Shrub or small tree from China and Japan, commonly planted as a hedge .
Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in Chinese:
Common Names in English:
Australian Laurel, Australian-Laurel, Japanese Cheesewood, Japanese Mock Orange, Japanese Mockorange, Japanese Pittosporum, Mock Orange, Tobira
Common Names in German:
Chinesischer Klebsame, Pechsame
Common Names in Japanese:
, occasionally spiny
. Leaves alternate, occasionally opposite, estipulate; leaf blade
mostly leathery, margin
entire, rarely dentate
. Inflorescences umbellate
, or a solitary flower, bracteate
. Flowers usually bisexual
, sometimes polygamous, actinomorphic
, rarely zygomorphic, usually 5-merous (except ovary) . Sepals usually free
or slightly connate
. Petals free or connate, white, yellow, blue, or red. Stamens opposite sepals; filament
, 2-loculed, dehiscing longitudinally or by pores
. Ovary superior, of 2 or 3( 5) carpels, usually 1-loculed or incompletely 2 5-loculed; ovules numerous
; placentation parietal
, or basilar. Style short, simple
or 2 5-lobed, persistent
or deciduous. Fruit a capsule dehiscing by adaxial
suture, or a berry. Seeds numerous; testa thin; endosperm well developed; embryo small.
Nine genera and ca. 250 species: tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Australia, and Pacific Islands, especially Australia; one genus and 46 species (33 endemic) in China.
, or sometimes subshrubs
. Leavs alternate, appearing opposite or pseudoverticillate
, usually clustered at branchlet
apex; leaf blade
leathery or sometimes membranous, margin
entire, undulate-dentate, or rugose
. Inflorescences terminal
, or a solitary flower. Flowers bisexual
, rarely polygamous. Sepals 5, free
, usually short and small. Petals 5, free or partly connate
. Stamens 5; filament
, ± sagittate
, longitudinally dehiscent
. Ovary superior, usually stipitate
, of 2 or 3(-5) carpels, 1-loculed or incompletely 2-5-loculed, pubescent or glabrous; ovules usually numerous
, sometimes 1-4; placentas parietal
and equal in number to carpels, or basilar owing to reduction of ovules. Style short, simple
or 2-5-lobed, usually persistent
. Capsule ellipsoid
, sometimes compressed
, dehiscing by 2-5 valves
; pericarp woody or leathery, usually with horizontal striae adaxially. Seeds usually surrounded by glutinous
or greasy material
About 150 species: Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sikkim, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; tropical and S Africa (including Madagascar), SW Asia (Yemen), Atlantic Islands (Madeira ), Australia, Indian Ocean Islands (Mascarenes, Seychelles), Pacific Islands; 46 species (33 endemic) in China.
Species Pittosporum tobira
Shrubs or small trees to 6 m tall. Young branchlets lenticellate . Leaves clustered at branchlet apex, biennial; petiole ca. 2 cm; leaf blade dark green and shiny adaxially, dull after drying, obovate or obovate-lanceolate, 4-9 × 1.5-4 cm, leathery, lateral veins 6-8-paired, connected at margin , sometimes reticulate veins conspicuous between lateral veins, base narrowly cuneate, margin entire, revolute , apex rounded or obtuse , usually emarginate or slightly cordate. Inflorescences terminal or near so, umbellate or corymbose ; bracts lanceolate, 4-5 mm; bracteoles 2-3 mm; pedicels 1-2 cm; flowers fragrant. Sepals lanceolate, 3-4 mm. Petals free , white at first, becoming yellow later, oblanceolate , 1-1.2 cm. Stamens dimorphic : filament 2-3 mm and anther nearly sterile in reduced stamens; filament 5-6 mm and anther yellow, oblong , and ca. 2 mm in fertile stamens. Ovary long ovoid , densely pubescent ; placentas 3; ovules numerous , in 2 rows . Capsule globose , angular, ca. 1.2 cm in diam., dehiscing by 3 valves , ± pubescent; pericarp yellow-brown and shiny adaxially, ca. 1.5 mm thick, woody, horizontally striate ; stipe 1-2 mm. Seeds numerous, red, angular, ca. 4 mm; funicle ca. 2 mm. Fl. Mar-May, fr. May-Oct. [source]
