1. A thin partition.
4. Abbreviation for et alii meaning and others; used in author citations where the initial authorīs name is followed by et al. to indicate there are more authors.
5. Having a narrow range of tolerance to a given environmental factor.
8. Prefix meaning beyond.
9. A cutting tooth, typically wider than thick and somewhat chisel- shaped, usually in the front of the mouth, e.g. Argus, Charax, Qblada (Sparidae). Any of the teeth at the front of the mouth, between the canines, in either jaw. The incisors have sharp edges fitted for cutting.
10. Twisted, coiled.
11. Sloughing of the epidermis or cuticle, especially in crustaceans.
2. The ability of a measurement to repeatedly obtain the same value.
3. Meaning after, between, among, change, transformation, distal to, beyond, behind (prefix).
4. In ichthyology, an individual of a species which has been transported to an area in which it cannot reproduce and from which it cannot return except by chance, e.g. the myctophid, Lobianchia dofleini, in the western Atlantic.
5. A transparent membrane covering the eye. Petromyzontidae have a primary spectacle that is an unattached modification of the cornea while other fishes may have a secondary spectacle formed from skin originally fused to the cornea and subsequently separated. The secondary spectacle is found in fish that live in habitats with abrasive substrates or in fish with protruding eyes that require some streamlining.
6. A dispersion of extremely finely divided material throughout a vehicle. Colloids have little or no tendency to dialyze and have small or zero freezing point depression.
7. Stiff or composed of spines.