Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Chun Hua Mian Zao Er
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in English:
Sea-Onion, Spring Squill
Common Names in French:
Scille De Printemps
, from bulbs. Bulbs perennial, ovoid
, composed of free
, progressively renewed annually. Leaves few, basal. Inflorescences racemose or cymose
, 1-many-flowered, sometimes bracteate
; bracts none or 1, subtending
each flower. Flowers: perianth usually blue or purple, rarely white; tepals distinct
, each 1-veined; stamens 6; filaments
at base of perianth, distinct; anthers
; pistil 1, 3-carpellate; ovary superior, 3-locular, septal nectaries present, ovules 1-10 per locule; style simple
. Fruits capsular
, 3-lobed, subglobose, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 3-30, not winged
, globose to ellipsoid
, elaiosomes present. x
= 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.
Species ca. 50: introduced ; Eurasia , especially Mediterranean area and sw Asia; s Africa.
A number of species of Scilla are commonly grown for their early, showy spring flowers, and present the possibility of becoming naturalized . In particular, S. bifolia Linnaeus, two-leaved squill, has been reported in Michigan (E. G. Voss 1972-1985, vol. 1) and northwestern Indiana (F. Swink and G. S. Wilhelm 1994). The summer-flowering hyacinth squill, S. hyacinthoides Linnaeus [Nectaroscilla hyacinthoides (Linnaeus) Parlatore], has been collected along roadsides near Mooringsport, Louisiana, and in Navarro County, Texas; it is readily distinguished from the spring-flowering species by its tall scapes (30-80 cm) with more than 40 flowers, and its more numerous leaves (8-10).
F. Speta (1998, 1998b) drastically split Scilla, placing the Eurasian members into 10-12 mostly small genera on the basis of molecular (M. Pfosser and F. Speta 1999) and karyological (J. Greilhuber 1982; J. Greilhuber et al. 1981; F. Speta 1979) studies, as well as morphological data. Some of these segregate genera correspond to subgenera and sections recognized in other Eurasian treatments over the past 75 years (e.g. , P. Chouard 1930; J. McNeill 1980; E. V. Mordak 1984), but others represent even finer splitting .
Typically found in the intertidal zone at the water's edge at a mean distance from sea level of 22 meters (73 feet).
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Bromhead, 1838
- Family: Asparagaceae () - A.L. de Jussieu, 1789, nom. cons.
- Suborder: Asparagineae () -
- Order: Asparagales () - Bromhead, 1838
- Superorder: Lilianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Liliidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Oncostema verna (Huds.) F. Speta
Publishing author : Huds. Publication : Fl. Angl. (Hudson) (ed. 2) 1: 142 1778
Members of the genus Scilla
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 23 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
S. amoena (Star Hyacinth) · S. autumnalis (Autumn Squill) · S. bifolia (Alpine Squill) · S. bifolia 'Rosea' (Alpine Squill) · S. maderensis (Madeira Squill) · S. mischtschenkoana (Early Scilla) · S. morrisii (Morris Squill) · S. numidica (Fall Squill) · S. orientalis (Oriental Two-Leaved Squill) · S. pauciflora (Scilla) · S. peruviana (Caribbean Lily) · S. peruvianavar. alba (Caribbean Lily) · S. pratensis (Amethyst Meadow Squill) · S. rosenii (Scilla) · S. scilloides (Squill) · S. siberica (Siberian Squill) · S. siberica 'Alba' (Siberian Squill) · S. siberica 'Boreas' (Siberian Squill 'boreas') · S. siberica 'Spring Beauty' (Siberian Squill) · S. tubergeniana (English Bluebell) · S. verna (Spring Squill) · S. violacea (South African Squill) · S. winogradowii (Wax Flower Orchid)
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 04, 2008:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen: Biologiezentrum Linz
- European Environment Agency: EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain: Botánica, Universidad de León: LEB-Cormo
- GBIF-Spain: Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain: Jardín Botánico de Córdoba: Herbarium COA
- GBIF-Spain: Real Jardin Botanico (Madrid), Vascular Plant Herbarium (MA)
- GBIF-Spain: Univ. Herbarium SALAMANCA: SALA
- GBIF-Spain: Universidad de Extremadura, UNEX
- GBIF-Spain: Universidad de Oviedo. Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas: FCO
- UK National Biodiversity Network: Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular plant data for Scottish Vice-counties (VCs 80, 84, 103 & 104)
- UK National Biodiversity Network: Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- UK National Biodiversity Network: Environment and Heritage Service - EHS Species Datasets
- UK National Biodiversity Network: Joint Nature Conservation Committee - Vegetation surveys of coastal shingle in Great Britain
- University Museums of Norway (MUSIT)
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 5854635
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-288379
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:541088-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 33354
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 541088-1
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: SCVE10
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 62188
- J. McNeill "Scilla". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 58, 315, 320. Oxford University Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Standard Deviation = 194.410 based on 1,576 observations. Terrestrial altitude and ocean depth information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]