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Narcissus nanus 'Midget'


Common Names

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Common Names in English:

Daffodil, Narcissus


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Family Amaryllidaceae

Herbs perennial , rarely shrubby or treelike, often with bulbs, corms, rhizomes, or tubers. Leaves basal or cauline, often narrow, margin entire or spiny . Inflorescence a terminal spike, umbel, raceme , panicle, or flowers solitary. Flowers bisexual , actinomorphic or zygomorphic, usually subtended by 1 to several spathaceous involucres. Perianth segments 6, in 2 whorls, free or connate to form a short tube , with or without a corona . Stamens 6, inserted at perianth throat or at base of segments; filaments sometimes basally connate; anther dorsifixed or basifixed , mostly introrse . Ovary inferior, 3-loculed; ovules few to many per locule; placentation axile . Style slender; stigma capitate or 3-lobed. Fruit a capsule, usually loculicidal, sometimes dehiscing irregularly, rarely a berry. Seeds with endosperm.

More than 100 genera and 1200 species: tropical , subtropical , and temperate regions worldwide; ten genera and 34 species (14 endemic, four introduced ) in China.[1]

Genus Narcissus

Herbs perennial , scapose , from ovoid , tunicate bulbs. Leaves (1-) several; blade linear to ligulate , flat to semiterete, fleshy . Inflorescences umbellate in clusters of 2-20, or solitary, spathaceous ; spathe 1-valved, enclosing buds, membranous or papery . Flowers pedicellate or sessile, erect or declinate , often fragrant; tepals 6, connate proximally, distinct and reflexed to ascending distally, yellow and/or white; perianth tube surmounted by a cupular to trumpetlike corona with margins often frilled; stamens 6, epitepalous, often of 2 lengths ; filaments separate from corona; anthers basifixed ; ovary inferior, 3-locular; style often exserted; stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruits capsular , 3-locular, papery to leathery, dehiscence loculidical. Seeds numerous , subglobose, often with elaiosomes; testa black. x = 7, 11.

Species ca. 26: introduced ; Europe, n Africa, Asia; introduced and naturalized elsewhere.

Narcissus species and especially a vast array of their natural hybrids and garden cultivars are among the most popular spring flowers (A. Huxley et al. 1992) . Many species are extremely variable due to horticultural selection and naturalization. Besides the following species, many of the cultivars also may persist around old gardens, although they never fully naturalize .

All parts of the plant are poisonous, especially the bulb, due to phenanthridine alkaloids such as narcissine and lycorine (G. E. Burrows and R. J. Tyrl 2001) .[2]

Physical Description

Flowers: Bloom Period: March. • Flower Color: yellow


Size: under 6" tall.


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Culture: Space 3-6" apart.

Soil: Minimum pH: 6.1 • Maximum pH: 7.8

Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade.

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b. (map)


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An accepted name in the RHS Horticultural Database.

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Narcissus

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 22637 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus. Here are just 100 of them:

N. amancaes (Daffodil) · N. assoanus (Daffodil) · N. bulbocodium (Bulbocodium Hybrid Narcissus) · N. bulbocodium var. conspicuus (Bulbocodium Hybrid Narcissus) · N. bulbocodium var. conspicuus 'Golden Bells' (Miniature Daffodil) · N. bulbocodium 'Kenellis' (Bulbocodium Hybrid Narcissus) · N. canaliculatus (Miniature Daffodil) · N. cantabricus var. foliosus (Hoop Petticoat Daffodil) · N. cyclamineus (Cyclamen Daffodil) · N. cyclamineus var. Chaffinch (Chaffinch Daffodil) · N. cyclamineus var. Garden Princess (Daffodil) · N. cyclamineus var. Little Witch (Daffodil) · N. cyclamineus var. Wanda (Daffodil) · N. cyclamineus 'Tete-a-Tete' (Daffodil) · N. incomparabilis (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla (Apodanthus Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Adventure (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Bambi (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Brackenhurst (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Cavaliero (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Chanterelle (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Cindy Wood (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Court Martial (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Dickcissel (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Duet (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Gerbrand Kieft (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Gigantic Star (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Golden Sunbeam (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Happy Hour (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Ice Follies (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Inca Gold (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Jetfire (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Lanarth (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Little Gem (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Lunar Sea (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Makassar (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Merkara (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Monal (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Red Sunrise (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Spectacular (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Springdale (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. stellaris (Jonquil) · N. jonquilla var. Strephon (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Stresa (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Strines (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. St. Keverne (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Sundial (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Sweetness (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Water Music (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Whiteley Gem (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Wodan (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla var. Yellow Sun (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Bell Song' (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Bunting' (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Flycatcher' (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Intrigue' (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Nirvana' (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Sun Disc' (Apodanthus Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Trevithian' (Daffodil) · N. jonquilla 'Triller' (Daffodil) · N. medioluteus (Daffodil) · N. minor (Narcissus) · N. minor 'Little Gem' (Daffodil 'little Gem') · N. nanus 'Midget' (Daffodil) · N. obvallaris (The Tenby Daffodil) · N. odorus (Campernelle Jonquil) · N. papyraceus (Daffodil) · N. poeticus (Daffodil) · N. poeticus poeticus (Poet's Narcissus) · N. poeticus radiiflorus (Poet's Narcissus) · N. poeticus var. Actaea (Daffodil) · N. poeticus var. recurvus (Pheasants Eye) · N. poeticus 'Glory of Lisse' (Poeticus Daffodil) · N. poeticus 'Ornatus' (Poeticus Daffodil) · N. pseudonarcissus (Common Daffodil) · N. pseudonarcissus f. pleniflorus (Common Daffodil) · N. pseudonarcissus moschatus (Species Narcissus) · N. pseudonarcissus obvallaris (Tenby Daffodil) · N. pseudonarcissus pseudonarcissus (Common Daffodil) · N. pseudonarcissus 'Princeps' (Daffodil) · N. pseudonarcissus subsp. pseudonarcissus (Double Lent Lily) · N. romieuxii 'Sunray' (Sunray Daffodil) · N. tazetta (Bunch-Flowered Daffodil) · N. tazetta var. chinensis (Suisen) · N. tazetta var. orientalis (Chinese Sacred Lily) · N. triandrus (Angels Tears) · N. triandrus var. Lapwing (Daffodil) · N. triandrus var. Piculet (Daffodil) · N. triandrus var. Ruth Haller (Daffodil) · N. triandrus var. Thalia (Daffodil) · N. triandrus var. Wanda (Daffodil) · N. var. Adventure (Daffodil) · N. var. Ascot (Daffodil) · N. var. Bartizan (Daffodil) · N. var. Bloemfontein (Daffodil) · N. var. Bogside (Daffodil) · N. var. Bookmark (Daffodil) · N. var. Bright Lights (Daffodil) · N. var. Butterflower (Daffodil) · N. var. Butterscotch (Daffodil)

More Info

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Further Reading

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  1. Zhanhe Ji & Alan W. Meerow "Amaryllidaceae". in Flora of China Vol. 24 Page 264. Published by Science Press (Beijing) and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Online at [back]
  2. Gerald B. Straley  & Frederick H. Utech "Narcissus". in Flora of North America Vol. 26 Page 53, 54, 294. Oxford University Press. Online at [back]
Last Revised: 2/1/2015