Habit: Erect • Growth Form: Multiple Stem • Shape and Orientation: Erect
Flowers: Bloom Period: Late Spring • Flower Color: White • Flower Conspicuous: Small bell-shaped flowers in large clusters
Seeds: Seed Spread Rate: None • Seedling Vigor: Low • Fruit/Seed Abundance: Medium • Fruit/Seed Color: Orange • Fruit/Seed Conspicuous: Yes • Cold Stratification Required: No
Foliage: Glossy, leathery, dark green • Foliage Shape: Obovate • Foliage Color: White-Gray • Normal foliage color: Green • Underside foliage: Green • Juvenile foliage: Green • Mature foliage: Green • New foliage: Green • Spring foliage: Green • Summer foliage: Green • Fall foliage: Green • Winter foliage: Green • Foliage Porosity Summer: Dense • Foliage Porosity Winter: Dense • Foliage Texture: Coarse • Fall Conspicuous: No • Leaf Retention: Yes
Active Growth Period: Spring , Summer, Fall • Growth Rate: Moderate Growing • Mature Height (feet): 20.0 • Maximum Height at 20 Years (feet): 20 • Size: Moderate grower to 10 to 12 ft . tall and wide. • Vegetative Spread Rate: None • Lifespan: Lifespan
Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring . For a tidy, neat appearance , shear annually to shape .
Cultivated for ornament and possibly naturalized , forests , limestone areas, slopes , sandy seashores, roadsides; sea level to 1800 m (Ref. 102779).
Duration: Perennial • Coppice Potential: No • Progagated by Bulbs: No • Propagated by Bare Root: Yes • Propagated by Container: Yes • Propagated by Corms: No • Propagated by Cuttings: Yes • Propagated by Seed: No • Propagated by Sod: No • Propagated by Sprigs: No • Propagated by Tubers: No • Fruit/Seed Period Begin: Summer • Fruit/Seed Period End: Summer • Fruit/Seed Persistence: No
Culture: Space 6-8' apart.
Soil: Adapted to Medium Textured: Adapted to Medium Textured Soils • Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils: Yes • Anaerobic Tolerance: None • Salinity Tolerance: Low • CaCO3 Tolerance: Low • Minimum pH: 5.5 • Maximum pH: 7.0 • Fertility Requirement: Medium
Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full to partial sun • Shade Tolerance: Intermediate
Moisture: Drought Tolerance: High • Minimum Precipitation: 24 • Maximum Precipitation: 60 • Moisture Use: Medium • Water Requirements: Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Superorder: Aralianae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Radiatopses () - Kenrick & Crane, 1997
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina ()
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Members of the genus Pittosporum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 42 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
P. argentifolium (Hawai'i Poisonberry Tree) · P. bicolor (Cheesewood) · P. confertiflorum (Ho'awa) · P. crassifolium (Karo) · P. eugenioides (Lemonwood) · P. flocculosum (Waianae Range Cheesewood) · P. gayanum (Waialeale Cheesewood) · P. glabrum (Ho'awa) · P. hawaiiense (Hawai'i Cheesewood) · P. hosmeri (Kona Cheesewood) · P. illicioides (Hai Jin Zi) · P. kauaiense (Kauai Cheesewood) · P. monae (Mona Cheesewood) · P. napaliense (Royal Cheesewood) · P. napaulense (Bhutan Pittosporum) · P. obcordatum (Heart-Leaved Kohuhu) · P. pentandrum (Taiwanese Cheesewood) · P. phylliraeoides (Weeping Pittosporum) · P. ralphii (Ralph's Desertwillow) · P. resiniferum (Petroleum Nut) · P. revolutum (Brisbane Laurel) · P. tenuifolium (Tawhiwhi) · P. tenuifolium tenuifolium (Tawhiwhi) · P. tenuifolium 'Brockhill Compact' (Tawhiwhi 'brockhill Compact') · P. tenuifolium 'Emerald Star' (Tawhiwhi 'emerald Star') · P. tenuifolium 'Garnettii' (Frosted