Common Names in English:
Herbs, undershrubs or shrubs
. Leaf mostly imparipinnate
rarely 3-1, generally more; entire, exstipellate; stipules of various types. Inflorescence a terminal
or leaf-opposed raceme
or flowers in the axils of the upper leaves. Bract present, bracteoles absent. Calyx teeth or lobes
or the upper two united
. Vexillum pilose
to the keel. Stamens 10, monadelphous
, then the vexillary stamen quite free
. Ovary sessile, generally many ovuled, style incurved
or pilose, stigma nude or penicillate
. Fruit compressed
, 2-valved, continuous or obscurely septate
between the seeds.
A genus with over 300 species distributed mainly in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world.
Habit: Herb, Shrub • Climbing: Not Climbing
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 408 meters (0 to 1,339 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Rosanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Cracca hispidula (Michx.)kuntze • Galega hispidula Michx. • Tephrosia elegans Nutt. • Tephrosia gracilis Nutt.
Members of the genus Tephrosia
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 33 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
T. angustissima (Narrowleaf Hoarypea) · T. brownii (Convict Blenny) · T. candida (Indigo Blanc) · T. chrysophylla (Scurf Hoarypea) · T. cinerea (Anil-Bravo) · T. corallicola (Narrowleaf Hoarypea) · T. curtissii (Curtiss' Hoarypea) · T. florida (Florida Hoarypea) · T. floridana (Florida Hoarypea) · T. florida var. florida (Florida Hoary-Pea) · T. hispidula (Sprawling Hoarypea) · T. leiocarpa (Smooth Pod Tephrosia) · T. lindheimeri (Goat's Rue) · T. mohrii (Pineland Hoarypea) · T. onobrychoides (Multi-Bloom Tephrosia) · T. potosina (Edwards Plateau Hoarypea) · T. pumila (Indigo Sauvage) · T. pumila var. aldabrensis (Indigo Sauvage) · T. pungens (Fananbotsy) · T. purpurea (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea altissima (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea canescens (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea purpurea (Brusca Cimarrona) · T. purpurea var. brevidens (Purple Tephrosia) · T. rosea (Flinders River Poison) · T. rugelii (Rugel's Hoarypea) · T. senna (Anil Racimillo) · T. sessiliflora (Sessileflower Hoarypea) · T. sinapou (Guanibrey) · T. spicata (Spiked Hoary Pea) · T. thurberi (Thurber's Hoary-Pea) · T. virginiana (Catgut) · T. vogelii (Vogel's Tephrosia)
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- A provisional host-index of the fungi of the United States, by W. G. Farlow and A. B. Seymour. Cambridge, 1888-91. url p. 29.
- A survey of natural areas in Brunswick County, North Carolina: for The North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Coastal Natural Area Inventory Project / Raleigh: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development, [1982?] url , , .
- An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions: from Newfoundland to the parallel of the southern boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean westward to the 102d meridian / by Nathaniel Lord Britton and Addison Brown. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1896-1898. url p. 293.
- Bibliographical index to North American botany; or, Citations of authorities for all the recorded indigenous and naturalized species of the flora of North America, with a chronological arrangement of the synonymy. by Sereno Watson. Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1878. url p. 259.
- Britton, N. L. (ed.). North American flora. 7 1907 [New York]New York Botanical Garden. url p. 142, p. 174, p. 175, p. 177, p. 958.
- Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 6 1901 Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1890- url p. 566.
- Flora of the Southern United States: containing an abridged description of the flowering plants and ferns of Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida: arranged according to the natural system. New York, Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., [c1883] url .
- Flora of the southern United States, containing an abridged description of the flowering plants and ferns of Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida; arranged according to the natural system by A.W. Chapman. New York, American Book Company url p. 95.
- Flowers of field, hill, and swamp, by Caroline A. Creevey. Illustrated by Benjamin Lander. New York, Harper, 1897. url p. 567.
- Flowers of field, hill, and swamp; New York, Harper & Brothers, 1899. url , .
- Gray's Lessons in botany and vegetable physiology: illustrated by over 360 wood engravings from original drawings by Isaac Sprague: to which is added a copious glossary, or dictionary of botanical terms / by Asa Gray. New York: Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor & Co., 1877, c1868. url p. 131.
- Gray's new manual of botany, a handbook of the flowering plants and ferns of the central and northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, rearranged and extensively revised by Benjamin Lincoln Robinson. .. and Merritt Lyndon Fernald. .. New York, Cincinnati [etc.]American Book Co.[c1908] url p. 514.
- Gray's school and field book of botany: consisting of "Lessons in botany" and "Field, forest, and garden botany": bound in one volume. New York: American Book Co., c1895. url p. 128.
- Harper's guide to wild flowers, by Mrs. Caroline A. Creevey. New York, Harper, 1912. url p. 504, p. 550.
- Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Chapel Hill, N.C. [etc.]Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society [etc.] url p. 44.
- List of Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta growing without cultivation in northeastern North America. Prepared by a Committee of the Botanical Club, American Association for the Advancement of Science. New York, 1894. url p. 197.
- Manual of the botany of the northern United States: including the district east of the Mississippi, and north of North Carolina and Tennessee / New York: American Book Company, c1889. url p. 133.
- Outlines of botany for the high school laboratory and classroom (based on Gray's Lessons in botany) by Robert Greenleaf Leavitt. .. prepared at the request of the Botanical Department of Harvard University. New York, American Book Co. url p. 133.
- Phytologia. Bronx Park, New York, H.A. Gleason and H.N. Moldenke, url p. 386.
- Plant life of Alabama. An account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state. Prepared in cooperationwith the Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1901. url .
- Plant life of Alabama: an account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state / by Charles Mohr. Montgomery, Ala.: Brown Printing Co., 1901. url p. 566.
- Plants of Mississippi: a list of flowering plants and ferns / by E.N. Lowe. [Jackson, Miss.]: Mississippi State Geological Survey, 1921. url p. 171.
- Smithsonian miscellaneous collections. 15 1878 Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1862-1968. url p. 259.
- Torrey, J. & A. Gray A flora of North America: containing abridged descriptions of all the known indigenous and naturalized plants growing north of Mexico, arranged according to the natural system /by John Torrey and Asa Gray. New York: Wiley & Putnam, 1838-. url p. 296.
- Transactions of the Academy of Science of St. Louis. [St. Louis: Academy of Science of St. Louis], 1860-1958. url p. 160, p. 160, p. 160, p. 259, p. 259, p. 259.
- Transactions of the. .. annual meetings of the Kansas Academy of Science. Topeka, Kan.: Kansas Pub. House, 1883-1901. url p. 118.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed January 27, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from provider.
- ILDIS World Database of Legumes. Release date: May 1, 2007
- Ruggiero M., Gordon D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Nicolson D. (2011). The Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification, Edition 2, Part A. In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 28, 2008:
- Herbarium of the University of Aarhus, The AAU Herbarium Database
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Herbarium of New South Wales, NSW herbarium collection
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- University of Alabama Biodiversity and Systematics, Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 3874746
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ILD-12068
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 26988
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: TEEL3
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 32736
- "Tephrosia". in Flora of Pakistan Page 58. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 56.760 meters (186.220 feet), Standard Deviation = 98.370 based on 111 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]