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Tabebuia chrysantha

(Golden Goddess)

Overview

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

Golden Goddess, Araguaney, Golden Trumpet Tree, Roble Amarillo

Common Names in Spanish:

Amapa (Mexico), Amapa Amarilla (Mexico), Amapa Prieta (Mexico), Apamate, Araguaney (Venezuela), Araguaney Puy (Venezuela), Cañaguate (Colombia), Chicalá (Colombia), Contoz (Costa Rica), Cortés (Costa Rica, Cortes, Cortez (El Salvador, Cortez Coyote (El Salvador), Cortez Negro (El Salvador), Cortez Prieto (El Salvador), Corteza (Costa Rica), Corteza Amarilla (Costa Rica), Flora Amarilla (Venezuela), Guayacán (Costa Rica, Guayacán Amarillo, Guayacán Con Flor Amarillo (Colombia), Guayacán Pechiche (Ecuador), Guayacán Polvillo (Colombia), Guayacan (Costa Rica), Hahauche (Guatemala), Honduras, Honduras), Lombricillo (Mexico), Lotcui (Mexico), Madera Negra (Ecuador), Masicaran (Guatemala), Matilisguate (Guatemala), Mexico, Nicaragua), Polvilli (Colombia), Polvillo (Colombia), Quebracho (Guatemala), Roble (Mexico), Tajibo Amarillo (Bolivia), Venezuela), Verdecillo (Mexico), Verdicello (Mexico)

Common Names in Thai:

Lueang India, เหลืองอินเดีย

Description

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Family Bignoniaceae

Trees , shrubs , or vines , climbers rarely herbs. Leaves opposite, alternate, or whorled , simple or pinnately compound , rarely palmately compound , without stipules, climbers usually with tendrils modified sometimes into hooks or suckers . Inflorescences cymose , paniculate , or racemose, terminal or axillary , rarely flowers borne on old stems; bracts and bractlets present, sometimes deciduous. Flowers bisexual , zygomorphic, usually large. Calyx campanulate or tubular , truncate , 2-5-dentate, or glandular subulate-dentate. Corolla campanulate or funnelform , usually bilabiate; lobes 5, imbricate or valvate . Fertile stamens 4 (didynamous ) and staminode 1, or 2 and staminodes 3, rarely all 5 stamens fertile. Disc fleshy . Ovary superior, 2-locular, rarely 1- or 4-locular; placentation axile or parietal ; ovules numerous . Style filiform ; stigma 2-lobed. Capsule dehiscing loculicidally or septicidally, rarely fruit fleshy and indehiscent. Seeds numerous, usually winged or with tufts of hairs at both ends; endosperm absent.

About 116-120 genera and 650-750 species: mostly in tropical and subtropical regions; 12 genera and 35 species (21 endemic) in China.

Plants of the Bignoniaceae usually produce large flowers, and many species are widely cultivated in China as ornamentals . These include Arrabidaea magnifica Sprague ex Steenis, Campsis radicans (Linnaeus) Seemann, Catalpa speciosa (Warder ex Barney) Engelmann, Clytostoma callistegioides (Chamisso) Bureau & Schumann, Crescentia alata Kunth, C. cujete Linnaeus, Jacaranda cuspidifolia Martius, J. mimosifolia D. Don, Kigelia africana (Lamarck) Bentham, Macfadyena unguis-cati (Linnaeus) A. H. Gentry, Pandorea jasminoides (Linnaeus) Schumann, Parmetiera cerifera Seemann, Podranea ricasoliana (Tanfani) Sprague, Pyrostegia venusta (Ker-Gawler) Miers, Spathodea campanulata Beauvois, Stenolobium stans (Linnaeus) Seemann, Tabebuia chrysantha (Jacquin) G. Nicholson, T. rosea (Bertoloni) de Candolle, and Tecomaria capensis (Thunberg) Spach.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Tree

Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, March. • Flower Color: gold, yellow-orange, yellow

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 30-40' tall.

Habitat

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,653 meters (0 to 15,266 feet).[2]

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: Perennial

Growth

Culture: Space 20-30' apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.6 • Maximum pH: 7.8

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Tabebuia

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 68 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

T. acrophylla (Top-Leaf Trumpet Tree) · T. acunana (Tabebuia) · T. aesculifolia (Tabebuia) · T. affinis (Tabebuia) · T. alba (Tabebuia) · T. anafensis (Tabebuia) · T. angustata (Narrow Trumpet Tree) · T. anisophylla (Tabebuia) · T. apiculata (Tabebuia) · T. aquatilis (Tabebuia) · T. araliacea (Tabebuia) · T. arenicola (Tabebuia) · T. arianeae (Tabebuia) · T. arimaoensis (Tabebuia) · T. aurea (Caribbean Trumpet Tree) · T. bahamensis (White Dwarf Tabebuia) · T. barbata (Tabebuia) · T. berteroi (Hispaniolan Rosy Trumpet Tree) · T. beyeri (Tabebuia) · T. bibracteolata (Tabebuia) · T. billbergii (Trumpet Tree) · T. blakeana (Tabebuia) · T. botelhensis (Tabebuia) · T. brigandina (Tabebuia) · T. brooksiana (Tabebuia) · T. buchii (Tabebuia) · T. bullata (Tabebuia) · T. bureavii (Tabebuia) · T. calcicola (Tabebuia) · T. calderonii (Tabebuia) · T. caleticana (Tabebuia) · T. camaguayensis (Tabebuia) · T. candicans (Tabebuia) · T. capitata (Tabebuia) · T. capotei (Tabebuia) · T. cassinoides (Caixeta) · T. catarinensis (Tabebuia) · T. chapadensis (Tabebuia) · T. chrysantha (Golden Goddess) · T. chrysea (Roble Amarillo) · T. chrysotricha (Dwarf Golden Tabebuia) · T. citrifolia (Tabebuia) · T. clementis (Tabebuia) · T. coartata (Tabebuia) · T. conferta (Tabebuia) · T. coralibe (Tabebuia) · T. cowellii (Tabebuia) · T. crassifolia (Tabebuia) · T. cuneifolia (Tabebuia) · T. curtissii (Tabebuia) · T. densifolia (Tabebuia) · T. donnell-smithii (Gold Tree) · T. elliptica (Tabebuia) · T. haemantha (Blood-Red Trumpet Tree) · T. heterophylla (Pink Poui-Rosea) · T. impetiginosa (Arco Pau D) · T. impetiginosa 'Raspberry' (Ipe Roxo) · T. lapacho (Lapacho Amarillo) · T. obtusifolia (Guadeloupe Trumpet-Tree (As T Leucoxyla)) · T. pallida (White Cedar) · T. rigida (Roble De Sierra) · T. riparia (White Tabebuia) · T. rosea (Apamate) · T. roseoalba (White Trumpet Tree) · T. rufescens (Black Poui) · T. schumanniana (Roble Colorado) · T. serratifolia (Yellow Poui) · T. 'Apricot' (Dwarf Trumpet Tree)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 28, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Zhi-Yun Zhang & Thawatchai Santisuk "Bignoniaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 18 Page 213. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Mean = 577.410 meters (1,894.390 feet), Standard Deviation = 912.190 based on 162 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-20