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Solandra maxima

(Butter Cup)

Overview

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A species with very large flowers measuring 5-6 inches or more across.

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

Butter Cup, Chalice Vine, Cup of Gold Vine, Cup-Of-Gold, Gold Cup, Golden Chalice Vine, Trumpet Plant

Common Names in Spanish:

Copa De Oro, Pera Tetona, Tetona

Description

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Family Solanaceae

Herbs, shrubs , small trees , or climbers . Stems sometimes prickly, rarely thorny; hairs simple , branched, or stellate , sometimes glandular . Leaves alternate, solitary or paired , simple or pinnately compound , without stipules; leaf blade entire, dentate , lobed , or divided . Inflorescences terminal , overtopped by continuing axes, appearing axillary , extra-axillary , or leaf opposed, often apparently umbellate , racemose, paniculate , clustered, or solitary flowers, rarely true cymes, sometimes bracteate . Flowers mostly bisexual , usually regular, 5-merous, rarely 4- or 6-9-merous. Calyx mostly lobed. Petals united . Stamens as many as corolla lobes and alternate with them, inserted within corolla, all alike or 1 or more reduced; anthers dehiscing longitudinally or by apical pores . Ovary 2-5-locular; placentation mostly axile ; ovules usually numerous . Style 1. Fruiting calyx often becoming enlarged, mostly persistent . Fruit a berry or capsule. Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo mostly curved .

About 95 genera with 2300 species: best represented in western tropical America, widespread in temperate and tropical regions ; 20 genera (ten introduced ) and 101 species in China.

Some species of Solanaceae are known in China only by plants cultivated in ornamental or specialty gardens: Atropa belladonna Linnaeus, Cyphomandra betacea (Cavanilles) Sendtner, Brugmansia suaveolens (Willdenow) Berchtold & Presl, Nicotiana alata Link & Otto, and Solanum jasminoides Paxton.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Evergreen .

Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, September, October, November, December. • Flower Color: goldyellow-orange, yellow

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 30-40' tall.

Biology

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Growth

Culture: Space 4-6' apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.5

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Notes

An accepted name in the RHS Horticultural Database.

Place of publication : Bot. Mag. 176: t. 506. 1967

Name verified on 01-Feb-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-May-2007

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Solandra

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 6 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

S. grandiflora (Chalice Vine) · S. guttata (Chalice Vine) · S. longiflora (Chalice Vine) · S. maxima (Butter Cup) · S. maxima 'Variegata' (Variegated Cup of Gold Vine) · S. nitida (Chalice Vine)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 17, 2008:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Zhi-Yun Zhang, Anmin Lu & William G. D'Arcy "Solanaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 300. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-04-14