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Mussaenda frondosa



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Common Names

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Click on the language to view common names.

Common Names in Bengali:


Common Names in English:


Common Names in Hindi:

Bebina, Bedina, बेिदना, बेिबना

Common Names in Kannada:

Billoothi, Hastygida, Pathri

Common Names in Malayalam:

Parathole, Vellila

Common Names in Marathi:

Bhutkes, Burthkasi, Lavasat


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Family Rubiaceae

The Rubiaceae are trees , shrubs , or infrequently herbs comprising about 450 genera and 6,500 species, including some lianous forms. The leaves are simple and usually entire, and are opposite or sometimes whorled ; stipules are present and interpetiolar . The flowers are nearly always bisexual and actinomorphic , often heterostylous, and usually are in cymose inflorescences. The calyx is mostly somewhat reduced and 4-5-lobed or sometimes the lobes are obsolete or rarely one of them greatly expanded and brightly colored . The sympetalous corolla is mostly 4-5-lobed, occasionally with 3 or up to 10 lobes. The androecium consists of as many stamens as corolla lobes and is adnate to the corolla tube or epigynous zone, alternate with the lobes. The gynoecium consists of a single compound pistil of 2 or seldom more carpels, a single style, and a nearly always inferior ovary with the number of locules equaling the number of carpels, each with 1-many axile ovules. An epigynous nectary disk is usually present. The fruit is variable, sometimes forming multiples . -- Gerald Carr.

Physical Description

Flowers: Bloom Period: April, May, June, July, August. • Flower Color: near white, white


Size: 4-6' tall.


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Sunlight: Sun Exposure: Full Sun .

Temperature: Cold Hardiness: 10a, 10b, 11. (map)


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Gardenia frondosa (L.) Lam. • Mussaenda belilla Buch. -Ham. • Mussaenda dovinia Buch. -Ham. • Mussaenda flavescens Buch. -Ham. • Mussaenda formosa L. • Mussaenda fruticosa L. • Mussaenda ingrata Wall. Ex Hook. F. • Mussaenda macrophylla Kurz • Mussaenda sumatrensis B. Heyne Ex Roth • Mussaenda tomentosa Wight Ex Hook. F. • Mussaenda villosa Schltdl. Ex Hook. F.


Name Status: Accepted Name .

Last scrutiny: 11-Nov-2003

Similar Species

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Members of the genus Mussaenda

ZipcodeZoo has pages for 11 species, subspecies, varieties, forms, and cultivars in this genus:

M. arcuata (Mussaenda) · M. erythrophylla (Ashanti Blood) · M. erythrophylla 'Dona Luz' (Ashanti Blood) · M. frondosa (Mussaenda) · M. glabra (Dwarf Yellow Mussaenda) · M. incana (White Mussaenda) · M. lutea (Dwarf Yellow Mussaenda) · M. marmelada (Marmelade Mussaenda) · M. philippica (Mussaenda) · M. phillipica (Buddahs Lamp) · M. phillipica 'Donna Aurora' (Buddahs Lamp)

More Info

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Further Reading

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Data Sources

Accessed through GBIF Data Portal November 25, 2007:


Last Revised: 2015-01-30