Common Names in English:
The Acanthaceae are mostly herbs or shrubs comprising about 250 genera and 2,500 species, including twining forms. The leaves are simple , opposite and decussate; stipules are lacking. The flowers are bisexual , zygomorphic, and usually are associated with conspicuous , often brightly colored bracts. The calyx is usually deeply 4-5 lobed or sometimes is highly reduced with more numerous minute teeth. The corolla is sympetalous , usually 5-merous, mostly zygomorphic, and commonly 2 lipped. The androecium usually consists of 4 didynamous stamens or only 2 stamens adnate to the corolla tube or epigynous zone, alternate with the lobes . The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of 2 carpels, a single style, and a superior ovary with 2 locules, each with usually 2-10 axile ovules in one or two collateral vertical tiers . An annular nectary disk is usually found around the base of the ovary. The fruit is commonly an elastically dehiscent loculicidal capsule. The seed stalk or funiculus of each seed is modified into a hook shaped jaculator or retinaculum that functions in flinging out the seeds during dehiscence. -- Gerald Carr.
Habit: Evergreen .
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, October, November. • Flower Color: red-orange
Size: 12-15' tall.
Culture: Space 4-6' apart.
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lamianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Magnoliopsida () - Brongniart, 1843 - Dicotyledons
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
An accepted name in the RHS Horticultural Database.
Members of the genus Thunbergia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 32 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
T. alata (Black Eye Susan) · T. alata 'African Sunset' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Alba' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Alba Oculata' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Apricot Smoothie' (Black Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Blushing Susie' (Blushing Susie Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Lemon Queen' (Black-Eyed Susan 'lemon Queen') · T. alata 'Lemon Star' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Orange Beauty' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Orange Wonder' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Raspberry Smoothie' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Salmon Shades' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Smoothie' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Spanish Eyes' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. alata 'Superstar Orange' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine) · T. battiscombei (Bengal Clock Vine) · T. coccinea (Thunbergia) · T. dregeana (Thunbergia) · T. erecta (Bush Clockvine) · T. erecta 'Alba' (King's Mantle) · T. erecta 'Fairy Moon' (Bush Clock Vine) · T. fragrans (Sweet Clock-Vine) · T. gibsonii (Orange Clock Vine) · T. grandiflora (Bengal Clock Vine) · T. grandiflora 'Antigua' (Bengal Clock Vine) · T. grandiflora 'Variegata' (Bengal Clock Vine) · T. gregorii (Orange Clock Vine) · T. laurifolia (Blue Sky Vine) · T. mysorensis (Clock Vine) · T. natalensis (Dwarf Blue Thunbergia) · T. togoensis (Bengal Clock Vine) · T. 'Sun Lady' (Black-Eyed Susan Vine)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 28, 2007:
- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad
- , Biodiversidad de Costa Rica
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden