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Physalis peruviana

(Cape Gooseberry)

Overview

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In some members of the potato family the flowers are rotate with very short lobes , very similar to the floral form in the related family, Convolvulaceae.

Interesting Facts

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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Arabic:

Hhabwah, Hhashîsh Sakrân

Common Names in Azerbaijani:

Peru yergilası

Common Names in Chinese:

Deng Long Cao, Deng Long Guo, Suan Jiang Cao, Xiao Guo Suan Jiang, 灯笼果, 秘魯苦蘵

Common Names in Danish:

Ananaskirsebaer, Kapstikkelsbaer

Common Names in Divehi, Dhivehi, Maldivian:

މުރާކި

Common Names in Dutch:

Ananaskers, Goudbes, Kaapsche Kruisbes, Kaapse Kruisbes, Lampion, Peruaansche Ananaskers (Old Name), Peruviaanse Aardkers

Common Names in English:

Cape Gooseberry, Cape-Gooseberry, Giant Groundcherry, Golden Berry, Goldenberry, Gooseberry, gooseberry tomato, Gooseberry-Tomato, Ground Cherry, Horse Tomato (Nepal), Jam Fruit, Peruvian Cherry, Peruvian Ground Cherry, Peruvian Ground-Cherry, Peruvian Groundcherry, Peruvian-Cherry, Physalis, Poha, Poha Berry

Common Names in Finnish:

Ananaskirsikka, Kapinkarviainen, Kapinmarja, Karviaiskoiso

Common Names in French:

Alkékange Du Pérou, Alkékange Jaune Doux, Alkékénge Du Pérou, Capuli, cerise de terre, Coquerelle, coqueret, Coqueret Comestible, Coqueret Du Pérou, Coqueret Du Pérou, Coqueret Du Peru, Groseille Du Cap, Physalis, Poc Poc (Middle-East)

Common Names in German:

Ananaskirsche, Capische Stachelberre, Essbare Judaskirsche, Essbare Judaskirshe, Judenkirsche, Kap-Stachelbeere, Kapstachelbeere, Peruanische Schlutte

Common Names in Hebrew (modern):

שלפח

Common Names in Hungarian:

Perui földicseresznye

Common Names in Italian:

Alchechenge Giallo, Alchechenge Grosso Commestible, Alchechengi Giallo, Capulé, Fisalis, Vescicaria

Common Names in Japanese:

Ke Hôzuki

Common Names in Kinyarwanda:

Umuhuhu

Common Names in Lithuanian:

Peruvinė dumplūnė

Common Names in Nepalese:

Ishmagol, Jangalii Mevaa (Jangali Meva), Rasabarii (Rasbari)

Common Names in Norwegian:

Ananaskirsebær

Common Names in Polish:

Miechunka peruwiańska

Common Names in Portuguese:

Alquequenje Amarelo, Batetesta, Camapú, Camapum, Groselha Do Perú (Brazil), Groselha Do Perú, Groselha-Do-Peru, Herva Noiva Do Perú (Brazil), Herva Noiva Do Perú, Physalis, Tomate Inglês, Tomateiro Inglês, Tomatinho-De-Capucho

Common Names in Quechua:

Aguaymanto, Awaymantu, Topotopo

Common Names in Russian:

Физалис перуанский

Common Names in Sinhalese:

Thol Thakkali

Common Names in Spanish:

Aguaymanto, Aguaymanto (Peru), Alchechengi Del Perú, Alquequenje, Alquequenje Amarillo, Amor En Bolsa, Bolsa De Amor, Capulí, Capulí, Cereza Del Perú, Cereza Del Perú, Chuchuva (Venezuela), Cuchuva, Guchavo (Colombia), Motojobobo, Motojobobo Embolsado, Pasa Capulí, Sacabuche, Tomate Silvestre, Tomate Verde, Topotopo, Uchuba (Peru), Uchuva, Uvilla, Vejigón (Colombia), Yuyo De Ojas

Common Names in Spanish (Ecuador):

Uvilla

Common Names in Swedish:

Physalis (fruktarten)

Common Names in Tagalog:

Lobo Lobohan

Common Names in Thai:

โทงเทงฝรั่ง

Common Names in Tonga (Tonga Islands):

Kuusi

Common Names in Turkish:

Altın Çilek, Sarhosh Otu

Description

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Family Solanaceae

Herbs, shrubs , small trees , or climbers . Stems sometimes prickly, rarely thorny; hairs simple , branched, or stellate , sometimes glandular . Leaves alternate, solitary or paired , simple or pinnately compound , without stipules; leaf blade entire, dentate , lobed , or divided . Inflorescences terminal , overtopped by continuing axes, appearing axillary , extra-axillary , or leaf opposed, often apparently umbellate , racemose, paniculate , clustered, or solitary flowers, rarely true cymes, sometimes bracteate . Flowers mostly bisexual , usually regular, 5-merous, rarely 4- or 6-9-merous. Calyx mostly lobed. Petals united . Stamens as many as corolla lobes and alternate with them, inserted within corolla, all alike or 1 or more reduced; anthers dehiscing longitudinally or by apical pores . Ovary 2-5-locular; placentation mostly axile ; ovules usually numerous . Style 1. Fruiting calyx often becoming enlarged, mostly persistent . Fruit a berry or capsule. Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo mostly curved .

About 95 genera with 2300 species: best represented in western tropical America, widespread in temperate and tropical regions ; 20 genera (ten introduced ) and 101 species in China.

Some species of Solanaceae are known in China only by plants cultivated in ornamental or specialty gardens: Atropa belladonna Linnaeus, Cyphomandra betacea (Cavanilles) Sendtner, Brugmansia suaveolens (Willdenow) Berchtold & Presl, Nicotiana alata Link & Otto, and Solanum jasminoides Paxton.[1]

Genus Physalis

Herbs annual or perennial , glabrous or pubescent with simple hairs . Leaves mostly equal, sometimes paired , simple, petiolate ; leaf blade membranous, entire, denticulate or sinuate . Inflorescences solitary flowers in leaf axils or branch forks. Flowers actinomorphic , 5-merous. Calyx campanulate . Corolla yellow or white, often with a contrasting eye, rotate or rotate-campanulate, subentire or lobed . Stamens shorter than corolla, inserted at base of corolla tube ; filaments sometimes expanded at base; anthers dehiscing longitudinally. Ovary 2-locular, ovules numerous . Stigma minutely 2-lobed. Fruiting calyx becoming enlarged, inflated , entirely enveloping fruit, membranous or leathery, with 5 or l0 longitudinal ribs , base often invaginated . Fruit a juicy globose berry. Seeds numerous, compressed , discoid or reniform , minutely pitted ; embryo coiled , subperipheral.

About 75 species: mostly in the Americas, a few in Asia and Europe; six species in China.

The genus embraces many species from the New World that have green fruiting calyces, and several have been introduced to China. Many Chinese collections with green fruiting calyces could not be determined, and their identity is to be sought among the more than 70 species distributed in various parts of the New World, a task for future workers.[2]

Physical Description

Species Physalis peruviana

Herbs perennial , 45-90 cm tall. Stems erect , sparingly branched, densely pubescent . Petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to cordate, 6-15 × 4-10 cm, densely pubescent, base cordate, margin entire or with a few indistinct teeth, apex short acuminate. Pedicel ca. 1.5 cm. Calyx broadly campanulate , 7-9 mm. Corolla yellow, spotted in throat , 1.2-1.5 × 1.2-2 cm. Filaments and anthers blue-purple; anthers 3-4 mm long. Fruiting calyx green, ovoid , with 5-10 weak angles , 2.5-4 cm, pubescent. Berry yellow, 1-1.5 cm in diam. Seeds yellow, ca. 2 mm in diam. Fl. summer, fr. autumn. [source]

Habit: Shrub

Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May, June. • Flower Color: purple, yellow

Size/Age/Growth

Size: 18-24" tall.

Habitat

Near roads, river valleys, cultivated and naturalized ; 1200-2100 m. [3].

Typically found at an altitude of 0 to 4,936 meters (0 to 16,194 feet).[4]

Biology

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Reproduction

Duration: Perennial

Growth

Culture: Space 18-24" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 5.1 • Maximum pH: 6.0

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)

Taxonomy

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Synonyms

Boberella peruviana (L.) E. H. L. Krause • Physalis edulis Sims

Notes

Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 15-Mar-2000

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Physalis

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 83 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

