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Brefeldia maxima


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Genus Brefeldia

Forming large black aethalia with a fragile cortex. The netted capillitium bearing distinctive swollen vesicles . Monotypic.

Physical Description

Species Brefeldia maxima

Plasmodium white, often very large. Aethalium large, (2-)4-30 cm in its longest dimension, 5-15 mm thick, borne upon a widespread, silvery, shining hypothallus, purplish black. Cortex at first papillate , soon fugacious . Capillitium abundant, the threads dark, netted , the nodes bearing multicellular vesicles , the whole borne upon, but often breaking away from the flattened and irregular, columellate basal strands . Spore-mass brownish black or fuscous . Spores yellow-brown, distinctly warted, 9-12 µm diam.


Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,417 meters (0 to 7,930 feet).[1]


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Brefeldia maxima (Fr.) Rostaf. • Licea perreptans Berk. 1848 • Reticularia maxima Fr. 1825


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 23-Oct-2008

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Brefeldia

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More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 03, 2008:



  1. Mean = 245.650 meters (805.938 feet), Standard Deviation = 333.970 based on 92 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-12