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Rosa stellata mirifica

(Desert Rose)

Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Desert Rose, Wonder Rose

Description

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Family Rosaceae

Trees , shrubs , or herbs, deciduous or evergreen . Stems erect , scandent , arching , prostrate , or creeping , armed or unarmed . Buds usually with several exposed scales , sometimes with only 2. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple or compound ; stipules paired , free or adnate to petiole , rarely absent, persistent or deciduous; petiole usually 2-glandular apically; leaf blade often serrate at margin , rarely entire. Inflorescences various, from single flowers to umbellate , corymbose , racemose or cymose-paniculate. Flowers usually actinomorphic , bisexual , rarely unisexual and then plants dioecious. Hypanthium (formed from basal parts of sepals, petals, and stamens) free from or adnate to ovary, short or elongate . Sepals usually 5, rarely fewer or more, imbricate; epicalyx segments sometimes also present. Petals as many as sepals, inserted below margin of disk, free, imbricate, sometimes absent. Disk lining hypanthium, usually entire, rarely lobed . Stamens usually numerous , rarely few, always in a complete ring at margin of or above disk; filaments usually free, very rarely connate ; anthers small, didymous , rarely elongate, 2-locular. Carpels 1 to many, free, or ± connate and then adnate to inner surface of cupular receptacle; ovary inferior, semi-inferior, or superior; ovules usually 2 in each carpel, rarely 1 or several, anatropous , superposed . Styles as many as carpels, terminal , lateral , or basal, free or sometimes connate. Fruit a follicle, pome, achene, or drupe, rarely a capsule, naked or enclosed in persistent hypanthium and sometimes also by sepals. Seeds erect or pendulous, sometimes winged , usually exalbuminous , very rarely with thin endosperm; cotyledons mostly fleshy and convex abaxially, rarely folded or convolute.

Between 95 and 125 genera and 2825-3500 species: cosmopolitan , mostly in N temperate zone; 55 genera (two endemic) and 950 species (546 endemic) in China.

Many plants of this family are of economic importance and contribute to people s livelihoods. The Rosaceae contain a great number of fruit trees of temperate regions . The fruits contain vitamins, acids, and sugars and can be used both raw and for making preserves, jam, jelly, candy, various drinks, wine, vinegar, etc. The dried fruits of the genera

Amygdalus and Armeniaca are of high commercial value. Some plants in the genus Rosa containing essential oils or with a high vitamin content are used in industry . Rosaceae wood is used for making various articles, stems and roots are used for making tannin extract, and young leaves are used as a substitute for tea. Numerous species are used for medical purposes or are cultivated as ornamentals .

The Rosaceae are very well represented in China, with great economic and scientific importance. The Co-chairs of the Editorial Committee (Wu and Raven) here note that the patterns of relationship are complex and the group is taxonomically difficult. [1]

Genus Rosa

Shrubs , erect , diffuse , or climbing , mostly prickly, bristly , or rarely unarmed , pubescent , glandular-pubescent , or glabrous . Leaves alternate, odd pinnate, rarely simple ; stipules adnate or inserted at petiole , rarely absent. Flowers solitary or in a corymb, rarely in a compound corymb or a panicle; bracts solitary, several, or absent. Hypanthium globose , urceolate , or cupular, constricted at neck. Sepals 5, rarely 4, quincuncial: 2 outer, 2 inner, and 1 middle , margin entire or variously pinnately lobed . Petals 5, rarely 4, imbricate, white, yellow, pink, or red; disc inserted at mouth of hypanthium. Stamens numerous , in several whorls, inserted at disc. Carpels free , numerous, rarely few, inserted at margin or base of hypanthium, not or rarely stalked ; ovule pendulous; styles terminal or lateral , exserted or not, free or connate at upper part. Fruit a hip , formed from fleshy hypanthium. Achenes numerous, rarely few, on adaxial surface of fleshy hypanthium, woody. Seed pendulous. x = 7.

