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Scutellaria montana

(Large-Flowered Skullcap)

Overview

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Threatened

Threat status

Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

Large-Flowered Skullcap, Large-Flower Skullcap, Largeflower Skullcap

Common Names in unspecified:

Large-Flowered Skullcap, Largeflower Skullcap

Description

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Genus Scutellaria

Herbs or subshrubs , rarely shrubs , not aromatic . Leaves entire to pinnatifid . Inflorescences terminal or axillary racemes or spikes; floral leaves usually bractlike apically. Flowers axillary, opposite or sometimes alternate apically. Calyx short tubular , dorsiventrally flattened, 2-lipped; lips entire, closed and ultimately divided to base along sutures in fruit; upper lip deciduous, with a transverse , rounded , concave , scalelike scutellum (shield ) or without and abaxially conspicuously saccate ; lower lip persistent. Corolla 2-lipped; tube exserted, arcuate or suberect, gradually widening to throat , base bent and saccate or spurred , usually puberulent annulate outside; upper lip erect, galeate ; lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe broad, flattened, entire, lateral lobes ± joined to upper lip and sometimes spreading . Stamens 4, didynamous , anterior 2 longest, underlying upper lip; anthers close together in pairs, bearded on cell aperture ; posterior pair conspicuously 2-celled, ± apically acute, anterior pair 1-celled by abortion . Style subulate , apically unequally 2-cleft. Nutlets oblate , globose , to ovoid .

About 350 species: worldwide, but only a few in tropical Africa; 98 species in China.

A very isolated genus with unsatisfactory traditional divisions. Paton (Kew Bull . 45: 399-450. 1990) has proposed a revised classification of Scutellaria but did not deal with a large number of the Chinese taxa, and it is not possible to utilize his divisions in detail.[1]

Physical Description

Habit: Forb/herb

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: Perennial

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Scutellaria serrata var. montana (Chapman) Penl.

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Scutellaria

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 104 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

S. alabamensis (Alabama Skullcap) · S. alpina (Alpine Skullcap) · S. alpina 'Arcobaleno' (Alpine Skullcap) · S. alpina 'Greencourt' (Alpine Skullcap) · S. alpina 'Moonbeam' (Alpine Skullcap) · S. altamaha (Pineland Skullcap) · S. altissima (Tall Skullcap) · S. angustifolia (Narrowleaf Skullcap) · S. angustifolia angustifolia (Narrowleaf Skullcap) · S. angustifolia micrantha (Narrowleaf Skullcap) · S. angustifolia subsp. micrantha (Narrowleaf Skullcap) · S. antirrhinoides (Nose Skullcap) · S. arenicola (Florida Scrub Skullcap) · S. arguta (Blue Ridge Skullcap) · S. baicalensis (Baikal Skullcap) · S. bolanderi (Sierra Skullcap) · S. bolanderi austromontana (Sierra Skullcap) · S. bolanderi austromontoma (Sierra Skullcap) · S. bolanderi subsp. austromontana (Sierra Skullcap) · S. brittonii (Britton's Skullcap) · S. bushii (Bush's Skullcap) · S. californica (California Skullcap) · S. cardiophylla (Gulf Skullcap) · S. churchilliana (Churchill Skullcap) · S. costaricana (Costa Rican Skullcap) · S. drummondii (Drummond's Skullcap) · S. drummondii var. drummondii (Drummond's Skullcap) · S. drummondii var. edwardsiana (Drummond's Skullcap) · S. drummondii var. runyonii (Drummond's Skullcap) · S. elliptica (Hairy Skullcap) · S. elliptica var. elliptica (Hairy Skullcap) · S. elliptica var. hirsuta (Hairy Skullcap) · S. epilobifolia (Marsh Skullcap) · S. floridana (Florida Skullcap) · S. galericulata (Hooded Skullcap) · S. glabriuscula (Georgia Skullcap) · S. havanensis (Havana Skullcap) · S. incana (Downy Skullcap) · S. incana var. australis (Hoary Skullcap) · S. incana var. incana (Hoary Skullcap) · S. incana var. punctata (Hoary Skullcap) · S. indica (Helmet Flower) · S. indica var. parvifolia (Helmet Flower) · S. integrifolia (Helmet Flower) · S. javanica (Skullcap) · S. javanica 'Veranda' (Veranda Skullcap) · S. laevis (Culberson County Skullcap) · S. lateriflora (Blue Skullcap) · S. lateriflora var. grohii (Groh's Skullcap) · S. lateriflora var. grohii Boivin (Mad-Dog Scullcap) · S. lateriflora var. lateriflora (Blue Skullcap) · S. longifolia (Hummingbird Plant) · S. mexicana (Mexican Bladdersage) · S. microphylla (Littleleaf Skullcap) · S. minor (Lesser Skullcap) · S. montana (Large-Flowered Skullcap) · S. multiglandulosa (Small's Skullcap) · S. muriculata (Rio Grande Skullcap) · S. nana (Dwarf Skullcap) · S. nervosa (Veined Skullcap) · S. ocmulgee (Ocmulgee Skullcap) · S. orientalis 'Eastern Sun Select' (Skullcap) · S. ovata bracteata (Eggleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata pseudoarguta (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata rugosa (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata rupestris (Eggleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata virginiana (Virginia Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. bracteata (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. cuthbertii (Cuthbert's Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. mexicana (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. pseudoarguta (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. rugosa (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. rupestris (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. venosa (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. ovata subsp. virginiana (Virginia Skullcap) · S. parvula (Small Skullcap) · S. parvula var. australis (Little Scullcap) · S. parvula var. missouriensis (Leonards Skullcap) · S. parvula var. parvula (Small Skullcap) · S. potosina (Mexican Skullcap) · S. potosina platyphylla (Mexican Skullcap) · S. potosina var. davisiana (Mexican Skullcap) · S. potosina var. grahmiana (Mexican Skullcap) · S. potosina var. tessellata (Mexican Skullcap) · S. potosina subsp. platyphylla (Mexican Skullcap) · S. potosina subsp. potosina (Mexican Skullcap) · S. pseudoserrata (Falseteeth Skullcap) · S. racemosa (South American Skullcap) · S. resinosa (Bushy Skullcap) · S. rupestris (Heartleaf Skullcap) · S. sapphirina (White Pine Skullcap) · S. saxatilis (Smooth Rock Skullcap) · S. scordifolia (Skullcap) · S. serrata (Allegheny Skullcap) · S. siphocamyploides (Grayleaf Skullcap) · S. suffrutescens (Pink Texas Skullcap) · S. texana (Texas Skullcap) · S. thieretii (Thieret's Skullcap) · S. tuberosa (Danny's Skullcap) · S. venosa (Heartleaf Skullcap)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 29, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. "Scutellaria". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 75. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-07