Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
China Tamarisk, Chinese Saltcedar, Chinese Tamarisk, Five-Stamen Tamarisk, Fivestamen Tamarisk, Salt Cedar, Saltcedar, Tamarisk, Tamarix
Common Names in Informal Latinized N:
Common Names in Japanese:
Common Names in Korean:
Common Names in unspecified:
China Tamarisk, Chinese Saltcedar, Chinese Tamarisk, Five-Stamen Tamarisk, Fivestamen Tamarisk, Saltcedar, Tamarisk, Tamarix
, or trees
. Leaves small, mostly scale-like, alternate, estipulate, usually sessile, mostly with salt-secreting glands
. Flowers usually in racemes
or panicles, rarely solitary, usually hermaphroditic
, regular. Calyx 4- or 5-fid, persistent
. Petals 4 or 5, free
, deciduous after anthesis
or sometimes persistent. Disk inferior, usually thick, nectarylike. Stamens 4, 5, or more numerous
, usually free, inserted
on disk, rarely united
into fascicle at base
, or united up to half length
into a tube
2-thecate, longitudinally dehiscent
. Pistil 1, consisting of 2-5 carpels; ovary superior, 1-loculed; placentation parietal
, rarely septate
, or basal; ovules numerous, rarely few; styles short, usually 2-5, free, sometimes united. Capsule conic, abaxially dehiscent. Seeds numerous, hairy
throughout or awned
at apex; awns
from base or from middle
; endosperm present or absent; embryo orthotropous
Three genera and ca. 110 species: steppe and desert regions of the Old World; three genera and 32 species (12 endemic) in China.
Myrtama has been placed alternatively in Myricaria, Tamarix, or treated as a separate genus (see Gaskin et al. , Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 91: 402-410. 2004; Zhang et al., Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 20: 421-431. 2000) .
, much branched. Young branches usually glabrous
; two types of branches present: ligneous
growing branches, not deciduous in winter vs.
, deciduous in winter. Leaves alternate, sessile, amplexicaul
, small, scale-like, glabrous, rarely hairy
, mostly with salt-secreting glands
. Flowers in racemes
or panicles, blooming in spring
; racemes lateral
on growing branches of previous or current
year and clustered in terminal
panicles, or two types of flowering habits present in some species. Flowers bisexual
, rarely unisexual
, 4- or 5(or 6) -merous, usually pedicellate
; bract 1. Calyx herbaceous or fleshy
, 4- or 5-fid; lobes
entire or faintly denticulate
. Petals as many as calyx lobes, deciduous or persistent
. Disk variously shaped, mostly 4- or 5-lobed; lobes entire, or apex retuse
or even deeply divided
. Stamens 4 or 5, opposite to calyx lobes, or numerous
, outer series opposite to calyx lobes; filaments
between lobes of disk or at apices of lobes; anthers
cordate, versatile, 2-thecate, longitudinally dehiscent
. Pistil consisting of 3 or 4 carpels; ovary mostly conic, many seeded; placentation basal-parietal; styles 3 or 4; stigmas capitate, short. Capsule conic, abaxially 3-septicidal. Seeds numerous, minute; apical awns
About 90 species: Africa, Asia, Europe; 18 species (seven endemic) in China.
Species Tamarix chinensis
Trees or shrubs , 3-6(-8) m tall. Branchlets dense, often pendulous, red-purple, slender. Leaves green, those of vegetative branches slightly spreading , oblong-lanceolate or narrowly ovate , 1.5-1.8 mm, abaxially carinate at base , often thinly membranous, apex acute; those of vegetative branches in upper part subulate or ovate-lanceolate, 1-3 mm, abaxially carinate, base attenuate, apex acuminate, incurved . Flowers blooming 2 or 3 times each year. When blooming in spring , racemes lateral in pendulous, ligneous , growing branchlets of previous year, 3-6 cm × 5-7 mm, few flowered, lax , and pendulous; peduncles short or nearly absent, with or without bracts; bracts linear-oblong or oblong , equaling or slightly exceeding pedicels, apex acuminate; pedicels shorter than calyx, slender; flowers 5-merous; sepals 5, narrowly ovate, 0.8-1.3 mm, slightly shorter than petals, outer 2 carinate abaxially, margin slightly entire, apex mucronate ; petals 5, pink, usually ovate-elliptic or elliptic-obovate, rarely obovate , ca. 2 mm, slightly exceeding calyx, persistent in fruit; disk purple-red, fleshy , 5-fid; lobes obtuse or retuse at apex; stamens 5, exceeding petals; filaments inserted between disk lobes; ovary conic; styles 3, clavate , ca. 1/2 as long as ovary. Capsule conic. When blooming in summer and autumn, racemes 3-5 cm, smaller than those in spring, forming terminal large panicles on branches of current year; flowers 5-merous, slightly smaller than those in spring, dense; bracts green, linear to linear-conic or narrowly triangular, smaller and narrower than those of spring flowers, longer than pedicels, abaxially raised at base, base attenuate, margin entire, apex acuminate; calyx triangular-ovate; petals pink, straight or slightly oblique outward, much exceeding calyx; disk 5-lobed, or subdivided into 10 lobules ; stamens 5, equaling or ca. 2 × as long as petals; anthers obtuse; filaments inserted between disk lobes; styles clavate, 2/5-3/4 as long as ovary. Fl. Apr-Sep. 2n = 24*. [source]
Habit: Tree , Shrub
Flowers: Flower Color: near white, pale pink, white
Size: 12-15' tall.
Plains along rivers , seashores, moist salty places, sandy places .
Culture: Space 20-30' apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 7.9 • Maximum pH: .1
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1992
- Perleb, 1826
- Series: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/title/58018" ta ()
- Order: Caryophyllales () - Perleb, 1826
- Superorder: Violanae () - R. Dahlgren Ex Reveal, 1992
- Subclass: Dilleniidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Tamarix Gallica Chinensis • Tamarix juniperina Bunge. • Tamarix pentandra Pallas
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Tamarix
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 15 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
T. africana (African Tamarisk) · T. aphylla (Athel) · T. aralensis (Russian Tamarisk) · T. canariensis (Canary Island Tamarisk) · T. chinensis (China Tamarisk) · T. dioica (Saltcedar) · T. gallica (French Tamarisk) · T. parviflora (Saltcedar) · T. ramosissima (Five-Stamen Tamarix) · T. ramosissima 'Pink Cascade' (Five-Stamen Tamarix) · T. ramosissima 'Rosea' (Salt Cedar) · T. ramosissima 'Rubra' (Five-Stamen Tamarix) · T. ramosissima 'Summer Glow' (Five-Stamen Tamarix) · T. tetragyna (Saltcedar) · T. tetranda 'Hulsdonk White' (Four-Stamen Tamarisk 'hulsdonk White')
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- , Utah Valley State College Herbarium
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2648125
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-22308
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13741733
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:828083-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 36224
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 22308
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 828083-1
- MoBot NameID: 31100005
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: TAPE
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 65302
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