P. acutifolia (Sharp-Leaf Ground Cherry) · P. alkekengi (Chinese Lantern Plant) · P. alkekengi var. franchetii 'Gnome' (Chinese Lantern) · P. alkekengi 'Gigantea' (Chinese Lantern Plant) · P. angulata (Cut-Leaf Ground-Cherry) · P. angustifolia (Coastal Groundcherry) · P. arenicola (Cypresshead Groundcherry) · P. carpenteri (Carpenter's Groundcherry) · P. caudella (Southwestern Groundcherry) · P. cinerascens (Smallflower Groundcherry) · P. cinerascens var. cinerascens (Smallflower Groundcherry) · P. cinerascens var. spathulifolia (Smallflower Groundcherry) · P. cordata (Heartleaf Groundcherry) · P. crassifolia (Thickleaf Groundcherry) · P. crassifolia var. crassifolia (Yellow Nightshade Groundcherry) · P. crassifolia var. versicolor (Yellow Nightshade Groundcherry) · P. foetens (Tropical Groundcherry) · P. franchetti 'Zwerg' (Dwarf Chinese Lantern) · P. grisea (Strawberry-Tomato) · P. hederifolia (Ivyleaf Ground Cherry) · P. hederifolia Gray var. palmeri (Gray) Cronq. (Palmer's Ground Cherry) · P. hederifolia var. comata (Ivyleaf Groundcherry) · P. hederifolia var. fendleri (Fendlers Groundcherry) · P. hederifolia var. hederifolia (Ivyleaf Groundcherry) · P. hederifolia var. palmeri (Palmer's Groundcherry) · P. heterophylla (Clammy Ground Cherry) · P. heterophylla var. heterophylla (Clammy Groundcherry) · P. heterophylla var. rowellii (Rowells Groundcherry) · P. hispida (Groundcherry) · P. ixocarpa (Mexican Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Cisineros' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'De Milpa' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Large Green' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Merida Market Tomatillo' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Pineapple' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Purple' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Rendidora' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'San Juanito' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Supertillo' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Toma Verde' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Verde Puebla' (Husk Tomato) · P. ixocarpa 'Yellow Giant' (Husk Tomato) · P. lanceolata (Narrow Leaved Ground Cherry) · P. latiphysa (Broad-Leaf Ground-Cherry) · P. longifolia (Common Groundcherry) · P. longifolia f. macrophysa (Long-Leaf Ground-Cherry) · P. longifolia var. longifolia (Long-Leaf Ground-Cherry) · P. longifolia var. subglabrata (Longleaf Groundcherry) · P. minima (Pygmy Groundcherry) · P. missouriensis (Missouri Groundcherry) · P. mollis (Field Groundcherry) · P. mollis var. mollis (Field Groundcherry) · P. mollis var. variovestita (Field Groundcherry) · P. origanifolia (Lily-Of-The-Valley-Vine) · P. parviflora (Sunberry) · P. peruviana (Cape Gooseberry) · P. peruviana 'Aunt Molly' (Ground Cherry) · P. peruviana 'Giallo Grosso' (Cape Gooseberry) · P. peruviana 'Giant' (Cape Gooseberry) · P. peruviana 'Giant Poha Berry' (Cape Gooseberry) · P. peruviana 'Golden Berry' (Cape Gooseberry) · P. philadelphica (Husk Tomato) · P. philadelphica var. immaculata (Mexican Groundcherry) · P. philadelphica var. philadelphica (Philadelphia Groundcherry) · P. pruinosa 'Aunt Molly's' (Ground Cherry) · P. pruinosa 'Goldie' (Ground Cherry) · P. pubescens (Ground Cherry) · P. pubescens var. integrifolia (Husk Tomato) · P. pubescens var. pubescens (Husk Tomato) · P. pubescens 'Cossack Pineapple' (Ground Cherry) · P. pumila (Dwarf Groundcherry) · P. somnifera (Ashwagandha) · P. subulata (Chihuahuan Groundcherry) · P. subulata var. neomexicana (New Mexican Groundcherry) · P. subulata var. subulata (Chihuahuan Groundcherry) · P. turbinata (Thicket Groundcherry) · P. virginiana (Ground Cherry) · P. virginiana var. campaniforma (Virginia Groundcherry) · P. virginiana var. polyphylla (Virginia Groundcherry) · P. virginiana var. texana (Texan Groundcherry) · P. viscosa (Grape Groundcherry) · P. walteri (Walter's Groundcherry) · P. 'New Hanover' (Ground Cherry)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 17, 2007:

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Zhi-Yun Zhang, Anmin Lu & William G. D'Arcy "Solanaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 300. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. "Physalis". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 311. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  3. "Physalis peruviana". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 312. Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  4. Mean = 493.390 meters (1,618.734 feet), Standard Deviation = 1,030.950 based on 646 observations. Altitude information for each observation from British Oceanographic Data Centre. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-11-20