Common Names in English:
, from short or elongate
rhizomes bearing several fibrous
or thickened roots
. Stems simple
or 1-branched, excluding flower-bearing branches, strongly angled
, with sheathing
bracts proximally. Leaves alternate, sessile or perfoliate; blade
oblong-linear to oblong-ovate, membranaceous
to leathery. Inflorescences 1 per branch
but appearing axillary
; peduncles pendent. Flowers: perianth narrowly campanulate
; tepals promptly deciduous, imbricate, distinct
to narrowly oblong
, apex obtuse
or acute, nectariferous
; stamens distinct to weakly connate
at perianth base; filaments
, glabrous; anthers
present; ovary superior, 3-locular, sessile or stipitate
, rounded to sharply triangular; style 1, 3-lobed; stigmas 3, lobed
, outwardly arching
at maturity. Fruits capsular
, greenish to yellowish brown, sessile or stipitate, leathery or submembranaceous, tardily dehiscent
, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 1-3 per locule, brownish red, globose
; arils various. x
= 6, 7.
Species 5: e North America.
Uvularia, a genus of attractive, spring-blooming plants , has been divided into sect. Oakesiella (Small) Wilbur with sessile leaves and sect. Uvularia with perfoliate leaves. Differences in other morphological (R. L. Wilbur 1963) and cytological (F. H. Utech 1978d) characters support recognition of these infrageneric groups.
D. K . Wijesinghe and D. F. Whigham (1997, 2001) compared the different, below-ground, vegetative morphologies of three Uvularia species and their relationship to their differing clonal populations and dynamics.
Species Uvularia puberula
Rhizomes short, 0.5-1 cm, bearing numerous , clustered, fleshy roots ; stolons absent. Stems 1-several, 1-branched, angled and puberulent distally, especially at nodes, 1-4.5 dm, bearing 1 leaf below lowest branch . Leaf blades sessile, broadly oblong-elliptic, 4-8(-8.5) × 1.5-3.5(-4) cm, puberulent on abaxial veins, margins minutely papillose , apex acute to acuminate. Flowers 1-3 per stem; peduncles 0.5-2 cm, ebracteate ; tepals greenish to pale yellow, 10-25 × 2-4 mm, smooth adaxially, apex rounded ; stamens 6.5-17 mm; anthers 5-12 mm; connectives 0.6-0.8 mm; ovary sessile or subsessile , sharply triangular; style 8-14 mm; stigma lobes 4-6 mm. Capsules sharply 3-winged, broadly ellipsoid , 1.5-3.7 × 1-2 cm, not beaked . Seeds 3-3.5 mm; arils crested . 2n = 14. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: February, March, April, May.
Moist to dry, open woods ; 0--900 m .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,092 meters (0 to 3,583 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Perleb, 1826
- Family: Colchicaceae () - A.P. de Candolle, 1805
- Order: Liliales () - Perleb, 1826
- Superorder: Lilianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Liliidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Oakesia puberula (Michaux) S. Watson • Oakesiella puberula (Michx.) Small • Uvularia carolina (J. F. Gmel.) Wilbur • Uvularia nitida (Britt.) Mackenzie • Uvularia puberula var. nitida (Britt.) Fern. • Uvularia pudica (Walter) Fernald • Uvularia pudica sensu Fern. • Uvularia pudica var. nitida (Britt.) Fern.
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 09-Jul-2004
Members of the genus Uvularia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 7 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
U. caroliniana (Mountain Bellwort) · U. floridana (Florida Bellwort) · U. grandiflora (Large Bellwort) · U. perfoliata (Dwarf Merrybells) · U. puberula (Mountain Bellwort) · U. rosea (Rose Mandarin) · U. sessilifolia (Bellworts)
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- A practical guide to garden plants, containing descriptions of the hardiest and most beautiful annuals and biennials, hardy herbaceous and bulbous perennials, hardy water and bog plants, flowering and ornamental trees and shrubs, conife London;Longmans, Green, 1901. url p. 879.
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- Annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of New York state, by Homer D. House. Albany, The University of the state of New York, 1924. url p. 748.
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- Flora boreali-Americana, or, The botany of the northern parts of British America compiled principally from the plants collected by Dr. Richardson & Mr. Drummond on the late northern expeditions, under command of Captain Sir John Franklin, R.N. to which are added (by permission of by Sir William Jackson Hooker. London: H.G. Bohn, 1840. url .
- Flora of the southeastern United States; being descriptions of the seed-plants, ferns and fern-allies growing naturally in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and in Oklahom by John Kunkel Small. New York, The author, 1913. url p. 1328, p. 272, p. 272.
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- List of Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta growing without cultivation in northeastern North America. Prepared by a Committee of the Botanical Club, American Association for the Advancement of Science. New York, 1894. url p. 111.
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- Manual of the southeastern flora: being descriptions of the seed plants growing naturally in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, eastern Louisiana, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 1933 New York: The author, 1933. url p. 300.
- Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club. 5 1893 - 18 Durham, N.C.: Published for the Club by the Seeman Printery, 1889- url p. 111, p. 33, p. 35, p. 49.
- National list of scientific plant names. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, 1982- url p. 278, p. 423.
- Nomenclature of plants; a text for the application by the case method of the International code of botanical nomenclature. New York, Ronald Press Co. url p. 15, p. 156.
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- Plant life of Alabama. An account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state. Prepared in cooperationwith the Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1901. url .
- Plant life of Alabama: an account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state / by Charles Mohr. Montgomery, Ala.: Brown Printing Co., 1901. url p. 438, p. 85.
- Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Boston: Metcalf and Co., 1846-1958 url p. 269.
- Publication. Field Columbian Museum. Chicago.: Field Columbian Museum, 1895-1909. url p. 198.
- Revision of the North American Liliaceae. Descriptions of some new species of North American plants. [Boston]1879. url p. 269.
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- The bulb book; or, Bulbous and tuberous plants for the open air, stove, and greenhouse, containing particulars as to descriptions, culture, propagation, etc.. .. by John Weathers. London, J. Murray, 1911. url p. 450.
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- Anderson, E. and T. W. Whitaker. 1934. Speciation in Uvularia. J. Arnold Arbor. 15: 28-42. Dietz, R. A. 1952. Variation in the perfoliate uvularias. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 39: 219-247.
- Hayashi, K. et al. 1998. Molecular systematics of the genus Uvularia and selected Liliales based upon matK and rbcL gene sequence data. Pl. Spec. Biol. 13: 129-146.
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- Wijesinghe, D. K. and D. F. Whigham. 2001. Nutrient foraging in woodland herbs: A comparison of three species of Uvularia (Liliaceae) with contrasting belowground morphologies. Amer. J. Bot. 88: 1071-1079.
- Wilbur, R. L. 1963. A revision of the North American genus Uvularia (Liliaceae). Rhodora 65: 158-188.
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- "Uvularia puberula". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 148. Published by Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org.
- World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Release date: November 27, 2009
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 28, 2008:
- USDA PLANTS: USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2662721
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-290907
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:543412-1
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 43111
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 543412-1
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: UVPU3
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 52030
- Frederick H. Utech & Shoichi Kawano "Uvularia". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 51, 57, 147. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Uvularia puberula". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 148. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 371.410 meters (1,218.537 feet), Standard Deviation = 309.750 based on 147 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]