About 200 species: widely distributed from subtropical to cold-temperate regions; 95 species (65 endemic) in China.[2]

Landscaping

Care: Heat tolerant . Apply Rose-tone monthly from leaf-out until August.

Biology

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Growth

Soil: Prefers organic , well-drained soil.

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .

Moisture: Water Requirements: Provide ample water.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Rosa stellata var. mirifica (Greene) Cockerell • Rosa stellata Wooton mirifica (Greene) W. H. Lewis • Rosa stellata Wooton var. mirifica (Greene) Cockerell

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 2009

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Rosa

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 3724 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

R. Abbie's Rose (Rose [abbie's Rose]) · R. abietina forma interposita (Prickly Rose) · R. abietina var. thomasii (Prickly Rose) · R. Absolutely Fabulous = 'Wekvossutono' (Rose 'absolutely Fabulous') · R. Accademia = 'Baracc' (Rose [accademia]) · R. acicularis (Prickly Rose) · R. acicularis acicularis (Prickly Rose) · R. Adam's Rose = 'Wekromico' (Rose [adam's Rose]) · R. agrestis (Field Briar) · R. agrestis agrestis (Field Briar) · R. Alan Phillips = 'Worcalendar' (Rose [alan Phillips]) · R. alba (Alba) · R. Alec and Paul = 'Worcarter' (Rose [alec and Paul]) · R. Alexander's Issie = 'Dicland' (Rose [alexander's Issie]) · R. Alibaba = 'Chewalibaba' (Rosa [alibaba]) · R. Alison Pitt = 'Sarmemory' (Rose [alison Pitt]) · R. Alissar, Princess of Phoenicia = 'Harsidon' (Princess of Phoenicia]) · R. All-American Girl = 'Welall 0309' (Rose [all-American Girl]) · R. alpina (Alpine Hedge Rose) · R. Alysheba = 'Deesheba' (Rose [alysheba]) · R. Alyssa = 'Ruimc01' (Rose [alyssa]) · R. Amanda Ivy = 'Worcars' (Rose [amanda Ivy]) · R. Amaretto = 'Korlougel' (Rose [amaretto]) · R. Amber = 'Spedilap' (Rose [amber]) · R. Amber Sunblaze = 'Meiludoca' (Rose [amber Sunblaze]) · R. Ambiance = 'Bensiete' (Rose [ambiance]) · R. Amnésia = 'Nirpul' (Rose [amn) · R. anemone (Hybrid Laevigata Rose) · R. Angel Eyes = 'Albravo' (Rose [angel Eyes]) · R. Aphrodite = 'Tan00847' (Rose [aphrodite]) · R. Apricola Kordana = 'Korzanaby' (Rose [apricola Kordana]) · R. Aquarius = 'Armaq' (Rose [aquarius]) · R. Archbishop Desmond Tutu = 'Beafatty' (Rose [archbishop Desmond Tutu]) · R. arkansana (Arkansas Rose) · R. arkansana var. suffulta (Prairie Rose) · R. 'Arnoldiana' (Hybrid Rugosa Rose) · R. Artistic Licence = 'Guesmarble' (Rose [artistic Licence]) · R. Art Nouveau = 'Pejamark' (Rose [art Nouveau]) · R. arvensis (Field Rose) · R. Ask Maureen = 'Worcorridor' (Rose [ask Maureen]) · R. Aydan Renee = 'Weldan 0216' (Rose [aydan Renee]) · R. A Brighter Vista = 'Worcast' (Rose [a Brighter Vista]) · R. Baldo Villegas = 'Welvill 0604' (Rose [baldo Villegas]) · R. banksiae (Banks' Rose) · R. banksiae 'Lutea' (Lady Banks Yellow Rose) · R. banksiae 'Purezza' (Lady Banks White Rose) · R. Barbara = 'Moebarbara' (Rose [barbara]) · R. Barbara