- In spring , the Black Cherry has beautiful clusters of white flowers, which later mature into edible black fruits, excellent for making wine and jelly.
- However, the leaves contain cyanide , and when eaten by livestock are fatal! Black Cherry is valued for its beautiful hardwood .
- A dense grower with a slight weeping habit. It flowers heavily and displays very good fall color.
Common Names in English:
Alabama Cherry, Black Cherry, Black Choke, Black Chokecherry, Cabinet Cherry, Rum Cherry, Wild Black Cherry, Wild Cherry
, or herbs, deciduous or evergreen
. Stems erect
, or creeping
. Buds usually with several exposed scales
, sometimes with only 2. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, simple
; stipules paired
, rarely absent, persistent
or deciduous; petiole usually 2-glandular apically; leaf blade
often serrate at margin
, rarely entire. Inflorescences various, from single flowers to umbellate
, racemose or cymose-paniculate. Flowers usually actinomorphic
, rarely unisexual
and then plants
dioecious. Hypanthium (formed from basal parts of sepals, petals, and stamens) free from or adnate to ovary, short or elongate
. Sepals usually 5, rarely fewer or more, imbricate; epicalyx
segments sometimes also present. Petals as many as sepals, inserted
below margin of disk, free, imbricate, sometimes absent. Disk lining hypanthium, usually entire, rarely lobed
. Stamens usually numerous
, rarely few, always in a complete
at margin of or above disk; filaments
usually free, very rarely connate
, rarely elongate, 2-locular. Carpels 1 to many, free, or ± connate and then adnate to inner surface of cupular receptacle; ovary inferior, semi-inferior, or superior; ovules usually 2 in each carpel, rarely 1 or several, anatropous
. Styles as many as carpels, terminal
, or basal, free or sometimes connate. Fruit a follicle, pome, achene, or drupe, rarely a capsule, naked or enclosed in persistent hypanthium and sometimes also by sepals. Seeds erect or pendulous, sometimes winged
, usually exalbuminous
, very rarely with thin endosperm; cotyledons mostly fleshy
abaxially, rarely folded or convolute.
Between 95 and 125 genera and 2825-3500 species: cosmopolitan , mostly in N temperate zone; 55 genera (two endemic) and 950 species (546 endemic) in China.
Many plants of this family are of economic importance and contribute to people s livelihoods. The Rosaceae contain a great number of fruit trees of temperate regions . The fruits contain vitamins, acids, and sugars and can be used both raw and for making preserves, jam, jelly, candy, various drinks, wine, vinegar, etc. The dried fruits of the genera
Amygdalus and Armeniaca are of high commercial value. Some plants in the genus Rosa containing essential oils or with a high vitamin content are used in industry . Rosaceae wood is used for making various articles, stems and roots are used for making tannin extract, and young leaves are used as a substitute for tea. Numerous species are used for medical purposes or are cultivated as ornamentals .
The Rosaceae are very well represented in China, with great economic and scientific importance. The Co-chairs of the Editorial Committee (Wu and Raven) here note that the patterns of relationship are complex and the group is taxonomically difficult. 
, deciduous. Branchlets
sometimes spine-tipped. Axillary
winter bud absent. Stipules membranous, soon caducous
. Leaves simple
, alternate, convolute [or conduplicate
] when young; petiolate
or sessile; petiole
apex or base
of leaf blade
with or without nectaries; leaf blade margin variously crenate
or coarsely serrate. Inflorescences apparently axillary, solitary or to 3-flowered in a fascicle; bracts small, soon caducous. Flowers opening before or at same time as leaves. Hypanthium campanulate
. Sepals 5, imbricate. Petals 5, white, sometimes purple-veined, rarely greenish, inserted
of hypanthium, imbricate. Stamens 20-30, in 2 whorls; filaments
unequal. Carpel 1; ovary superior, 1-loculed, glabrous
or sometimes villous
; ovules 2, collateral
, pendulous. Style terminal, elongated. Fruit a drupe, glabrous, often glaucous, usually with a longitudinal
, not splitting
; endocarp laterally compressed
, rarely grooved
About 30 species: Asia, Europe, North America; seven species (two endemic, three introduced ) in China.
Many plum species are cultivated for their edible fruit and some for their flowers.
ID Features: Deciduous tree. Alternate leaf arrangement. Serrulate leaf margins. Ovate leaf shape. White flowers. Round, purplish-red fleshy fruit.
Seeds: Fruit: Rounded , purplish-red drupe. 0.33" in diameter. Edible. Mature in August.
Foliage: Summer foliage: Alternate leaf arrangement . Simple , deciduous leaves. Serrulate margins . Ovate leaf shape. 2" to 5" long. Dark green leaf color. • Fall foliage: Yellow to ornage fall color.
Growth Rate: Rapid. • Size: 60' to 90' tall, 35' to 50' wide.
Landscape Uses: Along highways. For weeping effect. • Liabilities: Fall webworm. Foliage is poisonous. Tent caterpillars. • Care: Low maintenance . Tolerates rabbits. Young plants need extra phosphorus to encourage good root development.
Hhardy to zone 3.
Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,653 meters (0 to 15,266 feet).
Culture: Prefers deep, moist, fertile soil. Full sun to part shade. Salt tolernat. Drought tolerant .
Soil: Tolerates a range of pH, from 4.5 to 7.5, and soil ranging from sandy loam to some clay . Soil can be normal to moist. • Minimum pH: 5.1 • Maximum pH: 7.5
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .
Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a. (map)
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Rosanae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Rosidae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Cerasus serotina (Ehrh.) Loisel. • Padus serotina (Ehrh.) Borkh.
Name Status: Accepted Name .
Members of the genus Prunus
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 860 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:
P. africana (Red Stinkwood) · P. alleghaniensis (Allegheny Plum) · P. americana (American Plum) · P. amygdalus (Chokecherry) · P. amygdalus 'All in One' (Almond) · P. amygdalus 'Garden Prince' (Almond) · P. amygdalus 'Neplus' (Almond) · P. amygdalus 'Nonpareil' (Almond) · P. andersonii (Anderson's Peachbrush) · P. angustifolia (Chickasaw Plum) · P. angustifolia var. watsonii (Watsons Plum) · P. angustifolia 'Guthrie' (Chickasaw Plum) · P. armeniaca (Apricot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Dapple Dandy' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavorella' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavorich' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavorosa' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavor Delight' (Aprium) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavor Grenade' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavor King' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavor Queen' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Flavor Supreme' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica x domestica 'Geo Pride' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica 'Parfait' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca x domestica 'Spring Satin' (Plumcot) · P. armeniaca 'Ac Haroprime' (Apricot 'ac Haroprime') · P. armeniaca 'Autumn Glo' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Aviclo' (Apricot 'aviclo') · P. armeniaca 'Blenheim Royal' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Canadien White Blenheim' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Candide' (Apricot 'candide') · P. armeniaca 'Chinese' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Cluthafire' (Apricot 'cluthafire') · P. armeniaca 'Deatrich' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Ea3126th' (Apricot 'ea3126th') · P. armeniaca 'Ea4006' (Apricot 'ea4006') · P. armeniaca 'Earli-Autumn' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Faralia' (Apricot 'faralia') · P. armeniaca 'Farbaly' (Apricot 'farbaly') · P. armeniaca 'Farclo' (Apricot 'farclo') · P. armeniaca 'Fardao' (Apricot 'fardao') · P. armeniaca 'Farely' (Apricot 'farely') · P. armeniaca 'Farfia' (Apricot 'farfia') · P. armeniaca 'Farhial' (Apricot 'farhial') · P. armeniaca 'Flodea' (Apricot 'flodea') · P. armeniaca 'Floneca' (Apricot 'floneca') · P. armeniaca 'Flopria' (Apricot 'flopria') · P. armeniaca 'Frisson' (Apricot 'frisson') · P. armeniaca 'Fritz' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'GA 10F' (Apricot 'ga 10f') · P. armeniaca 'Goldbar' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Goldcot' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Goldrich' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Goldstrike' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harcot' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harglow' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Hargrand' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harlayne' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Haroblush' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harogem' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harojoy' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harostar' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Harval' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Helene' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Hunza' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Jerseycot' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Magic Cot' (Apricot 'magic Cot') · P. armeniaca 'Medaga' (Apricot 'medaga') · P. armeniaca 'Moorpark' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Patterson' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Priabel' (Apricot 'priabel') · P. armeniaca 'Primarel' (Apricot 'primarel') · P. armeniaca 'Primarina' (Apricot 'primarina') · P. armeniaca 'Primaris' (Apricot 'primaris') · P. armeniaca 'Primaya' (Apricot 'primaya') · P. armeniaca 'Puget Gold' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Ravilong' (Apricot 'ravilong') · P. armeniaca 'Ravival' (Apricot 'ravival') · P. armeniaca 'Shalhala' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Stark Sweetheart' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Suaprieight' (Apricot 'suaprieight') · P. armeniaca 'Suapriseven' (Apricot 'suapriseven') · P. armeniaca 'Tilton' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Tomcot' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Torraviun' (Apricot 'torraviun') · P. armeniaca 'Veecot' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Velvaglo' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Vertige' (Apricot 'vertige') · P. armeniaca 'Vivagold' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Westley' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Wilson Delicious' (Apricot) · P. armeniaca 'Wonder Cot' (Apricot 'wonder Cot') · P. avium (Mazzard Cherry) · P. avium (L.) L. 'Sam' (Sweet Cherry) · P. avium 'Almaden Duke' (Sweet Cherry) · P. avium 'Bing' (Sweet Cherry) · P. avium 'Black Tartarian' (Sweet Cherry) · P. avium 'Compacstella' (Sweet Cherry) · P. avium 'Craig's Crimson' (Sweet Cherry) · P. avium 'Early Burlat' (Sweet Cherry)
- Search for Pictures: images.google.com
- Search for Scholarly Articles: Google Scholar
- Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names: All the Web | AltaVista Canada | AltaVista | Excite | Google | HotBot | Lycos
- Search using Specialized Databases: GenBank | Medline | Scirus | CISTI/CAL | Agricola Periodicals | Agricola Books
- A biological survey of the sand dune region on the south shore of Saginaw Bay, Michigan. Prepared under the direction of Alexander G. Ruthven. Lansing, Mich.: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford co., state printers, 1911. url p. 99.
