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Thujopsis dolabrata

(Hiba Arborvitae)


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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Chinese:

榧树属 (fei shu shu), 罗汉柏, 罗汉柏 (luo han bai)

Common Names in Czech:

zeravinec japonský

Common Names in Danish:


Common Names in Dutch:

Schijnlevensboom, Thujopsis

Common Names in English:

Hiba Arborvitae, Deer horn thuja, False arborvitae, Hiba, Hiba Arbor vitae, Hiba False Arborvitae, Japanese Hiba Cypress, Mock thuja, Thujopsis

Common Names in Esperanto:


Common Names in Finnish:


Common Names in Georgian:

იაპონური თუიოპსისი

Common Names in German:

Hiba, Hiba Lebensbaum, Japanische Zypresse

Common Names in Hungarian:


Common Names in Italian:


Common Names in Japanese:

Asuhi, Hiba, アスナロ

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Kapoklinis tujenis

Common Names in Norwegian:


Common Names in Polish:

Żywotnikowiec japoński

Common Names in Portuguese:


Common Names in Russian:

платикладус поникающий (platikladus ponikayushchij), Туевик, туевик поникающий (tuevik ponikayushchij)

Common Names in Slovak:

tujovka japonská

Common Names in Spanish, Castilian:

hiba, Thujopsis, tuya de Japón

Common Names in Turkish:

Yalancı mazı


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Family Cupressaceae

Trees or shrubs evergreen , monoecious or dioecious. Leaves decussate or in whorls of 3, scalelike and then often dimorphic with flattened facial leaves and keeled lateral leaves, or needlelike particularly in juvenile plants , often with an abaxial resin gland . Pollen cones terminal or axillary , solitary, maturing and shed annually; microsporophylls 6-16, decussate or whorled , each bearing (2 or) 3-6(-9) pollen sacs ; pollen wingless. Seed cones usually terminal, solitary, globose , ovoid , or oblong , dehiscent or indehiscent when mature in 1st or 2nd(or 3rd) year; cone scales developing after ovules originate in bract axils; bracts almost completely enveloped by cone scales, free only at apex; ovules 1-numerous per bract axil, erect ; cone scales of mature cones 3-16, flat or peltate, woody, leathery, or succulent, 1-20-seeded. Seeds winged or not; wings derived from seed coat . Cotyledons usually 2, rarely 3-6. Germination epigeal.

Nineteen genera and ca. 125 species: worldwide; eight genera (one introduced ) and 46 species (16 endemic, 13 introduced) in China.[1]

Genus Thujopsis

Trees monoecious; branchlets arranged in a plane , flattened, lower side with white powder. Leaves decussate, scalelike, dimorphic along branchlets; lateral leaves boat-shaped , 4-7 mm, overlapping margins of facial leaves, with conspicuous , white stomatal bands abaxially, apex slightly incurved . Cones terminal , solitary. Pollen cones cylindric ; microsporophylls 12-20. Seed cones subglobose; cones scales 6-8, flat, woody, usually mucronate below apex, each fertile scale with 3-5 seeds. Seeds with 2 lateral, narrow wings . Cotyledons 2.

One species: Japan; introduced in China.[2]

Physical Description


Size: over 40' tall.


Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,303 meters (0 to 4,275 feet).[3]


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Culture: Space 30-40' apart.

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)


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Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 5-Jun-2008

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Thujopsis

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 5 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

T. dolabrata (Hiba Arborvitae) · T. dolabrata var. hondai (Hiba Arborvitae) · T. dolabrata 'Nana' (Hiba Arborvitae) · T. dolabrata 'Variegata' (Hiba Arborvitae) · T. dolobrata (False Arborvitae)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 30, 2007:



  1. Liguo Fu, Yong-fu Yu, Robert P. Adams & Aljos Farjon "Cupressaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 4 Page 62. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. "Thujopsis". in Flora of China Vol. 4 Page 62. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  3. Mean = 176.080 meters (577.690 feet), Standard Deviation = 213.080 based on 59 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-20