vertebral counts.
18. The response of organisms to chemical stimuli.
20. Dwelling on, or relating to, the bottom of a body of water; living on the bottom of the ocean and feeding on benthic organisms.
22. The first and usually the largest of the suborbital bones; located along the ventro-anterior rim of the eye. Sometimes called the lacrimal bone; the bone or region before and below the eye.
26. Rudimentary form of an anatomical structure ; anlage.
28. The length of time a fish or fish product can remain available for sale before deteriorating. Varies with how the fish has been processed and how it is stored and displayed.
29. Dip-net, a bag-shaped net held open by a square or rounded frame on the end of a long pole. Used to scoop fish from the water, either on small scale in streams or ponds or commercially from large catches.
30. The outer part of the compound eye of a crustacean.
32. Juvenile sturgeon.
33. A serum containing a specific antibody or antibodies.
38. Gutted small eel, fried and packed in fine edible oil.
42. That part of the alimentary canal beginning with the pharynx (or mouth) and ending with the entry to the stomach. Also spelled esophagus.
43. Feature of coastal lagoon/lake/pond coastline and reef islets; marine or brackish water bodies which lack surface connection to the sea, usually located near the coast in permeable substrates and which, by the presence of salt and tidal fluctuations, show subsurface hydrologic connections to the sea.
45. 1) A natural covering of fish forming a protective film, often damaged or lost when captured fish are handled with dry hands, leaving the fish open to infection when returned to the water. On death the slime becomes opaque and milky, and yellowish with time, 2) microbial colonies on undersalted white fish evidenced by a sticky feel and by smell.
46. Thin tissue (usually 1 cell thick) lining the surface of organs or cavities in animals, and either secreting or allowing the transfer (e.g. through diffusion) of substance.
48. The right side of a vessel when facing the pointy end (the bow).
50. Pertaining to the hind upper surface of the pectoral fin in Rajidae.
53. In Thailand, headed, gutted fish or pieces of fish salted and then fermented.
54. A type of wetland that is dominated by woody vegetation and does not accumulate appreciable peat deposits. Swamps may be fresh water or saltwater and tidal or nontidal.