Tawhiwhi) · P. tenuifolium 'Golf Ball' (Golf Ball Kohuhu) · P. tenuifolium 'Irene Patterson' (Kohuhu) · P. tenuifolium 'Silver Sheen' (Silver Sheen Kohuhu) · P. tenuifolium 'Tom Thumb' (Kohuhu) · P. terminalioides (Cream Cheesewood) · P. tobira (Australian Laurel) · P. tobira 'Shima' (Cream De Mint" Dwarf Mock Orange) · P. tobira 'Turner's Variegated Dwarf' (Turner's Pitt" Mock Orange) · P. tobira 'Variegata' (Australian Laurel) · P. tobira 'Variegatum' (Variegated Japanese Mock Orange) · P. tobira 'Wheelers Dwarf' (Australian Laurel) · P. undulatum (Australian Cheesewood) · P. undulatum 'Victoria' (Sweet Pittosporum) · P. viridiflorum (Cape Cheesewood) · P. 'Stephens Island' (Pittosporum) · P. 'Trim's Hedger' (Pittosporum 'trim's Hedger')
- Search for Pictures: images.google.com
- Search for Scholarly Articles: Google Scholar
- Search using Scientific Name and Vernacular Names: All the Web | AltaVista Canada | AltaVista | Excite | Google | HotBot | Lycos
- Search using Specialized Databases: GenBank | Medline | Scirus | CISTI/CAL | Agricola Periodicals | Agricola Books
- A dictionary of modern gardening / by George William Johnson. .. with one hundred and eighty wood cuts. Edited, with numerous additions, by David Landreth. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1847. url p. 462.
- A dictionary of modern gardening. Philadelphia, Lea and Blanchard, 1847. url p. 462.
- A supplement to the Pharmacopia, and treatise on pharmacology in general: including not only the drugs and preparations used by practitioners of medicine, but also most of those employed in the chemical arts: together with a collection of the most useful medical formulæ. . by Samuel Frederic Gray. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longman, 1836. url p. 215.
- About trees, shrubs, and climbing plants for South Africa; concise hints on the making of farm plantations, shrubberies. .. Maritzburg, 1919. url p. 89.
- American forests. Washington [etc.]American Forestry Association [etc.] url p. 104.
- An outline of plant geography, by Douglas Houghton Campbell. New York, The Macmillan company, 1926. url p. 386, p. 80.
- Annual report of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station. [Orono, Me.: Maine State College, 1885-1953. url p. 47.
- Beautiful flowering shrubs, London, Cassell & company, ltd.,  url p. 272.
- Biltmore Nursery, Biltmorse, N.C. [North Carolina?: The Nursery?], c1912 url p. 52.
- Bulletin - Maine Agricultural Experiment Station. [Orono]Maine Agricultural Experiment Station. url .
- Bulletin de la Station Biologique d'Arcachon. Arcachon. url p. 65.
- Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). London: The Museum, 1950-1977. url p. 161, p. 284.
- Bulletin of the Imperial Agricultural Experiment Station in Japan. Nishigahara, Tokyo url p. 138, p. 153.
- Bulletin of the Natural History Museum. London: The Natural History Museum, c1993-2002. url p. 31, p. 32.
- Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 49 1922 New York: Torrey Botanical Club, 1870-1996 url p. 406.
- C. E. Hobbs Botanical hand-book of common local, English, botanical and pharmacopial names arranged in alphabetical order, of most of the crude vegetable drugs, etc., in common use. Especially designed as a reference book for druggists and apothecaries. Comp. and pub. by Charles E. Hobbs. Boston, Printed by C.C. Roberts, 1876. url p. 91.
- Chronological history of plants: man's record of his own existence illustrated through their names, uses, and companionship. Boston, Little, Brown & company, 1879. url .
- Class book of botany. Being outlines of the structure, physiology and classification of plants. With a flora of all parts of the United States and Canada. By Alphonso Wood. .. New York, A.S. Barnes & Burr;1860. url p. 285.