- A check-list of plants mentioned in the Arnold Arboretum bulletins / [compiled by Charles Downing Lay, Robert Wheelwright]. Harrisburg, Pa.: Landscape Architecture, Inc., 1919 url p. 31.
- A comparison of the animal communities of coniferous and deciduous forests, Urbana, Ill., c1927 url p. 42.
- A contribution to the morphology and biology of insect galls / by A. Cosens. [Toronto: University Press, 1912]. url p. 299, p. 302.
- A dictionary of American plant names / compiled by Willard N. Clute. Joliet, Ill.: W.N. Clute, 1923. url p. 10.
- A field and laboratory guide in biological nature-study, by Elliot R. Downing. Chicago, Ill., The University of Chicago Press[c1918] url .
- A general introduction to forestry in the United States, with special reference to recent forest conservation policies, by Nelson Courtlandt Brown. New York, Chapman & Hall, limited, 1935. url p. 288.
- A guide to the poisonous plants and weed seeds of Canada and the northern United States / by R.B. Thomson and H.B. Sifton. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1922. url p. 15, p. 63.
- A history of the game birds, wild fowl and shore birds of Massachusetts and adjacent states, including those used for food which have disappeared since the settlement of the country, and those which are now hunted for food or sport, with observations on their former abundance and recent decre By Edward Howe Forbush. Boston, Wright & Potter Printing Company, State Printers, 1916 url p. 582.
- A history of the game birds, wild-fowl and shore birds of Massachusetts and adjacent states: including those used for food which have disappeared since the settlement of the country, and those which are now hunted for food or sport, with observations on their former abundance and recent decre Boston: Wright & Potter printing company, state printers, 1912. url p. 582, p. 582, p. 587, p. 587.
- A manual of bee husbandry. Trenton, N. J., 1922. url .
- A manual of organic materia medica and pharmacognosy; an introduction to the study of the vegetable kingdom and the vegetable and animal drugs (with syllabus of inorganic remedial agents) comprising the botanical and physical characteristics, source, con Philadelphia, Blakiston url p. 214, p. xv.
- A manual of weeds, with descriptions of all the most pernicious and troublesome plants in the United States and Canada, their habits of growth and distribution, with methods of control, by Ada E. Georgia. .. with 385 illustrations by F. Schuyler Mathews. .. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1916, c1914. url p. 563, p. 586.
- A manual of weeds: with descriptions of all the most pernicious and troublesome plants in the United States and Canada, their habits of growth and distribution, with methods of control / New York: Macmillan, 1919, c1914. url .
- A naturalist in the Great Lakes region, by Elliot Rowland Downing. Chicago, Ill., University of Chicago Press[c1922] url p. 204.
- A provisional list of the parasitic fungi of Wisconsin. Madison, 1914 url p. 255, p. 270, p. 866, p. 884, p. 892, p. 908, p. 961.
- A spring flora for high schools, New York, Cincinnati [etc.]American Book Company[c1915] url .
- A spring flora for high schools, by Henry C. Cowles. .. and John G. Coulter. .. New York, American book company[c1915] url p. 80.
- A survey of diseases and defects in Connecticut forests / [New Haven]: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 1938. url p. 558.
- A text book of materia medica, being an account of the more important crude drugs of vegetable and animal origin, designed for students of pharmacy and medicine. London, Churchill, 1920. url p. 164, p. 251.
- American forest trees, by Henry H. Gibson; ed. by Hu Maxwell. Chicago, Hardwood record, 1913. url , p. 13.
- American forest trees; edited by Hu Maxwell. ChicagoHardwood Record1913 url .
- American honey plants; together with those which are of special value to the beekeeper as sources of pollen. Hamilton, Ill., American Bee Journal, 1920. url p. 278.
- An arboreal guide of the wilderness. 1979. url .
- An ecological study of prairie and forest invertebrates, Urbana, Ill., 1915. url .
- An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions: from Newfoundland to the parallel of the southern boundary of Virginia and from the Atlantic Ocean westward to the 102nd meridian / by Nathaniel Lord Britton and Hon. Addison Brown. New York: Scribner, 1913. url p. 329.
- Annotated list of the ferns and flowering plants of New York state, by Homer D. House. Albany, The University of the state of New York, 1924. url p. 434.
- Annual report of the Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture. Boston: Wright & Potter Printing Co., state printers, 1916-1918. url p. 200.
- Annual report of the Michigan Academy of Science. Lansing, Mich.: The Academy, 1916-1921. url p. 150, p. 267.
- Applied and economic botany for students in technical and agricultural schools, pharmaceutical and medical colleges, for chemists, food analysts and for the those engaged in the morphological and physiological study of plants. New York, Wiley url p. 243, p. 560.
- Applied and economic botany, especially adapted for the use of students in technical schools, agricultural, pharmaceutical and medical colleges, and also as a book of reference for chemists, food analysts and students engaged in by Henry Kraemer. .. illustrated with 424 plates, comprising about 2000 figures. Philadelphia, The author[c1914] url p. 185, p. 187, p. 187, p. 243, p. 560, p. 561, p. 561.
- Atlas of the rare vascular plants of Ontario / Ottawa: Botany Division, National Museum of Natural Sciences = Division de la botanique, Musée national des sciences naturelles, 1982-1987. url p. 21.
- Biennial report of the Forest Commissioner / State of Maine. [Augusta, Me.: Forest Commissioner, 1924- url p. 70.
- Biology and colonization of the sand fly Lutzomyia diabolica (Hall) (Diptera: Psychodidae) with notes on its potential relationship to human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Texas, USA / 1984. url p. 34.
- Biosphere Reserves, Compilation 5, October 1990: programme on man and the biosphere (MAB) IUCN url p. 170.
- Bird friends; a complete bird book for Americans, by Gilbert H. Trafton. Boston, Houghton Mifflin company, 1916. url p. 267.
- Birds of New York / Albany: University of the State of New York, 1914. url .
- Birds; a miscellaneous collection of 37 pamphlets about birds. Collected and privately bound by Alvin Seale, 1914. v.p., 1910-1913 url p. 17, p. 189, p. 191, p. 192, p. 195, p. 30, p. 42, p. 52, p. 58.
