Click on the language to view common names.
Common Names in English:
Parsnip, Wild Parship, Wild Parsnip
Common Names in Italian:
Common Names in Romanian:
Common Names in Russian:
Common Names in Spanish:
Common Names in Swedish:
short, crown usually bearing remnant leaf sheaths
. Stem finely striate
, dichotomously branched above. Leaves petiolate
. Umbels loosely compound
; bracts numerous
or absent; rays numerous or few; bracteoles numerous, rarely few or absent. Calyx teeth short or obsolete
. Petals usually white, occasionally pinkish or purplish, rarely pale
, with a narrow inflexed
low-conic. Fruit ellipsoid
; dorsal ribs filiform
, slightly prominent
, lateral ribs thickened and narrowly winged
to one another; vittae 1 to several in each furrow, 2 to several on commissure
. Seed face
or slightly concave
. Carpophore bipartite
Between 100 and 200 species: Africa, Asia, Europe; 40 species (33 endemic) in China.
The taxonomy of this widespread, heterogeneous genus has long been problematic. The broad circumscription of Peucedanum adopted here includes some 100120 species from many parts of the Old World that are weakly united by basic (especially external) fruit structure. These fruit characters are undoubtedly the result of several lines of convergent evolution, and some authors prefer to recognize several segregate genera and reduce Peucedanum to only 810 Eurasian species based around the nomenclatural type, P. officinale Linnaeus.
- Whittaker & Margulis,1978
- Haeckel, 1866
- Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Vascular Plants
- (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Brongniart, 1843
- Takhtajan, 1967
- Order: Apiales () - Nakai, 1930
- Subclass: Asteridae () - Takhtajan, 1967
- Class: Spermatopsida () - Brongniart, 1843
- Infraphylum: Angiospermae () - Auct.
- Subphylum: Euphyllophytina () - (Auct.) Cavalier-Smith, 1998
- Phylum: Tracheophyta () - Sinnott, 1935 ex Cavalier-Smith, 1998 - Vascular Plants
- Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae () - Cavalier-Smith, 1981
- Kingdom: Plantae () - Haeckel, 1866 - Plants
Anethum pastinaca (L.) Wibel • Elaphoboscum Sativum • Elaphoboscum sativum (L.) Rupr. • Pastinaca Sativa • Pastinaca sativa L. • Peucedanum pastinaca (L.) Benth. & Hook. F. • Peucedanum pastinaca (Wibel) Baill. • Selinum pastinaca (L.) Crantz
Members of the genus Peucedanum
ZipcodeZoo has pages for 8 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:
P. franchetii (Peucedanum) · P. officinale (Hog's Fennel) · P. ostruthium (Masterwort) · P. palustre (Hog's Fennel) · P. pastinaca (Wild Parship) · P. praeruptorum var. grande (Peucedanum) · P. sandwicense (Makou) · P. sativum (Wild Parship)
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- Biodiversity Heritage Library NamebankID: 8711228
- Global Biodiversity Information Facility Taxonkey: 15016582
- Globally Unique Identifier: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:62387-3
- Zipcode Zoo Species Identifier: 2089092