- Class-book of botany: being outlines of the structure, physiology, and classification of plants: with a flora of the United States and Canada / by Alphonso Wood. New York: A.S. Barnes & Co.; 1874, c1869. url p. 285.
- Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 6 1901 Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1890- url p. 833.
- Cooperative economic insect report. Hyattsville, MD. [etc.]Plant Protection and Quarantine Programs Animal and Plant Health Service. url p. 10, p. 1004, p. 106, p. 1091, p. 1263, p. 1295, p. 144, p. 144, p. 233, p. 280, p. 287, p. 321, p. 374, p. 393, p. 543, p. 65, p. 726, p. 76, p. 769, p. 80.
- Curtis's botanical magazine. 34 1811 London; New York [etc.]: Academic Press [etc.] url .
- Exercises in botany for the Pacific states / by Volney Rattan. San Francisco: Whitaker & Ray, 1897. url p. 285.
- Experiment station record. Washington: G.P.O., 1889-1946. url p. 546.
- Flora of Japan: in English: combined, much revised and extended translation / by the author of his Flora of Japan (1953) and Flora of Japan, Pteridophyta (1957); edited by Frederick G. Meyer and Egbert H. Walker. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1965. url , p. 2, p. 515.
- Florists' review Chicago: Florists' Pub. Co. url , .
- Gardening in California, San Francisco, A. M. Robertson, 1914. url p. 144, p. 21, p. 24, p. 32.
- Gardening in California, landscape and flower, by John McLaren... San Francisco, A.M. Robertson, 1909. url p. 21, p. 24, p. 24, p. 32, p. 32.
- Great Basin naturalist memoirs. 1992 [Provo, Utah]Brigham Young University, 1976-1992. url p. 1320.
- Hints on the culture of ornamental plants in Ireland. Dublin, E. Ponsonby, 1878. url p. 45.
- Horticultural register, and gardener's magazine. Boston, G. D. Barrett [etc.] url p. 119.
- Journal of ethnobiology. 8-9 1988-1989 Flagstaff, Ariz.: Center for Western Studies, 1981- url p. 37, p. 45.
- List of duplicate plants in the Government Botanic Gardens, November 1874. Port-of-Spain: G.P.O., 1874. url p. 2.
- List of intercepted plant pests / United States Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. [Washington, D.C.: U.S. G.P.O.], 1932- url p. 15.
- Loudon's encyclopaedia of plants; comprising the specific character, description, culture, history, application in the arts, and every other desirable particular respecting all the plants indigenous to, cultivated in, or introduced in Edited by Mrs. Loudon, assisted by George Don and David Wooster. London, Longmans, Green, 1866. url p. 182.
- Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze Valley, China. Corvallis, Oregon State College url p. 153, p. 608.
- More pot-pourri from a Surrey garden, London, Macmillan & co., ltd., 1899. url p. 284.
- Natural areas inventory of Carteret County, North Carolina: for the North Carolina Natural Heritage Program, Coastal Natural Area Inventory Project / [Raleigh]: N.C. Coastal Energy Impact Program, Office of Coastal Management, N.C. Dept. of Natural Resources and Community Development, . url p. 18.
- Occasional papers - San Diego Society of Natural History. 1961 San Diego, The Society. url p. 27.
- Ornamental gardening in Florida, by Charles Torrey Simpson; a treatise on the decorative plants adapted to Florida and their cultivation, with suggestions for the ornamentation of Florida homes and grounds. Little River, Fla., The author, 1916. url p. 196, p. 196.
- Our native birds of song and beauty, being a complete history of all the songbirds, flycatchers, hummingbirds, swifts, goatsuckers, woodpeckers, kingfishers, trogons, cuckoos, and parrots, of North America. Milwaukee, G. Brumder, 1893-96. url .
- Pamphlets on silviculture. [1899- url p. 1240.