- Botanical Museum leaflets, Harvard University. 16 1953-1954 Cambridge, Mass.: Botanical Museum, Harvard University, 1932- url p. 145, p. 153, p. 167.
- Botanical abstracts. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co. url p. 182.
- Botany for high schhools / by George Francis Atkinson. New York: H. Holt, 1912. url p. 441, p. 539.
- Botany for secondary schools; a guide to the knowledge of the vegetation of the neighborhood, by L. H. Bailey. New York, Macmillan, 1920. url p. 389.
- Botany, developmental and descriptive. Philadelphia, Lea, 1922. url p. 164.
- Brooklyn Botanic Garden record. 3 1914 [Brooklyn]: Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 1912-44. url p. 139, p. 8.
- Bulletin / Illinois Natural History Survey. Urbana, State of Illinois, Dept. of Registration and Education, Natural History Survey Division, 1918-1985. url , p. 139, p. 210, p. 219, p. 220, p. 340, p. 398, p. 403, p. 461, p. 545.
- Bulletin / Ohio Biological Survey. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University, 1913- url p. 457, p. 89.
- Bulletin Harrisburg, Pa.: The Department, - url , .
- Bulletin of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. [Washington, D.C.?]: Supt. of Docs., G.P.O., 1913-1923. url , , , p. 11, p. 11, p. 11, p. 13, p. 2, p. 21, p. 27, p. 30, p. 33, p. 33, p. 35, p. 42, p. 45, p. 6, p. 66, p. 71, p. 9, p. 9, p. 90.
- Canadian trees worth knowing. Toronto, Musson url p. 153.
- Catalog of hymenoptera in America north of Mexico / prepared cooperatively by specialists on the various groups of Hymenoptera under the direction of Karl V. Krombein. .. [et al.]. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1979- url , , p. 1802, p. 1828, p. 1836, p. 1838, p. 23.
- Catalogue of publications relating to forestry in the Library of the United States Department of agriculture. [Washington, D.C.:s.n.], 1912. url p. 160.
- Catalogue of scientific papers (1800-1900) Comp. by the Royal society of London. Cambridge, C. J. Clay and sons, 1867-1902; url p. 464, p. 995.
- Catalogue of the library of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University / compiled under the direction of Charles Sprague Sargent by Ethelyn Maria Tucker. Cambridge: Printed at the Cosmos Press, 1914-1933. url p. 641.
- Checklist of plants of the Ottawa District. Ottawa, 1958. url p. 53.
- Chemical interactions among milkweed plants (asclepiadaceae) and lepidopteran herbivores / by James A. Cohen. 1983. url p. 14.
- Circular. Boston, Mass., 1913-1918. url p. 12.
- Civic biology, a textbook of problems, local and national, that can be solved only by civic coöperation. Boston, Ginn url p. 75.
- Civic biology; a textbook of problems, local and national, that can be solved only by civic coöperation, by Clifton F. Hodge. .. and Jean Dawson. .. Boston, Ginn and Company[c1918] url p. 75.
- Civic biology; textbook of problems, local and national, that can be solved only by civic coöperation, by Clifton F. Hodge and Jean Dawson. Boston, Ginn[c1918] url p. 75.
- Common and scientific names of weeds in Canada = Noms populaires et scientifiques des plantes nuisibles du Canada / Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada = Agriculture et agroalimentaire Canada, c2000. url p. 126.
- Common forest trees of Georgia: how to know them. A pocket manual, prepared by W. R. Mattoon and Thos. D. Burleigh. Athens, Ga., 1923. url p. 62.
- Common forest trees of North Carolina: how to know them; a pocket manual / by J. S. Holmes, State Forester. Chapel Hill, N.C.: North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey, 1923. url p. 60.
- Common trees / by J. Francis Macbride, Asst. Curator, Taxonomy, Dept. of Botany. Chicago:Field Museum of Natural History, 1936. url p. 21.
- Common trees of Ohio: a handy pocket manual of the common and introduced trees of Ohio / by Joseph S. Illick, in cooperation with Edmund Secrest. Washington, D. C.: The American Tree Association, 1927. url p. 76.
- Comprehensive plan for the Illinois Nature Preserves System. Rockford, Ill.: Illinois Nature Preserves Commission, 1972-1973. url p. 32.
- Contribution to the life history and physiology of Cylindrosporium on stone fruits. .. Lancaster, Pa., 1914 url p. 161, p. 164, p. 17, p. 171, p. 172.
- Contributions from the Botanical Laboratory and the Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: [s.n., url , , , .
- Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium. 23 2001 Ann Arbor: University Herbarium, University of Michigan, 1939- url p. 177, p. 289, p. 313, p. 62, p. 95.
- Cooperative economic insect report. Hyattsville, MD. [etc.]Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs Animal and Plant Health Service. url p. 106, p. 121, p. 229, p. 234, p. 620.
- Cryptogamic plants of the USSR. (Flora sporovykh rastenii SSSR) Translated from Russian. Jerusalem[Published for the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C. by the Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 19 - url p. 326.
- Cultures of Uredineae 1899-1921. n.p., n.d. url p. 71, p. 78, p. 89, p. 94.
- Cyclopedia of farm crops, New York, The Macmillan company, 1922. url p. 692.
- Cyclopedia of farm crops, a popular survey of crops and crop-making methods in the United States and Canada; New York, The Macmillan company, 1922. url .
- Cyclopedia of farm crops: a popular survey of crops and crop-making methods in the United States and Canada / edited by L.H. Bailey. New York: Macmillan, 1922, c1907. url p. 459, p. 692.
- Defoliation and mortality in Connecticut forests / New Haven, Conn.: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station,  url p. 13.
- Department circular. Boston, Mass., 1918-1920. url p. 14.
- Descriptive catalogue (with current prices) of standard pharmaceutical and biological products for the veterinarian: with notes on modern biological therapy. Indianapolis: Pitman-Moore Co., c1922. url p. 72.
- Diseases of cattle, sheep, goats and swine / by G. Moussu and Jno. A. W. Dollar. Chicago: American Veterinary Pub.Co., 1920. url p. 236.
- Economic botany of Alabama. University, Ala., 1913-1928. url p. 214.
- Economic value of the starling in the United States. Washington, Govt. print. off., 1921. url p. 21, p. 30, p. 35.
- Effects of highways on wildlife and fish with special reference to Montana a ProCite literature collection / Bozeman, Mont.: Fish and Wildlife Management Program, Montana State University, 2001 url .
- Endothia parasitica and related species. Washington, Govt. print. off., 1917. url p. 63, p. 64, p. 68.
- Entomological contributions in memory of Byron A. Alexander / edited by George W. Byers, Robert H. Hagen and Robert W. Brooks. Lawrence, Kan.: Natural History Museum, the University of Kansas, 1999. url p. 240.
- Entomological news. [Philadelphia]American Entomological Society, 1925- url p. 113, p. 121, p. 138, p. 184, p. 185, p. 212, p. 256, p. 35, p. 60.
- Erigenia: journal of the Illinois Native Plant Society. Carbondale, Ill.: The Society, 1982- url p. 15, p. 16, p. 16, p. 17, p. 18, p. 19, p. 19, p. 20, p. 22, p. 23, p. 24, p. 25, p. 3, p. 33, p. 34, p. 34, p. 37, p. 4, p. 40, p. 41, p. 45, p. 48, p. 49, p. 5, p. 5, p. 50, p. 51, p. 58, p. 59, p. 61, p. 69, p. 7, p. 71, p. 77, p. 79, p. 8, p. 80, p. 82, p. 83, p. 86, p. 87, p. 89, p. 91.
- Establishment, development, and management of conifer plantations in the Eli Whitney Forest, New Haven, Connecticut, New Haven, Yale University, 1943. url p. 79.
- Everyday adventures Boston, The Atlantic Monthly Press[c1920] url .
- Everyday adventures, by Samuel Scoville, jr. Boston, The Atlantic Monthly Press[c1920] url p. 70.
- FWS/0BS. [Washington]Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior. url p. 225, p. 92.
- Facts relating to the history of Groton, Massachusetts, by Samuel Abbott Green. .. [Cambridge, J. Wilson and Son]1912-14. url p. 23.
