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Veronica persica

(Bird-Eye Speedwell)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

زهرة الحواشي الفارسية

Common Names in Chinese:

A La Bo Po Po Na, 阿拉伯婆婆納

Common Names in Danish:

Storkronet Ærenpris

Common Names in Dutch:

Grote ereprijs

Common Names in English:

Bird-Eye Speedwell, bird's eye speedwell, Bird-Eye, Birdeye Speedwell, Birdseye Speedwell, common field speedwell, Creeping Speedwell, Persian Speedwell, Scrambling speedwell, speedwell, Winter Speedwell

Common Names in Estonian:

Pärsia mailane

Common Names in French:

Véronique De Perse, véronique de Perse, véronique de Tournefort

Common Names in German:

Persischer Ehrenpreis

Common Names in Hungarian:

Perzsa veronika

Common Names in Japanese:

O-Inunofuguri, オオイヌノフグリ

Common Names in Korean:


Common Names in Polish:

Przetacznik perski

Common Names in Portuguese:


Common Names in Quechua:

Hatun ch'iwa

Common Names in Russian:

Вероника персидская

Common Names in Swedish:



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Genus Veronica

Herbs, perennial with rhizomes or annuals . Roots glabrous . Stems erect , procumbent , or creeping, base sometimes woody. Leaves mostly opposite, rarely whorled or upper ones alternate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary racemes , sometimes spicate , long or short and capitate. Calyx 4-lobed, if 5-lobed upper lobe much smaller than other lobes. Corolla 4-sect or 4-lobed, rarely slightly 2-lipped; tube short and limb subrotate, rarely tube conspicuous, 1/3-1/2 of corolla length , usually hairy inside; lobes usually patent , unequal in width , upper lobe widest, lower lobe narrowest. Stamens 2; filaments adnate to posterior part of corolla tube; anther locules parallel or divergent, apically confluent . Style persistent ; stigma capitate. Capsule diverse in shape , slightly to strongly compressed laterally, 1-grooved, loculicidal. Seeds 2-50 per capsule, flattened and convex on both sides, navicular or cupular.

About 250 species: cosmopolitan , mainly in Asia and Europe; 53 species in China.[1]

Physical Description

Species Veronica persica

Annuals , sometimes biennials. Stems diffuse , ca. 10-20 cm tall, 20-50 cm, densely pubescent with multicellular hairs often more densely so along 2 lines . Opposite leaves in (2 or) 3 or 4(or 5) pairs; petiole 1-8 mm; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate to suborbicular , (6-) 10-20(-25) X (5-) 8-15(-20) mm, evenly sparsely pubescent on both surfaces, margin flat, obtusely crenate-serrate, 3-6(-10) -toothed per side. Racemes terminal , lax , very long; bracts alternate, leaflike, petiolate , uppermost ones smaller than others. Fruiting pedicel (1.2-) 1.5-3(-4) cm, usually longer than bract. Calyx 4-lobed; lobes ovate-lanceolate, 5-8(-10) X 2.5-3.5(-4) mm in fruit, sparsely pubescent, veins 3. Corolla usually blue, rotate, 0.8-1.4 cm in diam., throat sparsely hairy ; lobes ovate to orbicular . Stamens slightly shorter than corolla. Capsule obcordate , strongly compressed , 4-6 X 6-9 mm, apically notched at right to obtuse angle ; lobes obtuse, glandular hairy, venation conspicuously reticulate . Style 2-3 mm, exserted. Seeds slightly navicular , usually 1.4-2.3 X 0.9-1.6 mm; seed coat deeply rugose dorsally . Fl. Mar-May. 2n = 28. [source]

Habit: Forb/herb

Flowers: Blooms in April, May, June. • Bloom Period: January, February, March, April, May. • Flower Color: blue-violet

Foliage: Evergreen .


Size: under 6" tall.


Care: Cut back blooms when finished for a thicker plant with more blooms next year.


Naturalized in waste fields and roadsides; below 1700 m [2].

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,936 meters (0 to 16,194 feet).[3]


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Duration: Annual


Culture: Space 3-6" apart.

Soil: Prefers good soil, with adequate moisture.

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Moisture: Water Requirements: Provide regular deep waterings.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)


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Pocilla persica (Poir.) Fourr. • Veronica persica var. aschersoniana (Lehm.) Boivin • Veronica persica var. corrensiana (Lehm.) Boivin


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 17-Oct-2001

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Veronica

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 146 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