- Parks: a manual of municipal and county parks compiled as a result of a nation-wide study of municipal and county parks conducted by the Playground and Recreation Association of America, in co-operation with edited by L.H. Weir. New York: A.S. Barnes & Co., 1928. url p. 682, p. 685, p. 691, p. 692.
- Phytologia. Bronx Park, New York, H.A. Gleason and H.N. Moldenke, url p. 105.
- Plant life of Alabama, an account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state. By Charles Mohr. .. Montgomery, Ala., Brown printing co., 1901. url p. 833.
- Plant life of Alabama. An account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state. Prepared in cooperationwith the Washington, Govt. Print. Off., 1901. url , .
- Plant life of Alabama: an account of the distribution, modes of association, and adaptations of the flora of Alabama, together with a systematic catalogue of the plants growing in the state / by Charles Mohr. Montgomery, Ala.: Brown Printing Co., 1901. url p. 833.
- Practical hints on planting ornamental trees, with particular reference to coniferae... by Standish and Noble. London, Bradbury and Evans, 1852. url p. 165.
- Prince's select catalogue of the unrivaled collection of fruit & ornamental trees and shrubs, vines, creepers, p©onies, &c.: cultivated at the Linn©an Botanic Garden & Nurseries (founded 1732), Flushing, near New-York / Prince & Co. New York, N.Y.?: s.n., 1863 or 1864. url p. 27.
- Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. Washington, etc.: Entomological Society of Washington url p. 103, p. 103, p. 15, p. 83.
- Standardized plant names; a catalogue of approved scientific and common names of plants in American commerce. Salem, Mass., 1923. url p. 495.
- Supplementary catalogue of rare and new fruits: in addition to those comprised in the 34th edition of the general catalogue of fruit trees, &c. cultivated at Prince's Linn©an Botanic Garden and Nurseries, Flushing, near New-York / Wm. R. Prince & Co., proprietors. New York: s.n., 1846? url p. 12.
- The American florist: a weekly journal for the trade. Chicago: American Florist Company, [1885-1931] url p. 1161.
- The American gardener's magazine and register of useful discoveries and improvements in horticulture and rural affairs. Boston: Printed for Russell, Shattuck & Williams, & Hovey & Co., 1835- url p. 318.
- The American home garden: being principles and rules for the culture of vegetables, fruits, flowers, and shrubbery / by Alexander Watson New York: Harper & Brothers, 1859 url p. 469.
- The Annals and magazine of natural history; zoology, botany, and geology being a continuation of the Annals combined with Loudon and Charlesworth's Magazine of Natural History. London, Taylor and Francis, Ltd. url p. 115, p. 115.
- The British cyclopædia of natural history: combining a scientific classification of animals, plants, and minerals. .. By authors eminent in their particular department. Arranged and ed. by Charles F. Partington. London: Orr & Smith, 1835-37. url p. 474.
- The Cottage gardener. [London: W.S. Orr, url p. 503.
- The English flower garden and home grounds: design and arrangement followed by a description of the plants, shrubs and trees for the open-air garden and their culture / by W. Robinson. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921. url p. 635.
- The Entomologist's monthly magazine. Oxford [etc.]Entomologist's Monthly Magazine Ltd. [etc.] url p. 256.
- The Farmer's magazine. [London: Rogerson and Tuxford, 1834-1881. url p. 92.
- The Florists' exchange: a weekly medium of interchange for florists, nurserymen, seedsmen and the trade in general. New York, N.Y.: [A.T. De la Mare Ptg. and Pub. Co., url p. 1088, p. 1129, p. 1152, p. 1281, p. 1394, p. 190, p. 261, p. 317, p. 389, p. 393, p. 461, p. 525, p. 585, p. 625, p. 651, p. 723, p. 744, p. 857, p. 917.
- The Garden: an illustrated weekly journal of gardening in all its branches. London: [s.n., url p. 357.
- The Gardener's monthly and horticulturist. Philadelphia, Pa.: Charles H. Marot, 1876-1888. url , p. 264, p. 264, p. 4, p. 4.
- The Gardeners' chronicle and agricultural gazette. 1846 London: published for the proprietors, 1844-1873. url p. 186, p. 286.