- Farlowia: a journal of cryptogamic botany. Cambridge, Mass., 1943-1955. url .
- Farm and garden rule-book; a manual of ready rules and reference with recipes, precepts, formulas, and tabular information for the use of general farmers, gardeners, fruit-growers, stockmen, dairymen, poultrymen, foresters, rur New York, Macmillan, 1919. url p. 96.
- Farm forestry / New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1916. url .
- Farm forestry, a text book dealing with the wooded parts of southern farms and the problems growing out of them, for use in agricultural high schools and colleges, by Alfred Akerman. .. Athens, Ga. [Jackson, Ga., Progress print]1914. url p. 16.
- Farm forestry, by John Arden Ferguson. New York: J. Wiley & sons, inc.; [etc., etc.], 1916. url p. 82.
- Farm forestry. New YorkWiley[c1916] url p. 82.
- Farmer's cyclopedia: a compilation of such bulletins and reports as are indispensable to the practical farmer. Garden City, N. Y.: Doubleday, Page, 1914. url p. 401, p. 570.
- Fifty common plant galls of the Chicago area / by Carl F. Gronemann. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History, 1930. url p. 23.
- Final report. v. 1-8. Trenton, 1888-1917. url p. 288.
- Fishery circular / U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Fisheries. [Washington]: The Bureau, 1931-1939. url p. 50, p. 9.
- Flood tolerance of plant species in bottomland forests of the southeastern United States / 1992. url p. 107, p. 138, p. 139, p. 145, p. 171, p. 179, p. 183, p. 184, p. 192, p. 198.
- Flora of Guatemala, by Paul C. Standley and J.A. Steyermark. 24 1946 Chicago, 1946- url p. 466.
- Flora of Indiana, by Charles C. Deam. Indianapolis, Wm. B. Burford printing co., contractor for state printing and binding, 1940. url p. 579, p. 582.
- Flora of Nebraska; a list of the conifers and flowering plants of the state with keys for their determination. Plainview, Neb.[c1912] url .
- Flora of Nebraska; a list of the ferns, conifers and flowering plants of the state with keys for their determination. Plainview, Neb., 1923 url p. 136.
- Flora of Vermont. List of ferns and seed plants growing without cultivation. Prepared by Vermont Botanical Club. Burlington, Vt., Free Press Print. Co., 1915. url p. 149, p. 151, p. 207, p. 214, p. 232.
- Flora of the District of Columbia and vicinity. By A.S. Hitchcock and Paul C. Standley, with the assistance of the botanists of Washington. WashingtonGovt. print. off.1919 url p. 179, p. 180.
- Flora of the vicinity of New York; a contribution to plant geography. [New York]1915 url .
- Flowers and insects; lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty-three flowers, by Charles Robertson. Carlinville, Ill., n.p.1928. url p. 5.
- Forest conditions of Mississippi. [Jackson, Miss.]: Mississippi State Geological Survey, 1913. url p. 149.
- Forest of Port Rico; Washington, Govt. print. off., 1916. url p. 71.
- Forest protection in Canada, 1912-1914, by Clyde Leavitt. Toronto, 1913-1915. url p. 121, p. 121.
- Forest vegetation in Maryland / Baltimore: The Department, 1974. url p. 62.
- Forestry almanac, compiled and edited by the American tree association. Washington, D.C.[c1924] url p. 32.
- Forestry for the private owner... Syracuse, 1920. url p. 33.
- Forestry lessons on home woodlands / by Wilbur R. Mattoon and Alvin Dille. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1920. url p. 44.
- Forestry research report. Urbana, Ill., Agricultural Experiment Station, Dept. of Forestry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. url , , , , , , , p. 2, p. 3, p. 3, p. 3, p. 5.
- Forests, woods and trees in relation to hygiene. LondonConstable1919 url p. 69.
- Fruit notes. Amherst, Mass.: Cooperative Extension Service, College of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, url p. 6.
- General botany for universities and colleges, by Hiram D. Densmore with original illustrations by the author and by M. Louise Sawyer. Boston, Ginn and Company, [c1920] url p. 407, p. 455.
- Great Basin naturalist memoirs. 1992 [Provo, Utah]Brigham Young University, 1976-1992. url p. 1323.
- Growth study and normal yield tables for second growth hardwood stands in central New England, by J. Nelson Spaeth. Harvard Forest, Petersham, Mass., 1920. url p. 21.
- Guidebook for the identification of woods used for ties and timbers, by Arthur Koehler, expert in wood identification, Forest products laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin. Washington: Govt. print. off., 1917. url , p. 52.
- Handbook of the trees of the northern states and Canada east of the Rocky Mountains. Photo-descriptive. Lowville, N.Y., 1921 [c1907] url p. 282.
- Handbook of the wild and cultivated flowering plants, by Chester Arthur Darling... Syracuse andThe Mason-Henry press,  url p. 77.
- Histology of medicinal plants, New York, J. Wiley & sons, inc.; [etc., etc.]1916 url p. 110, p. 212, p. 97.
- Histology of medicinal plants, by William Mansfield. New York, J. Wiley & sons, inc.; [etc., etc.]1916. url p. 110, p. 97.
- Histology of medicinal plants. New YorkWiley1916 url p. 212, p. 97.
- How to attract wild birds about the home, Greenwich, Conn., The Greenwich bird protective society, inc., 1915. url .
- How to know wild fruits; a guide to plants when not in flower by means of fruit and leaf; by Mary Elisabeth Herbert. New York, Macmillan, 1914. url , , p. 198, p. 199, p. 339, p. x.
- Identification of the economic woods of the United States, including a discussion of the structural and physical properties of wood, New York, John Wiley & sons, inc.; [etc., etc.]1919. url , , , , p. 102, p. 128, p. 47, p. 51.
- Illinois River Bluffs area assessment / Illinois Department of Natural Resources, Office of Scientific Research and Analysis, [and the] State Geological Survey Division. Springfield, Ill.: Illinois Dept. of Natural Resources, 1998- url p. 156, p. 183.
- Illinois biological monographs. Urbana, Univ. of Illinois Press. url p. 381.
- Illustrated key to the wild and commonly cultivated trees of the northeastern United States and adjacent Canada; based primarily upon leaf characters, New YorkHolt1912 url p. 116.
- Injurious and beneficial insects of California. / By E. O. Essig. Sacramento, California state printing office, 1915 url , p. 26.
- Insecutor inscitiae menstruus. Washington, D.C.: [Harrison G. Dyar], 1913-1926. url p. 62.
- Introduction to botany, Boston, Ginn and company[c1914] url .
- Introduction to botany. Boston, Ginn url p. 124.
- Inventory of seeds and plants imported / U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O., 1914-1924. url p. 1, p. 10, p. 31, p. 39, p. 4, p. 5, p. 65.
- Iowa parks. Conservation of Iowa historic, scenic and scientific areas. Also, a description of numerous areas suitable for public state parks, with reasons for their preservation. Report of the State board of con Pub. by the state of Iowa. Des Moines url p. 145, p. 166, p. 74, p. 79.
- Iowa parks. Des Moines url p. 145, p. 166, p. 74.
- Journal of agricultural research. Washington, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, 1913-1949.. url , , p. 352, p. 540, p. 545, p. 562, p. 566, p. 568.
- Journal of ethnobiology. 11 1991 Flagstaff, Ariz.: Center for Western Studies, 1981- url p. 102, p. 259, p. 269, p. 35, p. 38, p. 41, p. 41, p. 45.
- Journal of forestry. Washington: Society of American Foresters, 1917- url p. 102, p. 103, p. 180, p. 187, p. 834.
- Journal of the Kentucky Academy of Science. Lexington, KY: The Academy, 1998- url p. 181, p. 188, p. 188, p. 32, p. 47, p. 57, p. 62.
- Landscape garden series, ed. by Ralph Rodney Root. Davenport, Ia.: The Garden Press,  url p. 19.
- Leaf-mining insects / by James G. Needham, Stuart W. Frost, Beatrice H. Tothill. Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins company, [c1928] url p. 316.
- Leaflets of western botany. San Fransisco:[J. T. Howell], 1932-1966. url .
- List of intercepted plant pests / United States Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. [Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O.], 1932- url p. 17, p. 37, p. 50, p. 51, p. 64.