V. agrestis (Field Speedwell) · V. alaskensis (Northern Kitten Tails) · V. allionii (Compact Blue Speedwell) · V. alpina (Alpine Speedwell) · V. alpina var. alpina (Alpine Speedwell) · V. alpina var. australis (Alpine Speedwell) · V. americana (American Brooklime) · V. anagallis (Water Speedwell) · V. anagallis-aquatica (Blue Water Speedwell) · V. armena (Speedwell) · V. arvensis (Common Speedwell) · V. austriaca (Broadleaf Speedwell) · V. austriaca austriaca (Broadleaf Speedwell) · V. austriaca teucrium (Broadleaf Speedwell) · V. austriaca teucrium 'Crater Lake Blue' (Crater Lake Blue Speedwell) · V. austriaca 'Royal Blue' (Speedwell) · V. austriaca subsp. teucrium (Broadleaf Speedwell) · V. beccabunga (Becky Leaves) · V. biloba (Bilobed Speedwell) · V. calycina (Hairy Speedwell) · V. catenata (Sessile Water Speedwell) · V. chamaedrys (Germander Speedwell) · V. chamaedrys 'Miffy Brute' (Germander Speedwell) · V. copelandii (Copeland's Speedwell) · V. cusickii (Cusick's Speedwell) · V. cymbalaria (Glandular Speedwell) · V. dabneyi (Alpine Groundcover Speedwell) · V. dillenii (Dillenius' Speedwell) · V. filiformis (Creeping Speedwell) · V. fruticans (Alpine Speedwell) · V. gentianoides (Gentian Speedwell) · V. gentianoides 'Barbara Sherwood' (Speedwell) · V. gentianoides 'Blue Streak' (Gentian Speedwell) · V. gracilis (Slender Speedwell) · V. grandiflora (Largeflower Speedwell) · V. grandis (Heartleaf Speedwell) · V. hederaefolia (Ivy-Leaf Speedwell) · V. hederifolia (Ivy-Leaf Speedwell) · V. hederifolia hederifolia (Ivyleaf Speedwell) · V. hederifolia lucorum (Ivyleaf Speedwell) · V. incana (Silver Speedwell) · V. incana 'Minuet' (Silver Speedwell) · V. incana 'Silbersee' (Silver Speedwell) · V. javanica (Javan Speedwell) · V. kiusiana (Speedwell) · V. liwanensis (Turkish Speedwell) · V. longifolia (Icicle Speedwell) · V. longifolia 'Blaubart' (Garden Speedwell 'blaubart') · V. longifolia 'Cloudy' (Cloudy Long Leaf Veronica) · V. longifolia 'Eveline' (Eveline Speedwell) · V. longifolia 'Fascination' (Speedwell) · V. longifolia 'Lila Karina' (Speedwell) · V. longifolia 'Pink Damask' (Speedwell) · V. longifolia 'Pink Eveline' (Garden Speedwell 'pink Eveline') · V. longifolia 'Sunny Border Blue' (Blue Speedwell) · V. montana (Wood Speedwell) · V. montana 'Corinne Tremaine' (Wood Speedwell) · V. notabilis (Forest Speedwell) · V. officinalis (Common Gypsyweed) · V. officinalis var. officinalis (Common Gypsyweed) · V. officinalis var. tournefortii (Common Gypsyweed) · V. oltensis (Thyme-Leaf Speedwell) · V. opaca (Broadsepal Speedwell) · V. pectinata (Woolly Speedwell) · V. pectinata 'Rosea' (Woolly Speedwell) · V. pectinata 'Rubra' (Woolly Speedwell) · V. peduncularis (Creeping Speedwell) · V. peduncularis 'Georgia Blue' (Georgia Blue Creeping Speedwell) · V. peregrina (Neckweed) · V. peregrina xalapensis (Neckweed) · V. peregrina subsp. xalapensis (Hairy Purslane Speedwell) · V. persica (Bird-Eye Speedwell) · V. persica var. persica (Birdeye Speedwell) · V. petraea 'Madame Mercier' (Speedwell) · V. plebeia (Trailing Speedwell) · V. plebia (Island Speedwell) · V. polita (Gray Field Speedwell) · V. praecox (Breckland Speedwell) · V. prostrata (Creeping Speedwell) · V. prostrata 'Aztec Gold' (Dwarf Golden Speedwell) · V. prostrata 'Heavenly Blue' (Harebell Speedwell) · V. prostrata 'Nestor' (Harebell Speedwell) · V. prostrata 'Rosea' (Harebell Speedwell) · V. prostrata 'Trehane' (Harebell Speedwell) · V. repens (Creeping Speedwell) · V. repens 'Big Blue' (Big Blue Veronica) · V. repens 'Sunshine' (Creeping Speedwell) · V. schmidtiana (Speedwell) · V. scutellata (Brook Speedwell) · V. serpyllifolia (Thyme Speedwell) · V. serpyllifolia humifusa (Thyme Leaved Speedwell) · V. serpyllifolia serpyllifolia (Thyme Leaved Speedwell) · V. serpyllifolia subsp. humifusa (Thyme-Leaf Speedwell) · V. spicata (Spike Speedwell) · V. spicata 'Blue Fox' (Blue Fox Spike Speedwell) · V. spicata incana (Spiked Speedwell) · V. spicata L. 'Nana' (Spike Speedwell) · V. spicata 'Red Fox' (Red Fox Spike Speedwell) · V. spicata rosea (Pink Speedwell) · V. spicata spicata (Spiked Speedwell)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 14, 2007:



  1. Hong De-yuan, Manfred A. Fischer "Veronica". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 65. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. "Veronica persica". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 70. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  3. Mean = 129.930 meters (426.280 feet), Standard Deviation = 240.470 based on 20,000 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2015-02-06