- The Gardeners' chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects. London: [Gardeners Chronicle], 1874-1955. url p. 550, p. 572, p. 652, p. 68, p. 843.
- The Horticulturist and journal of rural art and rural taste. Albany, N.Y.: Luthur Tucker, 1846/1847-1875 url p. 112.
- The Journal of heredity. Washington, etc., American Genetic Association url p. 357, p. 357.
- The Journal of horticulture, cottage gardener and country gentlemen. London: George W. Johnson and Robert Hogg, 1861-1877. url p. 1.
- The Magazine of horticulture, botany, and all useful discoveries and improvements in rural affairs. Boston: Hovey and Co., 1837- url , p. 149, p. 369, p. 507.
- The Philadelphia florist and horticultural journal: a magazine of horticulture, botany, agriculture, and the kindred sciences. Philadelphia, [Pa.: s.n.], 1852-1853. url .
- The complete garden, by Albert D. Taylor, assisted by Gordon D. Cooper. Illustrated with fifty full page cuts, four line charts, and nine coloured plates. Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, Page, 1921. url p. 305, p. 305, p. 306, p. 310, p. 310, p. 320, p. 320, p. 326, p. 326, p. 332.
- The complete illustrated book of garden magic. Chicago, J.G. Ferguson Pub. Co. url p. 109, p. 340.
- The gardener's magazine and register of rural & domestic improvement. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green, 1826-1844. url p. 262.
- The home florist: a treatise on the cultivation, management and adaptability of flowering and ornamental plants, designed for the use of amateur florists. By Elias A. Long. Springfield, Ohio, C.A. Reeser url p. 282.
- The illustrated dictionary of gardening, a practical and scientific encyclopedia of horticulture for gardeners and botanists. Ed. by George Nicholson. Assisted by Professor J. W. H. Trail and J. Garrett. London: L. U. Gill, -89. url p. 153.
- The improvement of plants through bud selection, Honolulu, Hawaii url p. 27.
- Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute. Wellington: New Zealand Institute. url p. 376.
- Transactions of the New-York State Agricultural Society. .. Albany: The Society, 1842-1889. url p. 156.
- U.S. gardening guide: everything you need to know about how to make things grow / compiled by Jeffery Feinman. New York: Simon and Schuster, c1979. url p. 109, p. 112.
- With the flowers and trees in California, by Charles Francis Saunders. Illustrations of flowers in color, by Elizabeth Hallowell Saunders. New York: McBride, Nast, 1914. url p. 260.
- Chang Hung-ta & Yan Su-zhu. 1979. Pittosporaceae. In: Chang Hung-ta, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 35(2): 136.
- Chang Hung-ta & Yan Su-zhu. 1979. Pittosporaceae. In: Chang Hung-ta, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 35(2): 136.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 15, 2012.
Accessed through GBIF Data Portal February 02, 2008:
- Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Bishop Museum Natural History Specimen Data
- Comisión nacional para el conocimiento y uso de la biodiversidad, Herbario del Instituto de Ecología, A.C., México
- GBIF-Spain, Dirección General de Investigación, Desarrollo Tecnológico e Innovación de la Junta de Extremadura(DGIDTI): HSS
- GBIF-Spain, Hortus Botanicus Sollerensis Herbarium
- Missouri Botanical Garden, Missouri Botanical Garden
- National Institute of Genetics, ROIS, Herbarium Specimens of Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo Pref., Japan
- Taiwan Biodiversity Information Facility, Magnoliophyta
- Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum
- USDA PLANTS, USDA PLANTS Database
- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 2649456
- Catalogue of Life Accepted Name Code: ITS-24067
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 13742775
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:684716-1
- GRIN Nomen Number: 28756
- Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Serial Number (TSN): 24067
- International Plant Names Index (IPNI) ID: 684716-1
- U.S.D.A. Plant Symbol: PITO2
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 56492
- Zhi-Yun Zhang & Nicholas J. Turland "Pittosporaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 1. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
- "Pittosporum". in Flora of China Vol. 9 Page 1. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]