- Lists of plant types for landscape planting; the materials of planting for ornament listed according to their various uses, by Stephen F. Hamblin. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1923. url , , , , , , , p. 18, p. 19, p. 2, p. 21, p. 23, p. 25, p. 27, p. 9.
- Logging: the principles and general methods of operation in the United States / by Ralph Clement Bryant. London: Chapman & Hall, 1914, c1913. url p. 23, p. 577.
- Logging; the principles and general methods of operation in the United States, by Ralph Clement Bryant. .. New York: J. Wiley & Sons; [etc., etc.], 1913. url p. 23, p. 577.
- Luther Burbank, his methods and discoveries and their practical application; London, Luther Burbank Press, 1914-15. url .
- Luther Burbank: his methods and discoveries and their practical application / prepared from his original field notes covering more than 100, 000 experiments made during forty years devoted to plant improvement; with the assistance of the Luther Burbank Society and its entire me London: Luther Burbank Press, 1914-15. url p. 97.
- Manual of fruit diseases / New York: Macmillan, 1917. url .
- Manual of fruit diseases, by Lex R. Hesler. .. and Herbert Hice Whetzel. New York, The Macmillan company, 1917. url p. 188.
- Manual of gardening; a practical guide to the making of home grounds and the growing of flowers, fruits, and vegetables for home use, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1917. url .
- Manual of the trees of North America (exclusive of Mexico) by Charles Sprague Sargent, with seven hundred and eighty-three illustrations from drawings by Charles Edward Faxon and Mary W. Gill. Boston and New York, Houghton Mifflin company, 1922. url p. 573, p. 575, p. 576, p. 578, p. 907, p. 907.
- Memoir / Ithaca, N.Y. url p. 1113, p. 1126, p. 191, p. 201, p. 209, p. 217, p. 269.
- Memoirs of the American Entomological Society. Philadelphia, American Entomological Society, 1916- url p. 120, p. 178.
- Memoirs of the San Diego Society of Natural History. 16 1989 San Diego, Calif.: The Society, 1931-1989. url fig. 4, page 12, p. 50.
- Michigan trees: a handbook of the native and most important introduced species / by Charles Herbert Otis; with an introduction by George Plumer Burns. Ann Arbor: Regents of the University of Michigan, 1917 [c1915] url p. 152, p. 153, p. 155.
- Michigan trees; a handbook of the native and most important introduced species. Ann Arbor, The Regents, [c1915] url .
- Minnesota trees and shrubs: an illustrated manual of the native and cultivated woody plants of the State / Frederic E. Clements, C. Otto Rosendahl, Frederic K. Butters. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, 1912. url p. 163.
- Miscellaneous papers on the botany of Michigan, by C. K. Dodge. Prepared under the direction of Alexander G. Ruthven. Published as a part of the Annual report of the Board of Geological Survey for 1920. Lansing, Mich., Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford, State Printers, 1921. url p. 104, p. 197, p. 50.
- Nantucket wild flowers / by Alice O. Albertson; illustrated by Anne Hinchman. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's sons, 1921. url p. 142, p. 142, p. 438, p. 438.
- National Arboretum contribution. Washington, D.C.: The Arboretum: 1953- url p. 23.
- National list of scientific plant names. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, 1982- url p. 291, p. 335.
- Native trees of Canada / by B.R. Morton; with notes on nomenclature and utilization by R.G. Lewis. Ottawa: Dept. of the Interior, Forestry Branch, 1921. url p. 109, p. 112, p. 181, p. 201, p. 231.
- Native woody plants of the United States, their erosion-control and wildlife values. Washington, U. S. Govt. print. off., 1938. url , , , , p. 201, p. 205, p. 206.
- Natural area inventory of Hyde County, North Carolina / [Raleigh]: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Community Development, 1982. url p. 152.
- Natural area inventory of Pamlico County, North Carolina / [Raleigh]: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Community Development, 1982. url p. 47.
- Natural area inventory of Washington County, North Carolina / [Raleigh]: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Department of Natural Resources and Community Development, 1982. url p. 167, p. 90.
- Natural areas inventory of Carteret County, North Carolina: for the North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Coastal Natural Area Inventory Project / [Raleigh]: N.C. Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, N.C. Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development, . url p. 140.
- Natural areas inventory, Gates County, North Carolina / Raleigh: North Carolina Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, North Carolina Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development,  url p. 147, p. 26.
- Naturalist's guide to the Americas, prepared by the Committee on the Preservation of Natural Conditions of the Ecological Society of America, with assistance from numerous organizations and individuals, assembled and edited by chairman, Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1926. url p. 11, p. 271, p. 271, p. 302, p. 389.
- Nature's healing arts: from folk medicine to modern drugs / by Lonnelle Aikman; photos. by Nathan Benn and Ira Block; paintings by Tony Chen; prepared by the Special Publications Division. Washington: National Geographic Society, c1977. url p. 196.
- New England goat news. Reading, Massachusetts Council of Milk Goat Breeders' Association. url p. 4.
- New York State Museum bulletin. Albany, N.Y.: University of the State of New York, 1916-1944. url p. 31, p. 44, p. 64, p. 71, p. 91.
- Nomenclature of plants; a text for the application by the case method of the International code of botanical nomenclature. New York, Ronald Press Co. url p. 85.
- North American trees (exclusive of Mexico and tropical United States) A handbook designed for field use, with plates and distribution maps. Ames, Iowa State University Press url p. 261.
- North American trees: guide to Charles F. Millspaugh Hall, by Samuel J. Record. Chicago, 1934. url p. 119, p. 94.
- Notes on the distribution and bibliography of North American bees of the families, Apidae, Meliponidae, Bombidae, Euglossidae, and Anthophoridae, New York1920 url p. 505, p. 520, p. 531, p. 621.
- Ontario hardwood decline survey, 1989 and 1990 / report prepared for Phytotoxicology Section, Air Resources Branch, Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy; report prepared by BEAK Consultants. Brampton, Ont.: The Section, 1993. url p. 22.
- Origin and history of all the pharmacopeial vegetable drugs, chemicals and preparations with bibliography... Prepared under the auspices of and pub. by the American drug manufacturers' association, Washington, D.C. Cincinnati: The Caxton press, [c1921] url p. 257, p. 444.
- Our living resources: a report to the nation on the distribution, abundance, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems / [edited by], Edward T. LaRoe. .. [et al.]. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Biological Service, 1995. url p. 487.
- Our native trees and how to identify them; a popular study of their habits and their peculiarities, New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1917. url , .
- Our trees, how to know them: photographs from nature by Arthur I. Emerson, with a guide to their recognition at any season of the year and notes on their characteristics, distribution, and culture. PhiladelphaiJ.B. Lippincott url p. xix.
- Oxford gardens, based upon Daubeny's Popular guide to the physick garden of Oxford: with notes on the gardens of the colleges and on the University park, by R. T. Günther. Oxford: Parker & son; [etc., etc.], 1912. url p. 56.
- Part I. The living flora of West Virginia, by C. F. Millspaugh. Part II. The fossil flora of West Virginia, by David White. Wheeling, Wheeling news litho. co., 1913 url p. 106, p. 136, p. 141, p. 152, p. 86.
- Pennsylvania trees / by J.S. Illick. Harrisburg., Pa.: W. S. Ray, State Printer, 1915. url p. 165, p. 166.
- Pennsylvania trees. Harrisburg, Pa.W.S. Ray, State Printer1914 url p. 165, p. 166.
- Pharmaceutical botany, with glossary of botanical terms. Philadelphia, Blakiston url p. 4.
- Phytologia memoirs. Plainfield, N.J.: H.N. Moldenke and A.L. Moldenke, 1980- url p. 344, p. 76.
- Phytologia. Bronx Park, New York, H.A. Gleason and H.N. Moldenke, url p. 105, p. 129, p. 14, p. 148, p. 152, p. 161, p. 163, p. 2, p. 20, p. 235, p. 248, p. 309, p. 310, p. 354, p. 357, p. 358, p. 359, p. 361, p. 366, p. 395, p. 65, p. 71.
- Plant bugs on fruit crops in Canada: Heteroptera: Miridae / Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, 1982. url p. 180, p. 182.
