Species Loxophyllum setigerum
pink, changing to pale buff prior to fruiting. Aethalia
solitary or in clusters
of 2-5 and then often joined, usually sessile
, 2-4 cm diam. or occasionally much larger, silvery
grey to ochraceous
. Cortex without scales
, almost smooth
glossy, thick and brittle. Pseudocapillitium of colourless, branched
and anastomosed tubules
, wrinkled and papillose
or almost smooth,
the main branches 25-60 µm diam., the smaller branches 10-25
µm diam., with rounded
ends. Spore-mass buff. Spores colourless,
, 5-6 µm diam. The occurrence of this sp.
on living trees
is due to its large plasmodium migrating
. Distinguished from all other Lycogala spp.
by its very wide pseudocapillitial tubules.
Plasmodium probably pink or red. Aethalia scattered or gregarious , subglobose, (0.5-)2-4(-5) mm diam., usually appearing dark, almost black. Cortex yellow-brown, thickly covered with dark, purplish-brown or black scales, these pulvinate at first with homogeneous contents, tending to become divided internally into numerous chambers and finally appearing flat and tessellate. Dehiscence by an apical tear, soon becoming irregular. Pseudocapillitium composed of colourless or yellow branching tubules arising from the middle cortex layer, often smooth at the base , roughened or transversely wrinkled elsewhere, 2-10 µm diam. Spore-mass pink. Spores nearly colourless, marked by faint, irregular warts and lines , sometimes appearing nearly smooth, (4-)4.5-5.5(-6) µm diam.
Plasmodium carmine-red or carmine-pink developing into a grey-brown aethalium with grey spores. Aethalia usually dispersed or crowded, pulvinate, never taller than wide, 3-10 mm diam., dark grey; covered with (sometimes sunken into the wall) scales. Hypothallus inconspicuous. Cortex sturdy, persistent and consisting of several layers, the surface covered with sunken or superficial, irregularly shaped vesicles , filled with yellow fluid, drying into ± rounded scales, 0.05-0.3 mm diam. Dehiscence starts with an apical pore or crack which tears further later. Pseudocapillitium of tubules varying between 6 and 25 µm diam. with wrinkled surfaces which are smooth or minutely warted or spinulose . Spore-mass when fresh grey, later fading to beige. Spores almost colourless, 6.0-7.5 µm diam., covered with a fine reticulum of thin, low ridges , interrupted at the site of germination. Common on rotting wood , especially coniferous wood. Transitional forms between this taxon and L. epidendrum v. terrestre have not been found.
Plasmodium pink. Aethalia dispersed or in groups, conical or ovoid , 1.5-3 mm tall and 0.8-1.5 mm diam., beige, but darker above due to irregular, dark, ± branched scales which form a broken reticulum. Hypothallus inconspicuous. Cortex sturdy, the middle layer consisting of tubules, dehiscing irregularly at the apex, rather persistent. Pseudocapillitium consisting of irregularly shaped tubules 3-10 µm diam., smooth or minutely warted. Spore-mass bright pink, later yellowish-grey. Spores almost colourless, 5-7 µm diam., covered with a fine reticulum of narrow ridges interrupted at the germination area. An inconspicuous species appearing on rotten wood especially of deciduous trees. Distinguished by its subconical aethalia.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,653 meters (0 to 15,266 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- (Goldfuss, 1818) R. Owen, 1858
- Cavalier-Smith, 1991
- (Doflein, 1901) Copeland, 1956
- Lynn, 1996
- Class: Litostomatea () - Small & Lynn, 1981
- Subphylum: Intramacronucleata () - Lynn, 1996
- Phylum: Ciliophora () - (Doflein, 1901) Copeland, 1956 - Ciliates
- Infrakingdom: Alveolata () - Cavalier-Smith, 1991
- Subkingdom: Biciliata ()
- Kingdom: Protozoa () - (Goldfuss, 1818) R. Owen, 1858
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 19-Nov-2004
Members of the genus Loxophyllum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 0 species and subspecies in this genus:
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- A biological survey of the waters of Woods Hole and vicinity / By Francis B. Sumner, Raymond C. Osburn, and Leon J. Cole. Washington: Govt. Print. Off., 1913 url p. 554, p. 848.
- A manual of the Infusoria: including a description of all known flagellate, ciliate, and tentaculiferous protozoa, British and foreign, and an account of the organization and the affinities of the sponges / by W. Saville Kent. London: D. Bogue, 1880-1882. url p. 530.
- A manual of the common invertebrate animals, exclusive of insects, by Henry Sherring Pratt. .. with over one thousand illustrations. Chicago, A.C. McClurg & co., 1916. url p. 53.
- A manual of the infusoria, including a description of all known flagellate, ciliate, and tentaculiferous protozoa, British and foreign and an account of the organization and affinities of the sponges by W. Saville Kent, 3 vol. London, David Bogue, 1880-1881. url p. 529, p. 530.
- Bulletin, Gulf Biologic Station, Baton Rouge, Louisiana State Board of Agriculture and Immigration., 1902-1910. url p. 46.
- Transactions. Columbus, Ohio [etc.] url p. 131, p. 140.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed February 1, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 18, 2007:
- National Chemical Laboratory, IndOBIS, Indian Ocean Node of OBIS
- The Danish Biodiversity Information Facility, Niv
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 489218
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-46324
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13758138
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 2692825