Common Names in English:
Spiked Hoary Pea, Spiked Hoarypea
Herbs, undershrubs or shrubs
. Leaf mostly imparipinnate
rarely 3-1, generally more; entire, exstipellate; stipules of various types. Inflorescence a terminal
or leaf-opposed raceme
or flowers in the axils of the upper leaves. Bract present, bracteoles absent. Calyx teeth or lobes
or the upper two united
. Vexillum pilose
to the keel. Stamens 10, monadelphous
, then the vexillary stamen quite free
. Ovary sessile, generally many ovuled, style incurved
or pilose, stigma nude or penicillate
. Fruit compressed
, 2-valved, continuous or obscurely septate
between the seeds.
A genus with over 300 species distributed mainly in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world.
Habit: Herb • Climbing: Not Climbing
Flowers: Bloom Period: March, April, May, June, July, August, September. • Flower Color: red
Size: 12-18" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,092 meters (0 to 3,583 feet).
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Order: Fabales () - Bromhead, 1838
- Superorder: Rosanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Cracca flexuosa (Robinson)a. Heller • Cracca spicata (Walter)kuntze • Cracca spicata var. flexuosa Vail • Galega paucifolia M. A. Curtis • Galega spicata Walter • Tephrosia flexuosa Torr. & A. Gray • Tephrosia hispida Dc. • Tephrosia mollissima Bertol. • Tephrosia paucifolia Nutt. • Tephrosia spicata var. semitonsa Fernald • Tephrosia villosa var. flexuosa Robinson
Members of the genus Tephrosia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 33 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
T. angustissima (Narrowleaf Hoarypea) · T. brownii (Convict Blenny) · T. candida (Indigo Blanc) · T. chrysophylla (Scurf Hoarypea) · T. cinerea (Anil-Bravo) · T. corallicola (Narrowleaf Hoarypea) · T. curtissii (Curtiss' Hoarypea) · T. florida (Florida Hoarypea) · T. floridana (Florida Hoarypea) · T. florida var. florida (Florida Hoary-Pea) · T. hispidula (Sprawling Hoarypea) · T. leiocarpa (Smooth Pod Tephrosia) · T. lindheimeri (Goat's Rue) · T. mohrii (Pineland Hoarypea) · T. onobrychoides (Multi-Bloom Tephrosia) · T. potosina (Edwards Plateau Hoarypea) · T. pumila (Indigo Sauvage) · T. pumila var. aldabrensis (Indigo Sauvage) · T. pungens (Fananbotsy) · T. purpurea (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea altissima (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea canescens (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea purpurea (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea var. brevidens (Purple Tephrosia) · T. rosea (Flinders River Poison) · T. rugelii (Rugel's Hoarypea) · T. senna (Anil Racimillo) · T. sessiliflora (Sessileflower Hoarypea) · T. sinapou (Guanibrey) · T. spicata (Spiked Hoary Pea) · T. thurberi (Thurber's Hoary-Pea) · T. virginiana (Catgut) · T. vogelii (Vogel's Tephrosia)
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- A provisional host-index of the fungi of the United States, by W. G. Farlow and A. B. Seymour. Cambridge, 1888-91. url p. 29.
- An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions: from Newfoundland to the parallel of the southern boundary of Virginia and from the Atlantic Ocean westward to the 102nd meridian / by Nathaniel Lord Britton and Hon. Addison Brown. New York: Scribner, 1913. url p. 373, p. 373.
- Bartonia;proceedings of the Philadelphia botanical club. .. 1946 Philadelphia, Philadelphia Botanical Club, Academy of Natural Sciences. url p. 60.
- Bibliographical index to North American botany; or, Citations of authorities for all the recorded indigenous and naturalized species of the flora of North America, with a chronological arrangement of the synonymy. by Sereno Watson. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1878. url p. 260.
- Britton, N. L. (ed.). North American flora. 7 1907 [New York]New York Botanical Garden. url p. 142, p. 173.
- Bulletin / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology. Washington: G.P.O., 1883-1904. url p. 21, p. 25.
- Field, forest and garden botany: a simple introduction to the common plants of the United States east of the 100th meridian, both wild and cultivated / by Asa Gray. New York: American Book, c1895. url p. 128.
- Field, forest, and garden botany; a simple introduction to the common plants of the United States east of the 100th meridian, both wild and cultivated, by Asa Gray. .. Cincinnati [etc.]American Book Company url p. 128.
- Flora of Delaware and the Eastern Shore: an annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of the peninsula of Delaware, Maryland and Virginia. [Wilmington]: Society of Natural History of Delaware, 1946. url p. 152.
