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Passiflora pfordtii

(Passion Vine)

Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Passion Vine

Description

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Family Passifloraceae

Climbing herbs or lianas with axillary tendrils , rarely shrubs or trees , vegetative ramification through a supra-axillary bud. Leaves alternate (rarely subopposite), spirally arranged , simple or rarely compound , stipulate or not, petiolate , petiole or base of blade often with 1 to many glands ; leaf blade entire or lobed , venation pinnate or palmate, often with glands on margin and abaxial surface. Inflorescence cymose , axillary, sessile or pedunculate , primary axis often a tendril, secondary axis often reduced; bracts minute to foliaceous , sometimes glandular . Pedicels articulate distal to bracts. Flowers mostly actinomorphic , bisexual , functionally unisexual , or polygamous; perianth persistent , segments free or partially fused at base. Sepals (3-) 5(or 6) . Petals (3-) 5(or 6), imbricate. Corona inserted on hypanthium, composed of filaments or hairs often in multiple series. Stamens (4 or) 5(-60), inserted on androgynophore or at base of hypanthium; filaments free to base or sometimes partially fused; anthers dorsifixed , 2-celled, dehiscing via longitudinal slits, sometimes with apical appendage . Ovary (1-) 3(-5) -carpellate, superior, 1-loculed, sessile or stipitate on elongate androgynophore; placentation parietal ; ovules many, anatropous ; styles (1-) 3(-5), free to partially fused at base; stigmas globose , capitate, papillate , or divided . Fruit a berry or loculicidally 3(-5) -valved capsule. Seeds numerous , compressed , often beaked , enclosed by fleshy aril; testa reticulate or pitted ; endosperm copious , oily; embryo straight; cotyledons foliaceous.

About 16 genera and 660 species: mainly in tropical and subtropical areas, particularly diverse in the New World tropics; two genera and 23 species (seven endemic, seven introduced ) in China.[1]

Genus Passiflora

Herbaceous or woody perennial vines , rarely shrubs or trees . Leaves simple or rarely compound , alternate (subopposite in one species), entire or dissected , petiolate , usually with extra-floral nectaries on petiole and/or blade ; stipules linear to leaflike, often glandular . Inflorescence axillary , cymose ; peduncle often highly reduced or absent, central axis developed into a tendril , secondary axes often highly reduced to 1 or 2 flowers; bracts minute to foliaceous , sometimes glandular. Flowers bisexual (rarely plants dioecious) . Hypanthium broad to campanulate . Sepals 5, often petaloid , sometimes with a subapical projection. Petals 5 (rarely absent) . Corona present at base of perianth in one to several series of showy filaments ; innermost series (operculum) membranous, partially to entirely fused, margin entire or fimbriate, often incurved over nectar chamber; extra-staminal nectariferous disk (limen ) present around base of androgynophore , fused to base of hypanthium. Stamens (4 or) 5(-8) ; filaments free (rarely connate into a tube around ovary) ; anthers linear or oblong , dorsifixed , versatile. Ovary on androgynophore, stipitate or sessile, 3(-5) -carpellate; styles 3(-5), free; stigmas capitate. Fruit a berry (rarely a dehiscent capsule) . Seeds arillate , compressed , testa pitted ; endosperm oily, abundant; embryo straight; cotyledons elliptic or oblong-elliptic; germination epigeal (rarely hypogeal) .

About 520 species: mainly in tropical America and tropical Asia; 20 species (seven endemic, seven introduced ) in China.[2]

Physical Description

Size/Age/Growth

Size: Fast grower to 20 to 25 ft . long.

Landscaping

Care: Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system . Feed with a general purpose fertilizer . Provide support such as a trellis or arbor . Prune annually to control size.

Biology

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Growth

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full sun

Moisture: Water Requirements: Water regularly, when top 3 in. of soil is dry.

Temperature: Heat Zones: High: 12 (>210 days) Low:9 (>120 to 150 days) (map) • Cold Hardiness: High:11 (Above 40 F) Low:9 (20 to 30 F) (map)

Taxonomy

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Similar Species

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Members of the genus Passiflora

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 265 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

