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Soldanella montana

(Mountain Snowbells)

Overview

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Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Mountain Snowbells, Mountain Tassel

Description

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Family Primulaceae

Herbs perennial or annual , rarely suffruticose . Leaves alternate, opposite, or whorled , often all basal, simple , entire to lobed . Flowers solitary or in panicles, racemes , or umbels, usually with bracts, perfect , (4- or) 5(--9) -merous, often heterostylous (Primula) . Calyx persistent . Corolla gamopetalous, actinomorphic , rarely absent (Glaux) . Stamens as many as and opposite corolla lobes , ± epipetalous , occasionally with scalelike staminodes. Filaments free or connate into a tube at base . Ovary superior, rarely semi-inferior (Samolus), unilocular ; placentation free central; style simple; stigma inconspicuous, capitate. Fruit a capsule, dehiscing by valves , rarely circumscissile or indehiscent. Seeds many or few; embryo small, straight, surrounded by endosperm.

The family contains 22 genera and ca. 1000 species, occurring mainly in temperate and mountainous regions of the northern hemisphere. Twelve genera and 517 species are widely distributed throughout China, but are represented mostly in the S and W regions. The centers of diversity for Primula, Androsace, and Omphalogramma are W Sichuan, E Xizang, and NW Yunnan. Lysimachia is also highly developed in provinces S of the Chang Jiang, while Pomatosace is an endemic genus confined to a small area of NW Sichuan and Qinghai.

Many species of Primula and Androsace are cultivated for their attractive flowers as pot plants , in rock gardens, or in garden borders . Some species of Lysimachia are used medicinally. Cyclamen persicum Miller is frequently cultivated as a pot plant.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: March. • Flower Color: blue-violet

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 6-12" tall.

Habitat

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,428 meters (0 to 4,685 feet).[2]

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 12-15" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Light Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a. (map)

Taxonomy

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Notes

Publishing author : Willd. Publication : Enum. Hort. Berol. 192.

An accepted name in the RHS Horticultural Database .

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Soldanella

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 8 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

S. alpina (Alpine Snowbell) · S. austriaca (Austrian Snowbells) · S. carpatica (Alpine Snowbells) · S. hungarica (Hungarian Snowbells) · S. minima (Least Snowbell) · S. montana (Mountain Snowbells) · S. pusilla (Dwarf Snowbell) · S. villosa (Hairy Snowbells)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 28, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Qiming Hu & Sylvia Kelso "Primulaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 39. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Mean = 566.470 meters (1,858.497 feet), Standard Deviation = 282.340 based on 74 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-09