Common Names in English:
Southern Rockbell, Sprawling Bluebell
The Campanulaceae are herbs, shrubs , or rarely small trees comprising about 70 genera and 2,000 species usually with milky sap . The leaves are nearly always alternate and simple ; stipules are absent The flowers are bisexual , and actinomorphic in the subfamily Campanuloideae but zygomorphic in the Lobelioideae. The perianth and androecium are usually 5-merous, sometimes 3-10-merous. The calyx and corolla each consist of connate segments. The stamens equal the number of corolla lobes , alternate with them, and are adnate to the extreme base of the corolla or epigynous zone or more commonly arise from the annular epigynous nectary disk; the filaments are distinct and the anthers are introrse and only weakly connivent around the style in the Campanuloideae but in the lobelioideae the introrse anthers and also often the filaments are firmly connate. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of usually 2 carpels and locules with numerous axile ovules in the subfamily Lobelioideae but usually consists of 3-5 carpels and locules with numerous axile ovules in the subfamily Campanuloideae. The single style commonly has a number of lobes or stigmas equal to the number of carpels. The ovary is nearly always inferior and is generally crowned with an epigynous annular nectary disk. The fruit is usually a capsule or berry. -- Gerald Carr.
Flowers: Bloom Period: March, April, May, June. • Flower Color: light blue
Size: under 6" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,400 meters (0 to 7,874 feet).
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Lindley, 1833
- Family: Campanulaceae () - A.L. de Jussieu, 1789, nom. cons. - campanules, harebells
- Order: Asterales () - Lindley, 1833
- Superorder: Campanulanae () - Takhtajan Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Magnoliopsida () - Brongniart, 1843 - Dicotyledons
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Campanula marginata Thunb. • Wahlenbergia gracilis< /i> (G. Forst.) A. Dc. • Wahlenbergia marginata< /i> (Thunb.) A. Dc.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 30-Aug-2006
Members of the genus Wahlenbergia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 18 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
W. akaroa (Bluebell) · W. albomarginata (Wahlenbergia) · W. angustifolia (Small Bellflower) · W. capensis (Cape Bluebell) · W. ceracea (Waxy Bluebell) · W. communis (Tufted Bluebell) · W. congesta (White Harebell) · W. gymnoclada (Naked Bluebell) · W. krebsii (Wahlenbergia) · W. linarioides (Tuffybells) · W. linifolia (Large Bellflower) · W. luteola (Austalian Bluebell) · W. marginata (Southern Rockbell) · W. multicaulis (Tadgells Bluebell) · W. pendula (Wahlenbergia) · W. stricta (Tall Bluebell) · W. tenuifolia (Grassy Bells) · W. undulata 'Melton Bluebird' (Wahlenbergia)
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- Bartonia;proceedings of the Philadelphia botanical club. .. 1944-1945 Philadelphia, Philadelphia Botanical Club, Academy of Natural Sciences. url p. 36.
- Chinese materia medica. extensively revised from F. Porter Smith's work by G. A. Stuart. Shanghai?: Presbyterian Mission Press?, 1911? url p. 15, p. 460.
- Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45 2003 Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1890- url p. 185, p. 589.
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- Flora of Japan: in English: combined, much revised and extended translation / by the author of his Flora of Japan (1953) and Flora of Japan, Pteridophyta (1957); edited by Frederick G. Meyer and Egbert H. Walker. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1965. url p. 853.
- Hooker, W. J. & G. A. W. Arnott. The botany of Captain Beechey's voyage;comprising an acount of the plants collected by Messrs. Lay and Collie, and other officers of the expedition, during the voyage to the Pacific and Behring's Strait, performed in His Majesty's ship Blossom, under the command of Captain F. W. Beechey. .. in the years 1825, 26, 27, and 28.By Sir William Jackson Hooker. .. and G. A. Walker Arnott. .. 1841 London, H. G. Bohn, 1841. url p. 266.
- Journal of the proceedings of the Linnean Society. London: The Society, 1857-1864. url p. 21.
- Narrative of the expedition of an American squadron to the China Seas and Japan: performed in the years 1852, 1853, and 1854, under the command of Commodore M.C. Perry, United States Navy, by order of the Government of the United States / Compiled from the original notes and journals of Commodore Perry and his officers, at his request, and under his supervision, by Francis L. Hawks. Washington: Beverley Tucker, printer, 1856. url .
- Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. Sydney, Linnean Society of New South Wales. url , , , , , , , , , p. 240.
- The Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, Japan = Tokyo Teikoku Daigaku kiyo. Rika. Tokyo, Japan: The University, 1898-1925. url p. 215.
- The corn field spider community: composition, structure, development and function / by Michael Joseph Plagens. 1985. url p. 10.
- Tulane studies in zoology and botany. 21 1979 New Orleans: Tulane University, [1968- url p. 21.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 14, 2007:
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, Plants of Papua New Guinea
- National Institute of Genetics, ROIS, Herbarium Specimens of Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Pref., Japan
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2656685
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-357473
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13748334
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:85661-3
- GRIN Nomen Number: 310607
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 34618
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: WAGR
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 68528