Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Er Ye Mian Zao Er
Common Names in Danish:
Common Names in Dutch:
Common Names in English:
Alpine Squill, Common Bluebell, English Bluebell, Twin Leaf Squill, Two-Leaved Squill, Wild Hyacinth
Common Names in Estonian:
Common Names in French:
Scille à Deux Feuilles, Scille Alpine, Scille Des Neiges
Common Names in German:
Sternhyazinte, Zweiblätterige Meerzwiebel, Zweiblättrige Meerzwiebel, Zweiblättriger Blaustern
Common Names in Polish:
, from bulbs. Bulbs perennial, ovoid
, composed of free
, progressively renewed annually. Leaves few, basal. Inflorescences racemose or cymose
, 1-many-flowered, sometimes bracteate
; bracts none or 1, subtending
each flower. Flowers: perianth usually blue or purple, rarely white; tepals distinct
, each 1-veined; stamens 6; filaments
at base of perianth, distinct; anthers
; pistil 1, 3-carpellate; ovary superior, 3-locular, septal nectaries present, ovules 1-10 per locule; style simple
. Fruits capsular
, 3-lobed, subglobose, dehiscence loculicidal. Seeds 3-30, not winged
, globose to ellipsoid
, elaiosomes present. x
= 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.
Species ca. 50: introduced ; Eurasia , especially Mediterranean area and sw Asia; s Africa.
A number of species of Scilla are commonly grown for their early, showy spring flowers, and present the possibility of becoming naturalized . In particular, S. bifolia Linnaeus, two-leaved squill, has been reported in Michigan (E. G. Voss 1972-1985, vol. 1) and northwestern Indiana (F. Swink and G. S. Wilhelm 1994). The summer-flowering hyacinth squill, S. hyacinthoides Linnaeus [Nectaroscilla hyacinthoides (Linnaeus) Parlatore], has been collected along roadsides near Mooringsport, Louisiana, and in Navarro County, Texas; it is readily distinguished from the spring-flowering species by its tall scapes (30-80 cm) with more than 40 flowers, and its more numerous leaves (8-10).
F. Speta (1998, 1998b) drastically split Scilla, placing the Eurasian members into 10-12 mostly small genera on the basis of molecular (M. Pfosser and F. Speta 1999) and karyological (J. Greilhuber 1982; J. Greilhuber et al. 1981; F. Speta 1979) studies, as well as morphological data. Some of these segregate genera correspond to subgenera and sections recognized in other Eurasian treatments over the past 75 years (e.g. , P. Chouard 1930; J. McNeill 1980; E. V. Mordak 1984), but others represent even finer splitting .
Flowers: Bloom Period: January, February, March. • Flower Color: blue-violet, medium blue, purple
Size: under 6" tall.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 1,135 meters (0 to 3,724 feet).
Culture: Space 3-6" apart.
Soil: Minimum pH: 5.6 • Maximum pH: 7.8
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Bromhead, 1838
- Family: Asparagaceae () - A.L. de Jussieu, 1789, nom. cons.
- Suborder: Asparagineae () -
- Order: Asparagales () - Bromhead, 1838
- Superorder: Lilianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Liliidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Publishing author : L. Publication : Sp. Pl. 1: 309 1753 [1 May 1753]
Members of the genus Scilla
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 23 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
S. amoena (Star Hyacinth) · S. autumnalis (Autumn Squill) · S. bifolia (Alpine Squill) · S. bifolia 'Rosea' (Alpine Squill) · S. maderensis (Madeira Squill) · S. mischtschenkoana (Early Scilla) · S. morrisii (Morris Squill) · S. numidica (Fall Squill) · S. orientalis (Oriental Two-Leaved Squill) · S. pauciflora (Scilla) · S. peruviana (Caribbean Lily) · S. peruvianavar. alba (Caribbean Lily) · S. pratensis (Amethyst Meadow Squill) · S. rosenii (Scilla) · S. scilloides (Squill) · S. siberica (Siberian Squill) · S. siberica 'Alba' (Siberian Squill) · S. siberica 'Boreas' (Siberian Squill 'boreas') · S. siberica 'Spring Beauty' (Siberian Squill) · S. tubergeniana (English Bluebell) · S. verna (Spring Squill) · S. violacea (South African Squill) · S. winogradowii (Wax Flower Orchid)
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- The garden month by month; describing the appearance, color, dates of bloom, height and cultivation of all desirable, hardy herbaceous perennials for the formal or wild garden with additional lists of aquatics, vines, ferns, et by Mabel Cabot Sedgwick assisted by Robert Cameron with over two hundred half-tone engravings from photographs of growing plants, and a chart in colors. New York, F.A. Stokes Co.,  url .
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- The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated with colored plates, four thousand engravings in the text, and ninety-six full-page cuts. New York, Macmillan, 1919 [c1914] url p. 3116, p. 3118, p. 3605, p. 749.
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Accessed through GBIF Data Portal March 04, 2008:
- Biologiezentrum der Oberoesterreichischen Landesmuseen: Biologiezentrum Linz
- Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem: Herbarium Willing
- Bundesamt für Naturschutz / Zentralstelle für Phytodiversität Deutschland: Bundesamt fuer Naturschutz / Zentralstelle fuer Phytodiversitaet Deutschland
- Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien: Observations du Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien.
- European Environment Agency: EUNIS
- GBIF-Spain: Univ. Herbarium SALAMANCA: SALA
- GBIF-Sweden: Herbarium of Oskarshamn (OHN)
- GBIF-Sweden: Lund Botanical Museum (LD)
- GBIF-Sweden: Plants (GBIF-SE:Artdatabanken)
- inatura - Erlebnis Naturschau Dornbirn
- Institute of Nature Conservation PAS: National System of Proetcted Areas
- Natural History Museum, University of Oslo: Vascular Plant Herbarium, Oslo (O)
- UK National Biodiversity Network: Botanical Society of the British Isles - Vascular Plants Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 5854579
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Kew-288665
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:540693-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 33320
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 540691-1
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 646708
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- Mean = 294.980 meters (967.782 feet), Standard Deviation = 207.950 based on 1,471 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]