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Pouteria caimito

(Abiu)

Overview

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in English:

Abiu, Caimito

Common Names in French:

Abiu, Egg Fruit

Common Names in Portuguese:

Abeiro, Abiu

Common Names in Spanish:

Caimito, Caimo, Cauje, Maduraverde

Description

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Family Sapotaceae

Trees or shrubs , usually producing latex. Leaves spirally arranged or alternate and distichous, rarely ± opposite, sometimes crowded at apex of branchlets ; stipules early deciduous or absent; leaf blade papery or leathery, margin entire. Flowers bisexual or unisexual , usually in sessile axillary clusters , rarely solitary; cluster pedunculate or in raceme-like inflorescence, bracteolate . Calyx a single whorl of usually 4--6 sepals, or 2 whorls each with 2--4 sepals. Corolla lobes as many to 2 X as many as sepals, usually entire, rarely with 2 lacerate or lobular appendages . Stamens inserted at corolla base or at throat of corolla tube , as many as and opposite corolla lobes to many and in 2 or 3 whorls; staminodes when present alternate with stamens, scaly to petal-like. Ovary superior, 4- or 5-locular, placentation axillary; ovules 1 per locule, anatropous . Style 1, often apically lobed . Fruit a berry or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seed coat brown (pale yellow in Pouteria annamensis), hard, shiny, rich in tannin; endosperm usually oily; seed scar lateral and linear to oblong or basal and round .

About 1100 species and 53 genera: pantropical ; 11 genera and 24 species (six endemic) in China.[1]

Genus Pouteria

Trees or shrubs . Branchlets glabrous or pubescent but glabrescent . Leaves usually alternate, not stipulate ; leaf blade papery to leathery, both surfaces usually pubescent when young but glabrescent when mature , sometimes abaxially glabrous and adaxially appressed pubescent, lateral veins conspicuous . Flowers in axillary clusters , sometimes with 2--4 bractlets . Sepals (4 or) 5(or 6), outside pubescent, inside glabrous or sericeous , early deciduous or persistent in fruit. Corolla tubular to campanulate , 4- or 5--8-lobed, appendages absent. Stamens (4 or) 5(--8), inserted in throat of corolla; staminodes less than 5 or 5--8, opposite sepals, lanceolate to subulate , sometimes scalelike to petal-like. Ovary conical , sometimes with cup-shaped disc at base , 5(or 6) -locular, ± villous . Fruit globose, glabrous or tomentose , sometimes setose ; pericarp thin to thick, sometimes very hard when dry. Seed coat shiny, scar oblong to broadly ovate , covering half to nearly whole surface of seed.

About 50 species: tropical areas, mostly in America; two species in China.[2]

Physical Description

Size/Age/Growth

Size: over 40' tall.

Habitat

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 3,028 meters (0 to 9,934 feet).[3]

Biology

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Growth

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun .

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Achras caimito Ruiz & Pav. • Achras guapeda Casar. • Caleatia caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart. Ex Steud. • Guapeba caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Pierre • Guapeba lasiocarpa (Mart.) Pierre • Guapeba laurifolia Gomes • Guapebeira brasiliensis Steud. • Guapebeira laurifolia Gomes • Labatia caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Mart. • Labatia lasiocarpa Mart. • Labatia reticulata Mart. • Lucuma caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Roem. & Schult. • Lucuma lasiocarpa< /i> (Mart.) A. Dc.Lucuma laurifolia var. reticulata (Mart.) A. Dc. • Lucuma laurifolia< /i> (Gomes) A. Dc.Lucuma temare Kunth • Pouteria caimito var. laurifolia (Gomes) Baehni • Pouteria cainito var. laurifolia (Gomes) Baehni • Pouteria lasiocarpa (Mart.) Radlk. • Pouteria laurifolia (Gomes) Radlk. • Pouteria leucophaea Baehni • Pouteria temare (Kunth) Aubrév. • Richardella temare (Kunth) Pierre

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Pouteria

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 17 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

P. caimito (Abiu) · P. campechiana (Canistel) · P. dictyoneura (Cocuyo) · P. dictyoneura dictyoneura (Cocuyo) · P. dictyoneura fuertesii (Cocuyo) · P. dominigensis (Jacana) · P. dominigensis dominigensis (Jacana) · P. hotteana (Redmammee) · P. lucuma (Lucmo) · P. macrocarpa (Cutite Grande) · P. multiflora (Bullytree) · P. sapota (Mamey) · P. semecarpifolia (Contrevent) · P. valparadisaea (Lucumo) · P. villamilii (White Nato) · P. viride (Green Sapote) · P. viridis (Green Sapote)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal December 04, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Shugang Li & T. D. Pennington "Sapotaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 205. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Shugang Li & T. D. Pennington "Pouteria". in Flora of China Vol. 15 Page 210. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  3. Mean = 184.540 meters (605.446 feet), Standard Deviation = 970.960 based on 390 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-07