- Flora of the Southern United States: containing an abridged description of the flowering plants and ferns of Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida: arranged according to the natural system. New York, Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., [c1883] url .
- Flora of the southern United States, containing an abridged description of the flowering plants and ferns of Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida; arranged according to the natural system by A.W. Chapman. New York, American Book Company url p. 95.
- Flowers of field, hill, and swamp, by Caroline A. Creevey. Illustrated by Benjamin Lander. New York, Harper, 1897. url p. 419.
- Flowers of field, hill, and swamp; New York, Harper & Brothers, 1899. url .
- Forest conditions of Mississippi. [Jackson, Miss.]: Mississippi State Geological Survey, 1913. url p. 160.
- Gray's School and field book of botany: consisting of "Lessons in botany" and "Field, forest, and garden botany" bound in one volume. New York: American Book Company, [between 1895 and 1900]. url p. 128.
- Gray's new manual of botany, a handbook of the flowering plants and ferns of the central and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, rearranged and extensively revised by Benjamin Lincoln Robinson. .. and Merritt Lyndon Fernald. .. New York, Cincinnati [etc.]American Book Co.[c1908] url p. 514.
- Gray's school and field book of botany: consisting of "Lessons in botany" and "Field, forest, and garden botany": bound in one volume. New York: American Book Co., c1895. url p. 128.
- Grevillea. London: Williams and Norgate; 1872-1894. url p. 56.
- Harper's guide to wild flowers, by Mrs. Caroline A. Creevey. New York, Harper, 1912. url p. 504.
- Journal of botany, British and foreign. 38 1900 London: Robert Hardwicke, 1863-1942. url p. 15, p. 18.
- Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science. Lexington, KY: The Academy, 1998- url p. 123, p. 123, p. 192, p. 192.
- List of Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta growing without cultivation in northeastern North America. Prepared by a Committee of the Botanical Club, American Association for the Advancement of Science. New York, 1894. url p. 198.
- Manual of the botany of the northern United States: including the district east of the Mississippi, and north of North Carolina and Tennessee / New York: American Book Company, c1889. url p. 133.
- Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club. 5 1893 - 18 Durham, N.C.: Published for the Club by the Seeman Printery, 1889- url p. 198.
- National list of scientific plant names. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, 1982- url p. 114.
- Natural area inventory of Pender County, North Carolina / Raleigh: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development, [1982?] url p. 102, p. 116, p. 19, p. 88.
- Outlines of botany for the high school laboratory and classroom (based on Gray's Lessons in botany) by Robert Greenleaf Leavitt. .. prepared at the request of the Botanical Department of Harvard University. New York, American Book Co. url p. 133.
- Phytologia. Bronx Park, New York, H.A. Gleason and H.N. Moldenke, url p. 384.
- Plant life of Alabama, an account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state. By Charles Mohr. .. Montgomery, Ala., Brown printing co., 1901. url p. 566.
- Plant life of Alabama. An account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state. Prepared in cooperationwith the Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1901. url .
- Plants of Mississippi: a list of flowering plants and ferns / by E.N. Lowe. [Jackson, Miss.]: Mississippi State Geological Survey, 1921. url p. 170, p. 48, p. 50.
- Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. Washington, etc.: Entomological Society of Washington url p. 38.
- Proceedings of the United States National Museum. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, [etc.] url , p. 344.
- Science. New York, N.Y.: [s.n.]1880- url p. 832.
- The Tennessee flora; with special reference to the flora of Nashville. Phaenogams and vascular cryptogams, by August Gattinger. Nashville, Tenn.The author, 1887. url p. 35.
- The grasses of Tennessee including cereals and forage plants / by J.B. Killebrew. .. Nashville: The American, 1878. url p. 415, p. 421.
- The grasses of Tennessee; including cereals and forage plants. Nashville, The American co., 1878. url .
- Torrey, J. & A. Gray A flora of North America: containing abridged descriptions of all the known indigenous and naturalized plants growing north of Mexico, arranged according to the natural system /by John Torrey and Asa Gray. New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1838-. url p. 296.
- Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science. [Lexington, Ky.]Kentucky Academy of Science, 1923-1997. url p. 141, p. 158, p. 171, p. 78, p. 89.
- Transactions of the. .. annual meetings of the Kansas Academy of Science. Topeka, Kan.: Kansas Pub. House, 1883-1901. url p. 99.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 28, 2008:
- Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden Virtual Herbarium Darwin Core format
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 3874750
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ILD-15499
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13635888
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:520925-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 436883
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 26996
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: TESPS
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 32734
- "Tephrosia". in Flora of Pakistan Page 58. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 124.550 meters (408.629 feet), Standard Deviation = 141.550 based on 363 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]