- Plant disease Fungi, by F. L. Stevens... New York, The Macmillan company[c1925] url p. 104, p. 118.
- Plant health care for woody ornamentals: a professional's guide to preventing and managing environmental stresses and pests / [Urbana, Ill.]: Cooperative Extension Service, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, c1997. url p. 191.
- Plant indicators: the relation of plant communities to process and practice. WashingtonCarnegie Institution of Washington1920 url p. 42.
- Plant succession; an analysis of the development of vegetation, Washington, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 1916. url , .
- Plantae Wilsonianae; an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910, by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent. Cambridge, University Press, 1913-17. url p. 603, p. 73, p. 73.
- Plants of Mississippi: a list of flowering plants and ferns / by E.N. Lowe. [Jackson, Miss.]: Mississippi State Geological Survey, 1921. url p. 164, p. 33.
- Plums and plum culture; a monograph of the plums, cultivated and indigenous in North America. With a complete account of their propagation, cultivation and utilization by F.A. Waugh. New York, O. Judd, 1912 [c1901] url p. 18, p. 19.
- Poisonous plants of Canada / [Ottawa]: Agriculture Canada, 1990. url p. 42, p. 53, p. 57, p. 76, p. 83, p. 84.
- Poisonous plants of all countries, by A. Bernhard-Smith. London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1923. url p. 21.
- Postilla. 1979 New Haven, Conn.: Peabody Museum of Natural History, [1950?]-c2004. url p. 14, p. 16, p. 7, p. 8, p. 9.
- Potter's cyclopaedia of botanical drugs and preparations / by R.C. Wren. London: Potter & Clarke,  url p. 299, p.
- Principles of American forestry. By Samuel B. Green. .. New York: J. Wiley & Sons; [etc., etc.], 1913, c1903. url p. 330.
- Problems of genetics, by William Bateson. New Haven, Conn., Yale University Press, 1916[c1913]. url p. 162.
- Problems of genetics. New HavenYale University Press1913 url p. 162.
- Propagation of wild birds; a manual of applied ornithology, treating of practical methods of propagation of quails, grouse, wild turkey, pheasants, partridges, pigeons and doves, and waterfowl, in America, and of attracting and by Herbert K. Job. Illustrated from photographs mostly by the author. Garden City, N. Y., Doubleday, Page, 1915. url p. 241, p. 301.
- Protected Landscapes: experience around the world. Prepared for the International Symposium on Protected Landscapes, Grange-over-Sands, England 5-10 October 1987 IUCN url p. 313.
- Quinby's new bee-keeping. The mysteries of bee-keeping explained. Combining the results of fifty years' experience, with the latest discoveries and inventions, and presenting the most approved methods, forming a complete guide New York, Orange Judd company, 1919. url .
- Reevaluation of vegetational characteristics at the CERC Field Research Facility, Duck, North Carolina / by Richard L. Harris, Gerald F. Levy, and James E. Perry; prepared for U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers, Coastal Engineering Research Center. Fort Belvoir, Va.: National Technical Information Service, Operations Division [distributor, 1983] url p. 112, p. 115, p. 17, p. 29, p. 32, p. 62, p. 63.
- Reforesting Pennsylvania's waste land. Harrisburg, Pa., W.S. Ray, state printer, 1916. url p. 14.
- Report of the State highway commission on the Iowa lakes and lake beds. Des Moines, Pub. by the state of Iowa url p. 183.
- Reporting Pennsylvania's waste land. Harrisburg, Pa., W. S. Ray, state printer, 1916. url p. 14, p. 26.
- Roosevelt wild life bulletin. .. of the Roosevelt Life Forest Experiment Station of the New York College of Forestry at Syracuse University. Syracuse, N.Y.: The University, c1922- url p. 294.
- Rust infection of leaves in petri dishes / [New Haven]: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 1924. url p. 497, p. 498.
- Sand dunes and salt marshes / by Charles Wendell Townsend. Boston: L.C. Page & company, c1925. url p. 304.
- Sand dunes and salt marshes, Boston, D. Estes & company[c1913] url .
- Sargent, C. S. Plantae Wilsonianae: an enumeration of the woody plants collected in western China for the Arnold arboretum of Harvard university during the years 1907, 1908, and 1910 /by E. H. Wilson, ed. by Charles Sprague Sargent. 1 1913 Cambridge: The University press, 1913-17. url p. 603, p. 635, p. 73, p. 74.
- Scientific and applied pharmacognosy, intended for the use of students in pharmacy, as a hand book for pharmacists, and as a reference book for food and drug analysts and pharmacologists. New York, Wiley, 1920. url p. 298, p. 299, p. 301.
- Seeding and planting; a manual for the guidance of forestry students, foresters, nurserymen, forest owners, and farmers, by James W. Toumey. .. New York, J. Wiley & sons, inc.; [etc., etc.]1916. url p. 445, p. 445, p. 445.
- Selected vertebrate endangered species of the seacoast of the United States / prepared by National Fish and Wildlife Laboratory, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. [Washington]: The Service: [for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off.], 1980. url p. 4.
- Silvical characteristics of Canadian trees. [Toronto]University of Toronto, Foresters' Club[1915?] url p. 49, p. 5.
- Smithsonian year: annual report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year ended Sept. 30. .. 1982 City of Washington: For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1980-2001. url p. 74.
- Spixiana. München: Zoologische Staatssammlung München, 1977- url p. 189.
- Stand dynamics in Connecticut forests-the new series plots (1959-2000) / New Haven: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station,  url p. 22.
- Stand dynamics in Connecticut hardwood forests: the old series plots (1927-1997) / New Haven: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station,  url p. 26.
- Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. Salem, Mass., 1923. url p. 78.
- Station bulletin. Durham, N.H.: Agricultural Experiment Station, University of New Hampshire, 1948- url p. 22, p. 66.
- Strasburger's Text-book of botany. Rewritten by Dr. Hans Fitting. .. Dr. Ludwig Jost. .. Dr. Heinrich Schenck. .. Dr. George Karsten. London, Macmillan, 1921. url p. 774.
- Students' handbook to accompany Plants and their uses / by Frederick Leroy Sargent. New York: Henry Holt, 1914. url .
- Studies in French forestry / New York: Wiley, 1920. url .
- Studies in French forestry, by Theodore S. Woolsey, jr. with two chapters by William B. Greeley. New York, John Wiley & sons, inc.; [etc., etc.]1920. url p. 43.
- Studies in French forestry, with two chapters by William B. Greeley. New YorkWiley1920 url p. 43.
- Studies of Connecticut hardwoods; the treatment of advance growth arising as a result of thinnings and shelterwood cuttings, New Haven, Yale University, 1925. url p. 16.
- Studies of the vegetation of Missouri. .. / By Julian A. Steyermark. 9 1940 [Chicago, 1940- url p. 370, p. 428, p. 448.
- Syllogeus. Ottawa, National Museum of Natural Sciences, 1972-1995. url p. 4, p. 50, p. 7.
- Technical publication / New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University. Syracuse, N.Y.: The College, 1914- url p. 132, p. 29, p. 59, p. 65.
- Text-book of pastoral and agricultural botany, for the study of the injurious and useful plants of country and farm, by John W. Harshberger. .. with 121 illustrations. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co., [c1920] url p. 13.
- Text-book of pomology, by J. H. Gourley. New York, Macmillan, 1922. url p. 43.
- Textbook of pastoral and agricultural botany, for the study of the injurious and useful plants of country and farm, by John W. Harshberger. .. with 121 illustrations. Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's Son & Co.[c1920] url p. 13, p. 13, p. 67.
- The Asa Gray bulletin. 1 1952 Ann Arbor, Mich. url p. 169, p. 173, p. 191, p. 311, p. 77.
- The Biochemical journal. London [etc.]Cambridge University Press. url p. 164, p. 490.
- The Canadian field-naturalist. Ottawa, Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club. url p. 142, p. 152, p. 156, p. 16, p. 19, p. 197, p. 203, p. 225, p. 248, p. 259, p. 266, p. 277, p. 281, p. 306, p. 32, p. 34, p. 365, p. 380, p. 388, p. 395, p. 412, p. 413, p. 420, p. 442, p. 465, p. 473, p. 479, p. 480, p. 481, p. 481, p. 482, p. 483, p. 502, p. 525, p. 530, p. 587, p. 588, p. 603, p. 83, p. 94.
