, rarely biennial or annual
or a taproot
. Stems erect
, branching, base
without fibrous remnant sheaths
. Basal leaves
at base; blade
13-ternate, 14-pinnate or ternate-13-pinnate, sometimes simple
. Cauline leaves often heteromorphic. Inflorescence branching, umbels terminal
; bracts and bracteoles present or absent, usually linear
, apex entire; rays few to numerous
. Calyx teeth usually obsolete
, sometimes conspicuous
, lanceolate, minute. Petals white, rarely purple, glabrous
conic or low-conic, rarely depressed
; styles short or long, spreading
(best observed in young or mature
fruit). Fruit cordate-ovoid or oblong-ovoid, slightly laterally compressed
at the commissure
, glabrous or variously hairy; ribs
, sometimes obscured by the indumentum; vittae 13(4) in each furrow, 24(8) on commissure. Seed face
, rarely slightly concave
. Carpophore 2-fid or 2-parted.
About 150 species: disjunct between Africa, Asia, and Europe; 44 species (28 endemic, one introduced ) in China.
This large, widespread, and taxonomically complex genus is generally characterized by the small, rather featureless fruits. In China, Pimpinella can be divided into two groups: those species with hairy, puberulent , or distinctly roughened fruits and obsolete calyx teeth; and those with smooth , glabrous fruits and obsolete or conspicuous calyx teeth. Plants falling within the former group should be also be compared with Trachyspermum. Several groups of allied species can be recognized within Chinese Pimpinella where species boundaries are indistinct; the P. candolleana complex is a typical example. As these groups are often widespread across Asia, full resolution of the nomenclatural and taxonomic problems can only be achieved with a broad revision across many countries.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Members of the genus Pimpinella
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 7 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
P. anisum (Anise) · P. major (Hollowstem Burnet Saxifrage) · P. major 'Rosea' (Greater Burnet Saxifrage) · P. saxifraga (Solidstem Burnet Saxifrage) · P. saxifraga nigra (Solidstem Burnet Saxifrage) · P. saxifraga saxifraga (Solidstem Burnet Saxifrage) · P. saxifraga subsp. nigra (Solidstem Burnet Saxifrage)
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- Flora of the Presidency of Madras / by J.S. Gamble. London: West, Newman and Adlard, 1915- url p. 560.
- The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. Bombay: The Society, url p. 408, p. 643.
- The flora of British India /By J. D. Hooker assisted by various botanists. Published under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council. 2 1879 London: L. Reeve, 1875-97. url p. 687, p. 687, p. 688, p. 688.
- The flora of British India. London, L. Reeve & Co., 1875-97. url .
- The flora of the presidency of Bombay / By Theodore Cooke. London: Taylor and Francis, 1903-08. url , .
- The flowering plants of Western India. London, W. H. Allen url p. 135.
- Brands, S.J. (comp.) 1989-present. The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. Accessed January 10, 2012.