Windsor = 'Ganleon' (Rose [barbara Windsor]) · R. Barry Stephens = 'Horcabellero' (Rose [barry Stephens]) · R. Beach Blanket = 'Jacdarpi' (Rose [beach Blanket]) · R. Beatrix Potter (Rose [beatrix Potter]) · R. bella (Floribunda Rose) · R. Bella Diana = 'Mandiana' (Rose [bella Diana]) · R. Belle of the Ball = 'Harping' (Rose [belle of the Ball]) · R. Belle Rose = 'Korphyphe' (Rose [belle Rose]) · R. Belmonte = 'Harpearl' (Rose [belmonte]) · R. Beryl Joyce = 'Tan96145' (Rose [beryl Joyce]) · R. Big Spring Belle = 'Carbelle' (Rose [big Spring Belle]) · R. Black Country Pride = 'Franjolil' (Rose [black Country Pride]) · R. blanda (Hudson Bay Rose) · R. blanda var. glabra (Smooth Rose) · R. blanda var. hermanni (Smooth Rose) · R. Bloom of Ruth = 'Harmedley' (Rose [bloom of Ruth]) · R. Blue Suede Shoes = 'Wel0409' (Rose [blue Suede Shoes]) · R. Bonita = 'Tommil' (Rose [bonita]) · R. borboniana (Bourbon Rose) · R. bracteata (Macartney Rose) · R. Brand New Girlfriend = 'Welnew 0654' (Rose [brand New Girlfriend]) · R. Brenda Lee = 'Welbend 0515' (Rose [brenda Lee]) · R. Bride and Groom = 'Smi10-98' (Rose [bride and Groom]) · R. bridgesii (Pygmy Rose) · R. Bright Future = 'Kirora' (Rose [bright Future]) · R. Brockbank Spirit = 'Worcuddle' (Rose [brockbank Spirit]) · R. brunonii (Himalayan Musk Rose) · R. brunonii 'La Mortola' (Himalayan Musk Rose) · R. Bubblicious = 'Jacplenty' (Rose [bubblicious]) · R. Buckwheat = 'Bagweet' (Rose [buckwheat]) · R. 'Bullata' (Cabbage Rose) · R. burgundica (Burgundian Rose) · R. California Dreamin = 'Meibihars' (Rose [california Dreamin]) · R. californica (California Wild Rose) · R. californica var. ultramontana (California Rose) · R. californica 'Plena' (California Wild Rose) · R. calocarpa (Hybrid Rugosa) · R. Candy Oh! Vivid Red = 'Zlemartincipar' (Rose [candy Oh! Vivid Red]) · R. canina (Briar Rose) · R. canina 'Abbotswood' (Hybrid Canina Rose) · R. cantabrigiensis (Shrub Rose) · R. Cape Diamond = 'Darpellerin' (Rose [cape Diamond]) · R. Carding Mill = 'Auswest' (Rose [carding Mill]) · R. Carefree Spirit = 'Meizmea' (Rose [carefree Spirit]) · R. Cariad = 'Auspanier' (Rose [cariad]) · R. Carl & Cathrina = 'Jalcarl' (Rose [carl & Cathrina]) · R. carolina (Carolina Rose) · R. Carol Burnett = 'Wekyosotono' (Rose [carol Burnett]) · R. Carol McLure = 'Worcad' (Rose [carol Mclure]) · R. Caron Keating Rose = 'Harkoral' (Rose [caron Keating Rose]) · R. Carris = 'Harmanna' (Rose [carris]) · R. Celebration Time = 'Wekcobeju' (Rose [celebration Time]) · R. celsiana (Damask Rose)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Cuizhi Gu, Chaoluan Li, Lingdi Lu, Shunyuan Jiang, Crinan Alexander, Bruce Bartholomew, Anthony R. Brach, David E. Boufford, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba, Kenneth R. Robertson & Steven A. Spongberg "Rosaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 46. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Gu Cuizhi (Ku Tsue-chih, Kenneth R. Robertson "Rosa". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 339. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-12