- The English flower garden and home grounds: design and arrangement followed by a description of the plants, shrubs and trees for the open-air garden and their culture / by W. Robinson. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921. url p. 657.
- The Fungi which cause plant disease, by F. L. Stevens. .. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1913. url , , p. 130, p. 140.
- The Great Basin naturalist. 42 1982 Provo, Utah: M.L. Bean Life Science Museum, Brigham Young University, 1939-1999. url p. 229.
- The Journal of heredity. Washington, etc., American Genetic Association url p. 51, p. 56, p. 57, p. 58, p. 58, p. 59, p. 59, p. 62.
- The Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS. Cedar Falls, Iowa: The Academy, 1988- url p. 154.
- The Lepidopteras of New York and neighboring states, primitive forms Microlepidoptera, Pyraloids, Bombyces. Ithaca, N.Y., Cornell Univ., 1920. url p. 183, p. 191, p. 201, p. 209, p. 217, p. 269, p. 87, p. 98.
- The North American cup-fungi (inoperculates) New York, 1951. url p. 393, p. 53, p. 54.
- The Review of applied entomology. Farnham Royal, Eng., etc.: Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, etc. url p. 173, p. 186, p. 273, p. 283, p. 423, p. 487, p. 592, p. 614, p. 667, p. 687, p. 696, p. 708, p. 782.
- The Yale Forest in Tolland and Windham counties, Connecticut, New Haven, Yale University, 1945. url p. 40.
- The art of the second growth, or American sylviculture / by C.A. Schenck. Albany: The Brandow Printing Co., 1912. url p. 101.
- The bacteriology of diphtheria, including sections on the history, epidemiology and pathology of the disease, the mortality caused by it, the toxins and antitoxins and the serum disease, by F. Loeffler, Arthur Newsholme, F. B. Mallory, G. S. Graham-Smith, George Dean, William H. Park, Charles F. Bolduan. Ed. by G. H. F. Nuttall and G. S. Graham-Smith Cambridge [Eng.]University Press, 1913 url p. 135, p. 136.
- The book of forestry, by Frederick Franklin Moon. New York [etc.]: D. Appleton and company, 1916. url p. 287.
- The cherries of New York, Albany, J.B. Lyon Company, state printers, 1915. url , , , .
- The cherries of New York, by U.P. Hedrick, assisted by G.H. Howe, O.M. Taylor, C.B. Tubergen, R. Wellington. Albany, J. B. Lyon company, state printers, 1915. url p. 111, p. 366, p. 366, p. 478, p. 75, p. 75.
- The complete garden, by Albert D. Taylor, assisted by Gordon D. Cooper. Illustrated with fifty full page cuts, four line charts, and nine coloured plates. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page, 1921. url , p. 189, p. 279.
- The conservation of the wild life of Canada / by C. Gordon Hewitt. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1921. url p. 185.
- The diseases of animals; a book of brief and popular advice on the care and the common ailments of farm animals, London, Macmillan, 1917. url .
- The drug plants of Illinois / Leo R. Tehon; drawings by Kay H. Wadsworth. Urbana, Ill.: Natural History Survey Division, 1951. url p. 93.
- The eastern tent caterpillar / [New Haven]: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 1935. url p. 69.
- The ethnobotany of Chinchero, an Andean community in southern Peru / Christine Franquemont. .. [et al.]. 24 1990 Chicago, Ill.: Field Museum of Natural History, c1990. url p. 100, p. 64.
- The flora of the town of Southold, Long Island, and Gardiner's Island / New York: Torrey Botanical Club, 1914? url p. 23, p. 243, p. 5.
- The forests of Baltimore County, Batlimore, Md., 1921. url p. 13.
- The forests of Frederick county, Baltimore, Md., 1922. url p. 13.
- The forests of Washington County, Baltimore, Md., 1922. url p. 12.
- The fungi / by Frederick A. Wolf and Frederick T. Wolf. New York: J. Wiley,  url p. 253.
- The identification of trees & shrubs; how to recognize, without previous knowledge of botany, wild or garden trees and shrubs native to the north temperate zone, with 2, 500 diagrams made by the author. New York, Dutton url p. 102, p. 195.
- The important timber trees of the United States, a manual of practical forestry, for the use fo foresters, students and laymen in forestry, lumbermen, farmers and other land-owners, and all who contem BostonH. Mifflin1912 url p. 291, p. 372, p. 379.
- The insect fauna of the genus Crataegus. .. Ithaca, 1922 url p. 1113, p. 1126.
- The landscape gardening book, wherein are set down the simple laws of beauty and utility which should guide the development of all grounds, by Grace Tabor. New York, R. M. McBride, 1916. url p. 95.
- The lipids, their chemistry and biochemistry. New York, Interscience Publishers, 1951-57. url p. 903.
- The microanalysis of powdered vegetable drugs, by Albert Schneider. .. with 237 illustrations Philadelphia, P. Blakiston's son & co.[c1921] url , p. 122, p. 126, p. 127, p. 173, p. 452, p. 453.
- The natural history and topography of Groton, Massachusetts / by Samuel Abbott Green. .. [Cambridge, J. Wilson and Son]1912-14. url p. 23.
- The natural history of Chautauqua. New York: B. W. Huebsch, 1917. url p. 42.
- The orchids in the Ottawa District: floristics, phytogeography, population studies and historical review / Joyce M. Reddoch and Allan H. Reddoch. 111 1997 Ottawa, Canada: The Ottawa Field-Naturalists' Club,  url p. 9.
- The plants of Prince Edward Island / Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, 1985. url p. 178.
- The preservation and management of vegetation in ravines in Highland Park, Illinois: a report / prepared by Kenneth R. Robertson and E. B. Himelick of the Illinois Natural History Survey, Urbana, Illinois. Urbana: The Survey, 1977. url p. 17.
- The principles of fruit-growing, London, Macmillan & co., ltd., 1913. url p. 168.
- The standard cyclopedia of horticulture; a discussion, for the amateur, and the professional and commercial grower, of the kinds, characteristics and methods of cultivation of the species of plants grown in the regions of the United States a Illustrated with colored plates, four thousand engravings in the text, and ninety-six full-page cuts. New York, Macmillan, 1919 [c1914] url p. 2206, p. 2671, p. 2694, p. 2728, p. 373, p. 378.
- The timbers of commerce and their identification, London, W. Rider & son, limited, 1918. url , .
- The tree book. A popular guide to a knowledge of the trees of North America and to their uses and cultivation. By Julia Ellen Rogers. With sixteen plates in colour and one hundred and sixty in black-and-white from photographs by A. Radclyffe Dugmore. Garden City, New York, Doubleday, Page, 1912. url p. 329, p. 576, p. 577.
- The tree book: A popular guide to a knowledge of the trees of North America and to their uses and cultivation / New York: Doubleday, Page, 1920. url p. 328, p. 576, p. 577.
- The tree book: a popular guide to a knowledge of the trees of North America and to their uses and cultivation / Garden City: Doubleday, Page, 1914. url p. 328, p. 329, p. 576, p. 577.
- The tree book; a popular guide to a knowledge of the trees of North America and to their uses and cultivation, Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page & Company, 1913. url p. 328.
- The trees of North Carolina, Chapel Hill [N.C.]W. C. Coker, 1916. url , .
- The trees of North Carolina, by W. C. Coker, and H. R. Totten. Chapel Hill [N.C.]W. C. Coker, 1916. url p. 69.
- The trees of Vermont, BurlingeonFree press printing co.1916 url p. 149, p. 151, p. 232.
- The vascular flora of the eastern Penobscot Bay region, Maine. [Portland, Maine, 1919. url p. 248.
- The vegetation of the New Jersey Pine-Barrens: an ecologic investigation / by John W. Harshberger. Philadelphia: Christopher Sower Company, 1916. url p. 104, p. 142, p. 177, p. 181, p. 254, p. 28, p. 83, p. 85, p. 88, p. 90, p. 96.
- The weed flora of Iowa / [by L. H. Pammel; with the collaboration of Charlotte M. King. .. et al.] Des Moines: Iowa Geological Survey, 1913. url p. 637.
