- Sometimes cultivated as an ornamental . [source]
Common Names in English:
Hedge Woundwort, Hegde Woundwort, Whitespot
, rarely subshrubs
, sometimes rhizomatous
2- to many flowered, in terminal
spikes. Pedicel short or obsolete
. Calyx tubular-campanulate, obconical
, 5- or 10-veined; teeth 5, equal or posterior 3 larger, acute to bristlelike, or spinescent
. Corolla red, purple, yellow, gray, or white, 2-lipped; tube
, nearly always villous
inside, sometimes saccate
at apex, throat
; upper lip straight or subpatent; lower lip longer, 3-lobed, middle
entire or emarginate
lobes shorter. Stamens 4, reaching upper lip of corolla, anterior 2 longer
laterally at corolla throat; anther
, parallel or divergent. Style apex subequally 2-cleft, lobes subulate
, apex obtuse
About 300 species: Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, South America; 18 species in China.
Species Stachys sylvatica
Herbs perennial . Stems erect or slightly flexuous , 30-120 cm, branched toward apex, hispid , angles glandular puberulent . Petiole slender, 3-6.5 cm; stem leaf blades ovate-cordate, 8-12 × 5-9.5 cm, adaxially shiny, appressed villous-hispid, abaxially gray-green, yellowish glandular, villous-hispid along veins, base cordate, margin coarsely callose crenate-serrate, apex acuminate. Spikes 10-20 cm; verticillasters 6(-8) -flowered, widely spaced; lower floral leaves petiolate , 10-15 × 2-4 mm, margin dentate; upper floral leaves sessile, oblong-lanceolate, slightly longer than verticillasters, margin entire; bracteoles minute or absent. Pedicel ca. 1 mm. Calyx tubular-campanulate, ca. 7 mm, spreading hispid, glandular puberulent, 10-veined, accessory veins inconspicuous; teeth triangular-lanceolate, 2-3 mm, subequal , apex spinescent ; fruiting calyx slightly saccate-dilated. Corolla red to purple, ca. 1.4 cm, sparsely puberulent; tube straight, ± saccate ; upper lip straight, oblong , ca. 5 × 3 mm; lower lip spreading, ca. 7 × 6 mm; middle lobe subcircular, emarginate ; lateral lobes ovate . Filaments villous below middle. Style nearly exserted. Nutlets dark brown, triquetrous , ovoid , glabrous . Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Aug. [source]
Flowers: Bloom Period: June, July, August, September. • Flower Color: near white, pink, purple, white
Size: 18-24" tall.
Coniferous forests , thickets, alpine meadows; 1700 m. .
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 2,500 meters (0 to 8,202 feet).
Culture: Space 15-18" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Lamianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Status: Accepted Name
Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000
Members of the genus Stachys
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 80 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
S. affinis (Artichoke Betony) · S. ajugoides (Bugle Hedgenettle) · S. albens (Cobwebby Hedge-Nettle) · S. albicaulis (Oreganillo) · S. albotomentosa (Woundwort) · S. annua (Annual Hedgenettle) · S. arvensis (Staggerweed) · S. aspera (Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle) · S. bergii (His Excellency's Supreme Reflection) · S. bigelovii (Rock Hedgenettle) · S. bullata (California Hedgenettle) · S. byzantina (Lamb's Ears) · S. byzantina 'Big Ears' (Big Ears Lamb's Ears) · S. byzantina 'Countess Helen von Stein' (Countess Helen Von Stein Lamb's Ears) · S. byzantina 'Helene von Stein' (Big Ears) · S. byzantina 'Helen Von Stein' (Lambs Ear) · S. byzantina 'Primrose Heron' (Lambs Ear) · S. byzantina 'Silver Carpet' (Lambs Ear) · S. chamissonis (Coastal Hedgenettle) · S. chamissonis Benth. var. cooleyae (Heller) G.Mulligan & D.Munro (Giant Hedge-Nettle) · S. chamissonis var. chamissonis (Coastal Hedgenettle) · S. chamissonis var. cooleyae (Coastal Hedgenettle) · S. citrina (Ear Yellow-Flowered Lambs) · S. clingmanii (Clingman's Hedge Nettle) · S. coccinea (Betony) · S. coccinea 'Hidalgo' (Scarlet Hedgenettle) · S. coccinea 'Hot Spot Coral' (Betony) · S. coccinea 'Pow Wow' (Betony) · S. crenata (Mouse's-Ear) · S. cretica (Cretan Hedgenettle) · S. densiflora (Common Betony) · S. densiflora 'Alba' (Common Betony) · S. densiflora 'Hummelo' (Common Betony) · S. drummondii (Drummond's Hedgenettle) · S. eplingii (Epling's Hedgenettle) · S. floridana (Florida Betony) · S. germanica (Downy Woundwort) · S. grandidentata (Oreganillo) · S. grandiflora (Big-Sage) · S. hyssopifolia (Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle) · S. hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia (Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle) · S. lanata (Lamb´s Tongue) · S. latidens (Broadtooth Hedgenettle) · S. longispicata (Longspike Hedgenettle) · S. macrantha (Big Betony) · S. macrantha 'Morning Blush' (Betony 'morning Blush') · S. macrantha 'Robusta' (Big Betony) · S. macrantha 'Rosea' (Big Betony) · S. macrantha 'Superba' (Big Betony) · S. mexicana (Mexican Hedgenettle) · S. monieri (Common Betony) · S. monieri'Hummelo' (Hummelo Alpine Betony) · S. monieri 'Saharan Pink' (Betony) · S. nuttallii (Heartleaf Hedgenettle) · S. ocymastrum (Hedgenettle) · S. officinalis (Betony) · S. officinalis 'Alba' (Betony) · S. palustris (Marsh Betony) · S. palustris arenicola var. arenicola (Marsh Woundwort) · S. philippiana (Oreganillo) · S. pilosa (Hairy Hedgenettle) · S. pilosa var. arenicola (Marsh Hedgenettle) · S. pilosa var. pilosa (Hairy Hedgenettle) · S. pycnantha (Shortspike Hedgenettle) · S. recta (Seaport Hedgenettle) · S. recta recta (Seaport Hedgenettle) · S. rigida (Rigid Hedgenettle) · S. rigida Nutt. ex Benth. var. rigida Nutt. ex Benth. (Rigid Hedgenettle) · S. rigida var. quercetorum (Rough Hedgenettle) · S. rigida var. rigida (Rough Hedgenettle) · S. rothrockii (Rothrock's Hedge-Nettle) · S. stebbinsii (Stebbins' Hedgenettle) · S. stricta (Sonoma Hedgenettle) · S. strictiflora (Stachys) · S. sylvatica (Hedge Woundwort) · S. tenuifolia (Slender Betony) · S. tenuifolia var. tenuifolia (Smooth Hedgenettle) · S. tenuifolia var. tenuifolia Willd. (Slender Betony) · S. 'Sentimental Journey' (Sentimental Journey Betony) · S. 'Wave Hill' (Lamb's Ear)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 18, 2007:
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- Jyväskylä University Museum - The Section of Natural Sciences, Vascular plant collection of Jyvaskyla University Museum
- Marine Science Institute, UCSB, Paleobiology Database
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- , Botany
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- , Plants
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- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2655007
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-32322
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 2481187
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:460021-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 407652
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 32322
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: STSY2
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 62734
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- Mean = 150.230 meters (492.881 feet), Standard Deviation = 230.140 based on 20,000 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]