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Ocimum kilimanscharicum

(Camphor Basil)

Overview

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Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Camphor Basil, Camphor Plant

Description

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Genus Ocimum

Herbs, subshrubs , or shrubs , aromatic . Leaves petiolate , dentate . Verticillasters 6(-10) -flowered, in terminal , pedunculate thyrses or panicles; bracts early deciduous, petiolate, margin entire, rarely longer than flowers. Flowers white; pedicel straight, apex recurved. Calyx ovoid to campanulate , declined in fruit, glandular outside, glabrous or occasionally villous at throat inside, limb 2-lipped; upper lip 3-toothed, middle tooth circular to obovate , margin winged, decurrent, lateral teeth shorter; lower lip 2 toothed , teeth narrower, apex acuminate to spinescent , sometimes approximate . Corolla tube slightly shorter than calyx or rarely exserted, not hairy annulate inside, dilated , obliquely campanulate at throat; limb 2-lipped, upper lip subequally (3- or) 4-lobed; lower lip somewhat elongated or not, declined, margin entire, flat or slightly concave . Stamens 4, exserted, declined on lower corolla lip, anterior 2 longer; filaments free or anterior 2 connate at base ; anthers ovoid-reniform, 1-locellate. Style longer than stamens, 2-cleft at apex; lobes subequal , subulate or flat. Nutlets ovoid or subglobose, smooth or glandular foveolate, viscid when moist, with a white basal areola.

About 100-150 species: temperate regions worldwide, especially in Africa and South America; five species in China.[1]

Taxonomy

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Similar Species

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Members of the genus Ocimum

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 134 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

O. americanum var. pilosum (Aniseed-Scented Basil) · O. americanum 'Dani' (Basil) · O. americanum 'Genoa Profumatissima' (Perfume Basil) · O. americanum 'Lime' (Basil) · O. basilicum (Basil) · O. basilicum basilicum (Sweet Basil) · O. basilicum citriodora (Lemon Basil) · O. basilicum citriodora 'Mrs. Burns' (Mrs. Burns Lemon Basil) · O. basilicum citriodorum 'Mrs. Burns' (Mrs. Burns Lemon Basil) · O. basilicum f. chlorocalyx (Sweet Basil) · O. basilicum f. chromocalyx (Sweet Basil) · O. basilicum 'Red Rubin' (Red Basil) · O. basilicum 'Minimum' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum var. purpurascens (Purpurascens Dark Opal Basil) · O. basilicum 'American Blue' (Ornamental Basil) · O. basilicum 'Anise' (Licorice Basil) · O. basilicum 'Ararat' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Aroma 2' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Aurelio' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Bageco Compact' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Baroness' (Basil 'baroness') · O. basilicum 'Basilico Greco' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Bonazza' (Basil 'bonazza') · O. basilicum 'Bordeaux' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Bouquet Mix' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Chinese Basil' (Chinese Basil) · O. basilicum 'Cinnamon' (Cinnamon Basil) · O. basilicum 'Compact Green Gem' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Crispum' (Crispum Lettuce-Leaf Basil) · O. basilicum 'Cuban' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Dwarf Greek' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Ebony Wonder' (Ornamental Basil) · O. basilicum 'Finissimo Verde a Palla' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Fino Verde' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Four Family' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Francesco's Tall Green' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genova' (Genova Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genova Profumitissima' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese Compatto' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese Giant' (Mammoth Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese O Comune' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese Purple' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese Selma' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese Special Select' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Genovese Verde Migliorato' (Basil) · O. basilicum'Greek Columnar' (Greek Columnar Basil) · O. basilicum 'Greek Mini' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Green Bouquet' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Green Globe' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Green Ruffles' (Green Ruffles Basil) · O. basilicum 'Gustosa' (Basil 'gustosa') · O. basilicum 'Holly's Painted' (Ornamental Basil) · O. basilicum 'Italian Large Leaf' (Sweet Basil) · O. basilicum 'Italian Pesto' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Jon's Wild African' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Karamanos' (Greek Basil) · O. basilicum 'Large Sweet Italian' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Lesbos' (Lesbos Greek Column Basil) · O. basilicum 'Licorice' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Magical Michael' (Magical Michael Basil) · O. basilicum 'Magic Michael' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Mammoth' (Lettuce Leaf Basil) · O. basilicum 'Mammoth Sweet' (Lettuce Leaf Basil) · O. basilicum 'Marseillais' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Massive' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Mayo' (Yoeme Basil) · O. basilicum 'Mexican Spice' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Minette' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Miniature Puerto Rican' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Mini Purple' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Monstruoso' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Napoletano' (Lettuce Leaf Basil) · O. basilicum 'New Guinea' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Nufar' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Osmin' (Purple Basil) · O. basilicum 'Persian Lemon' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Piccolo' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Piccolo Fine Verde' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Pixie' (Globe Basil) · O. basilicum 'Profuma Di Genova' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Profumo' (Basil 'profumo') · O. basilicum 'Puerto Rican' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Purple Delight' (Purple Delight Basil) · O. basilicum 'Purple Ruffles' (Purple Ruffles Basil) · O. basilicum 'Queenette' (Thai Basil) · O. basilicum 'Ramastakuri' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Rick's Aussie' (Purple Basil) · O. basilicum 'Salad Leaf' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Serata' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Spice' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Spicy Globe' (Greek Basil) · O. basilicum 'Spicy Saber' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Sweet Broadleaf' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Sweet Dani' (Lemon Basil) · O. basilicum 'Sweet Fine' (Bush Basil) · O. basilicum 'Sweet Genovese' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Sweet Thai' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Thai' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Thai Magic' (Basil) · O. basilicum 'Tibetan' (Basil)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Notes

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Contributors

Identifiers

Footnotes

  1. "Ocimum". in Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 296. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at EFloras.org. [back]
Last Revised: 2014-05-07