P. actinea (Passion Flower) · P. adenopoda (Passionflower) · P. affinis (Bracted Passion-Flower) · P. alata (Passionflower) · P. alata var. brasiliana (Wingstem Passionflower) · P. alata var. latifolia (Wingstem Passionflower) · P. allantophylla (Passionflower) · P. amalocarpa (Passionflower) · P. amethyst (Lavender Lady) · P. amethystina (Passion Flower) · P. amethystina 'Minas Gerais' (Passionflower) · P. amoena (Charming Passionflower) · P. ampullacea (Passion Flower) · P. anadenia (Tropical Passionflower) · P. anfracta (Passionflower) · P. antioquiensis (Passionflower) · P. antioquiensis var. trisecta (Banana Passionfruit) · P. apetala (Passion Flower) · P. arbelaezii (Passionflower) · P. arborea (Passionflower) · P. arida (Passion Flower) · P. astrophea (Passion Flower) · P. atropurpurea (Passion Flower) · P. aurantia (Passionflower) · P. auriculata (Passionflower) · P. belotii (Belot's Passionflower) · P. berteriana (Pasionaria De Cercas) · P. bicornis (Passion Flower Passiflora Bicornis) · P. biflora (Passion Vine) · P. bilobata (Twolobe Passionflower) · P. boenderi (Passion Flower) · P. bryonioides (Cupped Passion-Flower) · P. caerulea (Blue Passion Flower) · P. caerulea var. angustifolia (Blue-Crown Passionflower) · P. caerulea var. glauca (Blue-Crown Passionflower) · P. caerulea var. imbricata (Blue-Crown Passionflower) · P. caerulea var. regnellii (Blue-Crown Passionflower) · P. caerulea 'Clear Sky' (Blue Passion Flower) · P. caerulea 'Constance Eliott' (Passionflower 'constance Eliot') · P. caerulea 'Constance Elliott' (Blue Passion Flower) · P. caerulea 'Spyder' (Blue Crown Passion Flower) · P. caerulea 'Waterloo Blue' (Blue Passion Flower) · P. caeruleo-racemosa (Passionflower) · P. candida (Passionflower) · P. capsularis (Passion Flower) · P. ciliata (Fetid Passionflower) · P. ciliata var. riparia (Fringed Passionflower) · P. ciliata var. riparia C.Wright (Fringed Passionflower) · P. cincinnata (Crato Passionvine) · P. cincinnata var. imbricata (Crato Passionvine) · P. cincinnata var. minor (Crato Passionvine) · P. cinnabarina (Passionflower) · P. citrifolia (Passion Flower) · P. citrina (Citrus-Yellow Passion Flower) · P. coccinea (Passionflower) · P. coccinea 'Maui' (Passionflower) · P. colinvauxii (Colinvauxs Passion Flower) · P. colombiana (Passion Flower) · P. colvillii (Colville's Passionflower) · P. coriacea (Bat-Leaf Passion Flower) · P. cumbalensis (Rosy Passion Fruit) · P. cuprea (Passion Flower) · P. cyanea (Passion Flower) · P. dioscoreifolia (Passionflower) · P. discophora (Passionflowers) · P. edulis (Byron Beauty Hybrid Passionflower) · P. edulis f. edulis (Purple Passionfruit) · P. edulis f. flavicarpa (Brown-Seeded Passionfruit) · P. edulis var. flavicarpa (Yellow Passion Fruit Maracuja) · P. edulis var. kerii (Purple Granadilla) · P. edulis var. pomifera (Purple Granadilla) · P. edulis var. rubricaulis (Purple Granadilla) · P. edulis 'Frederick' (Granadilla) · P. edulis 'Golden Star' (Purple Granadilla 'golden Star') · P. edulis 'Mccain' (Granadilla) · P. edulis 'Nancy Garrison' (Granadilla) · P. filipes (Slender Passion-Flower) · P. fimbriatistipula (Passion Flower) · P. foetida (Fetid Passionflower) · P. foetida f. latifolia (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida f. suberecta (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida L. var. arizonica Killip (Arizona Passionflower) · P. foetida L. var. foetida L. (Fetid Passionflower) · P. foetida L. var. gossypiifolia (Desv. ex Ham.) Mast. (Cottonleaf Passionflower) · P. foetida L. var. isthmia Killip (Scarletfruit Passionflower) · P. foetida L. var. lanuginosa Killip (Scarletfruit Passionflower) · P. foetida var. acapulcensis (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. arida (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. arizonica (Arizonia Passionflower) · P. foetida var. balansae (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. ciliata (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. eliasii (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. fluminensis (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. foetida (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. galapagensis (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. gardneri (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. glaziovii (Stinking Passionflower) · P. foetida var. gossypifolia (Cottonleaf Passionflower) · P. foetida var. gossypiifolia (Cottonleaf Passionflower) · P. foetida var. hirsuta (Goat-Scented Passionflower)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. Yinzheng Wang, Shawn E. Krosnick, Peter Møller Jørgensen & David Hearn "Passifloraceae". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 141. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
  2. Yinzheng Wang, Shawn E. Krosnick & Peter Møller Jørgensen "Passiflora". in Flora of China Vol. 13 Page 141. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-04-16