- The weed flora of Iowa. .. Des Moines, Iowa Geological Survey, 1913. url p. 637.
- Timbers and their uses; a handbook for woodworkers, merchants, and all interested in the conversion and use of timber, London, E. P. Dutton & Co., 1919. url , .
- Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science. [Lexington, Ky.]Kentucky Academy of Science, 1923-1997. url p. 10, p. 100, p. 102, p. 102, p. 103, p. 103, p. 104, p. 109, p. 147, p. 154, p. 155, p. 156, p. 159, p. 16, p. 169, p. 170, p. 171, p. 178, p. 18, p. 19, p. 192, p. 20, p. 201, p. 238, p. 26, p. 30, p. 31, p. 39, p. 46, p. 48, p. 49, p. 49, p. 59, p. 60, p. 61, p. 63, p. 64, p. 9.
- Tree guide: trees east of the Rockies / by Julia Ellen Rogers. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1916, c1914. url p. 182.
- Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles / by W. J. Bean. London: J. Murray, 1916. url p. 251.
- Trees and shrubs of Nantucket; Descriptions, identification keys, list of trees and shrubs [by] Mabel Agnes Rice. [Ann Arbor, Michigan., Lithoprinted by Edwards brothers, inc.]1946. url p. 73.
- Trees and shrubs, hardy in the British isles. LondonJ. Murray1914 url p. 251.
- Trees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification, New YorkMacmillan1913 url p. 100, p. 208, p. 362.
- Trees of Indiana / Indianapolis: State Board of Forestry of Indiana, 1919. url p. 209.
- Trees of Indiana / by Chas. C. Deam Fort Wayne, Ind.: Fort Wayne Printing Co., 1921 url p. 12, p. 216, p. 223, p. 225, p. 300.
- Trees of Indiana. Fort Wayne, Ind., Fort Wayne Printing Co., 1921. url , , , , .
- Trees of New York State: native and naturalized / by H.P. Brown. Syracuse, N.Y.: The University, 1921 [c1922] url p. 398, p. 65.
- Trees: the yearbook of agriculture 1949. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture: 1949. url p. 767, p. 793, p. 920.
- Trees: the yearbook of agriculture, 1949 / the United States Department of Agriculture. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1949 url p. 767, p. 793, p. 920.
- Trends and silvicultural significance of upland forest successions in southern New England, New Haven, Yale University, 1928 url p. 64.
- University of Kansas publications, Museum of Natural History. 10 1956 Lawrence, University of Kansas. url p. 119, p. 270, p. 536.
- Useful birds and their protection. Containing brief descriptions of the more common and useful species of Massachusetts, with accounts of their food habits, and a chapter on the means of attracting and protecting birds. [Boston, Printed by Wright & Potter]1913. url .
- Useful wild plants of the United States and Canada, by Charles Francis Saunders. Illustrated with photographs by the author and with drawings by Lucy Hamilton Aring. New York, R. M. McBride & company, 1934. url , p. 190, p. 191, p. 245, p. 261.
- Vascular plants of the Sangamon River basin; annotated checklist and ecological summary [by] Almut G. Jones and David T. Bell. [Urbana], University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, College of Agriculture,  url p. 5, p. 64.
- Vegetative study at the Duck Field Research Facility, Duck, North Carolina. Fort Belvoir, Va.: U.S. Army, Corps of Engineers, Coastal Engineering Research Center, 1976. url p. 20, p. 34, p. 59.
- Veterinary toxicology. Chicago, A. Eger, 1912. url .
- West Virginia trees. Morgantown, 1920. url p. 153, p. 153.
- Wild bird guests, how to entertain them: with chapters on the destruction of birds, their economic and aesthetic values, suggestions for dealing with their enemies, and on the organization and management of bird clubs / by Ernest Harold Baynes; with a preface by Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Dutton, 1915. url p. 181.
- Wild bird guests; how to entertain them; with chapters on the destruction of birds, their economic and aesthetic values, suggestions for dealing with their enemies, and on the organization and management of bird clubs, New York, E. P. Dutton & Company, 1915. url .
- Wood and forest, Peoria, Ill., The Manual arts press[c1912] url .
- Wood and forest, by William Noyes... Peoria, Ill., Manual arts press, c url p. 164, p. 308.
- Wood-using industries of Pennsylvania. Harrisburg, Pa., W. S. Ray, state printer, 1914. url p. 52.
- Wood-using industries of Quebec, comp. by R.G. Lewis, B.SC.F., and J.A. Doucet, B.A. Ottawa, J. de Labroquerie Taché, printer to the King's most excellent Majesty, 1918. url p. 31.
- Woodland idyls, by W. S. Blatchley... Indianapolis: The Nature publishing company, 1912. url p. 50.
- Woody plants in winter; a manual of common trees and shrubs in winter in the Northeastern United States and southeastern Canada, by Earl L. Core and Nelle P. Ammons. Pittsburgh, Boxwood Press url p. 123, p. 126, p. 127.
- Yü Te-tsun, Lu Ling-ti, Ku Tsue-chih, Li Chao-luan, Kuan Ke-chien & Chiang Wan-fu. 1974, 1985, 1986. Rosaceae. In: Yü Te-tsun, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 36: 1443; 37: 1516; 38: 1133.
- Yü Te-tsun, Lu Ling-ti, Ku Tsue-chih, Li Chao-luan, Kuan Ke-chien & Chiang Wan-fu. 1974, 1985, 1986. Rosaceae. In: Yü Te-tsun, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 36: 1443; 37: 1516; 38: 1133.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed March 27, 2012.
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Accessed January 27, 2008. http://www.gbif.org Mediated distribution data from provider.
- Hexacorallians of the World 2001.
- Heyn CC & Heller D 1991/1993 (from ILDIS).
- Home of the Xylariaceae 2006.
- ILDIS World Database of Legumes, 10, Nov 2005
- ILDIS World Database of LegumesNov 10, 2005.
- IOPI Global Plant Checklist. Release date: August 1, 2007
- Lewis GP, 1994/1995 (from ILDIS).
- Light, Kris. East Tennessee Wildflowers
- Nghia, N.H. 1998. Dalbergia entadoides. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 October 2006.
- Nielsen IC & Rico ML, 1994 (from ILDIS).
- Pippen, Jeffrey S. Jeff's Nature Page. Accessed December 8, 2007.
- Podlech D, 1996 (from ILDIS).
- Polhill RM, 1993 (from ILDIS).
- Rhytismatales database 2006.
- Ruggiero M., Gordon D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Nicolson D. (2011). The Catalogue of Life Taxonomic Classification, Edition 2, Part A. In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist (Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D., eds). DVD; Species 2000: Reading, UK.
- Schrire BD, 1994-10 (from ILDIS).
- Sokoloff DD, 2001-03 (from ILDIS).
- Stirton CH, 2001-06 (from ILDIS).
- The Global Lepidoptera Names Index2, 12.2, 2005.
- The International Plant Names Index. Accessed Jan 19, 2007.
- The Virtual Field Herbarium.
- Thomson, Christian (from Diptera).
- USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL (April 24, 2008)
- USDA, NRCS. 2005. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5 (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
- Vaz AMSF, 2001-05 (from ILDIS).
- World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Adenanthera intermedia. In: IUCN 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 October 2006.
- van der Maesen LJG, 1993 (from ILDIS).
- van der Maesen, LJG, 2001-03 (from ILDIS).
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal January 29, 2008:
- Institute of Dendrology PAS, Institute of Dendrology PAS, Flora of Sudety Mountains
- Institute of Nature Conservation PAS, National System of Proetcted Areas
- Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Museum of Natural History, Wroclaw University, Flora of the Stołowe Mts.
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2649946
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: Ros-72
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 4490920
- GRIN Nomen Number: 30099
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 504622
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: PRVIR PRSE
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 11532
- Cuizhi Gu, Chaoluan Li, Lingdi Lu, Shunyuan Jiang, Crinan Alexander, Bruce Bartholomew, Anthony R. Brach, David E. Boufford, Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba, Kenneth R. Robertson & Steven A. Spongberg "Rosaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 46. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Ku Tsue-chih, Bruce Bartholomew "Prunus". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 401. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- Mean = 199.400 meters (654.199 feet), Standard Deviation = 387.790 based on 2,118 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]